Carmagnola

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Carmagnola
Comune
Città di Carmagnola
Piazza Sant'Agostino, old town
Piazza Sant'Agostino, old town
Coat of arms of Carmagnola
Coat of arms
Carmagnola is located in Italy
Carmagnola
Carmagnola
Location of Carmagnola in Italy
Coordinates: 44°51′N 7°43′E / 44.850°N 7.717°E / 44.850; 7.717
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province / Metropolitan city Turin (TO)
Frazioni Bossola, Cappuccini, Casanova, Cascine Madama, Cavalleri, Cavalleri Piccoli, Cocchi, Corno, Due Provincie, Fumeri, Gaidi, Molinasso, Morello, Motta, Oselle, Pochettino, Salsasio, San Bernardo, San Giovanni, San Grato, San Michele, Tetti Grandi, Tuninetti, Vallongo
Government
 • Mayor Ivana Gaveglio
Area
 • Total 96.38 km2 (37.21 sq mi)
Elevation 240 m (790 ft)
Population (31 May 2017)[1]
 • Total 29,093
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Carmagnolese, pl Carmagnolesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10022
Dialing code 0039 011
Patron saint Immaculate Conception
Saint day 8 December
Website Official website

Carmagnola is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located 29 kilometres (18 mi) south of Turin.[2] The town is on the right side of the Po river, the nature of the soil determined over time how the river's sand accumulated.

Carmagnola borders the following municipalities: Poirino, Villastellone, Carignano, Lombriasco, Ceresole Alba, Racconigi, Sommariva del Bosco, Caramagna Piemonte.

History[edit]

The municipality is mentioned for the first time during the 11th century, the land, originally owned by the Arduinic dynasty, passed to the Marquisate of Saluzzo, who had a castle built here. The Saluzzo dynasty soon underwent a rapid decadence ending with a French domination period which lasted 40 years; in 1588 Carmagnola became a possession of the House of Savoy, when Charles Emmanuel I besieged and conquered it. France took possession of Carmagnola a second time during the 17th century, during the civil war between Madamisti and Principisti (supporters of the French and the Savoy dynasty respectively); in this period (1637–1642), the three main subdivisions were razed to the ground as they were conflicting with the defence structures, and immediately re-built around 1.5 km from their original position, where they still are at the present time.

In 1690 the town was once again occupied by the French general Catinat, but just one year later Victor Amadeus II of Savoy brought it back among Piedmontese possessions. While its defence buildings were being demolished and its strategic role was progressively decreasing in importance, the town could finally develop agriculture and commerce, mainly of hemp and ropes, which were exported in great quantity to Liguria and southern France. The characteristic of both agricultural and commercial site remained important until after World War II, which caused a massive immigration and a rapid urbanistic expansion.

The name of La Carmagnole, the title of a French song and dance made popular during the French Revolution, is considered to be indirectly derived from the Italian town - i.e., the costume of the Piedmontese peasants living near Carmagnola was named for the town; and when some of these peasants came to Paris, their dress influenced the short jacket worn by working-class militant sans-culottes, who sang the song [3].

Main sights[edit]

Piazza Sant'Agostino, War Memorial on the foreground and Sant'Agostino church on the background
Collegiate church of Sts. Peter and Paul
  • Abbey of Casanova. It was founded by the Cistercians in the 12th century, although it was mostly rebuilt in a late Baroque style in the 18th century
  • Lomellini Palace, Contemporary Art Museum (15th century)
  • Castle, currently used as town hall (13th century)
  • Collegiate church of Sts. Peter and Paul (1492–1514)
  • Cascina Vigna, Civic Museum of Natural History
  • Sant'Agostino church (1406–1437)
  • San Rocco church (1699–1745)
  • San Filippo church (1715–1739)
  • Church of Saint Mary of the Snow (Santa Maria della Neve), Salsasio (17th century)
  • Synagogue (18th century)
  • Cavassa House (15th century)
  • House of the Sundials (Casa delle Meridiane) or Piano House (16th century)
  • San Lorenzo Hospital (1754–1856)

Economy[edit]

The economy of the town is currently linked to the industry and intensive production of vegetables and cereals, which the particular soil makes very productive. Industry experienced a notable growth during the 1960s, when FIAT opened an important factory, thus attracting a growing number of immigrants from southern Italy, the rapid growth of FIAT made also possible other activities in the metallurgy, electronics, optics, chemical industry, and food industry fields. Also well-developed are the banking, financial and insurance sectors.

Notable people born in or related to Carmagnola[edit]

Events[edit]

Carmagnola's Castle, townhall
Cascina Vigna Park
  • Peppers Fair (Sagra del Peperone). It is held between the last week of August and the first of September; it is an eno-gastronomic fair dedicated to the most typical product of Carmagnola's agriculture. It attracts over 250,000 visitors each year.

On 5 September 2010 during the 61st Pepper Fair the town of Carmagnola has been entered into the Guinness Book of Records for the biggest pepper soup (peperonata) with a weight of 1,190 kg (2623.5 pounds).

  • Spring Fair (Fiera di primavera). Held annually in March, dedicated to agricultural commerce, it features many collateral events.
  • Mercantico. It takes place on the second Sunday of each month (except August), it is a small, antiques items' market, hosting over 400 stalls along the old town.
  • Ortoflora e Natura. Held in the first weekend of April in the municipal park Cascina Vigna, the event is dedicated to gardening and horticulture.
  • Grandparents' National Day (Festa Nazionale dei Nonni). It takes place in the middle of September, inside the park Cascina Vigna, it had its first edition in September 2003.
  • Other events include "Carmagnola Jazz Festival", "Carmagnola Town of Art and Culture", "National Ornithological Contest", "Regional Beef Cattle Fair".

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carmagnola". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Jennifer Harris, "The Red Cap of Liberty: A Study of Dress Worn by French Revolutionary Partisans 1789-94" Eighteenth-Century Studies 14.3 (Spring 1981:283-312) p. 286
  4. ^ http://www.aquinoticias.com.ar/index.php?id=7600 Río Tercero (spanish)

External links[edit]