SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Carlton House Terrace

Carlton House Terrace is a street in the St James's district of the City of Westminster in London. Its principal architectural feature is a pair of terraces of white stucco-faced houses on the south side of the street overlooking St. James's Park; these terraces were built on Crown land between 1827 and 1832 to overall designs by John Nash, but with detailed input by other architects including Decimus Burton, who designed No. 3 and No.4. The land on which Carlton House Terrace was built had once been part of the grounds of St James's Palace, known as "the Royal Garden" and "the Wilderness"; the latter was at one time in the possession of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, was called Upper Spring Garden. From 1700 the land was held by Henry Boyle, who spent £2,835 on improving the existing house in the Royal Garden. Queen Anne issued letters patent granting Boyle a lease for a term of 31 years from 2 November 1709 at £35 per annum. Boyle was created Baron Carleton in 1714, the property has been called after him since although at some point the "e" was dropped.

On Carleton's death the lease passed to his nephew, the architect and aesthete Lord Burlington, in January 1731 George II issued letters patent granting Burlington a reversionary lease for a further term of 40 years at an annual rent of £35. By an indenture dated 23 February 1732 the lease was assigned to Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II, who predeceased his father, dying in 1751, she died in 1772 and the house devolved to her son, George III. The property was granted by George III to his eldest son, Prince of Wales on the latter's coming of age in 1783; the Prince spent enormous sums on enlarging the property, running up huge debts. He was at loggerheads with his father, the house became a rival Court, was the scene of a brilliant social life; when the Prince became King George IV in 1820 he moved to Buckingham Palace. Instructions were given in 1826 to the Commissioners of Woods and Forests that "Carlton Palace" should be given up to the public, be demolished and the site and gardens laid out as building ground for "dwelling houses of the First Class".

By 1829 the Commissioners reported that the site was cleared and that part of it had been let on building leases. Materials from the demolition were sold by public auction, with some fixtures transferred to Windsor Castle and to "The King's House, Pimlico". Columns of the portico were re-used in the design for the new National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, interior Ionic columns were moved to the conservatories of Buckingham Palace, some of the armorial stained glass was incorporated in windows of Windsor Castle. After Carlton House was demolished the development of its former site was intended to be part of a scheme for improving St James's Park. For this John Nash proposed three terraces of houses along the north of the Park, balanced by three along the south side, overlooking Birdcage Walk. None of the three southern terraces and only two of the three northern ones were built, the latter being the west and east sections of Carlton House Terrace; these two blocks were designed by Nash and Decimus Burton, with James Pennethorne in charge of the construction.

Decimus Burton without Nash, designed No. 3 and No. 4. Carlton House Terrace; these elegant townhouses took the place of Carlton House, the freehold still belongs to the Crown Estate. Nash planned to make contiguous the two blocks with a large domed fountain between them, but the idea was vetoed by the King. In 1834 the Duke of York's Column was erected at the top of the steps, it consists of a granite column designed by Benjamin Wyatt topped with a bronze statue by Richard Westmacott of Frederick, Duke of York. The terraces, which are four storeys in height above a basement, were designed in a classical style, stucco clad, with a Corinthian columned façade overlooking St James's Park, surmounted by an elaborate frieze and pediment. At the south side, facing the park, the lower frontage has a series of squat Doric columns, supporting a substantial podium terrace at a level between the street entrances to the north and the ground floor level of the modern Mall; the houses are unusual. The reason for this was that Nash wanted the houses to make the best possible use of the view of the park, to present an attractive façade to the park.

