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Capua

Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, in the region of Campania, southern Italy, situated 25 km north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain. The name of Capua comes from the Etruscan Capeva; the meaning is'City of Marshes'. Its foundation is attributed by Cato the Elder to the Etruscans, the date given as about 260 years before it was "taken" by Rome. If this is true it refers not to its capture in the Second Punic War but to its submission to Rome in 338 BC, placing the date of foundation at about 600 BC, while Etruscan power was at its highest. In the area several settlements of the Villanovian civilization were present in prehistoric times, these were enlarged by the Oscans and subsequently by the Etruscans. Etruscan supremacy in Campania came to an end with the Samnite invasion in the latter half of the 5th century BC. About 424 BC it was captured by the Samnites and in 343 BC besought Roman help against its conquerors. Capua entered into alliance with Rome for protection against the Samnite mountain tribes, along with its dependent communities Casilinum, Atella, so that the greater part of Campania now fell under Roman supremacy.

The citizens of Capua received the civitas sine suffragio. In the second Samnite War with Rome, Capua proved an untrustworthy Roman ally, so that after the defeat of the Samnites, the Ager Falernus on the right bank of the Volturnus was confiscated. In 318 BC the powers of the native officials were limited by the appointment of officials with the title praefecti Capuam Cumas, it was the capital of Campania Felix. In 312 BC, Capua was connected with Rome by the construction of the Via Appia, the most important of the military highways of Italy; the gate by which it left the Servian walls of Rome bore the name Porta Capena. At what time the Via Latina was stretched to Casilinum is doubtful; the importance of Capua increased during the 3rd century BC, at the beginning of the Second Punic War it was considered to be only behind Rome and Carthage themselves, was able to furnish 30,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry. Until after the defeat of Cannae it remained faithful to Rome, after a vain demand that one of the consuls should always be selected from it or in order to secure regional supremacy in the event of a Carthaginian victory, it defected to Hannibal, who made it his winter quarters: he and his army were voluntarily received by Capua.

Livy and others have suggested that the luxurious conditions were Hannibal's "Cannae" because his troops became soft and demoralized by luxurious living. Historians from Bosworth Smith onwards have been skeptical of this, observing that his troops gave as good an account of themselves in battle after that winter as before. After a long siege, it was taken by the Romans in 211 BC and punished. Parts of it were sold in 205 BC and 199 BC, another part was divided among the citizens of the new colonies of Volturnum and Liternum, established near the coast in 194 BC, but the greater portion of it was reserved to be let by the state. Considerable difficulties occurred in preventing illegal encroachments by private persons, it became necessary to buy a number of them out in 162 BC, it was, after that period, not to large but to small proprietors. Frequent attempts were made by the democratic leaders to divide the land among new settlers. Brutus in 83 BC succeeded in establishing a colony, but it was soon dissolved.

In the meantime the necessary organization of the inhabitants of this thickly populated district was in a measure supplied by grouping them round important shrines that of Diana Tifatina, in connection with which a pagus Dianae existed, as we learn from many inscriptions. The town of Capua belonged to none of these organizations, was dependent on the praefecti, it enjoyed great prosperity, due to their growing of spelt, a grain, put into groats, roses, unguents etc. and owing to its manufacture of bronze objects, of which both the elder Cato and the elder Pliny speak in the highest terms. Its luxury remained proverbial. From the gladiatorial schools of Campania came Spartacus and his followers in 73 BC. Julius Caesar as consul in 59 BC succeeded in carrying out the establishment of a Roman colony under the name Julia Felix in connection with his agrarian law, 20,000 Roman citizens were settled in this territory; the number of colonists was increased by Mark Antony and Nero. In the war

1978 2. divisjon

The 1978 2. Divisjon was a Norwegian second-tier football league season; the league was contested by 30 teams, divided into a total of three groups. The winners of group A and B were promoted to the 1979 1. Divisjon; the second placed teams in group A and B met the winner of group C in a qualification round where the winner was promoted to 1. Divisjon; the bottom team in group A and B and the seven lowest ranked teams in group C were relegated to the 3. Divisjon; the second last teams in group A and B met in a two-legged qualification round to avoid relegation. Mjøndalen won group A with 29 points. Rosenborg won group B with 27 points. Both teams promoted to the 1979 1. Divisjon. Tromsø won group C and qualified for and the promotion play-offs but was not promoted. Tromsø – HamKam 0–3 Fredrikstad – Tromsø 1–0 HamKam – Fredrikstad 1–1 Os – Strømmen 2–1 Strømmen – Os 0–1Os won 3–1 on aggregate. Strømmen was relegated to 3. Divisjon

