Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. A free-spirited and mischievous young boy who can fly and never grows up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood having adventures on the mythical island of Neverland as the leader of the Lost Boys, interacting with fairies, mermaids, Native Americans, ordinary children from the world outside Neverland. Peter Pan has become a cultural icon symbolizing youthful escapism. In addition to two distinct works by Barrie, the character has been featured in a variety of media and merchandise, both adapting and expanding on Barrie's works; these include the 1953 Disney animated film, a 2003 dramatic/live-action film, a television series and many other works. J. M. Barrie first used Peter Pan as a character in a section of The Little White Bird, an adult novel where he appears as a seven-day-old baby in the chapter entitled Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens. Following the success of the 1904 play, Barrie's publishers and Stoughton, extracted chapters 13–18 of The Little White Bird and republished them in 1906 under the title Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, with the addition of illustrations by Arthur Rackham.
He returned to the character of Peter Pan as the centre of his stage play entitled Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, which premiered on 27 December 1904 in London. Barrie adapted and expanded the play's story line as a novel, published in 1911 as Peter and Wendy. Barrie never described Peter's appearance in detail in his novel, leaving it to the imagination of the reader and the interpretation of anyone adapting the character. In the play, Peter's outfit is made of autumn cobwebs, his name and playing the flute or pipes suggest the mythological character Pan. Barrie mentions in Peter and Wendy that Peter Pan still had all his "first teeth", he describes him as a beautiful boy with a beautiful smile, "clad in skeleton leaves and the juices that flow from trees". Traditionally, the character has been played on stage by a petite adult woman. In the original productions in the UK, Peter Pan's costume was a reddish tunic and dark green tights, such as that worn by Nina Boucicault in 1904.
This costume is exhibited in Barrie's Birthplace. The similar costume worn by Pauline Chase is displayed in the Museum of London. Early editions of adaptations of the story depict a red costume but a green costume becomes more usual from the 1920s, more so after the release of Disney's animated movie. In the Disney films, Peter wears an outfit that consists of a short-sleeved green tunic and tights made of cloth, a cap with a red feather in it, he has pointed elf-like ears, brown eyes and his hair is red. In Hook, the character is played as an adult with blue eyes and dark brown hair. In this film his ears appear, his Pan attire resembles the Disney outfit. In the live-action 2003 Peter Pan film, he is portrayed by Jeremy Sumpter, who has blond hair and blue-green eyes, his outfit is made of vines. J. M. Barrie created his character based on his older brother, who died in an ice-skating accident the day before his 14th birthday, his mother and brother thought of him as forever a boy. Alternate depictions have described him as a variety of ages: In The Little White Bird and Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, he was only seven days old.
Although his age is not stated in Barrie's play or novel, the book says that he still had all his baby teeth. In other ways, the character appears to be older, about 12–13 years old. Peter is an exaggerated stereotype of a careless boy, he claims greatness when such claims are questionable. In the play and book, Peter symbolises the selfishness of childhood, is portrayed as being forgetful and self-centred. Peter has a nonchalant, devil-may-care attitude, is fearlessly cocky when it comes to putting himself in danger. Barrie writes that when Peter thought he was going to die on Marooners' Rock, he felt scared, yet he felt only one shudder. With this blithe attitude, he says, "To die will be an awfully big adventure". In the play, the unseen and unnamed narrator ponders what might have been if Peter had stayed with Wendy, so that his cry might have become, "To live would be an awfully big adventure!", "but he can never quite get the hang of it". Peter's archetypal quality is his unending youth. In Peter and Wendy, it is explained that Peter must forget his own adventures and what he learns about the world in order to stay childlike.
