Carrie is an epistolary horror novel by American author Stephen King. It was his first published novel, released on April 5, 1974, with an approximate first print-run of 30,000 copies. Set in the then-future year of 1979, it revolves around the eponymous Carrie White, an unpopular friendless misfit and bullied high-school girl from an abusive religious household who uses her newly discovered telekinetic powers to exact revenge on those who torment her. During the process, she causes one of the worst local disasters the town has had. King has commented that he finds the work to be "raw" and "with a surprising power to hurt and horrify." It is one of the most banned books in United States schools. Much of the book uses newspaper clippings, magazine articles and excerpts from books to tell how Carrie destroyed the fictional town of Chamberlain, Maine while exacting revenge on her sadistic classmates and her own mother Margaret. Several adaptations of Carrie have been released, including a 1976 feature film, a 1988 Broadway musical as well as a 2012 off-Broadway revival, a 1999 feature film sequel, a 2002 television film, a 2013 feature film and a 2018 television special episode of Riverdale.
The book is dedicated to King's wife Tabitha King: "This is for Tabby, who got me into it – and bailed me out of it." In the Maine town of Chamberlain, Carietta "Carrie" White is a 16-year-old girl, a target of ridicule for her frumpy appearance and unusual religious beliefs, instilled by her despotic mother, Margaret. One day, Carrie has her first period while showering after a physical education class. Carrie's classmates, led by a wealthy, popular girl named Chris Hargensen, throw tampons and sanitary napkins at her; the gym teacher, Rita Desjardin, tries to explain. On the way home, Carrie develops an unusual ability to control objects from a distance. Margaret furiously locks her in a closet so that she may pray; the next day, Desjardin reprimands the girls who bullied Carrie and punishes them with a week's detention, with the penalty for skipping being suspension and exclusion from the prom. After an unsuccessful bid to get her privileges reinstated through her influential father, Chris decides to exact revenge on Carrie.
Sue Snell, another popular girl, feels shame for her previous behavior and convinces her boyfriend, Tommy Ross, to invite Carrie to the prom instead. Carrie is suspicious, but accepts his offer, begins sewing herself a prom dress. Meanwhile, Chris persuades her boyfriend Billy Nolan and his friends to gather two buckets of pig blood as she prepares a measure to rig the prom queen election in Carrie's favor; the prom goes well for Carrie: Tommy's friends are welcoming, Tommy himself finds that he is attracted to her. Chris's plan to rig the election is successful, at the moment of the coronation, from outside, dumps the blood onto Carrie's and Tommy's heads. Tommy dies within minutes; the sight of Carrie drenched in blood invokes laughter from the audience. Unable to withstand the humiliation, Carrie leaves the building. Outside, Carrie decides to enact vengeance on her tormentors. Using her powers, she hermetically seals the gym, activates the sprinkler system, causes a fire that ignites the school's fuel tanks, causing a massive explosion that destroys the building.
Those present at the prom are either killed by electric shock, burn from the fire, or suffocate from the smoke. Carrie, in an overwhelming fit of rage, thwarts any incoming effort to fight the fire by opening the hydrants within the school's vicinity destroys gas stations and cuts power lines on her way home; as she does all this, she broadcasts a telepathic message, making the townspeople aware that the carnage was caused by her if they do not know who she is. Carrie returns home to confront Margaret, who believes she has been possessed by Satan and must be killed. Margaret tells her, she stabs Carrie in the shoulder with a kitchen knife, but Carrie kills her by mentally stopping her heart. Mortally wounded, Carrie makes her way to the roadhouse, she sees Billy leaving, having been informed of the destruction by one of Billy's friends. After Billy attempts to run Carrie over, she mentally takes control of his car and sends it racing into the tavern wall, killing both Billy and Chris. Sue, following Carrie's "broadcast," finds her collapsed in the parking lot, bleeding out from the knife wound.
The two have a brief telepathic conversation. Carrie had believed that Sue and Tommy had set her up for the prank, but realizes that Sue is innocent and has never felt real animosity towards her. Carrie forgives her dies crying out for her mother. A state of emergency is declared, as the survivors make plans to relocate, Chamberlain foresees desolation in spite of the government allocation of finances toward rehabilitating the worker districts. Desjardin and the school's principal blame themselves for what resign from teaching. Sue publishes a memoir based on her experiences; as a "White Committee" report concludes that there are and will be no others like Carrie, an Appalachian woman enthusiastically writes to her sister about her baby daughter's telekinetic powers and reminisces about their grandmother, who had similar abilities. Carrie was King's fourth novel, but it was the first one to be published, it was written while he was living in a trailer, on
Alice French, better known as Octave Thanet, was an American novelist and short fiction writer. Alice French was born at Andover, Massachusetts, a daughter of George Henry French, a successful leather merchant, his wife Frances Morton. Frances Morton French was the daughter of Massachusetts Governor Marcus Morton. Alice had four brothers: George, Morton and Robert. In 1856 the French family moved to Davenport, where the father engaged in manufacturing agricultural implements. Alice progressed through the public schools studied at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, she transferred to Abbot Academy in Andover, graduating in 1868, returning to Davenport. By 1890, she had been settled in her comfortable lifelong lesbian partnership with a widowed friend, Jane Allen Crawford, for close to a decade, dividing their year between their home in Davenport and their plantation in Arkansas; the two women shared their lives, except for Jane's four-year marriage and her European tour. Their home in Iowa, the Alice French House, has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1983.