Sagkeeng First Nation

The Sagkeeng First Nation is an Anishinaabe First Nation that holds territory in the southern part of Lake Winnipeg, Canada, 120 kilometers north of the city of Winnipeg, on the mainland. The Sagkeeng reserve, once called Fort Alexander, has a total population of 7,637 registered band members, with 4,285 members living off reserve; the name "Sagkeeng" is derived from the Ojibwe language Zaagiing, meaning "at the outlet". The Reserve is located on both North and South shores "at the outlet" or mouth of the Winnipeg River, it is adjacent to the northern border of the Rural Municipality of Alexander, which borders the Town of Pine Falls. Sagkeeng’s traditional territory includes land within Treaty #1 and lands north and east of the Winnipeg River; the territory of Sagkeeng was to have commenced one mile upstream from the Fort Alexander trading post occupied by the Hudson’s Bay Company. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada files indicate the Chief and Council requested the boundaries to be moved to its present location.

This ancient gathering and trading area and its peoples were a component of the copper culture, as evident by copper points and artifacts that were found in what became the Ft. Alex area; the source of the copper was the Lake Superior copper mines. Some of the Sagkeeng Ojibway people are direct descendants of the Anishinaabe tribes that migrated from a ancient settlement in the present-day Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario area; some of the forefathers of Sagkeeng were a component of the ancient copper culture. According to the current Sagkeeng government, Sagkeeng Anishinaabe have lived "at or near the mouth of the Winnipeg river (which became Fort Alexander Reserve #3" and Traverse Bay, since time immemorial." This means that some Sagkeeng forefathers were always from this area and they mixed and traded daughters with Anishinaabe and other native tribes. The Anishinaabe peoples began trading with the first French immigrants just a few hundred years ago in this Fort Alexander area now known as Sagkeeng territory.

In 1732, La Vérendrye built a fur trading post, Fort Maurepas, on the north side of the Winnipeg River, north of present-day Selkirk, Manitoba. Toussaint Lesieur, a North West company or NWC clerk built a post on the south side of the mouth of lake Winnipeg, it became an important provisioning post for both the immigrant canoe brigades. Bags of pemmican, brought from NWC posts on the upper Assiniboine River, were stored here among other goods; the Hudson's Bay Company operated here between 1795 and 1801. In 1807, Alexander MacKay rebuilt the post on a nearby site. Beginning in 1808, the new post was known as Fort Alexander. Since big game of the area had been over exploited by immigrants in the late 1700s, fish and garden vegetables were the staple foods of the area. By 1812, the Bas de la Rivière gardens were selling vegetables to the incoming Red River immigrants. After the Northwest and Hudson's Bay companies merged in 1821, Fort Alexander continued to be operated as a trading post for the natives and immigrants in the region.

The nation has a dance group Sagkeeng's Finest, who won the 2012 first and only season of Canada's Got Talent. The group included Vincent O’Laney, 17, brothers Dallas Courchene, 16, Brandon Courchene, 18, they won over a total of 244 other acts. The trio started with traditional jigging, a First Nations tradition fused more modern dance styles, such as tap dancing, into their act; because of this new style of dancing, the people of Canada took to their phones and voted "Sagkeeng's Finest" as winners of the $100,000 first prize. They won a $105,000 Nissan GT-R sports car, an opportunity to perform during City TV's New Year's Eve special, the possibility of performing at a venue in Las Vegas. Rogers Media’s Scott Moore said the victory for Sagkeeng’s Finest showed Canadian support for an underdog. “It shows the diversity and the acceptance of Canada,” he insisted. Other notable members of Sagkeeng First Nation include curator Jaimie Issac. Kakakepenaise signed Treaty 1 in 1871 on behalf of the Sagkeeng people.

Although Sagkeeng is a Treaty 1 nation, Sagkeeng is unique among other Anishinaabe communities, as it a member of Treaty 1, Treaty 2, Treaty 3. All three treaty boundaries merge at Sagkeeng. Which means it is a member of the Grand Council of Treaty 3; these encompass a geographical area of 55,000 square miles. The Northern Territory of Turtle Island, the Southern Plains territory, the Eastern Turtle Island territory treaty boundaries all converge at the Sagkeeng Territory; the GCT3 is a political organization representing 23 First Nation communities across Treaty 3 areas of northern Ontario and southeastern Manitoba, Canada. Along with the Southern Plains, they represent an additional five First Nations in specific regards to their Treaty rights. Sagkeeng holds its annual Treaty Days in the last week of July of every year; the five to six days of events are open to everyone and include a community parade, various children's events, a three-day Pow Wow, lastly, fireworks. The French Oblates of Mary Immaculate nuns ran the Fort Alexander residential school for Indigenous children.

As was the ignorance and cruelty at the time, the teachers practised cultural Genocide and forced the students to speak English and prohibited them from practising th