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Carl Perkins

Carl Lee Perkins was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at the Sun Studio, in Memphis, beginning in 1954. Amongst his best-known songs are "Blue Suede Shoes", "Matchbox" and "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby". According to Charlie Daniels, "Carl Perkins' songs personified the rockabilly era, Carl Perkins' sound personifies the rockabilly sound more so than anybody involved in it, because he never changed." Perkins's songs were recorded by artists as influential as Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, Johnny Cash and Eric Clapton which further established his place in the history of popular music. Paul McCartney claimed that "if there were no Carl Perkins, there would be no Beatles."Called "the King of Rockabilly", he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, the Memphis Music Hall of Fame, the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. He received a Grammy Hall of Fame Award. Perkins was born near Tiptonville, the son of poor sharecroppers and Louise Perkins.

He grew up hearing southern gospel music sung by white friends in church and by African-American field workers when he worked in the cotton fields. Beginning at the age of six, during spring and autumn, school days would be followed by a few hours of work in the fields. In the summer, workdays were 12 to 14 hours, "from can to can't." Perkins and his brother Jay together would earn 50 cents a day. All his family members worked, so there was enough money for beans and potatoes, tobacco for Perkins's father, the luxury of a five-cent bag of hard candy. On Saturday nights Perkins would listen to the Grand Ole Opry on his father's radio. Roy Acuff's broadcasts inspired him to ask his parents for a guitar. Since they could not afford one, his father made one from a broomstick. A neighbor in hard times offered to sell his dented and scratched Gene Autry model guitar with worn-out strings. Buck Perkins bought it for his son for a couple of dollars. Perkins taught himself parts of Acuff's "Great Speckled Bird" and "The Wabash Cannonball", having heard them played on the Opry.

He cited Bill Monroe's fast playing and vocals as an early influence. Perkins learned more about the guitar from John Westbrook, an African-American field worker in his sixties. "Uncle John", as Perkins called him, played blues and gospel music on an old acoustic guitar. Westbrook advised Perkins to "Get down close to it. You can feel it travel down the strangs, come through your head and down to your soul where you live. You can feel it. Let it vib-a-rate." Perkins could not afford new strings, when they broke he had to retie them. The knots cut his fingers when he would slide to another note, so he began bending the notes, stumbling onto a type of blue note. Perkins was recruited to be a member of the Lake County Fourth Grade Marching Band. Since his family was too poor to afford them, Lee McCutcheon, the woman in charge of the band, gave him a new white shirt, cotton pants, a white band cap and a red cape. In January 1947, the Perkins family moved from Tennessee, to Madison County, Tennessee. A new radio that ran on house current rather than a battery and the closeness to Memphis exposed Perkins to a greater variety of music.

At age fourteen, using the I-IV-V chord progression common in country music of the day, he wrote a song that came to be known around Jackson as "Let Me Take You to the Movie, Magg". Perkins and his brother Jay had their first paying job as entertainers at the Cotton Boll tavern on Highway 45, twelve miles south of Jackson, starting on Wednesday nights during late 1946. Perkins was 14 years old. One of the songs they played was an up-tempo country blues shuffle version of Bill Monroe's "Blue Moon of Kentucky". Free drinks were one of the perks of playing in a tavern, Perkins drank four beers that first night. Within a month Carl and Jay began playing Friday and Saturday nights at the Sand Ditch tavern, near the western boundary of Jackson. Both places were the scene of occasional fights, both of the Perkins brothers gained a reputation as fighters. During the next couple of years the Perkins brothers began playing other taverns around Bemis and Jackson, including El Rancho, the Roadside Inn, the Hilltop, as they became better known.