For fifteen years, the home they shared in Arkansas known as Thanford, was on the National Register. Critics and editors acclaimed Octave Thanet, she was financially successful as a writer, though her investments in banks and railroads provided most of her income. In the 1890s, French published ten books. Between 1896 and 1900, fifty of her stories were published, four different publishers collected five volumes for reprinting. In 1909, French and Crawford gave up their Thanford house, after which French traveled in the United States, speaking for the conservative causes she embraced, adding to them her opposition to woman suffrage, she attended the reunions of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Washington, D. C, her point of view remained fixed in the era of her youth. After the first year of the twentieth century, she lost touch with literary and social developments in the United States, she developed diabetes, complications from the disease caused the loss of one leg and most of her eyesight.
She died on January 1934, in Davenport. She is buried alongside Jane Allen Crawford in Davenport's Oakdale Memorial Gardens French began her literary career with a sentimental story, Hugo's Waiting, printed in the Davenport Gazette in 1871, she worked on Communists and Capitalists, A Sketch from Life, inspired by a railroad workers' strike. The piece was published in October 1878 in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, which paid her forty-two dollars, the first money she earned from writing. At that point, French took the pseudonym “Octave Thanet.” She claimed that she chose “Octave” because it was gender-neutral, that she had seen the word “Thanet” written on a freight car in the Davenport yards. She published stories and essays in such national periodicals as the Atlantic Monthly, Harper’s, Scribner’s Magazine, Century Magazine; these were republished in book-length collections. She published several novels and a work about photography, her first works contained a social and economic bent, such as Schopenhauer on Lake Pepin: A Study, but she soon turned to short stories.
Iowa and Arkansas gave her opportunities for exploiting regions hitherto little attempted in fiction. Her stories The Bishop's Vagabond, The Hay of the Cyclone, Whitsun Harp, Regulator were popular; these appeared in the Atlantic Monthly and Scribner's Magazine. They appeared in her books, her novel Expiation, won high praise. She prided herself on depicting the physical setting of her stories, limning the customs and dialect of her characters. French drew on her travel experiences; the “Schopenhauer” piece arose from a trip to the upper Mississippi Valley. Following a three-month coach tour of Great Britain with industrialist Andrew Carnegie, she published A Day in an English Town and Through Great Britain in a Drag in Lippincott’s; the Alice French House was the center of the area's literary and artistic life, with frequent galas and dinner parties hosting the literati and prominent citizens. French exercised other talents at Thanford; the Bishop's Vagabond Knitters in the Sun We All Expiation Stories of a Western Town Otto the Knight The Defeat of Amos Wickliff The Stout Miss Hopkins's Bicycle The Dream Captured A Book of True Lovers Missionary Sheriff The Heart of Toil An Adventure in Photography The Best Letters of Mary Wortley Montagu The Man of the Hour Stories That End Well A Step on the Stair Two of Alice French's houses have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Alice French House Alice French House Simpson, Ethel C..
"Octave Thanet aka: Alice French". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 31 March 2015. Alice French Dictionary of American Biography, Supplements 1–2: To 1940. New York: American Council of Learned Societies, 1944–1958. Online at Biography Resource Center Alice French Contemporary Authors Online. Online at Biography Resource Center Alice French Papers, 1871–1934 The Newberry Library, Illinois Journey to Obs
Explorair was a German aircraft manufacturer based in Ebringen, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg and in Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg and founded by Mathias Mauch. The company specialized in the design and manufacture of powered parachutes and ultralight trikes in the form of ready-to-fly aircraft for the US FAR 103 Ultralight Vehicles and the European Fédération Aéronautique Internationale microlight categories. Explorair seems to have been founded about 2002 and gone out of business in 2004; the company produced the Explorair Relax MV, a single-seat powered parachute that could be converted to an ultralight trike by substituting a hang glider wing for the parachute wing. Company website archives on Archive.org