Cappadocian Greeks known as Greek Cappadocians or Cappadocians are a Greek community native to the geographical region of Cappadocia in central-eastern Anatolia the Nevşehir Province and surrounding provinces of modern Turkey. There had been a continuous Greek presence in Cappadocia since antiquity, the indigenous populations of Cappadocia, some of whose Indo-European languages may have been related to Greek, became Greek-speaking by at least the 5th century. In the 11th century Seljuq Turks arriving from Central Asia conquered the region, beginning its gradual shift in language and religion. In 1923 following the genocide of the minorities of Turkey the surviving Cappadocian Greek native communities were forced to leave their homeland and resettle in modern Greece by the terms of the Greek–Turkish population exchange. Today their descendants can be found throughout the Greek diaspora worldwide; the area known as Cappadocia today was known to the Ancient Persians as Katpatuka, a name which the Greeks altered into Kappadokia.
Before Greeks and Greek culture arrived in Asia Minor, the area was controlled by another Indo-European people, the Hittites. Mycenaean Greeks set up trading posts along the west coast around 1300 B. C. and soon started spreading Hellenic culture and language. In the Hellenistic era, following the conquest of Anatolia by Alexander the Great, Greek settlers began arriving in the mountainous regions of Cappadocia at this time; this Greek population movement of the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC solidified a Greek presence in Cappadocia. As a result, Greek became the lingua franca of the region's natives, it would become the sole spoken language of the region's inhabitants within three centuries and would remain so for the next one thousand years. After the death of Alexander the Great, Eumenes of Cardia, one of the Diadochi of Alexander the Great, was appointed satrap of Cappadocia, where he set up Greek settlements and distributed cities to his associates. Eumenes left behind administrators and selected garrison commanders in Cappadocia.
In the following centuries the Seleucid Greek Kings founded many Greek settlements in the interior of Asia Minor, this region would become popular for the recruitment of soldiers. Unlike other regions of Asia Minor where Greeks would settle in cities, most of the Greek settlements in Cappadocia and other interior Anatolian regions were villages; the Hellenistic Kings would make new Greek settlements in Cappadocia and other surrounding regions in order to secure their hold on this volatile region, under their rule Greek settlements would increase in the Anatolian interior. In the centuries following Alexander the Great's death, the son of a Persian satrap who controlled Cappadocia, gained control of Cappadocia and left it to a line of his successors, who bore the name of the founder of the dynasty; these kings began to intermarry with neighboring Greek Hellenistic kingdoms, such as the Seleucids. During their reign Greek towns were beginning to appear in the southern regions of Cappadocia. Ariarathes V of Cappadocia who reigned from 163 to 130 BC is considered to have been the greatest of the Kings of Cappadocia.
He was predominantly Greek by descent, his father Ariarathes IV of Cappadocia was half Greek Macedonian and Persian and his mother was Antiochis, was the daughter of the Seleucid Greek King Antiochus III of the Seleucid dynasty. By the 1st century BC, regions of Cappadocia had been ravaged by Armenian King Tigranes the Great, who had relocated a great number of Cilician and Cappadocian Greeks to Mesopotamia Archelaus, a Roman client prince was the last to rule as a king of Cappadocia, he was a Cappadocian Greek nobleman of Macedonian descent and was the first king of Cappadocia of wholly non-Persian blood. He ruled over Cappadocia for many years before being deposed by Tiberius who took possession of Cappadocia for Rome; the region of Cappadocia produced some notable Greek individuals in antiquity, such as Apollonius of Tyana, a Greek Neo-Pythagorean philosopher who became well known in the Roman Empire and Aretaeus of Cappadocia, a native Greek, born in Cappadocia and is considered to have been one of the foremost surgeons on antiquity.
He was the first to distinguish between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus, the first to provide a detailed description of an asthma attack. By late antiquity the Cappadocian Greeks had converted to Christianity, they were so devout to Christianity that by the 1st century AD, the region of Cappadocia served as a stronghold for Christian Monasticism and was of significance importance in the history of early Christianity. In the early centuries of the Common Era Cappadocia produced three prominent Greek patristic figures, known as the three hierarchs, they were Basil the Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia. Gregory of Nazianzus and Gregory of Nyssa; these Cappadocian Greek fathers of the fourth century revered the ancient Greek cultural pursuit of virtue studying Homer and Hesiod and “stood squarely in the tradition of Greek culture”. By the fifth century the last of the Indo-European native languages of Anatolia ceased to be spoken, replaced by Koine Greek. At the same time the Greek communities of central Anatolia were becoming involved in affairs of the Byzantine Empire and some Greek Cappadocians such as Maurice Tiberius and Heraclius would serve as Emperors.
