For other uses see of the name see Carisbrook Carisbrooke is a village on the south western outskirts of Newport, Isle of Wight and is best known as the site of Carisbrooke Castle. It has a medieval parish church. St Mary's Church, began life as part of a Benedictine priory, established by French monks about 1150; the priory was dissolved by King Henry V of England in 1415 during the French Wars. Neglect over the centuries took its toll, its most striking feature is the 14th century tower, rising in five stages with a turret at one corner and a battlemented and pinnacled crown. There is a Roman Villa discovered in the Victorian era on the site of the old vicarage, it is served by Southern Vectis buses operating to Freshwater, Newport and Ventnor, as well as some smaller villages. It was served by nearby Carisbrooke railway station until it closed in 1953, it is the starting point of the Tennyson Trail, leading to Alum Bay. It has two pubs - the Waverley and the Eight Bells, a café, an Italian restaurant and a motorcycle dealership.
There are several shops on the High Street. The village has four schools; these are Christ the King College and Carisbrooke College. The fourth school is St Thomas of Canterbury Roman Catholic Primary School, on Carisbrooke High Street next to the doctors surgery. There are allotments, next to the ford in Castle Street. Carisbrooke was for centuries the island's capital and was once called Buccombe or Beaucombe, means the' fair valley'; the Governor of Newport once lived at Landscape House, at the upper part of Carisbrooke High Street in the Victorian era. Alexander Ross, prolific Scottish writer and controversialist, was vicar of Carisbrooke from 1634 until his death in 1654; the site of the old Carisbrooke railway station lies on the grounds of Christ the King College in the lower part of the field, at the end of Purdy Road. The bank is all; when in 1917 the British royal family changed its name from the "House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha" to the "House of Windsor" and renounced all German titles, the title of Marquess of Carisbrooke was created for the erstwhile German Prince Alexander of Battenberg.
Carisbrooke Castle was a Roman fort. The castle is at the top of Castle Hill, it was built soon. The William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford may have been responsible for its construction, but he was killed in battle during 1071 and so would have had little opportunity to oversee the construction. Osbern's son, Roger, is more to have built or refortified the castle, it was at Carisbrooke Castle that William arrested Odo for acts of treason. King Henry I of England granted the castle in the first year of his reign to Richard de Redvers; the Redvers family owned the castle for much of the Medieval period, only ending in November 1293 when the last Redvers, Isabel died. In 1136, Baldwin de Redvers took refuge in the castle on the run from King Stephen of England; the wells on the island ran dry and Baldwin gave up the land in exchange for his head. Baldwin's land was restored to him in 1153. Baldwin, the last male in the line, died in 1216 poisoned, it is said by Peter II of Savoy. Isabella de Fortibus, Baldwin's sister took control of the castle and ran it until her death in 1293.
After the death of Isabella de Fortibus in 1293 the castle became the property of Edward I and the crown. In 1355 Edward III granted the ownership of the castle to his daughter Isabel. In 1377 The French attacked Carisbrooke castle; the castle did not fall to the French. In 1647 Charles I took refuge at Carisbrooke but the castle turned out to be his prison from where he attempted several times to escape but failed, his daughter princess Elizabeth died there aged 14. It became the royal residence of Princess Beatrice the 9th daughter of Queen Victoria who put in the gardens which have been restored, she established the museum in the centre of the bailey. Carisbrooke appears as "Chalkburne" in the 1886 novel The Silence of Dean Maitland by Maxwell Gray. Carisbrooke Church from Blacks Guide to the Isle of Wight, 1870 Carisbrooke Priory website
Irene N. Watts is a German-born Canadian writer and educator, she lived there for seven years. She was educated in England and Wales. Watts earned degrees in modern history at Cardiff University, she had 4 children and taught elementary school. In 1968, she came with her family to Canada. Irene taught at the Ermineskin reserve in Hobbema, Alberta for a year and began directing plays for young audiences. In 1977, the family moved to Vancouver. Watts served as head of Citadel on Wheels/Wings, an outreach program of the Edmonton Citadel Theatre, which visited schools and communities in northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories. In Halifax, she started the Young Neptune touring company and helped Tom Kerr establish the Neptune Theatre School. Watts was the founding director of the Vancouver International Children's Festival. In 2001, she was named a life member of the Playwrights Guild of Canada, her play Lillie, about Home Children in Canada, received first prize at the International Playwright's Forum of the International Theatre Institute.
Watts has received an Alberta Achievement Award for outstanding service to drama. Good-Bye Marianne, received the Geoffrey Bilson Award adapted for the stage as a one act play Tapestry of Hope An anthology of Holocaust Writing for Young People, compiled with Lillian Boraks-Nemetz, received the Yad Vashem award for Holocaust studies The Golem of Prague Munsch at Play, Eight stage Adaptations for Young performers Munsch at Play Act 2: Eight More Stage Adaptions No Moon, young adult novel, finalist for the American Library Association Book of the Year, named one of the ten best young adult historical novels by Booklist magazine "Irene N Watts official web site"
The Twin Column Tomb is a two-chambered burial tomb dating from Koguryo period. It is located in North Korea, it is listed as a National Treasure of North Korea for the painting on the north wall of the back chamber. The tomb was discovered by the Japanese during their occupation of the Korean Peninsula. At the Korea International War Crimes Tribunal in June 2001, the DPRK alleged that US Forces used the tomb "to lock up and torture our innocent civilians, during which the frescos were ruthlessly destroyed"; the plaster walls of the tomb were richly decorated with people riding chariots and horses, as well as a musical band. They disappeared. A portion of the wall painting showing a horse rider was affixed to the wall in 1913 when the tomb was investigated by the Japanese.