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Captain (association football)

The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team. The team captain is identified by the wearing of an armband; the only official responsibility of a captain specified by the Laws of the Game is to participate in the coin toss prior to kick-off and prior to a penalty shootout. Contrary to what is sometimes said, captains have no special authority under the Laws to challenge a decision by the referee. However, referees may talk to the captain of a side about the side's general behaviour when necessary. At an award-giving ceremony after a fixture like a cup competition final, the captain leads the team up to collect their medals. Any trophy won by a team will be received by the captain who will be the first one to hoist it; the captain generally leads the teams out of the dressing room at the start of the match. A captain is tasked with running the dressing room; the captain provides a rallying point for the team: if morale is low, it is the captain who will be looked upon to boost their team's spirits.

Captains may join the manager in deciding the starting eleven for a certain game. In youth or recreational football, the captain takes on duties, that would, at a higher level, be delegated to the manager. A club captain is appointed for a season. If they are unavailable or not selected for a particular game, or must leave the pitch the club vice-captain will assume similar duties; the match captain is the first player to lift a trophy should the team win one if they are not the club captain. A good example of this was in the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final when match captain Peter Schmeichel lifted the trophy for Manchester United as club captain Roy Keane was suspended. In the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, match captain Frank Lampard jointly lifted the trophy for Chelsea with club captain John Terry. A club may appoint two distinct roles: a club captain to represent the players in a public relations role, correspondent on the pitch. Manchester United has had both of these types of captains: Roy Keane was the club captain on and off the pitch from 1997 to 2005 as he was a regular in the starting eleven, but his successor Gary Neville while nominally club captain from 2005 to 2010 had made few first team appearances due to injuries.

In his absence other players were chosen to captain the team on the field, such as in the 2008 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, respectively. After Neville retired in 2011, regular starter Nemanja Vidić was named as club captain. A vice-captain is a player, expected to captain the side when the club's captain is not included in the starting eleven, or if, during a game, the captain is substituted or sent off. Examples include Thomas Müller at Bayern Munich, Marcelo at Real Madrid, Sergio Busquets at Barcelona, Harry Kane at Tottenham Hotspur, James Milner at Liverpool, Fernandinho at Manchester City, Jan Oblak at Atlético Madrid and Marquinhos at Paris Saint-Germain; some clubs name a 3rd captain or a 4th captain to take the role of captain when both the captain and vice-captain are unavailable. Examples include Gerard Piqué as a 3rd captain and Sergi Roberto as a 4th captain for Barcelona, Karim Benzema as a 3rd captain and Raphaël Varane as a 4th captain for Real Madrid, Kevin De Bruyne as a 3rd captain for Manchester City, José Giménez as a 3rd captain and Saúl as a 4th captain for Atlético Madrid, Jan Vertonghen as a 3rd captain for Tottenham Hotspur and Virgil van Dijk as a 3rd captain and Georginio Wijnaldum as a 4th captain for Liverpool.

In the 1986 FIFA World Cup, when Bryan Robson was injured and vice-captain Ray Wilkins received a two-game suspension for a red card, Peter Shilton became England's captain for the rest of the tournament. During the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Germany had three captains. Michael Ballack had captained the national team since 2004, including the successful qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup, but he did not play in the latter tournament due to a last minute injury. Philipp Lahm was appointed captain in South Africa, but due to an illness that ruled him out of Germany's final fixture, Bastian Schweinsteiger captained the team for that game, the third-place match. Lahm stated in an interview that he would not relinquish the captaincy when Ballack returned, causing some controversy, so team manager Oliver Bierhoff clarified the situation saying "Philipp Lahm is the World Cup captain and Michael Ballack is still the captain". Lahm ended up becoming the permanent captain of Germany until his retirement, as Ballack was never called up to the national team again.


Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail

The Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail is a rail trail in King County, United States. The 29-mile trail follows a portion of the former alignment of the Milwaukee Road, constructed in 1911 and abandoned in 1973; the trail ends at McCormick Park in Duvall. The Milwaukee Road constructed its Snoqualmie Valley branch in 1911, began passenger service on April 21, 1912; the trail parallels the Cedar Falls Road before it heads east passing Rainbow Lake and down through the Boxley Creek drainage where a trestle bridge crosses a tributary of Boxley Creek. The trail intersects the eastern edge of Riverbend subdivision and crosses South Fork of the Snoqualmie River and makes its way under I-90 and crosses North Bend Way and makes its way through North Bend and out through Mt. Si Golf Course to Reinig Bridge at SE Reinig Road. Rough distance: 9.79 miles. Reinig Bridge crosses the Snoqualmie River and goes down a short flight of 15 steps to Meadowbrook Way Se near the intersection of SE Reinig Road. Two routes connect to one via 396th Dr SE, the other on Mill Pond Road.

