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Capsizing

Capsizing or keeling over occurs when a boat or ship is turned on its side or it is upside down in the water. The act of reversing a capsized vessel is called righting. If a capsized vessel has enough flotation to prevent sinking, it may recover on its own in changing conditions or through mechanical work if it is not stable inverted. Vessels of this design are called self-righting. In dinghy sailing, a practical distinction can be made between being knocked down, called a capsize, being inverted, called being turtled. Small dinghies capsize in the normal course of use and can be recovered by the crew; some types of dinghy are deliberately capsized, as capsizing and righting the vessel again can be the fastest means of draining water from the boat. Capsizing is an inherent part of dinghy sailing, it is not a question of "if" but a question of "when". For those who do not want the experience, a keelboat monohull has physics on its side, but yachts can capsize and turtle in extraordinary conditions, so design considerations are important.

Such events can overcome experience. A capsized kayak may be righted with a eskimo rescue; as long as the kayaker knows how to react, the water is not too shallow, the location is not close to dangers that require evasive action by the kayaker – which cannot be taken while capsized – capsizing itself is not considered dangerous. In whitewater kayaking, capsizing occurs and is accepted as an ordinary part of the sport. Sailing vessels' "capsize ratio" is published as a guideline for zones of safe operation — less than 2.0 means as a rule-of-thumb suitability for offshore navigation. However its crude nature of displacement divided by a vessel's beam, means thorough assessment of ship stability and buoyancy involves other factors to address the relevant risks posed by waves, tides and occurrences such as damage and collision. In a storm large vessels may be rolled by being hit broadside by a large wave or swell or "pitchpoled" stem over stern in extreme waves; this is catastrophic for larger ships, smaller yachts can be dismasted due to the drag as the boat is forced to roll over.

A ship that sustains a hole or crack may capsize. This is the working of torpedo and naval mine warfare. In 2012 the large cruise ship Costa Concordia was holed and lost her propulsion by a mapped rock near the shallows, drifted further where she sank, resting towards one side with most of her structure out of the water; this was not a capsize as her bottom was only exposed. Fixing a hole is called plugging. Otherwise a vessel in upright position which capsizes has suffered too much water to enter in places above the waterline, which may be caused by poor manoeuvering, overloading or poor weather; as for holes, bailing may be carried out – removal of water aboard such as with a bilge pump, self or hand bailer or buckets. At the stage of sinking where its buoyancy is deemed critical, the ship is unlikely to upright nor able to right itself such that stability and safety will be compromised if the vessel is righted — a decision is made to abandon ship and any ultimate salvage may entail firm grounding and re-buoyancy pumps.

Among ship types, a roll-on-roll-off ship is more prone to capsizing as it has large open car decks near the waterline. If the watertight car-deck doors fail through damage or mismanagement, one of the largest peacetime maritime disasters when MS Estonia sank off of the Finnish archipelago, water entering the car-deck is subject to the free surface effect and may cause a capsize; as a RORO ferry rolls, vehicles can break free and slide down if not secured, adversely altering the ship's centre of gravity, accelerating the roll, turning an otherwise recoverable roll into a capsize. In competitive yacht racing, a capsized boat has certain special rights. A boat is deemed capsized. Good racers can recover from a capsize with minimal loss of time; the capsize can result from extreme broaching if the keel has insufficient leverage to tilt the vessel upright. Motor life boats are designed to be self-righting if capsized. Intermediate sailors are encouraged to capsize their dinghies in a safe location with supervision at least once to become acquainted with their boat's floating properties and the capsize process.

The boat is righted, bailed out, the sails reset, so that in the event of an uncontrolled capsize, the boat and its occupants are familiar with the procedure and may recover. Most small monohull sailboats can be righted by standing or pulling down on the centreboard, daggerboard to lift the mast clear of the water. Depending on the design of the hull, the boat's righting moment will take effect once the mast is around 30 degrees from horizontal and help pull the boat vertical. Righting a catamaran, lying on its side involves using a righting line fed over the upper hull; the crew pulls back on the righting line. In small catamarans such as the Hobie 16 it is imperative that at least one crew member assumes this task as soon as possible as there is a chance that

