Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1900 by Andrew Carnegie as the Carnegie Technical Schools, the university became the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912 and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to form Carnegie Mellon University. With its main campus located 3 miles from Downtown Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon has grown into an international university with over a dozen degree-granting locations in six continents, including campuses in Qatar and Silicon Valley, more than 20 research partnerships; the university has seven colleges and independent schools, all of which offer interdisciplinary programs: the College of Engineering, College of Fine Arts, Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mellon College of Science, Tepper School of Business, H. John Heinz III College of Information Systems and Public Policy, the School of Computer Science.

Carnegie Mellon counts 13,961 students from 109 countries, over 105,000 living alumni, over 5,000 faculty and staff. Past and present faculty and alumni include 20 Nobel Prize laureates, 13 Turing Award winners, 23 Members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 22 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 79 Members of the National Academies, 124 Emmy Award winners, 47 Tony Award laureates, 10 Academy Award winners; the Carnegie Technical Schools were founded in 1900 in Pittsburgh by the Scottish American industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who wrote the time-honored words "My heart is in the work", when he donated the funds to create the institution. Carnegie's vision was to open a vocational training school for the sons and daughters of working-class Pittsburghers. Carnegie was inspired for the design of his school by the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York founded by industrialist Charles Pratt in 1887. In 1912, the institution changed its name to Carnegie Institute of Technology and began offering four-year degrees.

During this time, CIT consisted of four constituent schools: the School of Fine and Applied Arts, the School of Apprentices and Journeymen, the School of Science and Technology, the Margaret Morrison Carnegie School for Women. The Mellon Institute of Industrial Research was founded in 1913 by banker and industrialist brothers Andrew Mellon and Richard B. Mellon in honor of their father, Thomas Mellon, patriarch of the Mellon family; the Institute began as a research organization which performed work for government and industry on a contract and was established as a department within the University of Pittsburgh. In 1927, the Mellon Institute incorporated as an independent nonprofit. In 1937, the Mellon Institute's iconic building was completed and it moved to its new, current, location on Fifth Avenue. In 1967, with support from Paul Mellon, Carnegie Tech merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to become Carnegie Mellon University. Carnegie Mellon's coordinate women's college, the Margaret Morrison Carnegie College closed in 1973 and merged its academic programs with the rest of the university.

The industrial research mission of the Mellon Institute survived the merger as the Carnegie Mellon Research Institute and continued doing work on contract to industry and government. CMRI closed in 2001 and its programs were subsumed by other parts of the university or spun off into autonomous entities. Carnegie Mellon's 140-acre main campus is three miles from downtown Pittsburgh, between Schenley Park and the Squirrel Hill and Oakland neighborhoods. Carnegie Mellon is bordered to the west by the campus of the University of Pittsburgh. Carnegie Mellon owns 81 buildings in the Squirrel Hill neighborhoods of Pittsburgh. For decades the center of student life on campus was the University's student union. Built in the 1950s, Skibo Hall's design was typical of Mid-Century Modern architecture, but was poorly equipped to deal with advances in computer and internet connectivity; the original Skibo was razed in the summer of 1994 and replaced by a new student union, wi-fi enabled. Known as University Center, the building was dedicated in 1996.

In 2014, Carnegie Mellon re-dedicated the University Center as the Cohon University Center in recognition of the eighth president of the university, Jared Cohon. A large grassy area known as "the Cut" forms the backbone of the campus, with a separate grassy area known as "the Mall" running perpendicular; the Cut was formed by filling in a ravine with soil from a nearby hill, leveled to build the College of Fine Arts building. The northwestern part of the campus was acquired from the United States Bureau of Mines in the 1980s. In 2006, Carnegie Mellon Trustee Jill Gansman Kraus donated the 80-foot -tall sculpture Walking to the Sky, placed on the lawn facing Forbes Ave between the Cohon University Center and Warner Hall; the sculpture was controversial for its placement, the general lack of input that the campus community had, its aesthetic appeal. In April 2015, Carnegie Mellon University, in collaboration with Jones Lang LaSalle, announced the planning of a second office space structure, alongside the Robert Mehrabian Collaborative Innovation Center, an upscale and full-service hotel, retail and dining development along Forbes Avenue.