The region became a key Byzantine
David H. Rosenbloom is a well-known scholar in the field of Public Administration, he is the Distinguished Professor of Public Administration at the School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, D. C. and is serving as chair professor of public management, City University of Hong Kong. A noted authority on issues related to administrative law and public sector personnel policies, Rosenbloom is known for his approach to the field which stresses understanding American public administration from three perspectives mirroring the constitutional separation of powers: law and management. In pursuit of that view, he has become a leading advocate for establishing "constitutional competence" as a basic standard for public service professionals. Rosenbloom earned a BA in political science at Marietta College in 1964, he holds a Master in PhD in political science, both at the University of Chicago. His master's thesis was titled “Individual Liberty versus National Security: A Critical Analysis of the Opinions of Judges E. Barrett Prettyman and Henry W. Edgerton on the Loyalty Program for Federal Civil Servants.”
His Ph. D. dissertation, "The Relationship Between the Citizen and the State In Public Employment in America,” was the basis for his first book, Federal Service and the Constitution: The Development of the Public Employment Relationship. He received an honorary doctorate of law in 1994 from Marietta College. Rosenbloom has served as an assistant professor in political science at the University of Kansas from 1970 to 1971. From 1971 to 1973, he visited Tel Aviv University, where he guest-lectured in the field of political science. From 1973 to 1978, he was an associate professor of political science at the University of Vermont. From 1978 to 1990, he attended The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University, where he held a number of titles, he was professor of public administration from 1979 to 1988. Additionally, he was appointed as professor of political science from 1987 to 1990, he was an adjunct professor of law from 1985 to 1989. Lastly at the Maxwell School, he was distinguished professor of public administration from 1988 to 1990.
Presently, in addition to being a distinguished professor at American University, he is the chair professor of public management in the Department of Public and Social Administration, at the City University of Hong Kong. In 2014, he served as book series editor for the American Society for Public Administration indicating that the disability fields do not constitute a categorical system of state agencies and services in the US. Rosenbloom is best known for coming up with three approaches that define the American foundation of Public Administration: the managerial and legal. Managerial- The Managerial foundation is used to manage the performance of organizations so that they will be successful. Key areas include administrative decision-making, managerial techniques and employee contributions. By these elements working together, organizations are able to operate successfully. Political- The Political approach discusses how the political officials oversee the different administrative decisions.
Politicians have the final say on the laws. Within Rosenbloom's editorial "Have an Administrative Rx? Don't Forget the Politics!" he writes about the Politics/Administration Dichotomy – a principle stating that politics and administration should remain separate in the public sector, developed by the Civil Service Reforms of the 1870s and the 1880s. According to this article, the idea that public administration can be separated from politics is strange, he believes that if politics and public administration were separate, this approach would not work, emphasizing their inevitable interconnection. Legal- The Legal approach was, according to Rosenbloom, the most crucial; the Rule of Law involves orderliness and spells out when and how tasks will be completed. Rosenbloom argues that in order to carry out their tasks, public administrators must be competent in their legal and constitutional obligations and restrictions. Rosenbloom's argument is that to understand public administration, it is not sufficient enough to use just one of the approaches, but to think of all three at the same time.
Rosenbloom documents that in 1946, by making major reforms, Congress became the central authority in how public administration operated in the federal government, incorporating all three approaches. Rosenbloom argues. Stream Leader, Public Policy and Management, Department of Public and Social Administration, City University of Hong Kong, 2009–2010, he was the acting chair of the Department of Public Administration and Policy at American University from 2005 to 2006. He was the chair of the American University Faculty Senate, from 2004 to 2005, he was on the board of trustees at Marietta College from 2003 to 2009, was a life associate trustee in 2009. He has been a member of the academic advisory board of Partnership for Public Service since 2003, he was a member of the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation Graduate Scholarship Program Review Panel from 2003 to 2008. He was an appointed member of the Clinton-Gore Transition U. S. Presidential Transition, from 1992 to 1993, he received a fellow from the Government Operations Cluster for U.
S. Office of Personnel Management, he was elected to the National Academy of Public Administration in 1986. Rosenbloom has been the recipient of many awards during his career. In 2009, he earned the Scholarship in Public Sector Human Resources, Section on Personnel Administration and Labor Relations, from the American Society for Public Administr
Prakash Tandon was one of India's most influential business leaders in the second half of the 20th century. He attained fame for his classic account of Punjabi life in the autobiographical book "Punjabi Century," the first part of a trilogy of which the next two parts were "Beyond Punjab and "Return to Punjab", he directed Hindustan Lever during the important transitional phase of Indian management. He was the first Indian Chairman of Hindustan Lever Ltd.. A Chartered Accountant, trained in London, he was one of the pioneers of professional management in India, he served as the chairman of the State Trading Corporation and Punjab National Bank and is credited with earning distinction as a CEO who for his systems and honesty in running PSU's. In 1974 Reserve Bank of India constituted a study group headed by Shri Prakash Tandon, the Chairman of Punjab National Bank, with a view to study the entire gamut of Bank's finance for working capital and suggest ways for optimum utilisation of Bank credit.