List of Hot Country Singles number ones of 1982

Hot Country Songs is a chart that ranks the top-performing country music songs in the United States, published by Billboard magazine. In 1982, 48 different singles topped the chart published under the title Hot Country Singles, in 52 issues of the magazine, based on playlists submitted by country music radio stations and sales reports submitted by stores; the band Alabama achieved the most number ones by a single act. Ronnie Milsap, T. G. Sheppard, Ricky Skaggs and Conway Twitty each had three number ones. Alabama and Willie Nelson tied for the most weeks in the top spot with four each. Nelson's four weeks consisted of two weeks with "Always on My Mind" followed by a further two with "Just to Satisfy You", a collaboration with Waylon Jennings. In October, Dolly Parton topped the chart with the double A-sided single "I Will Always Love You" / "Do I Ever Cross Your Mind". Both tracks were re-recordings of songs she had released in the 1970s, the original recording of "I Will Always Love You" had reached number one in 1974, making Parton the first artist to top the chart with two different recordings of the same song.

Ed Bruce, best known for writing "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys", a successful chart-topper for Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson four years earlier, achieved his only number one as a performer in 1982 with "You're the Best Break This Old Heart Ever Had". Several other artists reached the top spot for the first time in 1982, including Juice Newton with "The Sweetest Thing", Ricky Skaggs with "Crying My Heart Out Over You", Michael Murphey with "What's Forever For", John Anderson with "Wild and Blue". In August George Strait topped the chart for the first time with "Fool Hearted Memory". A. ^ Double A-sided single 1982 in music List of artists who reached number one on the U. S. country chart

National Service Secretariat (Ghana)

Ghanaian students who graduate from accredited tertiary institutions are required under law to do a one-year national service to the country. The National Service Secretariat is the Government of Ghana agency mandated to formulate policies and structures for national service; the organogram of the service has the Board of the service at the top. The Board supervises the activities of two Deputy Executive Directors. One deputy is the Head of Finance and Administration and the other is in charge of the service's operations; the Executive Director and the Deputies supervise the activities of the Heads of various Departments. At the regional level, the service is headed by the Regional Director who in turn supervises the work of the various District Directors; the service has Regional Heads in all the ten regional capitals of the country. The service has a staff strength of 342. All graduates from Ghanaian tertiary institutions must complete a one-year national service; every year several ten of thousands of graduates are posted to various sectors as service personnel.

In 2009 - 2010 service year, about 67,000 graduates were posted. In the 2010 - 2011 service year, 50,069 personnel were posted; the service is done irrespective of type of sponsorship the individual may have received or the country in which the tertiary course was pursued in. The personnel upon posting to an establishment is subject to the rules and regulations that govern it. In case where the establishment's rules conflict with that of the NSS, the latter's is used. Again, graduates who are sponsored by certain institutions to offer tertiary programmes return to those institutions. All benefits that the service personnel is entitled to shall be frozen till the personnel complete their service. Service personnel are paid monthly allowances; the amount paid is determined by the Ministry of Finance. The allowance, approved is what the ministry would pay the personnel throughout the service year. Payment is calculated from the date the service personnel reports for duty at his/her designated post.

Personnel posted to statutory boards and churches or quasi-church organizations are paid by those establishments and not the secretariat. All personnel are entitled to a month's annual terminal leave for the year; the month leave is given in August to all personnel. Female service personnel may apply for a 3-month maternity leave. If the leave is granted the personnel, she is to serve for three extra months to make up for the period of service lost. Heads of user-agencies and employers are expected to inform both the Executive Director and the Regional Directors of the Secretariat before anyone proceeds on maternity Leave and when they resume duty. Personnel who are granted maternity leaves are not paid during the time of their leave. After completion of the mandatory one-year national service, The National Service Secretariat issues a national service certificate to all personnel. In June 2018, The National Service Secretariat digitized its certificate request procedures to enable personnel who have completed the one-year mandatory national service to apply for their certificates online and have it delivered to them through a delivery service provided by Delivery Hub Limited.

The NSS is governed by Act 426 under which there are the following offenses: Personnel who do not report to their posts after 3 months of being posted are considered to have evaded the service. For such a personnel, appropriate sanctions under Act 426 are applied. A Service Person that takes up posting but does not complete the full period, without proper authorization from the Board shall be declared a deserter. Three months after desertion, the service person shall be declared an evader. Any National Service rendered before desertion will be nullified and personnel on reporting back to the National Service Secretariat shall be made to start afresh. Service Personnel who post themselves to establishments/institutions other than those, to which they were posted, either with or without the knowledge of the Heads of those establishments, are declared self-posters and their service with the establishments is not recognized by the NSS. Candidates for national service may on application be exempted from service by the National Service Board on production of valid documentary evidence establishing that: an individual who has undertaken National Service at an earlier date.

