Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Americano (2011 film)
Americano is a 2011 French drama film written and directed by Mathieu Demy. Demy stars alongside Geraldine Chaplin, Salma Hayek and Chiara Mastroianni. Demy's mother, Agnès Varda, a filmmaker, served as a producer on the project; the film received its première at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival on 8 September 2011 and that month, was screened at the San Sebastián International Film Festival, where it competed for the Kutxa-New Directors Award. In October it was played at the 55th BFI London Film Festival. In Paris, the relationship between Martin and Claire is at an impasse, his mother's death calls Martin back to Los Angeles to deal with inheritance formalities, the town where he spent his childhood. In Los Angeles he is helped by a family friend, Linda who takes him to his mother's home and the neighbourhood he grew up in; this return to childhood haunts provokes several buried memories. After speaking with a neighbour, Martin goes to Tijuana in Mexico, looking for Lola, a close friend of his mother's.
He tracks her down to the Americano, a club. However, to find resolution, Martin must face up to his past. Mathieu Demy as Martin Salma Hayek as Lola Geraldine Chaplin as Linda Chiara Mastroianni as Claire Carlos Bardem as Luis Jean-Pierre Mocky as Father André Wilms: German The memory scenes of Martin's childhood in LA are derived from Demy's mother, Agnès Varda's 1981 film Documenteur in which Demy appeared as a child. Americano on IMDb
Hermanas is a 2005 drama film written and directed by Julia Solomonoff, her first feature motion picture. The picture has a number of producers, including: Mariela Besuievski, Pablo Bossi, Florencia Enghel, Gerardo Herrero, Vanessa Ragone, Walter Salles, Ariel Saúl; the film features Ingrid Rubio, among others. In 1976, during the political turmoil in Argentina, two sisters flee their country right after Natalia's politically active boyfriend Martin disappeares. After eight years in Spain, Natalia travels to Texas to visit her sister Elena, who's now a suburban wife and mother, she brings with her their father's manuscript of his last novel. The unpublished novel reveals the story of their family during the Argentine dictatorship. Using extensive flashbacks of the sisters early years in Argentina during the junta dictatorship, the director reveals family guilt and suppressed resentment. Valeria Bertuccelli as Elena Levín Ingrid Rubio as Natalia Levin Adrián Navarro as Sebastián Morini Nicolás Pauls as Martín García Solís Milton De La Canal as Tomás Morini Horacio Peña as David Levin Mónica Galán as Marta Levín Eusebio Poncela as Luis Morini Pedro Balmaceda as Steve Gustavo Pastorini as American Tourist The film is based on the real political events that took place in Argentina after Jorge Rafael Videla's reactionary military junta assumed power on March 24, 1976.
During the junta's rule: the parliament was suspended, political parties and provincial governments were banned, in what became known as the Dirty War between 9,000 and 30,000 people deemed left-wing "subversives" disappeared from society. Jeannette Catsoulis, film critic for The New York Times liked the film the acting of Valeria Bertuccelli and Ingrid Rubio, wrote, "Though constrained by a directing style that insists on coloring within the lines, the movie is most successful in the rocky emotional spaces in which the sisters renegotiate their relationship and in which Elena, struggling with English, endures the painful process of assimilation...both actresses make their director look good indeed."In the same vein, Jonathan Holland, film critic for Variety magazine, appreciated the acting but gave the film a mixed review and wrote, "The political skeleton of 1970's Argentina rolls out of the closet to positive effect in Julia Solomonoff's Sisters, a solidly-built but somewhat airless debut from the assistant director of The Motorcycle Diaries.
The complex plot doesn't exploit the possibilities for suspense, but first-class perfs, great atmospherics and an upbeat message combine to make the pic work better as a sibling drama than as a thriller."Critic V. A. Mesetto thought the screenplay was predictable but likes the acting, wrote, "Solomonoff draws out vivid performances by Valeria Bertuccelli and Ingrid Rubio that make up for the script's predictability."Film critic Ed Gonzalez wrote, "Solomonoff doesn't strike interesting contrasts between past and present, but her actresses do: Rubio and Bertucelli express how resentment eats away at their characters' sisterhood so richly that the many flashbacks to Argentina, shot uninterestingly in gritty hand-held gestures, seem unnecessary." The film was first presented at the Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema on April 14, 2005. It opened wide in the country on April 28, 2005; the film was screened at various film festivals, including: the Toronto International Film Festival, Canada, on September 9, 2005.