From Tokul Creek Road the trail heads west. A mile west on the trail from Tokul Creek Road the trail crosses Tokul Creek Trestle, where deep below runs Tokul Creek gorge. From there the road parallels Fall City Road through Carnation to the city of Duvall. Rough distance: 18.4 miles. The access points to the trail are: Rattlesnake Lake, North Bend SE North Bend Way & SE Tanner Rd, North Bend NE 4th & Ballarat Ave, North Bend Three Forks off-leash Dog Park, Snoqualmie Tokul Creek SE, near Snoqualmie 356th Pl SE, near Fall City Nick Loutsis Park, Carnation McCormick Park, Duvall Snoqualmie Valley Trail Map Hike of the Week Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail page on the King County Parks website King County Regional Trail Maps Small Overview map Regional Trail Map: PDF

The Crystal Bucephalus

The Crystal Bucephalus is an original novel written by Craig Hinton and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Fifth Doctor, Tegan and Kamelion; the Crystal Bucephalus is a future restaurant patronised by the highest of society, projected back in time to sample the food and drink of long gone eras. However, when a notorious kingpin is slain in the Bucephalus, the Doctor and Turlough are suspected and arrested. In order to prove their innocence, they must find the real perpetrators, in the process uncover a conspiracy 5000 years in the making; the Cloister Library - The Crystal Bucephalus

Jens Bergensten

Jens "Jeb" Bergensten is a Swedish video game designer. Since December 2010, he has worked for the video game developer Mojang as a programmer and game designer, he became the lead designer and lead developer of the indie sandbox game Minecraft, after Markus "Notch" Persson stepped down from his position in December 2011, has led it on to become the best selling video game of all time. In 2013 he made it onto the annual Time 100 most influential people in the world list, he is known by his in-game name "jeb_". Bergensten started programming his first games at 11 years old using Turbo Pascal. By age 21, he was a modder for the first-person shooter Quake III Arena, he worked as a C++ and Java programmer for the game developer Korkeken Interactive Studio, which went bankrupt and became Oblivion Entertainment. During that time he led the development for the online role-playing game Whispers in Akarra, which he discontinued after straying from the team's original creative vision for the project. After the insolvency of Oblivion, Bergensten moved to Malmö and earned a master's degree in computer science at Lund University in 2008.

During his studies he founded the indie game development company, Oxeye Game Studio, along with Daniel Brynolf and Pontus Hammarber. The studio became known for the platform game Cobalt and the real-time strategy game Harvest: Massive Encounter; until 24 November 2010, Bergensten worked for Planeto. Bergensten was hired as Mojang's backend developer for Scrolls, but began programming more and more significant parts of Minecraft until he took over its development on 1 December 2011 after Markus Persson stepped down from this position. Bergensten was part of the team that developed Catacomb Snatch as part of the Humble Bundle Mojam event where game developers create a game from scratch in 60 hours, he has attended many Game jams with Mojang. On 11 May 2013, Bergensten married Jenny Bergensten. On 10 December 2015, Bergensten had Björn. Harvest: Massive Encounter Minecraft Cobalt Jens Bergensten on Twitter

Varban Stamatov

Varban Stamatov was a Bulgarian writer, marine novelist and editor. The magnetism of the world's oceans and faraway lands were prominent features in his art, he travelled extensively to as far as the Arctic circle, including the USA, Japan, Somalia, Poland, Hungary, the former USSR, England, gathering material for his publications. Varban Stamatov was born 27 May 1924 in Bulgaria, he spent his youth in poverty in Varna and the surrounding villages. His mother, widowed young, was a teacher, who encouraged her children to read those "eternal books", essential as bread itself, literary works by authors such as Ivan Vazov, Jack London, Cervantes and Homer; as a student Varban spent hours in the local library studying ancient Greek, Latin and German which enabled him to support his family by helping other fellow students with their lessons. When he graduated from High School he was awarded a scholarship by the Ministry of Education, he won a local Varna championship for two consecutive years. He was in the final stages of World War II on the Fatherland Front as a war correspondent.

After the war Varban Stamatov studied philosophy at Sofia University. He worked as a journalist as editor, writing for newspapers such as "Izgrev", "Literary Front", "Evening News", "National Culture", magazine "The Flame", publishers "Georgi Bakalov" and "Bulgarian Writer". Subsequently he wrote numerous novels on marine themes; when he was not at sea, he lived and worked in Sofia, within a circle of Bulgarian intellectuals, film directors, theatre producers, composers, poets, literary editors and authors. His colleagues and friends included Bancho Banov, Georges Tutev, Mladen Isaev, Emil Manov, Valeri Petrov, Nikolai Popov, Ducho Mundrov, Leda Mileva, Dora Gabe, Pavel Vezhinov and Boris Aprilov. In Az-buki Georgi Tsankov comments on "In the Fog" as being "a literary work with huge factual and philosophical value". In "Plamuk" Bancho Banov says "Varban Stamatov isn't one of the praised writers... more he's one of the read writers". He was awarded a temporary home in Sopot, his author's mountain retreat at the foot of the majestic Balkan Mountains- Stara Planina.