A graduate, 40 years old or more. A Service person shall be issued with a Certificate of National Service after the successful completion of the service. An assessment form duly commented on and signed by the Service Person should have been completed by the employer and forwarded to the Regional Coordinator by the end of May each year. National Youth Authority National Service Secretariat − Ghana National Service Scheme

Dot moth

The dot moth is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1761; this is a distinctive species with dark brown black, forewings marked with a large white stigma from which the species gets its common name. The hindwings are grey with a dark band at the termen; the wingspan is 38–50 mm. It flies at night in July and August and is attracted to light and flowers; the distribution area ranges from Spain in the west to Japan. It is found throughout Europe apart from the south-east. To the north it is found in Scotland and southern Fennoscandia, east through southern Russia, the Russian Far East and Siberia and Central Asia to the Kamchatka Peninsula. Northern China to Korea and Japan; the southern boundary runs through northern Spain, Macedonia, Asia Minor, the southern Caucasus, northern Iran. In the Alps it rises up to about 1000 m. Forewing purplish black. — ab. accipitrina Esp. has the reniform dark with a slight paler external border. The larva is rather variable in colour, being green, brown or purplish or pinkish.

It is polyphagous. The species overwinters as a pupa. See Robinson, G. S. et al. Melanchra persicariae occupies a wide range of habitats including woodland, field or meadow edges and gardens ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles; this may vary in other parts of the range. Chinery, Michael. Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe. Skinner, Bernard; the Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles. Kimber, Ian. "73.270 BF2155 Dot Moth Melanchra persicariae". UKMoths. Retrieved 30 June 2019. Savela, Markku. "Melanchra persicariae". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved 30 June 2019. Lepiforum e. V. De Vlinderstichting

Juan Esnáider (Spanish footballer)

Juan Esnáider Ruiz is a Spanish footballer who plays for CDA Navalcarnero as a forward. Born in Madrid, Esnáider graduated from Villarreal CF's youth system, made his senior debut with the C-team in 2011, in Tercera División. On 9 January 2012, he signed with CF Rayo Majadahonda of the same level. In the summer of 2012, Esnáider joined amateurs Las Rozas CF and, in July of the following year, he moved to Real Zaragoza's reserves, he appeared in his first game as a professional on 9 March 2014, coming on as a late substitute for Luis García in a 1–1 home draw against RCD Mallorca for the Segunda División championship. He scored his first goal in the competition seven days but in a 2–4 loss at SD Ponferradina. On 1 September 2014, Esnáider terminated his contract with the Aragonese club and signed for neighbouring SD Huesca hours later. On 3 August 2015, after achieving promotion to the second tier, he moved to CD Toledo. Esnáider's father named Juan, was a footballer and a forward, he too represented Zaragoza.

Juan Esnáider at BDFutbol Juan Esnáider at La Preferente Juan Esnáider at Soccerway

The Street Has Many Dreams

The Street Has Many Dreams is a 1948 Italian comedy film directed by Mario Camerini and starring Anna Magnani, Massimo Girotti and Checco Rissone. The film's sets were designed by the art director Alberto Boccianti. Anna Magnani as Linda Bertoni Massimo Girotti as Paolo Bertoni Checco Rissone as Donato Dante Maggio as Emilio Checco Durante as Il parroco Luigi Pavese as Il commendatore Giulio Carocci Italo Tancredi as Egisto Giorgio Nimmo as Romoletto Bertoni Ciro Berardi as Sor Antonio - il salumaio Manlio Busoni as L'appuntato di pubblica sicurezza Paolo Ferrara as Il brigadiere siciliano Enrico Glori as Il ricettatore Gino Leurini as Il garzone del lattaio Nadia Niver as La figlia di Egisto Franco Pesce as Il lattaio Dina Romano as La moglie di Egisto Peppino Spadaro as Il commissario Miguel Mera & David Burnand. European Film Music. Ashgate Publishing, 2006; the Street Has Many Dreams on IMDb