click links in text for more info

Yang Pu

Yang Pu, formally Emperor Rui of Wu, known as Emperor Gaoshang Sixuan Honggu Rang or, in short, Emperor Rang, while still living during the initial months of succeeding Southern Tang, was the last ruler of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Wu, the only one that claimed the title of emperor. During his reign, the state was in effective control of the regents Xu Wen and Xu Wen's adoptive son and successor Xu Zhigao. In 938, Xu Zhigao forced Yang Pu to yield the throne to him, who established Southern Tang. Yang Pu was born in 900, during the reign of Emperor Zhaozong of Tang, as the fourth son of the major late-Tang warlord Yang Xingmi the military governor of Huainan Circuit, whose domain would become Wu eventually, his mother was Yang Xingmi's concubine Lady Wang. In 919, during the reign of his older brother Yang Longyan, Yang Pu was created the Duke of Danyang. In 920, Yang Longyan fell ill, the regent Xu Wen, the ruler of the Wu government, arrived at the capital Jiangdu to discuss with the officials there how to deal with the situation.

Some of Xu Wen's followers encouraged. Xu, disavowing any such intent, proclaimed that he would find another son of the Yangs to succeed Yang Longyan. However, as he had long been apprehensive about Yang Xingmi's third son Yang Meng the Duke of Lujiang, who had long lamented Xu Wen's hold on the Wu governance, he did not wish to have Yang Meng succeed Yang Longyan. Instead, he issued an order in Yang Longyan's name, summoning Yang Pu to Jiangdu to serve as regent and moving Yang Meng to serve as the military prefect of Shu Prefecture. Yang Longyan died shortly after, Yang Pu took the throne as King of Wu, he honored his mother Lady Wang as queen dowager. In 921, Yang Pu, at Xu Wen's urging, formally sacrificed to heaven and earth, signifying his claim to the Mandate of Heaven. In 923, Wu's nominal ally Later Tang's emperor Emperor Zhuangzong, in his campaign against their joint enemy Later Liang, had just captured the strategically important city of Yun Prefecture, he wrote Yang Pu, asking for the two states to jointly attack Later Liang.

However, by this point, Wu was beginning to see Later Tang as a threat as well, Xu considered sending a fleet north, using it to aid whichever side prevailed. The official Yan Keqiu pointed out that he would have no good excuse not to commit to a position if Later Liang requested aid as well, so Xu did not launch the fleet. In the year, Emperor Zhuangzong, in a surprise attack, captured the Later Liang capital Daliang. Liang's emperor Zhu Zhen committed suicide before the city fell, ending Later Liang, Later Tang took over Later Liang's territory. Xu, in fear of what the Later Tang emperor might do next, blamed Yan for dissuading him from sending the fleet, but Yan pointed out that Emperor Zhuangzong had become arrogant in his victory and was not ruling his state well, predicting that within a few years his state would be in turmoil. Meanwhile, Later Tang's emissary to Wu delivered an edict from Emperor Zhuangzong, but Wu, not viewing itself as a Later Tang subject, refused to accept it. Emperor Zhuangzong rewrote his communication as a letter, but displayed superiority by addressing the letter, "The letter from the Emperor of the Great Tang to the Lord of Wu." Yang Pu responded with a letter but showed deference by addressing the letter, "The respectful letter from the Lord of the Great Wu to the Emperor of the Great Tang."

Shortly after, he sent the official Lu Ping as an emissary to Later Tang. Upon Lu's return, he confirmed Yan's observations — that Emperor Zhuangzong was wasting his time on tours and games, was stingy with his funds, not willing to dispense them to soldiers, thus causing discontent. While Xu was in firm control of the Wu governance, in 924 Yang Pu was able to show some measure of sovereignty. At that time, there was an occasion when went to the port of Baisha to review the fleet, he changed Baisha's name to Yingluan Base. Xu, stationed at Jinling with Xu Zhigao at Jiangdu overseeing the government on his behalf, came to pay homage to him, Yang Pu used this chance to complain about Xu's associate Zhai Qian, whom Xu had put in control of the palace, as Zhai had put much restrictions on the King's movements and was spying on the King's moves. Xu, realizing Yang's complaint and offered to put Zhai to death, but Yang stated that, unnecessary but that an exile would be sufficient, so Xu exiled Zhai to Fu Prefecture.