Carl persuaded his brother Clayton to play the upright bass to complete the sound of the band. Perkins began performing on WTJS in Jackson during the late 1940s as a sometime member of the Tennessee Ramblers, he appeared on Hayloft Frolic, on which he performed two songs, sometimes including "Talking Blues" as done by Robert Lunn on the Grand Ole Opry. Perkins and his brothers began appearing on The Early Morning Farm and Home Hour. Positive listener response resulted in a 15-minute segment sponsored by Mother's Best Flour. By the end of the 1940s, the Perkins Brothers were the best-known band in the Jackson area. Perkins had day jobs during most of these early years, picking cotton and working at Day's Dairy in Malesus, at a mattress factory and in a battery plant, he worked as a pan greaser for the Colonial Baking Company in 1951 and 1952. In January 1953, Perkins married Valda Crider; when his job at the bakery was reduced to part-time, who had her own job, encouraged Perkins to begin working the taverns full-time.

He began playing six nights a week. The same year he added W. S. "Fluke" Holland to the band as a drummer. Holland had a good sense of rhythm. Malcolm Yelvington, who remembered the Perkins Brothers when they played in Covington, Tennessee, in

Manor of Silverton

The manor of Silverton was an historic manor in the parish of Silverton in Devon. The last version of the manor house was Silverton Park, a large neoclassical mansion house built in 1839–45 by George Wyndham, 4th Earl of Egremont and demolished in 1901, it was according to Pevsner and Cherry "an extraordinary design clothed in colonnades", but was "a monstrous Italian house" in the opinion of Bernard Coleridge, 2nd Baron Coleridge. It comprised as its core the former early Georgian manor house of Combe Satchfield; the house was built on the site of the early Georgian manor house of Combe Satchfield, anciently Culme Sachville, which formed the core of the new building. The manor called by Pole Culm Sachvill and Culm Reigny was said by him to have been "neere the river of Culme", from which the nearby town of Collumpton is named, "the chiefest place on her stream that beareth her name". In the Domesday Book of 1086 it was recorded as COLVN, was one of eleven manors held in Devon in-chief from King William the Conqueror by his Saxon thane Godwin.

The latter was one of only twenty Saxon thanes in Devonshire who survived the Norman Conquest of 1066 and retained their antiquated high status as thanes and became tenants-in-chief under the new Norman king. There had however been various changes in the manors held by this select group of Saxon thanes after the Norman Conquest as of the eleven manors Godwin held under the Norman king in 1086, he had held only three in 1066 under King Edward the Confessor, namely Chittlehampton and Down Umfraville; the extra eight manors he held in 1086, including COLVN, had all been held by the Saxon Alstan, who held nothing in 1086. Culme was in the ancient hundred of Hayridge. Most of the lands of the Saxon thanes of William the Conqueror passed to the feudal barony of Gloucester, as was the case with Culme. Culme was held by John Reigny at the start of the reign of King Henry III, when it was known as Culme Reigny; the de Reigny Anglo-Norman family held much land elsewhere in Devon, other manors took their name, for example the surviving Ashreigney.

Other Devon manors held at some time by the de Reigny family included Eggesford. Culm Rengy was held by John de Humfravill, whose Anglo-Norman family was tenant of several other manors from the Honour of Gloucester, including Down Umfraville in the hundred of Axmouth, held by Godwin the thane both before and after the Norman Conquest. Sir Gilbert Umfraville of Penmark was one of the Twelve Knights of Glamorgan, the legendary followers of Robert FitzHamon, the Norman conqueror of Glamorgan and first Norman feudal baron of Gloucester. Culme does not appear to have taken for suffix the name of this family. In the Book of Fees Colm Reyngny was recorded as held from the Honour of Gloucester by Robert de Sicca Villa. Thereafter the manor was known as Culme Sachville corrupted and Anglicised to Sackville, etc; the name of Culme later became corrupted to Combe, a common form in Devon, such as Combe Martin, etc. which were however named from their locations in the steep sided valleys of Devonshire called in the local vernacular "combes".