This was the first elaborate attempt by the central bank to organise the Bank credit. The report of this group is known as Tandon Committee report. Most banks in India today continue to look at the needs of the corporates in the light of methodology recommended by the Group. Biography Prakash Tandon born in a canal colony in the Punjab, his autobiographical writings, published in the second half of the twentieth century, give vivid accounts of life in Punjab from the late nineteenth century. Following schooling in Gujarat and Lahore Government College, Tandon sailed for Britain in 1929, aged eighteen years old, his elder brother, was in London. Tandon enrolled at Manchester University with the view to become a Chartered Accountant, of which there were few qualified Indians at the time. Tandon spent eight years in Britain, he got involved in the University debating team, following his degree at Manchester stayed in London to pursue some economics research and his accountancy qualifications. At a students' congress in Oxford, he met a Swedish woman, Gärd.
In 1937, Tandon returned to India. He settled in Bombay and he got a job at Unilever. Despite his accountancy qualification, Tandon was employed in the advertising department and earnt less than his British colleagues, he became director of Unilever in 1951. He was a member of the first board of Hindustan Lever in 1956 and the first Indian Chairman in 1961. Tandon was an influential business leader in independent India, one of the pioneers of professional management in India. In the Punjabi Century, Tandon describes the period of the British Raj as a "benevolent bureaucracy which gave much opportunity for building and therefore attracted men who liked pioneering..." Tandon goes on to write about his generation, who "took for granted" the "blessings" of the British Empire. Obituary in Businessworld Review in the Hindu
Mike Harmon is an American politician serving as the Kentucky Auditor of Public Accounts. Harmon was a Republican member of the Kentucky House of Representatives representing District 54. Harmon was a 2011 candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky. In 2015, Harmon was elected state Auditor, he was the only Republican statewide candidate run unopposed in the primary. Harmon was elected to a second term as Auditor in 2019, defeating Democratic candidate Sheri Donahue, Libertarian Kyle Hugenberg. Harmon earned his BS from Eastern Kentucky University. 1998 When the District 54 seat was left open, Harmon was unopposed for the 1998 Republican Primary, but lost the November 3, 1998 General election to Democratic nominee John Bowling. 2000 Harmon and Representative Bowling were both unopposed for their 2000 primaries, setting up a rematch. 2002 When Representative Bowling left the Legislature and left the seat open, Harmon was unopposed for the 2002 Republican Primary and won the November 5, 2002 General election with 7,035 votes against Democratic nominee William Erwin.
2004 Harmon was unopposed for the 2004 Republican Primary and won the November 2, 2004 General election with 9,459 votes against Democratic nominee David Sparrow. 2006 Harmon and returning 2004 Democratic challenged David Sparrow were both unopposed for their 2006 primaries, setting up a rematch. 2008 Harmon and returning 2004 and 2006 Democratic challenger David Sparrow were both unopposed for their 2008 primaries, setting up their third contest. 2010 Harmon was unopposed for both the May 18, 2010 Republican Primary and the November 2, 2010 General election, winning with 9,789 votes. 2011 To challenge incumbent Governor Steve Beshear and with Lieutenant Governor Daniel Mongiardo leaving the ticket, Harmon joined gubernatorial candidate Phil Moffett as his running mate for the May 17, 2011 Republican Primary but lost to President of the Kentucky Senate David L. Williams and Agricultural Commissioner Richie Farmer, who lost the November 8, 2011 General election to Governor Beshear and Democratic Lieutenant Governor nominee Jerry Abramson.
2012 Harmon was unopposed for the May 22, 2012 Republican Primary and won the November 6, 2012 General election with 9,482 votes against Democratic nominee Barry Harmon. 2015 Harmon was unopposed for the Republican nomination for the statewide office of State Auditor against incumbent Democrat Adam Edelen. Harmon won with 51.9% of the vote, was sworn in as Kentucky's 47th State Auditor in January 2016. 2019 Harmon was unopposed in the Republican primary election, was re-elected to a second term in the General Election. Harmon garnered 55.65 percent of the vote compared to his opponents, Democrat Sheri Donahue, Libertarian Kyle Hugenberg. Official page at the Kentucky General Assembly Campaign site Profile at Vote Smart Mike Harmon at Ballotpedia Mike Harmon at the National Institute on Money in State Politics
In electronics, a limiter is a circuit that allows signals below a specified input power or level to pass unaffected while attenuating the peaks of stronger signals that exceed this threshold. Limiting is a type of dynamic range compression. Clipping is an extreme version of limiting. Limiting is any process by which the amplitude of a signal is prevented from exceeding a predetermined value. Limiters are common as a safety device in live sound and broadcast applications to prevent sudden volume peaks from occurring. Limiters are used as protective features in some components of sound reinforcement systems and in some bass amplifiers, to prevent unwanted distortion or loudspeaker damage. Limiting can refer to a range of treatments designed to limit the maximum level of a signal. Treatments in order of decreasing severity range from clipping, in which a signal is passed through but sheared off when it would exceed a certain threshold. Bass instrument amplifiers and power amplifiers are more equipped with limiter circuitry to prevent overloading the power amplifier and to protect speakers.