In 925, Qian Liu, the king of Wu's southeastern neighbor Wuyue (formally a vassal of Later Tan

Tenczyn Castle

The Tenczyn Castle, otherwise known as the Tęczyn Castle, is a medieval castle in the Polish Jura, in the village of Rudno, Poland. It was built as a seat of the powerful Tęczyński family; the castle fell into ruin during the Deluge in mid-17th century, after being pillaged and burned by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces looking for the Polish Crown Jewels and rumored treasures of the Tęczyński family. Subsequently, after a fire in the mid-18th century it again fell into disrepair and remains in that state to this day. Castle stands on rocks which are remnants of Permian lava stream, constituting the highest hill of Garb Tenczyński; the name of the castle comes from the name of the daughter of Tynek Starża. According to the legend, he arrived here in the 9th century, founded Tyniec and built a castle for his daughter Tęcza; the first mention of the stronghold is dated 24 September 1308, when king Władysław I the Elbow-high, hunting in the woods "in Thanczin", issued a diploma to the Cistercian monastery in Sulejów.

It is believed that the first wooden structure was erected around 1319 by Jan Nawój of Morawica, Castellan of Cracow. He built the largest of the castle towers, called today the Nawojowa tower; the medieval castle included three additional round Gothic towers. Further expansion was carried out by governor of Cracow and Sandomierz, he erected the north-east part of the structure, where he lived, dying there in 1368. Jędrzej's son Jasko renewed and expanded the castle, founded a chapel; the first recorded mention relating directly to the castle dates from this period. The king Władysław Jagiełło imprisoned some important Teutonic prisoners, captured during the Battle of Grunwald, in the castle. To commemorate this event one of the castle's turrets was called Grunwaldzka. Within a short period of time the Tęczyński family rose to a great importance in Poland, holding 45 estates, of which 15 were near the castle. Around the middle of the sixteenth century, the castle was frequented by Mikołaj Rej, Jan Kochanowski, Piotr Kochanowski and other important figures of the Polish Renaissance.

According to Bartosz Paprocki, in 1570 Jan Tęczyński, Castellan of Wojnicz "at great cost built a new castle in Tęczyn". The new mannerist structure had three wings with a central courtyard open to the west and adorned with Renaissance attics and arcades, it was surrounded by a curtain wall on the north, strengthened with a bastion entry. Two pentagonal bastions were erected on the south. After the reconstruction the castle took the shape of an irregular polygon, measuring over 140 meters from east to west, 130 meters from north to south. Italian gardens and vineyards stretched out below the castle; the last big expenditure on the castle was a thorough reconstruction of the castle chapel, completed in the early 17th century by Agnieszka Firlejowa née Tęczyńska. In 1637 Jan Magnus Tęczyński, the last representative of the family, died in the castle, his only daughter Izabela married Łukasz Opalinski. In 1655, during the Deluge, the rumor was spread that Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski, Grand Marshal of the Crown had hidden the Polish Crown Jewels in Tenczyn Castle.

The Swedish-Brandenburgian forces led by Kurt Christoph von Königsmarck captured the castle against a defence led by captain Jan Dziula and slaughtered all of its defenders. When they did not find treasure they left the fortress and burned it in July 1656. After the Deluge the castle was for the most part rebuilt and inhabited. At the beginning of the 18th century the Tenczyn estates passed to Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski to Prince August Aleksander Czartoryski who had married with Sieniawski's only daughter Maria Zofia passing to his daughter Izabela Lubomirska. After the fire in 1768 the structure fell into disrepair. In 1783, the remains of Jan Magnus Tęczyński were moved from the castle chapel to a new tomb in St. Catherine's Church in Tenczynek. In 1816, the castle became the property of the Potocki family and remained in their hands until the outbreak of World War II in 1939. Hypothetical reconstruction of the castle full layout was drawn according to research of Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, Nikodem Pajzderski, Stanisław Polaczek, Bohdan Guerquin, Marian Kornecki, Teresa Małkowska-Holcerowa and Janusz Kurtyka.