The landscape at Combe Satchfield is however comparatively flat and a steep-sided valley does not exist in the immediate vicinity. It was variously recorded as held by Robert and Phillip Sachville. Other manors held at some time by the Sachville family or branches thereof included Heanton Satchville and Bicton, their chief manor in Devonshire was Clist Sachville. An heiress named Margaret of the Sachville family, brought it by marriage to her husband Sir Simon Meriet, it was inherited by the Courtenay family of Powderham having been exchanged for other lands with the Bonville family of Shute, who sold it to Henry Skibbow, whose son was resident there in about 1630. The Courtenays sold part of the estate to the father of Mr Laund of Woodbeare, who held it in about 1630; the other part the Courtenays sold to Edward Drewe of Sharpham, Serjeant-at-Law, whose son Sir Thomas Drewe of The Grange of Dunkeswell Abbey, Sheriff of Devon in 1612, sold it to Sir Arthur Acland of Acland. In 1654 it was the property of Gilbert Mortimer, of the Mortimer family of Poundesland and Stockwell House.

The overlordship of the feudal barony of Gloucester can be assumed to have disappeared following the abolition of feudal land tenure in England by the Tenures Abolition Act 1660. In 1720 the estate was purchased by the judge Sir Henry Langford, 3rd Baronet, of Gray's Inn, Sheriff of Devon in 1716, who owned estates at Bradninch and who in 1710 had purchased the manor of Kingskerswell where his successor Henry II Langford Brown built Barton Hall, he was from a prominent Irish family, the second son of Sir Hercules Langford, 1st Baronet, of Kilmackedrett, County Antrim, by his wife Mary Upton, a daughter of Henry Upton of Castle Upton, County Antrim. The arms of Langford of Kilmackedrett were: Paly of six sable and or, on a chief vert a lion passant guardant of the second which were visible on the facade of the now demolished Antrim Castle; these arms are identical to those of the Langford gentry family of Bratton Clovelly in Devon, of whom the earliest recorded head was Richard Langsford. Sir Henry Langford's portrait, now in the collection of the Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter, was painte

30 Vulpeculae

30 Vulpeculae is a binary star system in the northern constellation of Vulpecula, located mid-way between Epsilon Cygni and a diamond-shaped asterism in Delphinus. It is visible to the naked eye as a faint, orange-hued point of light with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.91. The system is located 350 light years away from the Sun based on parallax, is drifting further away with a mean radial velocity of +30 km/s; the system has a high proper motion, traversing the celestial sphere at the rate of 0.186 arc seconds per annum. The variable radial velocity of this system was announced in 1922 by W. W. Campbell, it is a single-lined spectroscopic binary system with an orbital period of 6.86 years and an eccentricity of 0.38. The a sin i value is 149 ± 4 Gm, where i is the orbital inclination; this provides a lower bound on the true semimajor axis. The visible component is an aging giant star with a stellar classification of K1 III and an estimated age of 4.20 billion years old. Having exhausted the supply of hydrogen at its core, the star has expanded to 22 times the Sun's radius.

It has 1.55 times the mass of the Sun and is radiating 173 times the Sun's luminosity from its swollen photosphere at an effective temperature of 4,498 K

The Three Perils of Woman

The Three Perils of Woman is a three volume work of one novel and two linked novellas by Scots author and poet James Hogg. Following its original publication in 1823, it was omitted from Victorian editions of Hogg’s ‘’Collected Works’’ and re-published only in 2002; the three perils are love and jealousy. This, which takes up the first two volumes, is set in about 1820 and is the story of Agatha Bell, the daughter of Daniel Bell, a sheep farmer in the Scottish Borders. Gatty falls in love with M'Ion, a Highland aristocrat, her feelings are reciprocated, but because of both parties’ extreme reticence and distaste for exposing their emotions, each comes to believe that the other detests them. Gatty, in Edinburgh with her old nurse, living in an apartment in the same house as M’Ion, demands that her father take her home, he complies, M’Ion proposes to and is accepted by Gatty’s friend Cherubina Elliot. By various shifts, Cherry is persuaded to relinquish M’Ion to Gatty, M’Ion to declare his true love.