In the United States it opened in New York City on December 6, 2006. A Region 2 DVD, was released in Europe on May 2006 by Cameo Media. Nominations Valladolid International Film Festival: Golden Spike, Julia Solomonoff. Butaca Awards: Butaca. Argentine Film Critics Association Awards: Silver Condor. Hermanas on IMDb Hermanas at AllMovie Hermanas at the cinenacional.com Hermanas film review at Leer Cine by Daniela Vilaboa Hermanas film trailer at YouTube
Cell 211 is a 2009 Spanish prison film directed by Daniel Monzón, starring Luis Tosar, Alberto Ammann and Antonio Resines. Juan Oliver wants to make a good impression at his new job as a prison officer and reports to work a day early, leaving his pregnant wife, Elena, at home. During his tour of the prison, an accident occurs, he is rushed to the empty but visibly haunted walls of cell 211. As this diversion unfolds, convicts break free and hijack control of the penitentiary. Aware of the violence, to come, the prison officers flee, leaving Juan stranded and unconscious in the heart of the riot; when Juan awakens, he takes stock of the situation. Juan manages to convince the other prisoners that he is one of them, that he just entered the prison that day for homicide, he not only makes himself believed as inmate, but befriends the violent, deep voiced leader of the riot, who takes him under his wing. Malamadre discovers that Basque terrorists associated with ETA are being held in the same prison, plans to use them as a bargaining tool.
When this hits the news, it triggers a stream of prison riots throughout the country as well as demonstrations in the Basque Country. Juan realizes that he is on his own as the situation becomes more politicized and the government gets involved, afraid of potential ramifications in the Basque community. Juan's pregnant wife, Elena learns about his impossible situation and heads for the jail. Once there she is brutally beaten outside the prisons, while trying to get information about her husband. A TV inside the prison cell block reveals the information to the prisoners. Camera footage indicates. Fearful for her safety, Juan insists on learning information regarding her status. Malamadre demands information of all those injured by the riot; the authorities respond with a short list of only four names. This infuriates the prisoners, who believe that the police are withholding information, decide to kill one of the ETA prisoners. However, Juan intervenes and suggest they cut off an ear, an act he is forced to perform himself.
The authorities provide additional information on all the injured. Juan learns Elena is in the hospital. Juan is rebuffed. Utrilla, the police guard who hit Elena, is asked to leave. Meanwhile, Apache, an inmate close to Malamadre, learns the truth behind Juan's status as a guard, having contacted a friend at the police via a secret cell phone, he tells Juan. Malamadre has Apache tell Juan that he needs to speak to him. Juan is brought to a secluded room, the door closed behind him, several of Malamadre's men surround him, he asks, nervously, "What faces?" in an effort to defuse the situation given his worry that Apache betrayed his true status. Instead, Malamadre shows Juan a cell phone video from a different camera at the outside riot; the footage shows that Elena was beaten by Utrilla, another prison guard, who proceeded to leave her on the ground. Juan insists. Inside, Utrilla is faced with the cell phone footage by an infuriated Juan. Juan again insists on talking to Elena, but he instead learns that both she and her unborn child have died.
In response, the prisoners viciously beat Utrilla until he loudly insists that Juan is a prison guard. He asks Juan to tell the truth. In private Malamadre and his other cohorts are furious but Malamadre leaves him alone, given that he ruthlessly killed Utrilla. Juan attempts to commit suicide by hanging himself with a belt, he fails. Malamadre receives a call from the negotiator asking him to collect a file, they tell him that Juan Oliver is a prison leave the file for Malamadre to see. Malamadre says it is only a piece of paper and heads back inside telling the negotiator that they are just trying to make him kill Juan; the government sends a messenger to deal directly. The government acquiesces to Malamadre's demands. However, Juan drags Utrilla's corpse in front of the liaison and insists that the government agree in public or they will kill the ETA prisoners. Malamadre is furious at being upstaged. Malamadre tells Juan that if the GEO team invades instead of agreeing he will either die or kill Juan.
