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Carlos Alberto Torres

Carlos Alberto "Capita" Torres known as "O Capitão do Tri", was a Brazilian footballer and football manager who played as an attacking right-sided full-back or wing-back. A technically gifted defender with good ball skills and defensive capabilities, he is regarded as one of the best defenders of all time, he stood out for his leadership, was an excellent penalty taker. Nicknamed O Capitão, he captained the Brazil national team to victory in the 1970 World Cup, scoring the fourth goal in the final, considered one of the greatest goals in the history of the tournament. Carlos Alberto was a member of the World Team of the 20th Century, in 2004 was named by Pelé in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players, he was an inductee to the Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame, was a member of the U. S. National Soccer Hall of Fame. In January 2013, Carlos Alberto was named one of the six Ambassadors of 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Bebeto, Mário Zagallo and Marta.

Carlos Alberto was born in Rio de Janeiro. His son is fellow player Carlos Alexandre Torres. Carlos Alberto joined Fluminense at the age of 19, he made a name for himself in his first season, not only because of his great tackling and reading of the game, but for his outstanding ball control and playmaking abilities, which were quite rare at the time for a defender. In 1966, he moved to Santos. In 1974, he returned to Fluminense and helped the team capture two consecutive Campeonato Carioca championships. In 1977, he moved to Fluminense's arch-rivals Flamengo. In 1977, despite his success in Brazil, Carlos Alberto Torres decided to move to the New York Cosmos, he arrived on the day of the New York City blackout where he was reunited with his friend and partner Pelé and helped the Cosmos capture two consecutive NASL titles in 1977 and 1978. After spending one year with the California Surf, he returned to the Cosmos in 1982 where he won his third NASL title, he played his farewell game on 28 September 1982 in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and his former club Flamengo.

In 119 regular season games and 26 playoff games, Carlos scored a total of 8 goals and was an NASL All-Star five times. From 1964 to 1977, Carlos Alberto scored 8 goals, he was included in the 44-man training squad for the 1966 FIFA World Cup but did not make the final 22. As it turned out, Brazil were knocked out at the Group stage in England, when João Saldanha was tasked with restoring pride and passion to the seleção, he recognised the leadership ability that Carlos Alberto was demonstrating at Santos, made him national captain. Thus, Carlos Alberto is remembered holding aloft the Jules Rimet trophy after Brazil secured the cup for good after an impressive victory over Italy in the 1970 FIFA World Cup Final in Mexico City; that squad included Clodoaldo, Gérson, Roberto Rivelino, Tostão and Pelé. Carlos Alberto's goal against Italy in the final is considered one of the best goals scored in the tournament. In 2002 the UK public voted the goal No. 36 in the list of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments.

1970 would prove to be the only time. He was unable to participate in the 1974 World Cup due to a persistent knee injury; when he regained match fitness, his speed had been compromised. However, his ability to read the game compensated for his loss of pace and when he moved to centre back, he found the form to warrant a recall to the national team. In 1977, he was selected by Claudio Coutinho to captain the national team for the first three qualifiers for the 1978 World Cup, he acquitted himself well despite those being the first competitive internationals he had played for seven years. He was approaching 33 years of age and retired from international football prior to joining New York Cosmos in the NASL. Today he is considered one of the finest Brazilian footballers of all time, his career as a football manager started in 1983. He managed several other clubs, like Corinthians in 1985 and 1986. C. in 1999. He was an assistant manager for national teams such as the Nigeria national football team and the Oman national football team.