Electric guitar amps do not have limiters. PIN diodes can be used in limiter circuits to reflect the energy back to the source or clip the signal. An FM radio receiver has at least one stage of amplification for this purpose, it provides a constant level of signal to the FM demodulator stage, reducing the effect of signal level changes in the output. If two or more signals are received at the same time, a high performance limiter stage can reduce the effect of the weaker signals on the output; this is referred to as the FM capture effect. FM demodulators are not affected by amplitude variations, since the baseband is contained in the frequency deviations; some detectors, including the ratio detector, inherently limit gain by a nature of the circuit design. In AM radio, the information is located in the amplitude variations, distortion can occur due to spurious signals that could cause the baseband to be misrepresented. For military two-way radio sets and aircraft VHF voice telecommunications, the voice limiter is known as a vogad.
It is designed to work with high levels of background noise near the microphone. One form operates by up-converting the audio signal to a ultrasonic frequency, hard limiting that signal, down converting the result; the frequency conversion uses image-cancelling heterodyning. The advantage of clipping the supersonic signal is that the odd harmonics produced will still be out-of-band when down converted; this is in contrast to standard hard limiting, as in an electric guitar fuzz box, where the harmonics are audible. This device gives a distinctive character to the voice communication, which despite being distorted, ensures spoken words remain clear. Mastering engineers use limiting combined with make-up gain to increase the perceived loudness of an audio recording during the audio mastering process. Clipper Flow limiter Negative feedback Voltage-controlled amplifier This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C"
Rhys Henry Hughes is a Welsh fantasy writer and essayist. Born in Cardiff, Hughes has written in a variety of forms, from short stories to novels, with a mix of influences, which include Italo Calvino, Milorad Pavić, Jorge Luis Borges, Stanisław Lem, Flann O'Brien and Donald Barthelme creating "highly original and chimerical monsters", he has been published in Postscripts. Although he is not a member of OuLiPo, the international literary group that uses mathematics and logic to create texts that break the familiar patterns of "normal" writing, he is one of the few English-speaking practitioners of these methods; some of his more experimental works can be considered examples of ergodic literature. His long novel Engelbrecht Again! is a sequel to Maurice Richardson's 1950 cult classic The Exploits of Engelbrecht and is the most radical of Hughes's books, making extensive use of lipograms, typographical tricks, coded passages and other OuLiPo techniques. His main project consists of authoring a 1,000-story cycle of both and loosely interconnected tales.
The Percolated Stars: An Astro-Caffeine Romp in Three Cups Featuring Batavus Droogstoppel Merchant and Scientist and Bourgeois Monster: One Lump or Two? Engelbrecht Again! Mister Gum. At the Molehills of Madness The Less Lonely Planet The Postmodern Mariner The Brothel Creeper Link Arms With Toads! Sangria in the Sangraal The Truth Spinner The Grin of the Doll Who Ate His Mother’s Face in the Dark and Other Dreadful Tales by Lamblake Heinz Tallest Stories The Just Not So Stories More Than a Feline Flash in the Pantheon Rhysop's Fables The Lunar Tickle The Senile Pagodas Bone Idle in the Charnel House Orpheus on the Underground Thirty Tributes to Calvino Mirrors in the Deluge Brutal Pantomimes The Seashell Contract Salty Kiss Island World Muses Yule Do Nicely How Many Times? The Honeymoon Gorillas The Early Bird Catches the Worm but the Wise Worm Stays in Bed Em Busca do Livro de Areia A Sereia de Curitiba La Déconfiture d'Hypnos The Gloomy Seahorse Better the Devil The Astral Disruptor The Phantom Festival Scamps of Disorder The Tellmenow Isitsöornot The Polo Match Young Tales of the Old Cosmos The World Idiot Facets of Faraway The Mermaid Variations Ten Tributes to Calvino The Spoons That Are My Ears!, Rhys Hughes's weblog Rhys Hughes, the man who laughs at goldfish, interview by Steve Redwood