In either event, Malamadre insists. The government sends in the GEO team. Apache kills Juan and injures Malamadre, it is unclear if he will become the new prison king or if Malamadre, as soon as he will heal from his injuries, will exact vengeance upon him. At a secret inquiry held by the government, the prison officials regret Juan's death but did the best they could in the situation; the prison official asks, "Any more questions?" Luis Tosar – Malamadre Alberto Ammann – Juan Antonio Resines – Utrilla Marta Etura – Elena Carlos Bardem – Apache Manuel Morón – Almansa Luis Zahera – Releches Vicente Romero – Tachuela The screenplay was adapted from a homonymous novel by Francisco Pérez Gandul set during a prison riot. Cell 211 has received positive reviews from international film critics, earning a 97% "Certified Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes from 35 reviews. An artistic and commercial success, the film won eight Goya Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor and B
Elvira, te daría mi vida pero la estoy usando
Elvira, te daría mi vida pero la estoy usando is a 2014 Mexican comedy-drama film produced by Cecilia Suárez and directed by Manolo Caro. Starring Cecilia Suárez, Luis Gerardo Méndez and Vanessa Bauche, it was one of fourteen films shortlisted by Mexico to be their submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards, but it lost out to 600 Miles. Elvira is a 40-year-old woman who takes care of her home and her two children while her husband, Gustavo, is working in an insurance company and keeps family. One night, Gustavo tells his wife that he does not return. Concerned about her husband, Elvira comes to seek him and files a missing person, because she believes that he suffered an accident; as time passes, she continues with her quest and begins to find reasons to suspect that her husband has escaped with his lover. Cecilia Suárez as Elvira Luis Gerardo Méndez as Ricardo Vanessa Bauche as Luisa Angie Cepeda as Eloy Carlos Bardem as Gustavo Angélica Aragón as Mamá de Elvira Juan Carlos Colombo as Don Ruti Alfonso Dosal as Pepe Juan Pablo Medina as Ejecutivo Zuria Vega as Ana Mariana Treviño as Guille María Elena Saldaña as Portera Silverio Palacios as Don Chuy Elvira, te daría mi vida pero la estoy usando on IMDb
Alatriste is a 2006 Spanish epic historical fiction war film directed by Agustín Díaz Yanes, based on the main character of a series of novels written by Arturo Pérez-Reverte, The Adventures of Captain Alatriste. The film, which stars Viggo Mortensen, is the second most expensive Spanish language film made in Spain, it portrays Spain of the 17th century using both real characters. Twentieth Century Fox has bought the rights to the film; the story takes place during the 17th century in the Spanish Empire. Diego Alatriste is a soldier in the service of King Philip IV of Spain, during the Eighty Years' War; the story begins in the Netherlands, where the tercio of Diego Alatriste fights against the Dutch during the Dutch Revolt. Lope Balboa is killed here. Diego decides to return to Madrid, he is hired, along with a Sicilian assassin named Gualtiero Malatesta, to kill the Prince of Wales and his companion, the Duke of Buckingham. The job is contracted by Luis de Alquézar. Alatriste returns to the Netherlands in 1624 and participates in the final battles leading to Breda's surrender.
After the return to Spain, Íñigo wants to elope with Angélica, but she gets cold feet at the last moment. Alatriste has a romance with actress María de Castro; because she was disappointed that she failed to marry him, she became the lover of Philip IV. Alatriste ends up crossing swords with a friend of the king. In the end, the object of their attention falls ill with syphilis; the duel with his friend Martín Saldaña and the punishment of Íñigo in the galleys are part of the film's spectacular ending. The last scenes are at the Battle of Rocroi, described in the last book of The Adventures of Captain Alatriste saga. During the battle, Abel Moreno Gómez's "La Madrugá" is playing as the defeated army's march and this is where it is assumed that the old Captain Diego Alatriste dies; the plot of the film has elements from each of the five books published up to the premiere, it maintains the same storyline for the main characters. It includes excerpts from the future books of the saga. Viggo Mortensen as Captain Diego Alatriste Javier Cámara as Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares Eduardo Noriega as the Count of Guadalmedina Juan Echanove as the poet Francisco de Quevedo Unax Ugalde as Íñigo de Balboa, Alatriste's Basque squire Elena Anaya as Angélica de Alquézar, a teenaged femme fatale Ariadna Gil as María de Castro Francesc Garrido as Sheriff Saldaña Blanca Portillo as the inquisitor fray Emilio Bocanegra Antonio Dechent as Curro Garrote Paco Tous as Francisco de Melo Enrico Lo Verso as Gualtiero MalatestaAntonio Resines slated to appear as Saldaña retired from the entire movie due to a traffic accident.
The film was released on 1 September 2006. At the 21st Goya Awards the film was awarded and nominated for the following categories: Alatriste on IMDb Alatriste at AllMovie Official Arturo Pérez-Reverte's website
Assassin's Creed (film)
Assassin's Creed is a 2016 American action film based on the video game franchise of the same name. The film is directed by Justin Kurzel, written by Michael Lesslie, Adam Cooper and Bill Collage, stars Michael Fassbender, Marion Cotillard, Jeremy Irons, Brendan Gleeson, Charlotte Rampling and Michael K. Williams; the film is set in the same universe as the video games but features an original story that expands the series' mythology, taking place during the Spanish Inquisition. Filming began in late August 2015 and concluded in January 2016. Assassin's Creed was released on December 2016, in the United States and France, it received negative reviews from critics, though some cited it as of higher quality than most videogame film adaptations. It grossed over $240 million worldwide against its $125 million budget. In 1492 Andalusia, during the Granada War, Aguilar de Nerha is accepted into the Assassins Brotherhood, he is assigned to protect Prince Ahmed de Granada from the Knights Templar. In 1986, adolescent Callum "Cal" Lynch finds his mother killed by his father, Joseph, a modern-day Assassin.