Gatty and M'Ion are married. A supernatural element now enters the story. On the appointed day, Gatty falls into a form of suspended animation, she is taken to Edinburgh, where she recovers a degree of consciousness and activity and gives birth to a son, but has no memory of her prior life. She remains in this state for three years and on returning to her former mind, is astonished to find herself the mother of a two-year-old son. M’Ion and her friends re-introduce her to the real world, her story ends happily. A lengthy comic sub-plot concerns Richard Rickleton, a good-natured but uncouth and impetuous farmer. Brought to Edinburgh as a suitor for Gatty when M’Ion is out of favour, he commits various solecisms, when M’lon and his friends - incited by the mischievous Joseph, Gatty’s brother - raise subjects of conversation which unwittingly offend him, becomes violent, ends up in jail. Still enraged, he challenges M’Ion and his two friends to duels, in one of which he wounds M’lon - the others not caring to face his anger.

While ostensibly Gatty’s suitor, he pays court to Katie M’Nab, whose forward manners are in complete contrast to Gatty’s, not to mention to two prostitutes who he does not recognise as such. After the end of Gatty’s story, Rickleton’s is completed, he marries Katie but three months she leaves him to visit Edinburgh. He discovers she has just given birth to a child not his own. After a ludicrous pursuit of Katie’s seducer, involving mistaken identity and other errors, Rickleton decides to divorce Katie; however on one last visit, he accepts the child as his own. This novella is set just before the Battle of Culloden in which the Jacobite forces were defeated and scattered by forces loyal to the Hanoverian Kings of England. Sally Niven is an attractive and virtuous young woman, servant to the sanctimonious minister of her parish, in love with Peter Gow the smith. Peter inadvertently shoots dead a man, conducting an illicit burial in the churchyard, Sally concocts a lie that he was preventing a grave-robbery, which enables him to escape punishment.

She is less successful with another lie: after her master, terrified by being arrested and released, insists that she keep him company all one night, she tells Peter she was visiting elsewhere. But he so catches her in her lie, their impending marriage is broken off. The historical backdrop is the manoeuvres leading up to Culloden. Hogg places the action between the lines, in a menacing atmosphere of suspicion, allegations of treason and summary punishment without regard to guilt. In a humorous sub-plot, Gow and a few followers rout a large body of pro-Hanoverian troops who mistake them in the dark for an army and flee; the final and shortest tale again has Sally and Peter as protagonists. Sally has married Alexander M’Kenzie, a noble Highlander, proscribed by the English, they set out to find each other. By mischance, they meet at a place where M’Kenzie’s cousins live, Sally mistakes his affectionate leave-taking of a female cousin for lovemaking, assumes he has taken another lover and flees. Meanwhile Peter, who has in the interim married an older woman, is a fugitive, meets with Sally.

Aware that she is married, he escorts and protects her. This is misinterpreted by a witness. M’Kenzie and Peter meet at an isolated cottage, both sure that the other has done them a mortal wrong, they fight and wound each other. While they are recovering, Peter’s wife betrays them to the British, who kill them out of hand as Jacobite traitors. Sally returns to the neighborhood of Culloden and gives birth to a daughter, but her mind gives way and she wanders off, she and the infant freeze to death. In spite of the unrelieved tragedy of its third part, Three Perils contains more comedy than Hogg’s better-known Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner. In the first two stories, Hogg introduces buffoons. Humour arises from the attempts of speakers of English and Gaelic to communicate. Hogg uses the conventions of the time to render the English pronunciation of Gaelic speakers. Hasler and Mack note that some of this is true-to-life while other conventions have no basis in phonetics. Gatty's loss of awareness and/or memory is paralleled by that of Robert Wringhim in Priv

