SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Cargo

In economics, the words cargo and freight refer in particular to goods or produce being conveyed – for commercial gain – by water, air or land. Cargo was a shipload. Cargo now covers all types of freight, including that carried by rail, truck, or intermodal container; the term cargo is used in case of goods in the cold-chain, because the perishable inventory is always in transit towards a final end-use when it is held in cold storage or other similar climate-controlled facility. The term freight is used to describe the movements of flows of goods being transported by any mode of transportation. Multi-modal container units, designed as reusable carriers to facilitate unit load handling of the goods contained, are referred to as cargo, specially by shipping lines and logistics operators. Aircraft ULD boxes are documented as cargo, with associated packing list of the items contained within; when empty containers are shipped each unit is documented as a cargo and when goods are stored within, the contents are termed as containerised cargo.

Transportation types: Cargo can travel via many different modalities: Seaport terminals handle a wide range of maritime cargo. Break bulk cargo is material stacked on pallets and lifted into and out of the hold of a vessel by cranes on the dock or aboard the ship itself; the volume of break bulk cargo has declined worldwide as containerization has grown. One way to secure break bulk and freight in intermodal containers is by using Dunnage Bags. Bulk cargo, such as salt, oil and scrap metal, is defined as commodities that are neither on pallets nor in containers. Bulk cargoes are not handled as individual pieces, the way heavy-lift and project cargoes are. Alumina, gypsum and wood chips, for instance, are bulk cargoes. Bulk cargo is classified as dry. Container Cargo: Containers are the largest and fastest growing cargo category at most ports worldwide. Containerized cargo includes everything from auto parts and manufacturing components to shoes and toys to frozen meat and seafood. Neo-bulk cargo comprises individual units that are counted as they are loaded and unloaded, in contrast to bulk cargo, not counted, but that are not containerized.

Project cargo and the heavy lift cargo include items like manufacturing equipment, air conditioners, factory components, wind turbines, military equipment, any other oversized or overweight cargo, too big or too heavy to fit into a container. Roll-on/roll-off Cargo: Automobiles are handled at many ports and are carried on specialized roll-on/roll-off ships. Please see: List of cargo types Air cargo known as air freight, is collected by firms from shippers and delivered to customers. Aircraft were first used for carrying mail as cargo in 1911. Manufacturers started designing aircraft for other types of freight as well. There are many commercial aircraft suitable for carrying cargo such as the Boeing 747 and the bigger An‑124, purposely built for easy conversion into a cargo aircraft; such large aircraft employ quick-loading containers known as unit load devices, much like containerized cargo ships. The ULDs are located in the front section of the aircraft. Most nations own and utilize large numbers of military cargo aircraft such as the C‑17 Globemaster III for logistical needs.

Popular commercial aircraft transformed to a cargo aircraft such as Saab 340A is designed for high revenue and profitability in short / medium haul operations. Trains are capable of transporting a large number of containers. Trains are used for the transportation of water, grain, steel and coal, they are used because they can carry a large amount and have a direct route to the destination. Under the right circumstances, freight transport by rail is more economic and energy efficient than by road when carried in bulk or over long distances; the main disadvantage of rail freight is its lack of flexibility. For this reason, rail has lost much of the freight business to road transport. Rail freight is subject to transshipment costs, since it must be transferred from one mode of transportation to another. Practices such as containerization aim at minimizing these costs; when transporting point-to-point bulk loads such as cement or grain, with specialised bulk handling facilities at the rail sidings, rail mode of transport remains the most convenient and preferred option.

Many governments are trying to encourage shippers to use trains more because of the environmental benefits. Many firms, like Parcelforce, R+L Carriers transport all types of cargo by road. Delivering everything from letters to houses to cargo containers, these firms offer fast, sometimes same-day, delivery. A good example of road cargo is food, as supermarkets require deliveries daily to replenish their shelves with goods. Retailers and manufacturers of all kinds rely upon delivery trucks, be they full size semi trucks or smaller delivery vans; these smaller road haulage companies strive for the best routes and prices to ship out their products. Indeed, the level of commercial freight transported by smaller businesses is a good barometer of healthy economic development as it is these types of vehicles that move and transport anything, including couriers transporting parcel and mail. You can see the different weights of vehicles that are used to move cargo around. Less than truckload cargo is the first category of freight shipment, which represents the majority of freight shipments and the majority of business-to-business shipments.

LTL shipments are often referred to as motor freight and the carriers in

Old Colwyn

Old Colwyn is a town just to the east of Colwyn Bay, in Conwy County Borough, Wales. Prior to local government reorganisation in April 1974 it was part of the Municipal Borough of Colwyn Bay, but the reorganisation established it as a separate community, whose population at the 2001 census was 7,626, increasing to 8,113 at the 2011 census, it hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1941. It harbours the 3rd Colwyn Bay Scout Group headquarters and is home to the area's comprehensive school, Ysgol Bryn Elian. In Old Colwyn is an area of woodland called the'Fairy Glen'; this area of woodland is said to contain many different spirits including fairies, hence its name, which dates from the Victorian era and is a common name from that period. This area has undergone a regeneration with funding from the council and it is now possible to walk through it easily; the Fairy Glen is subject to an ownership dispute between Conwy County Borough Council and the water company, Dŵr Cymru, each claiming that the maintenance of the area is the responsibility of the other.