He shared this home with pseudonym Sevda Sevan. Varban and Fransi spent 20 years together in Sofia and Ahtopol, near the Turkish border where they both wrote their best novels, he was a member of the Bulgarian Union of Writers Bulgarian: Съюз на българските писатели. In his life he dreamt of escaping from the stifling city to venture out to the oceans, the eternal sway of waves, the vast expanse, the connection man makes with the eternal in himself. In his last novel he wrote: ″Each of us, on this earth is a tiny enigma unspoken for various reasons and is just a one-way passenger who comes and goes leaving some tangible trail. All of us in the final reckoning, no matter how vain, are dust for the wind, to be blown about whilst yet alive along with all our absurd passions, intolerances, manias for achieving justice, tom-foolery....″ He died in Sofia, Bulgaria in 1998. Soldier's Chronicles" Out of love short novel" The old boatswain narrates short stories for teenagers" The coast of the poor novel 1st ed. 2nd ed."Profizdat" Sofia" Anya Islanders Sofia Letters from the sea Sofia The seal cub novelette for children Sofia Flagman 1st ed. 2nd ed. Vol.

II Sofia "Bulgarian Writer" The Great Bitter Lake 1st ed. 2nd ed. Vol. I "Bulgarian Writer", Cricket on the Pole 1st ed. 2nd ed. "Bulgarian Writer" Sofia On a boat to Ararat c/o Jusautor Sofia "Profizdat" Death in Lauderdale, Sofia, "Bulgarian Writer" In the fog–the Bulgarian and the sea Sofia "Letopisi", Hostage and fugitive bound nowhere, Publisher "Fatherland", ISBN 954-419-079-1 Anthology-Bulgarian Marine Novelists, Varban Stamatov, Georgi Ingilizov, Emil Markov, Boris Aprilov, Atanas Stoichev, Jivko Angelov, Konstantin Ploshtakov, Kosta Radev, Nikola Radev, Peyu Bogdanov, Petar Kazalarski, Slavcho Chernishev, Tihomir Yordanov, Todor Velchev, Zvetan Minkov, Sofia University Publisher "St. Clement of Ochrid" ISBN 954-07-1706-X ″Литературен Фронт″ 26 July 1984 Тодор Янчев ″Творчество, свързано с живота и морето″ Literary Front 26 July 1984, Todor Yanchev "Creativity connected with life and the sea" ″The sea and the ocean are symbols of the vast and the boundless, of the rigorous life, which the marine novelist knows and loves.

The essayistic manner of exposition in "Cricket on the Pole" brings cordiality to the images and represents a peculiar "moral biography of the author himself" ibid. "When we first met, the name Varban Stamatov was on several book titles. In 1960 his selected short stories for children and teenagers was published; as a man, who then displayed a particular interest in children's literature, I found a new stream in his stories, a new method towards the marine theme, as well as towards memories of the past. Children's literature had a need for sincere and truthful words or, said succinctly, for realistic reading. Just such an impression of profound and earnest realism was left at my first reading a book by Varban Stamatov.″ Stamatov V. Hostage and fugit

Angel Karaliychev

Angel Karaliychev was a Bulgarian writer of children's literature. Karaliychev spent his youth in Strazhitsa. At the age of seventeen, he published his first poem "Orel" in the school's literary magazine. After working a few years in the municipality, he left his native town to enroll in Sofia University where he studied chemistry. In 1928, he graduated in diplomacy from the University of National and World Economy in Sofia. Karaliychev published his first major work, the revolutionary poem „Mauna loa“ in 1923; this was followed the year after by his first collection of short stories "Ruj" and, after that, by his first novel for children Mecho in 1925. An co-editor in several chief literary journals from the period, he collaborated with the prominent leftist magazine "Nov Put" where he worked with fellow writers Assen Razcvetnikov, Nikola Furnadzhiev, Georgi Tsanev; these young man formed the "September Four", a prominent group that introduced leftist ideas to the Bulgarian literature of the interwar period.

After being condemned for bourgeoisie writers by fellow BCP member Georgi Bakalov in 1924, the September Four ended their collaboration with "Nov Put" and joined the literary magazine "Zlatorog" under editor Vladimir Vassilev. Karaliychev continued to write short stories and children books and collect legends and fairy tales of various folklore traditions until his death. "Ангел Каралийчев" Wikipedia. Sat. 29 Mar. 2014. Web. 28 May 2014. This Pretty Land of Bulgaria, English translation