This complex will connect to the Tepper Quadrangle, the Heinz College, the Tata Consultancy Services Building, the Gates-Hillman Center to create an innovation corridor on the university campus

Mikhail Kozakov

Mikhail Mikhailovich Kozakov was a Soviet and Israeli film and theatre director and actor. Mikhail Kozakov was born on October 1934 in Leningrad, the youngest of three brothers, his father Mikhail Emmanuilovich Kozakov was a Soviet writer and playwright of Jewish origin from the Poltava Governorate who served as a commissar in Lubny during the Russian Civil War worked as a journalist in Leningrad. He was among the authors who collaborated on The I. V. Stalin White SeaBaltic Sea Canal. Kozakov's mother Zoya Alexandrovna Nikitina was of mixed Serbian-Greek descent, her family moved from Odessa to St. Petersburg, she finished the Karl May School and worked as an editor in publishing houses, the Leningrad Literature Fund and various magazines. This was her fourth marriage, she was arrested twice: first in 1937 following the arrest of her brother who served in the Imperial Russian Army during the civil war — in 1948 because of financial violations in Litfund. She was friends with many acclaimed writers who visited Kozakovs' apartment on the Griboyedov Canal, including Evgeny Schwartz, Mikhail Zoshchenko, Anatoly Marienhof, Boris Eikhenbaum, Anna Akhmatova.

During the war Kozakov was evacuated to the Molotov Oblast along with other Leningrad children where he lived from 1941 to 1944. He returned to the city and continued the secondary education, his brother Vladimir volunteered for the frontline and was killed in 1945. His second brother Boris was accidentally shot in 1946 in his flat by his classmate. In 1956, Mikhail Kozakov graduated from the Moscow Art Theatre School. In the summer of this year the picture by Mikhail Romm Murder on Dante Street was released, in which Kozakov acted, in the autumn of that year he received the role of Hamlet in the performance at the Mayakovsky Theatre. From 1956 to 1959 Kozakov was an actor of the Mayakovsky Theatre. From 1959 to 1970 he was an actor of the Sovremennik Theatre. In the 1960s, Kozakov played several vivid roles, such as Cyrano de Bergerac in the play of the Sovremennik Theater. On the stage of Sovremennik, Kozakov performed several more roles in the productions of Galina Volchek: Aduyev the elder in Ordinary History I.

Goncharov. In 1970, the actor left the Sovremennik. A year after he left its founder - Oleg Efremov. Following Efremov, Kozakov came to the Moscow Art Theater. There they were played by Lord Goring in "Ideal husband" Wilde, Gusev in the play "Valentine and Valentina" Roshchina. In the Moscow Art Theater, Kozakov began to play Leonid Zorin's play The Copper Grandmother, where Rolan Bykov rehearsed Pushkin's role; the play was closed, Kozakov went to the Theater on Malaya Bronnaya to Dunayev and Efros. Here the actor performed several more roles: Don Juan. There, in Malaya Bronnaya, Kozakov staged two performances: Zorin's comedy The Pokrovsky Gate and O'Neill's play The Soul of the Poet. In 1986, Kozakov left the Theater on Malaya Bronnaya in Lenk. In 1986, he played the role of Polonius in Panfilov's Hamlet at the Lenkom Theatre in the late 1990s, Shadow of the Father in the same Hamlet by German director Peter Stein. In 1978, Kozakov made his debut as a film director, with the two-part television film Nameless Star, based on the play of Mikhail Sebastian.

Afterwards there were films The Pokrovsky Gate, If We Believe Lopotukhin... Trustees by A. N. Ostrovsky, Masquerade by M. Lermontov and others. During the years of perestroika, Kozakov left Russia. However, after working in the Cameri Theater in Tel Aviv, Israel, as an actor and director, Mikhail Kozakov chose to return to Russia. In Moscow, he created his own theater called "Russian Entreprise Mikhail Kozakov."Since 2003, Kozakov was actor of the Mossovet Theatre. The actor read poetry on stage, radio and recorded discs. In 1999, the actor, together with saxophonist Igor Butman, staged a play-concert on Brodsky's verses "Concert for voice and saxophone". In 1997, Mikhail Kozakov's "Acting Book" was published, in which he tells about his life, about different times and people of art in them. In 2010 Kozakov was diagnosed with lung cancer, he went through unsuccessful treatment in Israel and died on 22 April, 2011 in a clinic near Tel Aviv. He was buried at the Vvedenskoye Cemetery in accordance with his will.

Kozakov was married five times. He left his last wife Nadezhda Sedova in 2010 with a scandal, claiming that she had stolen his flat and that she was the cause of his illness, fled to his fourth wife Anna Yampolskaya who lived in Israel along with their children Mikhail and Zoya, he had a daughter Katerina and a son Kirill a prominent Russian actor, from his first marriage to Greta Taar, as well as a daughter Manana

HMS Malabar (1804)

HMS Malabar was a 56-gun fourth rate of the Royal Navy. She had been the East Indiaman Cuvera, launched at Calcutta in 1798, she made one voyage to London for the British East India Company and on her return to India served as a transport and troopship to support General Baird's expedition to Egypt to help General Ralph Abercromby expel the French there. The Navy bought her in 1804 and converted her to a storeship in 1806. After being renamed HMS Coromandel she became a convict ship and made a trip carrying convicts to Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales in 1819, she spent the last 25 years of her career as a receiving ship for convicts in Bermuda before being broken up in 1853. Malabar was built as the East Indiaman Cuvera at Calcutta in 1798, she was a two-decker vessel built of teak from Pegue. Cuvera made one round trip back under Captain John Lowe. Cuvera was at Calcutta on 19 November 1798, she left Calcutta on 12 January, passed Saugor on 28 January 1799. She left Bengal on 10 February, reached St Helena on 10 May.

