Paul Verhoeven is a Dutch director and film producer. Active in both the Netherlands and Hollywood, Verhoeven's blending of graphic violence and sexual content with social satire are trademarks of both his drama and science fiction films, he directed the films Turkish Delight, RoboCop, Total Recall, Basic Instinct, Starship Troopers and Elle. Turkish Delight received the award for Best Dutch Film of the Century at the Netherlands Film Festival, his films altogether received a total of nine Academy Award nominations for editing and effects. Verhoeven won the Saturn Award for Best Director for Robocop, his Dutch war film Black Book was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language and was voted by the Dutch public, in 2008, as the best Dutch film made. In contrast, he won the Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Director for Showgirls; the Seattle Times praised Verhoeven by saying, "director Paul Verhoeven appears to be a one-man Dutch movie industry," while The San Diego Union called Verhoeven "a busy bee whose movies pollinate the festival circuit."
Paul Verhoeven was born in Amsterdam on 18 July 1938, the son of a school teacher, Wim Verhoeven, a hat maker, Nel van Schaardenburg. His family lived in the village of Slikkerveer. In 1943 the family moved to The Hague, the location of the German headquarters in the Netherlands during World War II; the Verhoeven house was near a German military base with V1 and V2-rocket launchers, bombed by Allied forces. Their neighbours' house was hit and Verhoeven's parents were killed when bombs fell on a street crossing. From this period, Verhoeven mentioned in interviews, he remembers images of violence, burning houses, dead bodies on the street, continuous danger; as a small child he experienced the war as an exciting adventure and compares himself with the character Bill Rowan in Hope and Glory. Verhoeven's father became head teacher at the Van Heutszschool in The Hague, Paul attended this school. Sometimes they watched informative films at home with the school's film projector. Verhoeven and his father liked to see American films that were in the cinema after the liberation, such as The Crimson Pirate.
They went ten times to see The War of the Worlds. Verhoeven was a fan of the Dutch comic Dick Bos; the character Dick Bos is a private detective. Verhoeven liked comic drawing. Other fiction he liked were the Edgar Rice Burroughs Barsoom series. Verhoeven attended public secondary school Gymnasium Haganum in The Hague. Beginning in 1955, he studied at Leiden University, where he joined the elite fraternity Minerva. Verhoeven graduated with a doctorandus in Mathematics and Physics. Verhoeven made his first film A Lizzard Too Much for the anniversary of his students' corps in 1960. In his last years at university Verhoeven attended classes at the Netherlands Film Academy. After this he made three more short films: Nothing Special, The Hitchhikers, Let's Have a Party. Verhoeven has not used his mathematics and physics degree, opting instead to invest his energies in a career in film. After his studies he entered the Royal Dutch Navy as a conscript, he made the documentary Het Korps Mariniers about the Navy, which won the French Golden Sun award for military films.
In 1967 Verhoeven married Martine Tours, with whom he had two daughters and Helen. When he left the Navy, Verhoeven took his skills to Dutch television. First, he made a documentary about Anton Mussert named Mussert, his first major success was the 1969 Floris television series. The concept of Floris was inspired by foreign series like Thierry La Fronde. Verhoeven's first feature film Business Is Business was not well received, his first national success came in 1973 with Turkish Delight, starring Rutger Hauer and Monique van de Ven. This film is based on a novel by bestselling Dutch author Jan Wolkers and tells the passionate love story of an artist and a young liberal girl from a conservative background; the film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Foreign Language Film in 1974. In 1999 the film won a Golden Calf for Best Dutch Film of the Century. Verhoeven's 1975 film Katie Tippel again featured Hauer and van de Ven, but it would not match the success of Turkish Delight. Verhoeven built on his reputation and achieved international success with his Golden Globe nominated film Soldier of Orange, starring Rutger Hauer and Jeroen Krabbé.