Gunmen led by Alan Rikkin, CEO of the Templars' Abstergo Foundation, arrive to capture Joseph, who convinces his son to escape. In 2016, Cal is sentenced to death for murdering a pimp, but his execution is faked by the Abstergo Foundation, which takes him to their research facility in Madrid, he is told that the Templars are searching for the Apple of Eden, in order to eliminate violence by using the Apple's code to control humanity's free will. Sofia, Alan's daughter and the head scientist, reveals that Cal is a descendant of Aguilar, the last person confirmed to be in possession of the Apple, she puts Cal in the Animus, a machine which allows him to relive Aguilar's genetic memories, so that Abstergo can learn what he did with the Apple. In 15th-century Spain, Aguilar/Callum and his partner Maria are deployed to rescue Ahmed, kidnapped by the Templar Grand Master Tomas de Torquemada, to coerce Ahmed's father, Sultan Muhammad XII, to surrender the Apple. Aguilar and Maria intercept the Templars, but are overpowered and captured by Torquemada's enforcer, Ojeda.
Cal is pulled out of the Animus by Sofia. Cal encounters other Assassin descendants held captive at the facility, most of whom are suspicious of his motives, with the exception of Moussa, the descendant of an 18th-century Haitian Assassin named Baptiste and a key leader. Cal begins experiencing hallucinations, dubbed "the Bleeding Effect", of both Joseph. Cal and Sofia build a rapport during their sessions. Back in the Animus and Maria are scheduled for execution but he manages to free them, leading to a rooftop chase in which they escape through an Assassin "Leap of Faith". Cal's mind reacts violently to the session and he is temporarily paralyzed; when Cal learns that his father is at the facility, he confronts Joseph over his mother's death. Joseph informs him that the Bleeding Effect will allow modern Cal to possess Aguilar's combat abilities, he learns that his mother was an Assassin, she chose to die by Joseph's hand rather than be forced into the Animus. Unconvinced, Cal vows to destroy the Assassins by finding the Apple.
Meanwhile, Alan is pressured by a Templar Elder, Ellen Kaye, to shut down the multibillion-dollar Animus Project because they have "won... people no longer care about their civil liberties... they're content to follow", leading Sofia to question her father's true intentions. Reaffirmed by his encounter with his father, Cal willingly enters the Animus once again, whereupon Aguilar and Maria ambush a meeting between Muhammad and Torquemada, they succeed in killing the Templars and retrieving the Apple, though Ojeda captures Maria in order to force Aguilar to surrender it. Instead, Maria chooses death, stabs herself on Ojeda's blade. Aguilar kills him and escapes through another Leap, the force of which causes the Animus to violently malfunction. Aguilar gives the Apple to Christopher Columbus; when Moussa and the modern Assassin prisoners start a riot in order to escape, Alan orders the facility purged. Abstergo security kills most of the other prisoners. Cal stands in the Animus chamber and is met with the projections of a number of his Assassin ancestors, including Aguilar, Arno Dorian and his mother, while Sofia glimpses the projection of an Assassin identical in appearance to her.
Persuaded by his mother, Cal embraces his Assassins' Creed and, having assimilated Aguilar's memories and abilities, joins Moussa and two other surviving Assassins in escaping the facility. Having retrieved the Apple from Columbus' burial vault and his followers converge at a ceremony in a Templar sanctuary in London to celebrate their triumph. Inside the sanctuary, a disillusioned Sofia meets with Cal, who has come to take the Apple, she reluctantly allows him to act. Cal kills Alan to do it. While Sofia vows revenge against Cal, the Assassins depart, vowing to once again protect the Apple from the Templars. Michael Fassbender as Callum "Cal" Lynch and Aguilar de Nerha: An original character created for the film, Lynch is a descendant of the Assassins, with genetic links to Aguilar, an Assassin in 15th century Spain. Cal has been running his whole life since he was forced to witness his mother's murder as a child, but living on society's fringes has kept him shrouded from the secrets of his ancestry.
Awaiting execution on death row, Cal is captured and brought to the Abstergo facility, where he may soon come to understa