Old Colwyn was once overlooked by the Hotel 70 Degrees, so named because the architect who designed it used 70 degree angles in its construction. Built in 1972, it was demolished in 2007, it has easy access onto the promenade and beach, as well as a protruded cliff area known as Penmaenhead, marked by a disused stone utility house. This is a popular spot amongst teenagers for the dangerous practice of "cliff jumping" when tide is in and the water is deep enough, though to date nobody has been hurt. In 1334, the town was mentioned in a government survey as "Coloyne". In 1685, the town had a population of twenty. Following the Census Act 1800, Colwyn had a population of 150 with twenty-three cottages, twelve farms and two inns. During the nineteenth century, the town of Colwyn became known as "Old Colwyn" to distinguish it from the newly formed town of Colwyn Bay to the west. In 1884, Old Colwyn railway station opened on the North Wales Coast Line. In December 1952, the railway station closed. Since 1984, Colwyn Bay Football Club's ground has been situated on Old Colwyn.

The Llandudno and Colwyn Bay Electric Railway operated an electric tramway service between Llandudno and Rhos-on-Sea from 1907 and extended to Colwyn Bay in 1908. The service closed in 1956. Old Colwyn has one Infant school one Primary school. Borough of Colwyn St John the Baptist's Church, Old Colwyn A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Clwyd Churches Geograph Office for National Statistics

McNamee, New Brunswick

McNamee is a Canadian community in the rural community of Upper Miramichi in Northumberland County, New Brunswick. Home of the McNamee-Priceville Footbridge, many great fishing pools; the first settlers in McNamee included John Wilson who applied for a grant of land on the Southwest Branch of the Miramichi River on February 19, 1803 and settled on Lot #69 in 1804. He located his homestead on the interval in the river but relocated to higher ground the following year near the current Priceville footbridge after the spring freshet surrounded the home with water and ice. After improving 40 of the 300 acres he had been granted John Wilson petitioned the Governor for more land on the north side of the river in response to a dispute with his neighbour James Lyons which deprived him of 120 of his original 300 acre grant, his petition was approved and he was granted Lot #69 on the north side of the river in what is now Priceville. In addition to farming and fishing were the primary pursuits in the area and the Wilson family in particular played a central role in the region since it was first settled.

The wealth and stature of the family grew from the 1920s through the 1940s under the leadership of Willard Wilson who became the de facto mayor by way of developing the Wilson Homestead into the local lumber mill, post office, grocery store and dairy farm, fly fishing lodge. Upon Willard's death in 1949 his son Murray focused the family business in particular on developing the homestead into a fly fishing lodge in response to the growing interest in Atlantic salmon from anglers based in particular in the northeast United States. John Wilson died in McNamee between 1834 and 1851, his date of arrival in Canada is unknown but was through the port of St. John and he settled temporarily in Maurgerville, New Brunswick where his first son, was born in 1802. John applied for a grant of land on the Southwest Branch of the Miramichi River on February 19, 1803 in the area now known as McNamee and gained title in Grant #487 dated June 20, 1809 to "Ephraim Betts, Esq. and sixty others... 14,640 acres on the Southwest Branch of the Miramichi River in the County of Northumberland.

Settling on the north side of the river on Lot #69 in 1804 he acquired Lot#64. James Wilson was the first Wilson of the Upper Miramichi to be born in Canada. Agnes Ann Wilson, B. 1804 or 1805. Married James Redman July 3, 1827 B. 1800 in Cape Rosier Maine and died January 16, 1854 and the couple are buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Biddeford Maine. Thomas WIlson, B. 1815 married his stepsister Barbara MacNabb February 8, 1841. Their issue: Catherine Isabel Wilson, b. April 12, 1841 John Turnbull Wilson, b. November 9, 1843 d. December 23, 1886 Elizabeth Ann Wilson, b. 1846 Thomas Wilson-2, b. 1849 d. January 1894 Peter Nathaniel Wilson, b. 1852 Amelia Ann MacKay Wilson, b. 1857 John Turnbull Wilson married Lydia L. Avery in Fredericton on October 24, 1877. Lydia was born April 18, 1849 and died October 3, 1931 and she and John are buried in the United Church Cemetery in Boisetown; the couple built a home just north of the original Wilson homestead in McNamee. Their issue: Willard Weston Wilson, b. January 3, 1879 - 1949.

Grace Saunders Wilson, b. November 19, 1880. Charles Thomas Wilson, b. March 30, 1885, d. September 21, 1890. Willard Wilson was a farmer, self-taught veterinarian, grocer and entrepreneur, he married Sarah Carroll of Carrolls Crossing, N. B. on July 15, 1903 and their issue included 9 children: Marie Grace Wilson, Frances Gertrude Wilson, Thomas Wilson, Louise Elizabeth Wilson, Murray Wilson, Willard Woodrow Wilson, Laurence Russel Wilson and James Reginald Wilson. There was a child born in 1911-12 who died in infancy. Laurence married Esma Rebecca Grady of Blackville, their issue was Laurence Kendall Wilson, Ferol Elizabeth Wilson, Karin Rebecca Wilson, Larry Russell Wilson and James Kevin Wilson. List of communities in New Brunswick