On 14 February 2004 he was appointed manager of the Azerbaijan national football team. He resigned on 4 June 2005 after losing a match against Poland, during which he assaulted the technical referee and ran on the pitch suggesting the referee was bribed. Torres died in Rio de Janeiro on 25 October 2016 due to a sudden heart attack, he was a sports commentator at a Brazilian channel SporTV, having appeared live on studio only two days before his death, which occurred one month after his twin died. FluminenseCampeonato Carioca: 1964, 1975, 1976 Taça Guanabara: 1966SantosRecopa Sul-Americana: 1968 Taça de Prata: 1968 Paulista Championship: 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973New York CosmosNASL Soccer Bowl Championships: 1977, 1978, 1980, 1982 BrazilFIFA World Cup: 1970 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1970 World Team of the 20th Century: 1998 National Soccer Hall of Fame: 2003 FIFA 100: 2004 The Best of The Best – Player of the Century: Top 50 Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame Sambafoot Carlos Alberto Torres – FIFA competition record nasljerseys.com NASL statistics for Carlos Alberto Torres at nasljersey.com

Pennsylvania Route 382

Pennsylvania Route 382 is an 11.8-mile-long state highway located in York County, Pennsylvania. The southern terminus is at PA 181 in York Haven; the western terminus is at PA 114 near Bunches in Fairview Township. PA 382 is a two-lane undivided road that runs through rural areas in the northern part of York County; the route heads west from York Haven, intersecting PA 262 and PA 297. Farther west, the road has an interchange with Interstate 83 in Newberrytown and an intersection with PA 177 in Lewisberry. From here, PA 382 turns north and continues to its terminus at PA 114. What is now PA 382 was designated as a portion of PA 24 in 1928. PA 382 was designated to its current alignment in 1961 after the northern terminus of PA 24 was truncated to the York area. PA 382 begins at an intersection with the northern terminus of PA 181 in the borough of York Haven, heading west on two-lane undivided Pennsylvania Avenue through residential areas; the route turns south onto Landvale Street and curves northwest, leaving York Haven for Newberry Township.

The road becomes York Haven Road and runs through forested areas with some homes, intersecting PA 262 before crossing PA 297 in the community of Pleasant Grove a short distance later. PA 382 runs through a patch of farmland before it continues past rural areas of residences, running through the community of Newberrytown and coming to an interchange with I-83. Past this interchange, the route becomes Lewisberry Road and runs through wooded areas with a few homes before passing through agricultural areas, heading west; the road curves northwest and becomes the border between the borough of Lewisberry to the northeast and Newberry Township to the southwest, intersecting PA 177. PA enters Fairview Township; the route turns to the north. The road heads through a mix of farms and homes, passing through the community of Nauvoo. PA 382 continues north through forested areas and reaches its northern terminus at PA 114; when Pennsylvania first legislated routes in 1911, what is now PA 382 was designated as part of Legislative Route 250, which ran between York and the Harrisburg area.

In 1928, the road between York Haven and PA 114 was designated as part of PA 24, a route which ran from the Maryland border north to New Cumberland. This portion of PA 24 was a paved road. In 1961, the northern terminus of PA 24 was cut back to east of York, PA 382 was designated onto the former alignment of PA 24 between PA 181 in York Haven and PA 114; this change was made as part of the construction of I-83 in order to provide a numbered route at each interchange. The entire route is in York County. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal Kitsko, Jeffrey J.. "PA 382". Pennsylvania Highways. Pp. 351–400. Retrieved December 5, 2011. Prince, Adam J.. "PA 382". State-Ends.com. Retrieved December 5, 2011

History of the Jews in Serbia

The history of the Jews in Serbia is some two thousand years old, predates the arrival of the Serbs. The Jews first arrived in the region during Roman times; the Jewish communities of the Balkans remained small until the late 15th century, when Jews fleeing the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions found refuge in the Ottoman-ruled areas, including Serbia. The community flourished and reached a peak of 33,000 before World War II. About two-thirds of Serbian Jews perished in the Holocaust, having been targeted as Hitler sought to punish both ethnic Serbs and Jews for German defeat in World War I. After the war, a great part of the remaining Jewish Serbian population emigrated, chiefly into Israel. In the 2011 census only 787 people declared themselves as Jewish. Today, the Belgrade Synagogue and the Subotica Synagogue, once the fourth largest synagogue building in Europe, are the two in-service synagogues, while the Novi Sad Synagogue has been converted into a cultural art space; the name of the City of Subotica gives away its Jewish heritage – "Shabbat" is "Subota" in the Serbo-Croatian language.