Peter's ability to fly is inconsistently. In The Little White Bird, he is able to fly, like all babies. In the play and novel, he teaches the Darling children to fly using a combination of "lovely wonderful thoughts" and fairy dust. In Barrie's Dedication to the play Peter Pan, The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow up, the author attributes the idea of fairy dust being necessary for flight to practical needs:...after the first production I had to add something to the play at the request of parents about no one being able to fly until the fairy dust had been blown on him. – J. M. Barrie Peter has an effect on its inhabitants when he is there. Barrie states that although Neverland appears different to every child, the island "wakes up" when Peter returns from his trip to L
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types. From the Greek βαρύτονος, meaning heavy sounding, music for this voice is written in the range from the second F below middle C to the F above middle C in choral music, from the second A below middle C to the A above middle C in operatic music, but can be extended at either end; the baritone voice type is divided into the baryton-Martin baritone, lyric baritone, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, baryton-noble baritone, the bass-baritone. The first use of the term "baritone" emerged as baritonans, late in the 15th century in French sacred polyphonic music. At this early stage it was used as the lowest of the voices, but in 17th-century Italy the term was all-encompassing and used to describe the average male choral voice. Baritones took the range as it is known today at the beginning of the 18th century, but they were still lumped in with their bass colleagues until well into the 19th century.
Indeed, many operatic works of the 18th century have roles marked as bass that in reality are low baritone roles. Examples of this are to be found, for instance, in the operas and oratorios of George Frideric Handel; the greatest and most enduring parts for baritones in 18th-century operatic music were composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. They include Count Almaviva in The Marriage of Figaro, Guglielmo in Così fan tutte, Papageno in The Magic Flute and the lead in Don Giovanni. In theatrical documents, cast lists, journalistic dispatches that from the beginning of the 19th century till the mid 1820s, the terms primo basso, basse chantante, basse-taille were used for men who would be called baritones; these included the likes of Filippo Galli, Giovanni Inchindi, Henri-Bernard Dabadie. The basse-taille and the proper bass were confused because their roles were sometimes sung by singers of either actual voice part; the bel canto style of vocalism which arose in Italy in the early 19th century supplanted the castrato-dominated opera seria of the previous century.
It led to the baritone being viewed as a separate voice category from the bass. Traditionally, basses in operas had been cast as authority figures such as high priest. More than not, baritones found themselves portraying villains; the principal composers of bel canto opera are considered to be: Gioachino Rossini. The prolific operas of these composers, plus the works of Verdi's maturity, such as Un ballo in maschera, La forza del destino, Don Carlos/Don Carlo, the revised Simon Boccanegra, Aida and Falstaff, blazed many new and rewarding performance pathways for baritones. Figaro in Il barbiere is called the first true baritone role; however and Verdi in their vocal writing went on to emphasize the top fifth of the baritone voice, rather than its lower notes—thus generating a more brilliant sound. Further pathways opened up when the musically complex and physically demanding operas of Richard Wagner began to enter the mainstream repertory of the world's opera houses during the second half of the 19th century.
The major international baritone of the first half of the 19th century was the Italian Antonio Tamburini. He was a famous Don Giovanni in Mozart's eponymous opera as well as being a Bellini and Donizetti specialist. Commentators praised his voice for its beauty and smooth tonal emission, which are the hallmarks of a bel canto singer. Tamburini's range, was closer to that of a bass-baritone than to that of a modern "Verdi baritone", his French equivalent was Henri-Bernard Dabadie, a mainstay of the Paris Opera between 1819 and 1836 and the creator of several major Rossinian baritone roles, including Guillaume Tell. Dabadie sang in Italy, where he originated the role of Belcore in L'elisir d'amore in 1832; the most important of Tamburini's Italianate successors were all Verdians. They included: Giorgio Ronconi, who created the title role in Verdi's Nabucco Felice Varesi, who created the title roles in Macbeth and Rigoletto as well as Germont in La traviata Antonio Superchi, the originator of Don Carlo in Ernani Francesco Graziani, the original Don Carlo di Vargas in La forza del destino Leone Giraldoni, the creator of Renato in Un ballo in maschera and the first Simon Boccanegra Enrico Delle Sedie, London's first Renato Adriano Pantaleoni, renowned for his performances as Amonasro in Aida as well as other Verdi roles at La Scala, Milan Francesco Pandolfini, whose singing at La Scala during the 1870s was praised by Verdi Antonio Cotogni, a much lauded singer in Milan and Saint Petersburg, the first Italian Posa in Don Carlos and a great vocal pedagogue, too Filippo Coletti, creator of Verdi's Gusmano in Alzira, Francesco in I masnadieri, Germont in the second version of La traviata and for whom Verdi considered writing the opera'Lear'.