She arrived at London on 26 July, with 2313 bales of cotton from Bengal. She carried one French officer, taken prisoner in the Nizam's service in 1798. For this service she earned passage money of Rs 1,000; because she sailed in wartime, i.e. during the French Revolutionary Wars, in England Captain John Lowe applied for and received a letter of marque, dated 5 December 1799. Acquiring a letter of marque was usual practice for captains in the EIC's service as it authorised them to engage in offensive action against the French, or their allies, not just defend themselves. Cuvera was admitted to the Registry of Great Britain on 27 November 1799, she left England on 15 February 1800 for the Cape and Bengal, carrying a cargo for the British government. When she left England she was in company with Carron, Scaleby Castle, Minerva, she left Fort St George for Bengal on 4 September 1800. The East India Company chartered her out as a transport and troopship to support Baird's expedition to Egypt to help General Ralph Abercromby expel the French there.

The charter for Cuvera was Rs.14,000 per month. Payments included Rs. 70,000 for five months from 31 December 1800 to April 1801, Rs. 16,000 to Lowe in consideration of his ship "being diverted from its original destination to the Transport Service", Rs 168,000 for 12 months charter from 31 March 1801, Rs. 94,987 for charter to 23 October 1802. On 23 May 1801, Sir Home Popham drew 6,000 Spanish dollars for His Majesty's ships on the expedition from the treasury on Cuvera, while she was in the Judda road. Lowe also received £328 for...sundry presents given to Johnnie Katcheef, of Keree, Teregah Aga, at Cossire, to interest them in the safe conduct of dispatches sent to Commodore Sir Home Popham, K. M. Mr Melville, establishment passing the desert, for the protection of the bakers, &c. &c. working on shore, as well as to the sick landed at Cossire. Baird landed on the Egyptian side of the Red Sea, he led his troops army across the desert to Kena on the Nile, to Cairo. He arrived before the battle of Alexandria in time for the final operations.

General Arthur Wellesley had appointed Lowe agent for the transports at Rs 1000 per month. He received Rs. 9580 10 annas 3 pice for his service from January to 18 October 1802. The Admiralty purchased Cuvera from the East India Company on 30 May 1804 for £19,719 and renamed her Malabar. Barnard & Co. of Deptford fitted her out in June to July 1804 before the Deptford Dockyard completed the work in December. She was commissioned in July 1804 under Captain George Byng. In 1805 she sailed for the West Indies under Captain Robert Hall. On 2 January 1806 she and the brig-sloop Wolf, Captain George Charles Mackenzie, captured the French privateer schooners Régulateur and Napoléon in Port Azarades, Cuba; the port was protected by a double reef of rocks so Hall sent the master of Malabar in a boat to find a passage. Once a passage was found, rather than go in to capture the vessels, Wolfe came in, but stopped about a quarter of a mile away, she engaged the privateers for two hours until their crews abandoned their ships and escaped into the woods.

Wolfe and Malabar sent in their boats to take possession. Régulateur was armed with a brass 18-pounder and four 6-pounder guns, had a crew of 80 men. Napoléon was armed with a long 9-pounder gun, two 12-pounder carronades and two 4-pounder guns, had a crew of 66 men; the British captured only four men. Malabar lost. Wolf lost four wounded. Accounts give the name of the ship that sank as Brutus. Malabar sailed under Captain George Scott in March 1806 and James Aycough in July. From November 1806 to January 1807 Malabar was in Woolwich being fitted as a 20-gun storeship. In November 1806 she was commissioned under Captain John Temple, after fitting out sailed for the North Sea. At a court martial on board Gladiator at Portsmouth on 1 June 1807, Lieutenant Pennyman Stevenson of Malabar was found guilty of neglect of duty and dismissed from the Navy. Malabar sailed for the River Plate that month. Malabar was commissioned in May 1808 under J. Henzell. Lloyd's List reported on 10 May 1808. Legeiro, master, had been sailing from Bengal to Lisbon when the man-of-war Malabar had detained her.

After again fitting out as a storeship in July–August 1808, Malabar was commissioned under F. Bradshaw and served in the Mediterranean from 1809 to 1815. Still, on 19 December 1809 she sailed from Portsmouth as one of the escorts