Patrick Anthony Ludden was an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the first Bishop of New York. Patrick Ludden was born in County Mayo, to Anthony and Ellen Ludden, he graduated from St. Jarlath's College in Tuam in 1861 and immigrated to North America, where he entered the Grand Seminary of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. After completing his theological studies, he was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Ignace Bourget on May 21, 1864, he was attached to the Diocese of Albany in New York, there served as rector of St. Joseph's Church in Malone, he was shortly afterwards named chancellor of the diocese, accompanied Bishop John J. Conroy as his theologian to the First Vatican Council. In 1872 he became rector of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and vicar general of the diocese, he was named rector of St. Peter's Church in Troy in 1880. On December 14, 1886, Ludden was appointed the first Bishop of the newly erected Diocese of Syracuse by Pope Leo XIII, he received his episcopal consecration on May 1, 1887 from Archbishop Michael Corrigan, with Bishops Bernard John McQuaid and Francis McNeirny serving as co-consecrators.
During his 25-year-long tenure, he presided over a period of great growth in the young diocese. At the time of Ludden's arrival, the diocese contained 70,000 Catholics, 74 priests, 46 parishes, 20 mission churches, 16 parochial schools. By the time of his death, there were over 150,000 Catholics, 129 priests, 80 parishes, 36 mission churches, 21 parochial schools, he selected St. Mary's Church as his new cathedral in 1903, dedicated it in September 1910. In 1911 he gained a degree of notoriety when he declared that the deadlock in the New York Legislature over the election of William F. Sheehan to the United States Senate was due to anti-Catholicism. Sheehan was defeated. Bishop Ludden died at his residence in Syracuse, New York, aged 74, he is buried in the crypt of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Syracuse. Bishop Ludden Junior/Senior High School is named after him. Patrick Anthony Ludden at Find a Grave
Marian Hillar is an American philosopher, theologian and scientist. He is a recognized authority on Michael Servetus and together with classicist and political theorist, C. A. Hoffman, translated the major works of Michael Servetus from Latin into English for the first time, he identified the radical search for truth and the right for freedom of conscience as Servetus' main legacies, rather than his theology and scientific discovery. He studied the influence of Servetus in the world and the development and ideas of the Socinian movement in the 16th and 17th centuries, precursors of the Enlightenment and modern era, he does research in the history of ideas and is author of numerous studies in the history of philosophy, theological doctrines, Radical Reformation. Marian Hillar was born in 1938 in Bydgoszcz in an old family claiming its roots in 14th-century Holland, he received classical education in selective elementary and secondary schools with emphasis on science and languages. He earned his degrees at the Medical University of Gdansk and studied at the Jagiellonian University and at Sorbonne.
He was invited in 1969 to do research at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. He became a US citizen in 1977, he did research and taught in Europe at the Medical University of Gdansk and the Università degli studi di Camerino, in the USA at the Baylor College of Medicine and the Ponce School of Medicine. He is professor of philosophy and religious studies, he is director of the Center for Philosophy and Socinian Studies which he founded in 1986. Marian Hillar has published studies on the philosophy of Hippocratic medicine. Hillar's major theological work is demonstrating how the doctrine of the Trinity was developed from various sources through the evolution of the Jewish messianic expectations which underwent changes during centuries, he identified as its sources the Greek philosophical concept of the Logos, Middle Platonic philosophical ideas of Numenius and Philo of Alexandria, the Egyptian religious ideas about the trinity of divinity. Hillar is founder and was editor-in-chief of the Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism, a scholarly journal published yearly since 1992 by the Humanists of Houston.
In 2005, the American Humanist Association, Washington, D. C. agreed to assume the duties of publishing the journal under its aegis. Marian Hillar, "Energetics and Kinetic Mechanisms of Enzyme Function", pp. 685, Whittier Publications, Lido Beach, New York, 1994. Marian Hillar, "The Case of Michael Servetus - The Turning Point in the Struggle for Freedom of Conscience," pp. 444, The Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston N. Y. 1997. Marian Hillar with Claire S. Allen, “Michael Servetus: Intellectual Giant and Martyr,” pp. 274+xxvii.. Marian Hillar, Christopher A. Hoffman, translators: “The Restoration of Christianity. An English Translation of Christianismi restitutio, 1553, by Michael Servetus. Translated by Christopher A. Hoffman and Marian Hillar,”. Marian Hillar, Christopher A. Hoffman, translators: “Treatise on Faith and Justice of Christ’s Kingdom by Michael Servetus. Selected and Translated from Christianismi restitutio by Christopher A. Hoffman and Marian Hillar,”. Marian Hillar, Christopher A. Hoffman, translators: “Treatise Concerning the Supernatural Regeneration and the Kingdom of the Antichrist by Michael Servetus.
Selected and Translated from Christianismi restitutio by Christopher A. Hoffman and Marian Hillar,”. Marian Hillar, Christopher A. Hoffman, translators: “Thirty Letters to Calvin & Sixty Signs of the Antichrist by Michael Servetus.” Translated from Christianismi restitutio by Christopher A. Hoffman and Marian Hillar. Pp. 175 + lxxxvi. Marian Hillar, Christopher A. Hoffman, translators: “Regarding the Mystery of the Trinity and the Teaching of the Ancients to Philip Melanchthon and His Colleagues by Michael Servetus.", 103 pp + lii. Juan Naya and Marian Hillar, eds. “Michael Servetus, Heartfelt: Proceedings of the International Servetus Congress, Barcelona, 20–21 October 2006,”. 430 pp. Marian Hillar, "From Logos to Trinity: The Evolution of Religious Beliefs from Pythagoras to Tertullian," pp. 332, Cambridge University Press, 2012. Marian Hillar, “The Historical Development Toward a Non-Theistic Humanistic Ethics: Essays from the Ancient Stoics to Modern Science.”, 278 pp + lxii. American philosophy List of American philosophers Marian Hillar's Website https://web.archive.org/web/20110905094424/http://www.berkshirehumanists.org.uk/?p=1368 David McKnight, "Just in case you were beginning to think that Humanism was a simple concept