Petrus Antonius Laurentius "Pierre" Kartner is a Dutch musician, singer-songwriter and record producer who performs under the stage name Vader Abraham, who has written around 1600 songs. Kartner started his singing career by winning a local festival, he worked in a chocolate factory. Kartner worked as a promoter and producer at record label Dureco with Annie de Reuver, with whom he formed Duo X. Together with the band Corry & de Rekels he sold over 1 million records in the 1960s, he created his well-known alter ego, Father Abraham, after writing a Dutch Carnival song, Father Abraham had seven sons. He at first used a fake beard, but a real beard replaced this and would remain his trademark along with his bowler hat. With Wilma Landkroon he sang the Dutch 1971 number one hit lieve opa. In 1975, Kartner scored his second biggest hit, Het kleine café aan de haven; this song has since been covered over 250 times in various languages. English cover versions include The Little Cafe By The Harbour by Engelbert Humperdinck, My Favourite Cafe On The Harbour by Audrey Landers and The Red Rose Café, done by Demis Roussos as well as The Fureys.
In French the song was recorded as Le café de la Rue d'Amérique by Mireille Mathieu and Le café des trois Colombes by Joe Dassin, in German as Die kleine Kneipe by Peter Alexander. In May 1977, Kartner was asked to make a promotional song about The Smurfs; the record company pressed only 1,000 copies of the single, called "The Smurf Song", since they were unsure about the single's success. However, they were all sold within one day at a Schlager festival. After a repress, 400,000 singles were sold. A full Smurfs album was created, which climbed the charts, with 500,000 copies sold; the album was released in several dozen countries, including France, Italy, Japan and Sweden, in various different languages. The album scored. Subsequently, Kartner released other Smurf-themed albums, again in various countries and languages, such as Ga je mee naar Smurfenland and Vater Abraham im Land der Schlümpfe. In all, Kartner's Smurf works have sold around 25 million copies. Kartner made a few songs with a conservative angle.
As a reaction to the oil crisis of 1973, he recorded a song with the right-wing politician Hendrik Koekoek Den Uyl is in den olie. The song blames Arabs for the crisis. In the carnival season of 1975, he published, his 1976 song, Het leger der werklozen portrays the jobless as people who are sitting in pubs, drinking all day. In 2002 he made Wimmetje gaat, Pimmetje komt with the assassinated conservative politician Pim Fortuyn. In 1981 Kartner recorded a song about Wij zijn de wuppies. Kartner wrote the music for the opening and closing credits on the Japanese cartoon adaption of the 1990 TV series, Moomin and "Ik ben verliefd", the Dutch entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. Kartner won the BUMA Lifetime Achievement Award in 2015. "Zo Is Het Leven" / "Rosalina" Kartner lives in Breda with his wife Annie. Official home page Official home page
Sébastien Izambard is a French musician, singer and record producer. His vocal range is classified as popular melody or voix populi to a loud, so it has a tenor tessitura phonic, he has been a member of the classical crossover group Il Divo since 2004, who has sold over 28 million copies worldwide discs. In 2000 he launched the solo titled "Libre" pop album, reaching number No. 1 ranking with the single "Si tu savais" achieving excellent sales ranking in France and Belgium. Izambard writes and composes for pop artists of international stature, he is an active member of the French organization AMTM, Assistance Médicale Toit du Monde and global ambassador for the Sanfilippo Children's Foundation. Izambard childhood was hard, his parents had divorced and his father left him when he was six, he grew up in a poor single parent household and lived with his mother in a small room of 10m2 on the top floor of a block of apartments in Parisian Dense with her great-grandmother. These years were difficult.