Adam Dunlap Farmstead

The Adam Dunlap Farmstead, built by a Yankee settler family, was one of the first farms in the Town of Mazomanie, Wisconsin. A number of the original structures, built around 1849 from stone quarried on the farm, are still intact; the farmstead was added to the State and the National Register of Historic Places in 2003, for being a intact homestead of a progressive Yankee pioneer settler, for the Greek Revival style of the stone farmhouse. Settlers began to arrive in what would become the Town of Mazomanie in 1844, only twelve years after a key battle of the Black Hawk War was fought three miles northeast of this farm. In 1846 Adam Dunlap and his family started carving out their farm on the east side of a hill overlooking a marsh along what is now called Dunlap Creek marsh. At that time, only two dozen families lived in Roxbury township, which included both modern Mazomanie and Roxbury; the Dunlaps were Yankees of Scotch descent. With 32-year-old Adam came his wife Harriet, one or two infant children, his parents John and Nancy.

At first they lived in a log cabin, but after a few years Adam hired a stonemason from Honey Creek to build more substantial buildings, most of them still stand. The large stone house, built around 1849, is 3.5 stories counting the basement story, exposed from the hillside. Its walls are built from stone blocks quarried on the farm. At ground level the walls are 2.5 feet thick. Characteristic Greek Revival features are the moderately-pitched roof, the frieze board and cornice returns, the symmetrically placed windows, the transom and sidelights around the front door. Other stone farm buildings were built about 1849 too; the surviving barn is 34 by 40.5 feet, with stone walls 24 feet tall on the sides and a steel roof, with stalls for about 21 dairy cows in the first story, with a hay mow and grain bins above. Next to that barn are the ruins of a larger 80 by 24 foot stone barn built about the same time, which burned in 1929; the taller section of a stone ice house or spring house was built around 1849, 14 by 16 feet.

This building contains a pipe which delivered spring water to cool milk and cheese. The foundation of the corn crib was probably laid around 1848, though the upper wooden cage has been rebuilt since; the farm's first main cash crop was wheat. Wheat grew well on the newly-broken ground; the early settlers hoped that the Wisconsin River, just a few miles away, would one day provide easy transport to distant markets. The shallow, shifting sandbars of the Wisconsin never allowed that, but in 1856 the Milwaukee and Mississippi Railroad began to stop in Mazomanie, five miles away. Flour mills and creameries soon opened there. Adam was industrious and his farm grew rapidly. By 1860 he harvested more wheat than any other farm in Mazomanie; the agricultural censuses of 1850, 1860 and 1870 show the early farm growing and changing as he tried various crops and types of cattle: Adam and Harriet had ten children, of which six survived infancy. Harriet died in 1883. Son John and his family lived with Adam for several years until John died in 1888.

Son Ervin and his family lived with Adam and operated the farm until Adam died in 1901. Ervin's son Guy and his family took over in 1909, his daughter Dorothy Dunlap Szudy owned the farm until 1997. After she died, her husband Leonard owned it, with his family living in the house; the Dunlaps have a private cemetery near the house, where Adam and Harriet, Adam's parents and other relatives are buried

Camp Lazlo

Camp Lazlo is an American animated television series created by Joe Murray for Cartoon Network. It follows Lazlo, an anthropomorphic spider monkey who attends Camp Kidney, a Boy Scout-like summer camp in Pimpleback Mountains. Lazlo resides in the "Jelly Bean" cabin with his fellow Bean Scouts Raj, an Indian elephant, Clam, a pygmy rhinoceros. Lazlo is at odds with his pessimistic camp leader Scoutmaster Lumpus, the second-in-command Slinkman, other campers. Camp Kidney sits just across the lake from Acorn Flats, home to the campsite of the all-female Squirrel Scouts, it was one of the first Cartoon Network Studios series produced in a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, despite being broadcast in the full screen aspect ratio of 4:3. Camp Lazlo was produced by Cartoon Network Studios, its style of humor is similar to the Nickelodeon series Rocko's Modern Life, which Murray created and worked on, SpongeBob SquarePants. The series premiered on Cartoon Network on July 8, 2005, at 8:00 p.m. ET/PT; the series ran for five seasons comprising 61 episodes and the hour-long television special, Where's Lazlo?.