Identification of the premises is based on the division acts from 1553 and 1733 and a drawing by Erik Dahlbergh of 1655: A - Upper Castle with well B - Lower castle, Tenczyn castle cum muro exteriori, ward C - reconstruction of the demolished peripheral wall from the course of the 14th and 15th century D - 14th century dwelling house, kitchens, a bakery, a coach house E - Tower Gate, so called Nawojowa tower, turris altissima ad portom arcis F - Chapel ff - Vestry and treasury G - Barbican and a structure protecting the entrance to the castle H - tower "Dorotka" from the 14th / 15th century /1553/ I - State rooms i - the "great hall" 1553 = Dining room with a stove, Tęczyński coat of arms and 15 portraits, 1733 ii - the chamber, leading from the "great hall" /1553/ = "room with 5 windows" /1733/ iii - the "crooked room" with 2 portraits /1733/ J - arcades K - turret L - walls and two towers of the inner ward prior to 1579 I - a tower from the 15th century, "bathroom" /1553/ = "the Empty tower" /1733/ II - a tower from the 15th century M - the walls of the inner ward after the establishme

Benjamin Robbins Curtis

Benjamin Robbins Curtis was an American attorney and United States Supreme Court Justice. Curtis was the only Whig justice of the Supreme Court, he was the first Supreme Court justice to have a formal legal degree and is the only justice to have resigned from the court over a matter of principle. He acted as chief counsel for the Impeachment of U. S. President Andrew Johnson during the first presidential impeachment trial and is notable as one of the two dissenters in the Dred Scott decision. Benjamin Curtis was born November 4, 1809 in Watertown, the son of Lois Robbins and Benjamin Curtis, the captain of a merchant vessel. Young Curtis attended common school in Newton and beginning in 1825 Harvard College, where he won an essay writing contest in his junior year. At Harvard, he became a member of the Porcellian Club, he graduated in 1829, was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1832, was admitted to the bar that year. In 1834, he moved to Boston. Practicing in that maritime city allowed Curtis to develop expertise in admiralty law, he became known for his familiarity with patent law.

In 1836, Curtis participated in the Massachusetts "freedom suit" of Commonwealth v. Aves on behalf of the defendant; when New Orleans resident Mary Slater went to Boston to visit her father, Thomas Aves, she brought with her a young slave girl about six years of age, named Med. While in Boston, Slater asked her father to take care of Med until she recovered; the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society and others sought a writ of habeas corpus against Aves, contending that Med became free by virtue of her mistress' having brought her voluntarily into Massachusetts. Aves responded to the writ, answering that Med was his daughter's slave, that he was holding Med as his daughter's agent. Curtis was one of the attorneys; the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, through its Chief Justice, Lemuel Shaw, ruled that Med was free, made her a ward of the court. The Massachusetts decision was considered revolutionary at the time. While previous decisions ruled that slaves voluntarily brought into a free state, who resided there many years, became free, Aves was the first decision which held that a slave voluntarily brought into a free state became free from the first moment of arrival.

The decision in this freedom suit helped to alienate the South. It was in contrast to the Dred Scott decision, in which Curtis participated as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Curtis became a member of the Harvard Corporation, one of the two governing boards of Harvard University, in February 1846. In 1849, he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives. Appointed chairman of a committee to reform state judicial procedures, they presented the Massachusetts Practice Act of 1851. "It was considered a model of judicial reform and was approved by the legislature without amendment."At the time, Curtis was viewed as a rival to Rufus Choate, was thought to be the preeminent leader of the New England bar. He came from a politically-connected family, had studied under Joseph Story and John Hooker Ashmun at Harvard Law School, his legal arguments were thought to be persuasive. He was a Whig and in tune with their politics, Whigs were in power; as a potential young appointee, he was thought to be the seed of a long and productive judicial career.

He was appointed by the president, approved by the Senate, elevated to the bench, but was gone in six years. Curtis was three times married. Curtis received a recess appointment to the Supreme Court on September 22, 1851 by President Millard Fillmore, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Levi Woodbury. Massachusetts Senator Daniel Webster persuaded Fillmore to nominate Curtis to the Supreme Court, was his primary sponsor. Formally nominated on December 11, 1851, Curtis was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1851, received his commission the same day, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1854. He was the first Supreme Court Justice, his predecessors attended a law school without receiving a degree. His opinion in Cooley v. Board of Wardens 53 U. S. 299 held. States laws related to commerce powers can be valid so long; that resolved a historic controversy over federal interstate commerce powers. To this day, it is an important precedent for resolving disputes.