The film, based on a true story about the Dutch resistance in World War II, was written by Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema. Soldier of Orange received the 1979 LA Film Critics Award for best foreign language film, it was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1980. In 1980 Verhoeven made the film Spetters with Rutger Hauer; the story is sometimes compared to Saturday Night Fever, but the film has more explicit violence and sexuality, which are sometimes seen as the trademarks of Paul Verhoeven. Verhoeven's film The Fourth Man is a horror film starring Renée Soutendijk, it was written by Gerard Soeteman from a novel by the Dutch writer Gerard Reve. This film would be Verhoeven's last Dutch film production until the 2006 film Black Book. Gerard Soeteman wrote the scr
Melisandre of Asshai is a fictional character in the A Song of Ice and Fire series of fantasy novels by American author George R. R. Martin and its television adaptation Game of Thrones, she is a priestess of the god R'hllor from the continent Essos and a close advisor to King Stannis Baratheon in his campaign to take the Iron Throne. She is nicknamed The Red Woman due to the color of her hair and clothes. Introduced in A Clash of Kings, Melisandre has come to Westeros to propagate her faith in the Red God, she subsequently appeared in Martin's A Storm of A Dance with Dragons. Melisandre is not a point-of-view character in the first four novels, her actions are witnessed and interpreted through the eyes of other characters such as Davos Seaworth and Jon Snow. In the fifth novel A Dance with Dragons, she has a single point-of-view chapter. George R. R. Martin stated. Melisandre is portrayed by Dutch actress Carice van Houten in the HBO television adaptation. Known as "The Red Woman", Melisandre is a shadowbinder and a priestess of R'hllor in service to Stannis Baratheon.
A slave from Asshai called Melony, she is chosen by the Red Temple and recruited as a red priestess, as a result has prophetic powers that give her partial knowledge of future events. She is referred to as a shadowbinder, being able to cast glamours and perform certain feats of dark magic. Melisandre is introduced in A Clash of Kings and serves as the third-person narrator for one chapter of A Dance with Dragons, she is described as a beautiful voluptuous foreign woman with red eyes and red hair, always dressing in red robes and wearing a red gold choker set with a large ruby, sleeps or eats. She possesses magical abilities that can cast glamour and manipulate fire and shadow, has prophetic visions by looking into fire, takes an aggressively militant stance against the other religions of Westeros. Melisandre was born an unknown number of years before the start of the series with the name "Melony"; as a child slave, she was trained for the priesthood. Believing Stannis Baratheon to be the reincarnation of Azor Ahai, a mythic messiah prophesied by her faith, she travels to his island stronghold, during the events of A Game of Thrones.
Tywin Lannister indirectly mentioned her as "a shadowbinder from Asshai" during a private conversation with Tyrion Lannister after the Battle in the Whispering Wood. Melisandre converts Stannis's wife Selyse to her religion, along with several other members of Stannis' court. Stannis' maester Cressen, fearing Melisandre's power and her influence over him, tries to assassinate Melisandre with poison in a murder-suicide, although Melisandre drinks most of the poison her powers allow her to survive; when Stannis' brother Renly declares himself king, Melisandre has a vision of Renly defeating Stannis' host at King's Landing. She convinces Stannis to impregnate her, she births another demon that kills Storm's End's castellan, Ser Cortnay Penrose, when he refuses to yield Storm's End. Ser Bryce Caron convinces Stannis to leave Melisandre at Dragonstone during the Battle of the Blackwater, which ends in Stannis' defeat. During the battle, Ser Garlan Tyrell dons Renly's armor and leads the Tyrell-Lannister vanguard, thus fulfilling Melisandre's earlier prophecy.
Stannis' advisor Davos Seaworth blames Melisandre for Stannis' defeat and plans to assassinate her but Melisandre sees the plot in her flames and has him arrested. She attempts to persuade Stannis to sacrifice his bastard nephew Edric Storm to awaken stone dragons beneath Dragonstone. Stannis only allows her to leech him and burns the leeches to curse Stannis's rivals: Balon Greyjoy, Robb Stark, Joffrey Baratheon. All three die in various circumstances soon after. Davos smuggles Edric to Lys to prevent his sacrifice. Melisandre accompanies Stannis and Davos to the Wall to defeat Mance Rayder's wildling host. Jon Snow swaps Mance Rayder's baby son with Gilly's baby, sends the baby with Gilly, Samwell Tarly and Maester Aemon to Oldtown, to prevent Melisandre from burning the baby to perform fire magic; when Stannis orders Mance Rayder to be burned alive for deserting the Night's Watch, she uses her magic to secretly switch Mance's identity with Rattleshirt's, another wildling raider, resulting in Rattleshirt being burned instead.
