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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park. Designed by architect William Burnet Tuthill and built by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1891, it is one of the most prestigious venues in the world for both classical music and popular music. Carnegie Hall has its own artistic programming and marketing departments, presents about 250 performances each season, it is rented out to performing groups. The hall has not had a resident company since 1962, when the New York Philharmonic moved to Lincoln Center's Philharmonic Hall. Carnegie Hall has 3,671 seats, divided among its three auditoriums. Carnegie Hall is one of the last large buildings in New York built of masonry, without a steel frame; the exterior is rendered in narrow Roman bricks of a mellow ochre hue, with details in terracotta and brownstone. The foyer avoids typical 19th century Baroque theatrical style with the Florentine Renaissance manner of Filippo Brunelleschi's Pazzi Chapel: white plaster and gray stone form a harmonious system of round-headed arched openings and Corinthian pilasters that support an unbroken cornice, with round-headed lunettes above it, under a vaulted ceiling.

The famous white and gold auditorium interior is restrained. The firm of Adler & Sullivan of Chicago, noted for the acoustics of their theaters, were hired as consultant architects though their contributions are not known. Carnegie Hall contains three separate performance spaces; the Isaac Stern Auditorium seats 2,804 on five levels and was named after violinist Isaac Stern in 1997 to recognize his efforts to save the hall from demolition in the 1960s. The hall is enormously high, visitors to the top balcony must climb 137 steps. All but the top level can be reached by elevator; the main hall was home to the performances of the New York Philharmonic from 1892 until 1962. Known as the most prestigious concert stage in the U. S. all of the leading classical music and, more popular music performers since 1891 have performed there. After years of heavy wear and tear, the hall was extensively renovated in 1986; the Ronald O. Perelman Stage is 42 feet deep; the five levels of seating in the Stern Auditorium begin with the Parquet level, which has twenty-five full rows of thirty-eight seats and four partial rows at stage level, for a total of 1,021 seats.

The First Tier and Second Tier consist of sixty-five boxes. Second from the top is the Dress Circle, seating 444 in six rows. At the top, the balcony seats 837. Although seats with obstructed views exist throughout the auditorium, only the Dress Circle level has structural columns. Zankel Hall, which seats 599, is named after Arthur Zankel. Called Recital Hall, this was the first auditorium to open to the public in April 1891. Following renovations made in 1896, it was renamed Carnegie Lyceum, it was leased to the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in 1898, converted into a cinema, which opened as the Carnegie Hall Cinema in May 1961 with the film White Nights by Luchino Visconti and was reclaimed for use as an auditorium in 1997. The reconstructed Zankel Hall is flexible in design and can be reconfigured in several different arrangements to suit the needs of the performers, it opened in September 2003. The 599 seats in Zankel Hall are arranged in two levels; the parterre level seats a total of 463 and the mezzanine level seats 136.

Each level has a number of seats which are situated along the side walls, perpendicular to the stage. These seats are designated as boxes; the boxes on the parterre level are raised above the level of the stage. Zankel Hall is accessible and its stage is 44 feet wide and 25 feet deep—the stage occupies one fifth of the performance space; the Joan and Sanford I. Weill Recital Hall seats 268 and is named after Sanford I. Weill, a former chairman of the board, his wife Joan; this auditorium, in use since the hall opened in 1891, was called Chamber Music Hall. The Weill Recital Hall is the smallest of the three performance spaces, with a total of 268 seats; the Orchestra level contains fourteen rows of fourteen seats, a total of 196, the Balcony level contains 72 seats in five rows. The building contains the Carnegie Hall Archives, established in 1986, the Rose Museum, which opened in 1991; until 2009 studios above the Hall contained working spaces for artists in the performing and graphic arts including music, dance, as well as architects, literary agents and painters.