He studied at the Lycée Janson de Sailly in Paris, considered one of the best schools in Europe. As his mother worked, he grew accustomed to independence. At the age of 12 years he cooked cakes as a gift for her after her workday, he confesses that for him, becoming an adult was more a way to learn to get out of trouble since before their parents got separated, he witnessed violence and abuse. Due to this psychological impact, he was becoming a repressed child. However, with the help of child specialists he was able to overcome this feeling of repression. Sébastien got engaged to Australian Renée Murphy on 1 June 2007 and they married 17 August 2008 in France. Renée was a publicist for Sony BMG when she met Sebastien in Australia in 2005, on a tour with Il Divo. A few months before the wedding, on 20 March 2008, Sebastien and Renée became parents of twins and Luca, who were born in the Royal-des-Champs Port of Paris maternity hospital. On 20 May 2011, the couple's third child was born. Sèbastien is an active member of two charities.
He recorded two videoclips and collaborated in solidarity projects such as the Noël Ensemble, a record in which more than one hundred artists participated in order to raise funds for the fight against AIDS. Izambard started his career as a pop musician in France, releasing a solo album called Libre and his song Si Tu Savais was ranked first in French Hit Charts. Besides being a singer, Izambard is an accomplished music composer and guitar player In Paris he has written music for many French artists. In 2001, he performed with Johnny Hallyday as a guest in the Olympia Theater in Paris, his music influenced by Jeff Buckley, earns him the acknowledgement of French and Canadian audiences. French singer Florent Pagny is his musical godfather. Sébastien says that writing songs is his passion, writing for the pleasure of writing. Before joining Il Divo produced songs for other French artists. In parallel with Il Divo, Izambard continued writing songs with pop stars in the world. In November 2014, Sébastien led the project to create an album with different Australian artists for raising money.
Izambard, with the help of Sony Pictures Entertainment, produced along with the Spanish producer Alberto Quintero, producer as well of some of the albums of IL Divo, the album titled For Bringing Hope Isla and Jude, released on 5 December 2014 with the single written by Kate Bush This Woman's Work, for St. Filippo Foundation. Izambard performed in February 2002 in Richard Cocciante's musical "Le Petit Prince", where he played the role of the Business Man. Before being a member of Il Divo he performed in several theatre plays as part of the group "La Troupe", he was preparing his second album with Francis Madjouli and Lionel Florence when he became involved with Il Divo. Izambard has made many music & duets collaborations with major artists, both alone and with a member of Il Divo While recording his second solo album after collaborating on Le Petit Prince, Sébastien attended an audition for the musical The Sun King. While waiting, he met Geraldine Larrosa, her then-partner Carlos Marín, who spoke to him after hearing Sébastien sing in online videos.
Carlos said it was worth a try, so Sébastien went to the Bastille in Paris, where the auditions were being held by Sonny Takhar. Hearing Izambard Caruso performed the song while playing the piano himself and convinced that he had nothing to lose since he thought would lead nowhere, but Cowell offered him the job. Sebastien he said to himself: Je Ne Regrette Rien. Accepted and devoted worldwide in the stateless musical quartet Il Divo in December 2003, along with Urs Bühler, David Miller and Carlos Marín. Izambard is the only member of the group, not classically trained. Izambard has said that he has two dreams while being in Il Divo: composing a song for the quartet, singing songs in French. In fact, the second album of the group, contains two songs in French: "Je Crois en toi" and "Pour Que Tu M'Aimes Encore." "I Believe in You" is an original song for both artists, while Pour Que Tu M'Aimes Encore is Dion's, considered to be
Il Divo is a multi-national classical crossover vocal group. The male quartet originated in the United Kingdom in December 2003, bringing together singers Urs Bühler, Carlos Marín, David Miller, Sébastien Izambard; the group was promoted by music producer Simon Cowell for the label Syco Music. Although it is unclear how the group's name came about, "Il Divo" is translated from Italian as "divine performer." As of 2018, the group has released ten albums: Il Divo, Siempre, The Promise, Wicked Game, A Musical Affair, Amor & Pasión and Timeless. Two other albums – An Evening with Il Divo: Live in Barcelona and Live in Japan – presented recordings of live concerts. Additionally, they have collaborated with other artists. Since its inception, Il Divo has enjoyed success worldwide, selling well over 30 million copies of its albums worldwide. With 160 certified gold and platinum hits in 35 different countries, it pioneered the genre of operatic pop, or "popera", in classical crossover music. Il Divo's live concerts sold over two million concert tickets worldwide just from their first four albums.
