Captain (association football)

The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team. The team captain is identified by the wearing of an armband; the only official responsibility of a captain specified by the Laws of the Game is to participate in the coin toss prior to kick-off and prior to a penalty shootout. Contrary to what is sometimes said, captains have no special authority under the Laws to challenge a decision by the referee. However, referees may talk to the captain of a side about the side's general behaviour when necessary. At an award-giving ceremony after a fixture like a cup competition final, the captain leads the team up to collect their medals. Any trophy won by a team will be received by the captain who will be the first one to hoist it; the captain generally leads the teams out of the dressing room at the start of the match. A captain is tasked with running the dressing room; the captain provides a rallying point for the team: if morale is low, it is the captain who will be looked upon to boost their team's spirits.

Captains may join the manager in deciding the starting eleven for a certain game. In youth or recreational football, the captain takes on duties, that would, at a higher level, be delegated to the manager. A club captain is appointed for a season. If they are unavailable or not selected for a particular game, or must leave the pitch the club vice-captain will assume similar duties; the match captain is the first player to lift a trophy should the team win one if they are not the club captain. A good example of this was in the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final when match captain Peter Schmeichel lifted the trophy for Manchester United as club captain Roy Keane was suspended. In the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, match captain Frank Lampard jointly lifted the trophy for Chelsea with club captain John Terry. A club may appoint two distinct roles: a club captain to represent the players in a public relations role, correspondent on the pitch. Manchester United has had both of these types of captains: Roy Keane was the club captain on and off the pitch from 1997 to 2005 as he was a regular in the starting eleven, but his successor Gary Neville while nominally club captain from 2005 to 2010 had made few first team appearances due to injuries.

In his absence other players were chosen to captain the team on the field, such as in the 2008 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, respectively. After Neville retired in 2011, regular starter Nemanja Vidić was named as club captain. A vice-captain is a player, expected to captain the side when the club's captain is not included in the starting eleven, or if, during a game, the captain is substituted or sent off. Examples include Thomas Müller at Bayern Munich, Marcelo at Real Madrid, Sergio Busquets at Barcelona, Harry Kane at Tottenham Hotspur, James Milner at Liverpool, Fernandinho at Manchester City, Jan Oblak at Atlético Madrid and Marquinhos at Paris Saint-Germain; some clubs name a 3rd captain or a 4th captain to take the role of captain when both the captain and vice-captain are unavailable. Examples include Gerard Piqué as a 3rd captain and Sergi Roberto as a 4th captain for Barcelona, Karim Benzema as a 3rd captain and Raphaël Varane as a 4th captain for Real Madrid, Kevin De Bruyne as a 3rd captain for Manchester City, José Giménez as a 3rd captain and Saúl as a 4th captain for Atlético Madrid, Jan Vertonghen as a 3rd captain for Tottenham Hotspur and Virgil van Dijk as a 3rd captain and Georginio Wijnaldum as a 4th captain for Liverpool.

In the 1986 FIFA World Cup, when Bryan Robson was injured and vice-captain Ray Wilkins received a two-game suspension for a red card, Peter Shilton became England's captain for the rest of the tournament. During the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Germany had three captains. Michael Ballack had captained the national team since 2004, including the successful qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup, but he did not play in the latter tournament due to a last minute injury. Philipp Lahm was appointed captain in South Africa, but due to an illness that ruled him out of Germany's final fixture, Bastian Schweinsteiger captained the team for that game, the third-place match. Lahm stated in an interview that he would not relinquish the captaincy when Ballack returned, causing some controversy, so team manager Oliver Bierhoff clarified the situation saying "Philipp Lahm is the World Cup captain and Michael Ballack is still the captain". Lahm ended up becoming the permanent captain of Germany until his retirement, as Ballack was never called up to the national team again.


Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail

The Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail is a rail trail in King County, United States. The 29-mile trail follows a portion of the former alignment of the Milwaukee Road, constructed in 1911 and abandoned in 1973; the trail ends at McCormick Park in Duvall. The Milwaukee Road constructed its Snoqualmie Valley branch in 1911, began passenger service on April 21, 1912; the trail parallels the Cedar Falls Road before it heads east passing Rainbow Lake and down through the Boxley Creek drainage where a trestle bridge crosses a tributary of Boxley Creek. The trail intersects the eastern edge of Riverbend subdivision and crosses South Fork of the Snoqualmie River and makes its way under I-90 and crosses North Bend Way and makes its way through North Bend and out through Mt. Si Golf Course to Reinig Bridge at SE Reinig Road. Rough distance: 9.79 miles. Reinig Bridge crosses the Snoqualmie River and goes down a short flight of 15 steps to Meadowbrook Way Se near the intersection of SE Reinig Road. Two routes connect to one via 396th Dr SE, the other on Mill Pond Road.

From Tokul Creek Road the trail heads west. A mile west on the trail from Tokul Creek Road the trail crosses Tokul Creek Trestle, where deep below runs Tokul Creek gorge. From there the road parallels Fall City Road through Carnation to the city of Duvall. Rough distance: 18.4 miles. The access points to the trail are: Rattlesnake Lake, North Bend SE North Bend Way & SE Tanner Rd, North Bend NE 4th & Ballarat Ave, North Bend Three Forks off-leash Dog Park, Snoqualmie Tokul Creek SE, near Snoqualmie 356th Pl SE, near Fall City Nick Loutsis Park, Carnation McCormick Park, Duvall Snoqualmie Valley Trail Map Hike of the Week Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail page on the King County Parks website King County Regional Trail Maps Small Overview map Regional Trail Map: PDF

The Crystal Bucephalus

The Crystal Bucephalus is an original novel written by Craig Hinton and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Fifth Doctor, Tegan and Kamelion; the Crystal Bucephalus is a future restaurant patronised by the highest of society, projected back in time to sample the food and drink of long gone eras. However, when a notorious kingpin is slain in the Bucephalus, the Doctor and Turlough are suspected and arrested. In order to prove their innocence, they must find the real perpetrators, in the process uncover a conspiracy 5000 years in the making; the Cloister Library - The Crystal Bucephalus