The spaces were unusual in being purpose-designed for artistic work, with high ceilings and large windows for natural light. In 2007 the Carnegie Hall Corporation announced plans to evict the 33 remaining studio residents, some of whom had been in the building since the 1950s, including celebrity portrait photographer Editta Sherman and fashion photographer Bill Cunningham; the organization's research showed th

Ezra Rice House

The Ezra Rice House is a historic house at 1133 West Boylston Street in Worcester, Massachusetts. It was built sometime between 1833 and 1845, was a rare local example of transitional Federal and Greek Revival styling. Most of significant exterior details have been obscured or lost due to the application of modern siding, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The Ezra Rice House stands in a residential area in far northern Worcester, at the northwest corner of West Boylston Street and Wilbur Road, it is a 2-1/2 story wood frame structure, with a gabled exterior finished in modern siding. A full-height 2-1/2 story ell extends to the rear; the main facade, facing West Boylston Street, is three bays wide, with the main entrance in the rightmost bay, windows placed irregularly in the two left bays. The entrance is the only portion of the exterior retaining significant Greek Revival features: it has flanking half-height sidelight windows, is set in a slight recess flanked by pilasters and topped by a corniced entablature.

The entry was identical to that of the Charles Newton House, is derived from examples published by Asher Benjamin in 1830. Due to the house's location remote from the city center, little is known of the property prior to 1851, when Ezra Beamon Rice is recorded as living here. Rice is a member of the Beamon family, prominent in the affairs of West Boylston, is poorly documented in Worcester records. National Register of Historic Places listings in eastern Worcester, Massachusetts

List of units of the British Army Territorial Force 1908

The following is a list of units transferred to the Territorial Force on 1 April 1908, or raised in that year under the terms of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907, the associations by which they were administered. The County Association of Rutland did not have charge of any units, but did provide facilities for sub-units of the Leicestershire Yeomanry and the 5th Battalion Leicestershire Regiment. A number of units those attached to the Royal Garrison Artillery and Royal Engineers, had their titles altered again in 1910. Yeomanry regiments formed the cavalry arm of the TF, were grouped into mounted brigades of three regiments each. Royal Horse Artillery units formed artillery support to the mounted brigades. Most of the batteries were newly raised in 1908. †The HAC had its property and privileges protected by the Honourable Artillery Company Act 1908.††On 18 March 1908, Wiltshire RHA was proposed to be raised as a new unit. However, poor recruiting led to a change in plans and the Hampshire RHA was raised in 1909 instead.

Royal Field Artillery brigades formed parts of each territorial division, were mobile and equipped with medium calibre ordnance. Royal Garrison Artillery units of the TF were "defended ports" units guarding coastal facilities, with the exception of the 4th Highland Brigade, equipped as mountain artillery; each division of the TF was supported by two field companies and a telegraph company of the Royal Engineers. In addition there were a number of fortress units consisting of works and electric lights companies, providing coastal defence. † Formed from part of the former 1st VB. When the battalion was converted to artillery in 1908, a number of officers had refused to transfer, were placed on the unattached list, they became the basis for the 6th Battalion in 1912. Each infantry division had an attached Divisional Transport and Supply Column of the ASC. A column consisted of four companies: a headquarters company and one attached to each of the three infantry brigades that made up the division.

A smaller transport and supply column, consisting of a single company, was attached to each mounted brigade. While some of the ASC companies were formed by the conversion of existing infantry or artillery units of the volunteer force, most were newly raised in 1908. Norman E. H. Litchfield, The Territorial Artillery 1908–1988, Nottingham: Sherwood Press, 1992, ISBN 0-9508205-2-0. Norman Litchfield & Ray Westlake, The Volunteer Artillery 1859–1908, Nottingham: Sherwood Press, 1982, ISBN 9780950820507. Cliff Lord & Graham Watson, Royal Corps of Signals: Unit Histories of the Corps and its Antecedents, Solihull: Helion, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-92-2. Westlake, Ray. British Territorial Units 1914–18. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-168-7. R. A. Westlake, Royal Engineers 1859–1908, Wembley: R. A. Westlake, 1983, ISBN 0-9508530-0-3