The service accommodation was placed in two storeys of basements. According to the architectural historian Sir John Summerson Nash's designs were inspired by Ange-Jacques Gabriel's buildings in the Place de la Concorde, Paris. Summerson's praise of the buildings is muted: The central pediments are a somewhat too contrived means of preventing an apparent sag in a long façade and the attics on the end pavilions may be over-emphatic. Subtlety of modelling there is none. In fact, Carlton House Terrace is typical of the extraordinary old man who designed it, but whose only contribution to the work was the provision of a few small sketches, done either in the glorious painted gallery of his Regent Street mansion or the flower-scented luxury of his castle in the Isle of Wight; the authors of the Survey of London take a more favourable view: The houses … form a double group each side of the Duke of York's Column. Designed as an architectural entity, facing the Park, they represent with their range of detached

Mashrakh

Mashrakh is a Block of Saran District in the western part of Bihar, India. It is located on the bank of Ghoghari river.it is situated at 40 km from Chhapra and 98 km from state capital patna. There are 17 Panchayats in Mashrakh Block. Mashrakh is connected by train between Chhapra and Gopalganj and by road, connected with Chapra, Gopalganj & Siwan. Mashrakh used to be a well-known business hub in Saran commissionary; the town has a government hospital, veterinary hospital, police station, head post office, T. V transmission center, a telecommunication technical hub. There are two Inter & Degree colleges in the block - Mashrak College Mashark and Bahadurpur College, Mashrak Degree College, Mashrakh. Bhojpuri/Hindi is used as a spoken language; some of the villages are Benchapra,Mashrak ramghat, mashrakh Takth, Mashrakh Shastri Tola, Bahadurpur, Gopalbadi,Galimapur, Dhanauti, Semari, Chainpur, Deoriya, Mashrakh West Tola, Rasauli,Ganauli, Jajauli, Dum Duma, Baluan, Fenahara, Barwaghat, Chandbarwan Bansohi, Khajuri, Nawada, Bahuara Serukahn Pachkhanda,Khairanpur,Chand Kudariya,Bisnupura.

Aashram School, Mashrakh Al Shaheen Paramedical College & Hospital, Mashrakh Bahadurpur College, Bahdurpur Central School, Mashrakh Ganauli school, Ganauli Gangauli school, Gangauli High school, Mashrakh. High School, Satjora Jagarnath janki girls high school,Mashrakh. Kendriya Vidyalaya,Mashrakh Janta High School, Godhana Krishana Bahadur High School, Harpurajan Lokmanya High School, Kudariya Rajapati Mashrak Degree College, Mashrakh Mahant Ram Swaroop Das High School, Bahuara Middle School Chainpur Charihara Mahant Ram Prayag Das High School, Khairanpur Mashrak College, Mashrakh Nageshwar High school & Govt Inter College Bahadurpur Pragatishil Yuva Kendra, Bahadurpur Rajkiya madhya vidyalaya, Mashrakh Ram Ekbal Singh college Bahadurpur Ramdev Middle school, Mashrakh. Rajkiya kanya vidyalaya Rajkiya Prathamik Vidyalaya * Tarun Bharat Bahadurpur Sri Awadh High School, Chainpur Charihara Dr. B. N. Singh Center For Career Development & Social Research,Bahadurpur On 16 July 2013, in Dharmashati Gandaman primary school of the block, 23 children were poisoned to death after eating free lunch provided by the school, contaminated with insecticide

Los Gabriel... Simplemente Amigos

Los Gabriel… Simplemente Amigos is a compilation album by the Mexican singers Ana Gabriel and Juan Gabriel. It was released in 2007 under the label of Sony BMG Latin. Tracks: Quién Como Tú - Ana Gabriel Querida - Juan Gabriel Ay Amor - Ana Gabriel Te lo Pido Por Favor - Juan Gabriel Ni un Roce - Ana Gabriel Siempre en Mi Mente - Juan Gabriel Simplemente Amigos - Ana Gabriel Que Lástima! - Juan Gabriel Es el Amor Quien LLega - Ana Gabriel He Venido a Pedirte Perdón - Juan Gabriel Evidencias - Ana Gabriel Inocente de Ti - Juan Gabriel Luna - Ana Gabriel Pero que Necesidad - Juan Gabriel Huelo a Soledad - Ana Gabriel Hasta que Te Conoci - Juan Gabriel Note: This release reached the #4 position in Billboard Latin Pop Albums staying for 49 weeks and it reached the #9 position in the Billboard Top Latin Albums staying for 3 weeks in the chart