The final episode aired on March 27, 2008. During its run, the series won three Emmy Awards and three Pulcinella Awards, was nominated for another Emmy and an Annie Award. Spin-off media include DVDs, restaurant promotions, a video game, digital download releases; the series is set in a universe inhabited by anthropomorphic animals of many species and focuses on a trio of campers attending a poorly-run summer camp known as Camp Kidney. The trio consists of Lazlo, the optimistic spider monkey. Other characters include the selfish, ill-tempered moose Scoutmaster Lumpus and his mild-mannered assistant Slinkman the banana slug, the boys' assortment of fellow campers including the disgruntled, surly platypus, the two unintelligent, dirt-loving dung beetles and Skip and the klutzy, accident-prone, geeky Guinea pig Samson. There's a rival summer camp called Acorn Flats, attended by girls focusing on Lazlo and Clam's respective female counterparts attending that camp. Murray said that, as he did in Rocko's Modern Life, he matched the personalities of characters to various animals.

Some episodes may involve the Bean Scouts' attempts at unveiling the truth behind camp legends or clowning around, infuriating their peers or placing themselves in a variety of odd situations based around traditional or fictionalized, bizarre camp activities. The setting of the show was designed to deliberately bring a nostalgic feeling of childhood summer camps and "evoke a comfortable place to visit"; the colors instill the feeling of summer camp, rather than basing color schemes on real-life colors. In Camp Lazlo, the sky can be yellow, trees are not always green and brown. For the architecture and objects, books with cabins and Native American artifacts were consulted. Murray wanted to create a place where nature prevails, the hustle and bustle of real-life is left behind, with no technology to distract from the impressions of camp life, he describes the camp as having a "retro" feel. Murray likes 1950s and early 1960s designs of objects like advertising art and old vacation brochures, he said that the "brushy quality that developed at that time" influenced the setting.

Camp Kidney, set in the Pimpleback Mountains next to Leakey Lake, is the camp where most of the show takes place. This is a summer camp attended by a group of boy scout-like campers called The Bean Scouts. In keeping the theme of the name of the camp, the campers are allowed to name their cabins after various types of beans: Jelly Cabin, Pinto Cabin, Fava Cabin, so on; the camp has been threatened with closure more than once. The camp is led by Scoutmaster Lumpus, with most of the administrative details assigned to his assistant, Mr. Slinkman. A full staff complements the camp, including a chef. Acorn Flats is across the lake from Camp Kidney, attended by girls of similar age, called the Squirrel Scouts. Acorn Flats has higher quality facilities than Camp Kidney, a point of contention between the two respective camps, with Acorn Flats being the more dominant in the rivalry; the leader of the Squirrel Scouts is Jane Doe, her assistant, Ms. Rubella Mucus. Both Camp Kidney and Acorn Flats are part of a larger hierarchical organization, under the direct command of Commander Hoo-ha, with "The Big Bean" as the head of all scout chapters, which includes Beans and Squirrels and Tomato Scouts.

Prickly Pines is a town near both camps with full commercial facilities: a post office, several restaurants, a laundromat, other sundry stores. After Rocko's Modern Life concluded production, series creator Joe Murray kept a notebook of ideas for television shows and books. Murray attributes some of his most fond memories to days at summer camp, he described cartoons with pastoral settings, such as the Bugs Bunny cartoons of the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series and Yogi Bear, as having a "calming" effect due to the tree-filled backgrounds. At the time he believed that too many futuristic themes appeared in media and literature, so he wishe