She reveals this to Jon Snow, sends Mance to Winterfell with six spearwives to rescue "Arya Stark" from Ramsay Bolton. Melisandre remains at the Wall. Noting that her powers are stronger at the Wall, she asks R'hllor for a vision of Azor Ahai, but only sees "Snow", she warns Jon of having seen "daggers in the dark". Jon ignores her warnings, is stabbed by mutineers led by Bowen Marsh. Melisandre is played by Dutch actress Carice van Houten in the television adaption of the book series. Melisandre is first introduced during a beach side ceremony on Dragonstone, where she burns the statues of the Faith of the Seven, drawing the ire of Stannis' maester Cressen. Cressen attempts to poison her in a murder-suicide attempt, she convinces Stannis to impregnate her, giving birth to a shadow demon that kills Stannis' brother Renly, a rival claimant to the throne. However, Stannis' advisor, Davos Seaworth, counsels Stannis to leave Melisandre on Dragonstone when he attacks King's Landing. Stannis attempts to strangle Melisandre in a fit of rage, befo
Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 854,047 within the city proper, 1,357,675 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area; the city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country but is not its capital, Haarlem. The Amsterdam metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, which has a population of 8.1 million. Amsterdam's name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the city's origin around a dam in the river Amstel. Originating as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age, as a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the city was the leading centre for trade. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, many new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and built.
The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the annexation of the municipality of Sloten in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, the oldest historic part of the city lies in Sloten, dating to the 9th century; as the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered an alpha- world city by the Globalization and World Cities study group. The city is the cultural capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING. Many of the world's largest companies are based in Amsterdam or established their European headquarters in the city, such as leading technology companies Uber and Tesla. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit and 12th globally on quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer; the city was ranked 4th place globally as top tech hub in the Savills Tech Cities 2019 report, 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009.
The Port of Amsterdam to this day remains the second in the country, the fifth largest seaport in Europe. Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, philosopher Baruch Spinoza; the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city centre. Amsterdam's main attractions include its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Anne Frank House, the Scheepvaartmuseum, the Amsterdam Museum, the Heineken Experience, the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Natura Artis Magistra, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, NEMO, the red-light district and many cannabis coffee shops, they draw more than 5 million international visitors annually. The city is well known for its nightlife and festival activity, it is one of the world's most multicultural cities, with at least 177 nationalities represented. After the floods of 1170 and 1173, locals near the river Amstel built a bridge over the river and a dam across it, giving its name to the village: "Aemstelredamme".
The earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated 27 October 1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V. This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges and dams; the certificate describes the inhabitants. By 1327, the name had developed into Aemsterdam. Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen and Utrecht. In October 2008, historical geographer Chris de Bont suggested that the land around Amsterdam was being reclaimed as early as the late 10th century; this does not mean that there was a settlement since reclamation of land may not have been for farming—it may have been for peat, for use as fuel. Amsterdam was granted city rights in either 1300 or 1306. From the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished from trade with the Hanseatic League. In 1345, an alleged Eucharistic miracle in the Kalverstraat rendered the city an important place of pilgrimage until the adoption of the Protestant faith.
The Miracle devotion was kept alive. In the 19th century after the jubilee of 1845, the devotion was revitalized and became an important national point of reference for Dutch Catholics; the Stille Omgang—a silent walk or procession in civil attire—is the expression of the pilgrimage within the Protestant Netherlands since the late 19th century. In the heyday of the Silent Walk, up to 90,000 pilgrims came to Amsterdam. In the 21st century this has reduced to about 5000. In the 16th century, the Dutch rebelled against Philip II of his successors; the main reasons for the uprising were the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly introduced Inquisition. The revolt escalated into the Eighty Years' War, which led to Dutch independence. Pushed by Dutch Revolt leader William the Silent, the Dutch Republic became known for its relative religious tolerance. Jews from the Iberian Peninsula, Huguenots from France, prosperous merchants and printers from Flanders, economic and religious refugees
HBO is an American premium cable and satellite television network owned by the namesake unit Home Box Office, Inc. a division of AT&T's WarnerMedia. The program which featured on the network consists of theatrically released motion pictures and original television shows, along with made-for-cable movies and occasional comedy and concert specials. HBO is the oldest and longest continuously operating pay television service in the United States, having been in operation since November 8, 1972. In 2016, HBO had an adjusted operating income of US$1.93 billion, compared to the US$1.88 billion it accrued in 2015. HBO has 130 million subscribers worldwide as of 2016; the network provides seven 24-hour multiplex channels, including HBO Comedy, HBO Latino, HBO Signature, HBO Family. It launched the streaming service HBO Now in April 2015 and has over 2 million subscribers in the United States as of February 2017; as of July 2015, HBO's programming is available to 36,493,000 households with at least one television set in the United States, making it the second largest premium channel in the United States.
In addition to its U. S. subscriber base, HBO distributes content in at least 151 countries, with 130 million subscribers worldwide. HBO subscribers pay for an extra tier of service that includes other cable- and satellite-exclusive channels before paying for the channel itself. However, a regulation imposed by the Federal Communications Commission requires that cable providers allow subscribers to get just "limited" basic cable and premium services such as HBO, without subscribing to expanded service. Cable providers can require the use of a converter box—usually digital—in order to receive HBO. HBO provides its content through digital media. HBO maintains near-ubiquitous distribution in hotels across the United States through agreements with DirecTV, Echostar, SONIFI Solutions, Satellite Management Services, Inc. Telerent Leasing Corporation, Total Media Concepts and World Cinema as well as cable providers that maintain hospitality service arrangements with individual hotels and local franchises of national hotel/motel chains.