The court interpreted Clause 3 of the US Constitution, the Commerce Clause. The issue was whether states can regulate aspects of commerce or Congress retains exclusive jurisdiction to regulate commerce. Curtis concluded that the federal government has exclusive power to regulate commerce only when national uniformity is required. Otherwise, states may regulate commerce. Curtis was notable as one of the two dissenters in the Dred Scott case, in which he disagreed with every holding of the court, he argued against the majority's denial of the bid for emancipation by the slave Dred Scott. Curtis stated that since there were black citizens in both Southern and Northern states and that they were thus among the "people of the United States" in the Constitution. Curtis opined that since the majority had found that Scott lacked standing, the Supreme Court had no power to rule on the merits of his case. Curtis resigned from the court on September 30, 1857 because he was exasperate

List of awards and nominations received by Tame Impala

This is a list of awards and nominations received by Tame Impala. The APRA Awards have been presented annually from 1982 by the Australasian Performing Right Association, "honouring composers and songwriters"; the ARIA Music Awards, hosted by the Australian Recording Industry Association, recognise "excellence and innovation across all genres" of music in Australia. The Brit Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual pop music awards; the Age Music Victoria Awards are an annual Awards night celebrating Victorian music. The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by The Recording Academy of the United States for outstanding achievements in the music industry; the J Awards were established by influential Australian youth radio station Triple J in 2005. The MTV Europe Music Awards were established in 1994 by MTV Networks Europe to celebrate the most popular music videos in Europe; the MTV Video Music Awards were established in the end of the summer of 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year.

The NME Awards were created by the NME magazine and was first held in 1953. Rolling Stone Australia Awards are awarded annually in January by the Rolling Stone magazine since 2010 for outstanding contributions to popular culture in the previous year. WAMI began presenting awards in 1980, it held its award ceremony in Milwaukee until switching to Appleton

Angel's Diary

Angel's Diary is a soap opera drama that aired on the Trans TV every day Monday through Friday. Angel's Diary claimed as a new presence in Indonesia with high drama editing and shooting classes with wide-screen movies. Angelica Faustina as Angelique Smith Ferguson Dimas Aditya as Satria Kiki Rizky as Ryan Dhanya Nilawati as Poppy Rita Hasan as Rita Wibowo Zoffy Melza Ibrahim as Zoppy Mathias Muchus as Satria's Father Angel is a 19-year-old Australian-Indonesian young woman who had lived in Australia for 10 years; when her family finds out that she is dating a member of an Australian band, Angel is ordered to live in Jakarta, Indonesia in fear of the negative influences surrounding her relationship. In Jakarta, Angel lives with her fastidious and sassy aunt, Rita Wibowo and her impish and rude young cousin, Zoppy. Due to culture shock, Angel has to adapt to a different environment not only in her new campus but in Jakarta in general. In the midst of these difficulties, she always carries a laptop to write and vent her experiences in her personal blog.

In her new university, Angel becomes best friends with Poppy. She gets into conflict with the arrogant and rich fellow student and her assistant, who bully Angel and Poppy. Angel meets and becomes attracted to Satria, an aloof male student who once offers her a handkerchief to clean herself after a round of bully from Nadia and helps her fixing her laptop. While Satria at first ignores Angel, he cools over his demeanor overtime. In the meantime, Angel becomes the target of affection from Nadia's boyfriend, after teasing her. However, after several conflicts with both Angel and Nadia and the fact that Angel does not love him, Ryan exiles himself to the countryside to rethink about himself. After Ryan's departure, Angel becomes more closer to Satria, who realizes he has fallen in love with her. During a fatal prank from Nadia and Carolina, Angel is badly injured when she falls off the stairs and enters a coma. A great deal of anguish ensues between people close to Angel, including Satria, whose professes his love to Angel right before she wakes up.

Angel learns from her mother. She does, learn that she shares the same maternal grandparents as Nadia, making them cousins. Meanwhile, a new male student, the cheerful and protective Andhika, appears to complicate Angel and Satria's relationship, as Angel falls in love with and dates Andhika. Carolina, teaming up with Nadia's mother who wants Angel dead to prevent her from receiving her father's will, sets up a complex plan to kidnap Angel, which leads to Andhika being mortally wounded and died during his attempt to rescue her, right after the campus graduation. Carolina forces Satria to marry her by falsely accusing him of making her pregnant; however and Nadia's grandfather is revealed to have left most of his fortune to Angel in his will, making Nadia's mother mad and declared insane. Satria sees through Carolina's lie and leaves her to meet Angel, who decides to return to Australia after graduation, depressed over Andhika's death. Meeting her in Andhika's grave, he convinces her to stay as well as promising Andhika that he will take care of Angel.

Convinced, Angel decides to start a relationship with Satria. Angel starts a new life after graduation in her luxurious house left to her by her grandfather's will, she occupies the house with Poppy, while her aunt and cousin and Zoppy visit her to "loot" her food. She is in a relationship with Satria. Angel finds a job at a magazine company, but she has to fend herself from her old nemesis, who works at the same office and wants to crush Angel's life. Angel's diary di Angel's Diary di Trans TV