Jews first arrived on the territory of present-day Serbia in Roman times, although there is little documentation prior to the 10th century. The Jewish communities of the Balkans were boosted in the 15th and 16th centuries by the arrival of Jewish refugees fleeing the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions. Sultan Bayezid II of the Ottoman Empire welcomed the Jewish refugees into his Empire. Jews became involved in trade between the various provinces in the Ottoman Empire, becoming important in the salt trade. In 1663, the Jewish population of Belgrade was 800. While the rest of modern-day Serbia was still ruled by the Ottoman Empire, territory of present-day Vojvodina was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1782, Emperor Joseph II issued the Edict of Tolerance, giving Jews some measure of religious freedom; the Edict attracted Jews to many parts of the Monarchy. The Jewish communities of Vojvodina flourished, by the end of the 19th century the region had nearly 40 Jewish communities. Many Jews were involved in the struggle of Serbs for independence from the Ottoman Empire, by supplying arms to the local Serbs, the Jewish communities faced brutal reprisal attacks from the Ottoman Turks.

In 1804, when Karađorđe's forces invaded the fortress of Smederevo from the Ottomans, the Jews were expelled from Šabac and Požarevac, although they had lived there for centuries. The independence struggle lasted until 1830; the new Serbian government was not friendly toward the Jewish community, by 1831 there were prohibitions against Jews entering some professions. The situation for the Jews improved under the rule of Prince Mihailo Obrenović III, but anti-Jewish provisions were reinstated under Prince Alexander Karađorđević. After Belgrade was liberated, the Jews fell victim to decades of discriminatory taxes and restrictions on the choice of residence. With the reclamation of the Serbian throne by the Royal House of Obrenović under Miloš Obrenović in 1858, restrictions on Jewish merchants were again relaxed for some time, but only three years they faced isolation and humilation. In 1861 Mihailo III reinstated anti-Jewish restrictions. In 1839, Jews were forbidden to open shops on Sundays and during Serbian holidays, causing them great damage because their shops were closed on saturdays and all Jewish holidays.

In 1877 a Jewish candidate was elected to the National Assembly for the first time, after receiving the backing of all parties. In the 1860s-70s, a part of Serbian newspaper began publishing anti-jewish articles resulting in threats began raised against the Jews. In 1862, a fight broke out between the Austrians and Serbians and Jews in Belgrade had their rights revoked, similar to local uprisings in the 1840s. In 1879, the "Serbian-Jewish Singer Society" was founded in Belgrade as a part of the Serbian-Jewish friendship. During World War I and World War II the choir was not allowed to perform, it renamed "Baruch Brothers Choir" in 1950 and is one of the oldest Jewish choirs in the world still in existence. The choir remains a symbol of community unification, although only 20% of the choir members are Jewish due to the dwindling Jewish population in the country. By 1912, the Jewish community of Kingdom of Serbia stood at 5,000. Serbian-Jewish relations reached a high degree of cooperation during World War I, when Jews and Serbs fought side by side against the Central Powers.

The waxing and waning of the fortunes of the Jewish community according to the ruler continued to the end of the 19th century, when the Serbian parliament lifted all anti-Jewish restrictions in 1889. In the aftermath of World War I, Banat, Bačka, Baranja joined Serbia through popular vote in those regions, this Greater Serbia united with State of Slovenes and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes, soon renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Serbia's small Jewish community of 13,000, combined with the large Jewish communities of the other Yugoslav territories, numbering some 51,700. In the inter-war years, the Jewish communities of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia flourished. Prior to World War II, some 31,000 Jews lived in Vojvodina. In Belgrade, Jewish community was 10,000-strong, 80% being Ladino-speaking Sephardi Jews, 20% being Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews; the Kingdom of Yugoslavia attempted to maintain neutrality during the period preceding World War II. Milan Stojadinović, the prime minister, tried to acti