Since June 2018, through a content partnership with Enseo, HBO Go is distributed to some Marriott International hotels around the U. S.. Many HBO programs have been syndicated to other networks and broadcast television stations, a number of HBO-produced series and films have been released on DVD. Since HBO's more successful series air on over-the-air broadcasters in other countries, HBO's programming has the potential of being exposed to a higher percentage of the population of those countries compared to the United States; because of the cost of HBO, many Americans only view HBO programs through DVDs or in basic cable or broadcast syndication—months or years after these programs have first aired on the network—and with editing for both content and to allow advertising, although several series have filmed alternate "clean" scenes intended for syndication runs. In 1965, Charles Dolan—who had done pioneering work in the commercial use of cables and had developed Teleguide, a closed-circuit tourist information television system distributed to hotels in the New York metropolitan area—won a franchise to build a cable television system in the Lower Manhattan section of New York City.
The new system, which Dolan named "Sterling Information Services", became the first urban underground cable televisi
European Film Academy
The European Film Academy is an initiative of a group of European filmmakers who came together in Berlin on the occasion of the first presentation of the European Film Awards in November 1988. The Academy—under the name of European Cinema Society—was founded by its first President, the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, as well as 40 filmmakers from all over Europe; the European Film Awards takes place every second year in Berlin, while they are presented every other year in another European city. In 1988, the Academy—under the name of European Cinema Society—was founded by its first President, the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, as well as 40 filmmakers from all over Europe in order to promote European film culture worldwide and to protect and to support the interests of the European film industry. Wim Wenders was elected Chairman. Two years the European Cinema Society was renamed European Film Academy and was registered as a non-profit association. In 1996, Wim Wenders took over the presidency from Ingmar Bergman, the British producer Nik Powell was elected new Chairman.
The decisions about political targets and contents are made by the 15 Board members of the Academy which has its seat in Berlin. Due to a decision of the General Assembly, the number of members—originally limited to 99—has been continuously increasing and has now reached 3,300; the Academy is thus working in close contact with the European film industry. President: Wim Wenders Board Chairwoman: Agnieszka Holland Deputy Chairmen: Mike Downey, Antonio SauraBoard Members: Roberto Cicutto, Tilde Corsi, Helena Danielsson, Ira von Gienanth, Ilann Girard, Angeles Gonzáles-Sinde, Vanessa Henneman, Dagmar Jacobsen, Agnès Jaoui, Nadine Luque, David MacKenzie, Rebecca O'Brien, Ewa Puszczynska, Marek Rozenbaum, Ada Solomon, Krzysztof ZanussiHonorary Members of the Board: Sir Ben Kingsley, Dušan Makavejev, Jeanne MoreauThe Secretariat: Marion Döring, Director / Rainer Pyls, Finances & Administration / Maria von Hörsten, Co-ordination awarding procedures European Film Awards / Pascal Edelmann, Head of Press&PR / Bettina Schwarz, Co-ordination Short Film Initiative & Training Projects / Yvonne Apt, Accounting & Membership Administration / Viviane Gajewski, Assistance listed are all countries with more than 20 EFA members The European Film Academy is funded by the Stiftung Deutsche Klassenlotterie Berlin, the German State Minister for Culture and the Media, Filmboard Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH.
The presentation of the European Film Awards are financed independently from the Academy. Founded in 2006 to produce the European Film Awards Ceremony for television, EFA Productions gGmbH is the in-house production company of the European Film Academy e. V. For a number of years, the European Film Awards have been supported by patrons from the international film industry, their commitment demonstrates the importance that the international film industry attaches to the European Film Awards. Throughout the year, the European Film Academy initiates and participates in a series of activities dealing with film politics as well as economic and training aspects; the programme includes conferences and workshops, a common goal is to build a bridge between creativity and the industry. Some of EFA's events have become an institution for encounters within the European film community: The Short Film Initiative Is an initiative by the European Film Academy in co-operation with fifteen festivals throughout Europe.