In their first world tour, concerts in 69 cities in 18 countries were sold out. Il Divo is composed of four singers, three of whom are classically trained, from four different countries: German-born Spanish baritone Carlos Marín, two classically trained tenors Swiss Urs Bühler and American David Miller, French pop singer-songwriter Sébastien Izambard; the idea behind Il Divo came when Simon Cowell, inspired after listening to the Three Tenors, decided to form a multinational quartet of talented young singers to recreate the quality of Luciano Pavarotti, Jose Carreras and Placido Domingo. Cowell conducted a worldwide search for young singers who were willing to embark on the project, a search that lasted nearly three years, from 21 January 2001, until 16 December 2003, when the fourth member, American tenor David Miller, was signed. Prior to Il Divo and his European counterparts Spanish baritone, Carlos Marín, Swiss tenor Urs Bühler and French pop singer, Sébastien Izambard were each enjoying moderate success in their own right.
The first album "Il Divo", was recorded in February 2004 in Sweden, with the Quiz and Larossi, Per Magnusson and David Kreuger producers, in Rockstone Studios in the UK with producer Steve Mac, with record Syco Music. The album was released on 1 November 2004 in just three countries. In the first weeks they had achieved double platinum in Norway and Ireland and the UK reached a historical fact as "Regresa a mí" was the first song sung in Spanish which reached No.1 on the British country. On 19 April 2005 it was released in the United States and elsewhere. In December 2004, as their debut to society and to promote their first studio material, they offered their first concert at Gotham Hall in New York, representing five songs from the album live, it quoted concert was released as the first DVD of the group, entitled "Live at Gotham Hall". Il Divo was launched in fall 2004 with the single "Regresa a mí", debuting with the first album of the same name, they filmed the music video of the song in Slovenia.
The video, fictionalised, show the members leaving their various occupations and previous lives to become one group. Il Divo debuted with "Regresa a mí", which thus became a worldwide success in 2004. Singing in Spanish, English and French,On 23 May 2005, they released the DVD "Mama", which contains the second official video of the song "Mama" recorded in the city of Tropea, with exclusive footage of the making of the video, a live recording of Mama, live in New York, along with a photo gallery.24 January 2006, Sony BMG released the DVD "Encore". On 7 November 2005 Il Divo launches in Europe its second studio album entitled "Ancora". In the United States and Latin America it was released on 24 January 2006, it debuted at number one on Billboard 200 in its first week of release in the United States. On 9 June 2006, Il Divo performed the 2006 FIFA World Cup official song, "The Time of Our Lives", with R&B singer Toni Braxton live, at half-time, during the opening match between Germany and Costa Rica and again a month at 9 July closing ceremony.
The song is available on the Voices from the FIFA World Cup compilation album and on the European reissue of Braxton's album Libra but not on any Il Divo album. Late in 2006, they released yet another DVD Il Divo - Live at the Greek, a recording of their concert in Griffith park, Los Angeles directed by Lawrence Johnson Il Divo have been on several world tours and have received 50 gold and platinum awards, their last tour in 2014 covered over 33 countries. Having just completed a six-month tour of America and Europe, Il Divo participated in all 20 concerts by Barbra Streisand in her North American tour as her special guests. Streisand: The Tour with Il Divo was ranked second for all tours during 2006, generating $92.5 million in gross sales. They accompanied her in her Europe concerts. Since it went on sale "Ancora", the group has been half of their time at the top of the best sellers within the bo