At each of these festivals, an independent jury presents one of the European short films in competition with a nomination in the short film category of the European Film Awards. A Sunday in the Country Is a special weekend encounter between appr. Ten young European filmmakers and some established EFA members; the private atmosphere of these gatherings guarantees an exchange of ideas and experience which goes far beyond the results of usual workshops. Conferences and Seminars Every year A series of conferences initiated and/or supported by the European Film Academy enhance a European debate on film, create platforms for a vivid exchange among film professionals and ensure that the discussion of what European film is, how it is changing and where it is going never expires. Master Classes Offer valuable training opportunities for young talent, combining theoretical and practical training; the high-profile list of former masters includes renowned film professionals such as Jean-Jacques Annaud, Jan De Bont, Henning Carlsen, André Delvaux, Bernd Eichinger, Krzysztof Kieslowski, Jiří Menzel, Tilda Swinton, István Szabó, Marc Weigert, Mike Newell, Tsui Hark, Allan Starski and Anthony Dod Mantle.
The annual European Film Awards ceremony is the most visible activity of the European Film Academy. With the awards the Academy pursues the following aims: attracting the interest of the audience in European cinema, promoting its cultural and artistic qualities, regaining the public's confidence in its entertainment value. To put these ideas into practice, the People's Choice Awards were added as a new category in 1997, they are accompanied by big advertising campaigns in European film magazines. In addition, screenings of the nominated films were in the past years organised for the public in several European cities; the members of the European Film Academy participate in the selection and awarding procedure. The European Film Awards are the first in the annual international awards calendar. Most of the nominees and winners of the European Film Awards are found in the following months among the nominees and winners of the Golden Globes or the Oscars. In the past years, European producers and distributors stressed that a
Golden Calf (award)
The Golden Calf is the award of the Netherlands Film Festival, held annually in Utrecht. The award has been presented since 1981 in six categories: Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Feature Film, Best Short Film, Culture Prize and Honourable mention. In 2004, there were 16 award categories because in 2003 the categories Best Camera, Best Montage, Best Music, Best Production Design, Best Sound Design were added. Famous Dutch film makers and actors that have won a Golden Calf include Rutger Hauer, Louis van Gasteren, Paul Verhoeven, Eddy Terstall, Carice van Houten, Felix de Rooy, Fons Rademakers, Martin Koolhoven, Alex van Warmerdam, Fedja van Huêt, Jean van de Velde, Pim de la Parra, Dick Maas, Marleen Gorris, Ian Kerkhof, Jeroen Krabbé, Monic Hendrickx and Rijk de Gooyer; the name refers to an animal as is common in names of European film awards, such as the Golden Bear of the Berlin Film Festival and the Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival, cattle is one of the most common types of livestock in the Netherlands.
The name of the award refers to the Bible reference, where a golden statue of a calf was made by Aaron, destroyed by Moses because God prohibits worshipping anything other than the One, True God. Jury member in 2002 Martin Koolhoven says the Dutch Calvinist culture is more relativizing than proud: "This is why the Golden Calf is such a good prize, because of the wink, included. Other countries have golden bears. We have a golden calf and after all it is sinful to worship it."In 1995 Rijk de Gooyer threw his Golden Calf statuette on the street in the reality TV series Taxi, when he was picked up by a taxi after a dissatisfying closing ceremony at the Netherlands Film Festival. In 1999 he let Maarten Spanjer, the host of Taxi, throw his Golden Calf for Krassen in het Tafelblad out of the window. Culture Prize Best long feature film Best Director Best Script Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Short film Best long documentary Best Short Documentary Best Camera Best Montage Best Music Best Production Design Best Sound Design Best Actor in a Television Drama Best Actress in a Television Drama Best Acting in a Television Drama Best Television Drama The Golden Calf Award for Best Interactive is a category presented since 2015.
It is awarded to forms of interactive storytelling outside standard film and television like, for instance, VR-films, websitedesign and Social Media-projects. The winners were: 2015: Refugee Republic - De Volkskrant/Submarinechannel 2016: The Modular Body - Floris Kaayk 2017: Horizon Zero Dawn - Guerrilla Games 2018: #DEARCATCALLERS - Noa Jansma Special Jury Prize Public Prize Development Prize Awards only awarded once or twice are: Best Film of the Century - Paul Verhoeven & Rob Houwer for Turks Fruit Control Award - Cor Koppies, J. Th. van Taalingen Best Commercial - Todd Masters for Woonruimte gevraagd, Trevor Wrenn voor Hamka's Best European Film - Kazimierz Kutz for Turned Back, Jonathan Cavendisch & Tim Palmer for Into the West Occupation Award Honourable Mention "Golden Calf Winners 1981 to date". Nederlands Film Festival. Retrieved 11 October 2017 – via Filmfestival.nl. Netherlands Film Festival at the Internet Movie Database