U.S. Route 24
U. S. Route 24 is one of the original United States highways of 1926, it ran from Pontiac, Michigan, in the east to Kansas City, Missouri, in the west. Today, the highway's northern terminus is in Independence Township, Michigan, at an intersection with I-75 and its western terminus is near Minturn, Colorado at an intersection with I-70; the highway transitions from north -- south to east -- west signage in Ohio. In Colorado, US 24 runs from Interstate 70 from Minturn where it goes through Minturn and continues south to the Continental Divide at Tennessee Pass, it continues south to Johnson Village and joins with U. S. Route 285 northbound to the Trout Creek Pass. After the pass, US 24 separates from US 285 and continues east to Colorado Springs and northeast to Limon, where US 24 joins I-70 for most of the rest of its routing to the Kansas state line; when the United States Highway System was started in 1926, US 24 in Colorado was designated U. S. Route 40S, it began in Grand Junction and went east along the current Interstate 70 corridor to Minturn, from which it follows the current route to Limon.
From Limon east to the Kansas border, the current US 24 was designated U. S. Route 40N. US 40S west of Limon and US 40N east of Limon received the US 24 designation in 1936, when US 24 was extended west from Kansas City, Missouri; the segment between Grand Junction and Minturn was decommissioned in 1975. In Kansas, US-24 enters from Colorado west of Kanorado. US-24 does not meet I-70 again until Kansas City. On December 1, 2008, US 24 was rerouted southward on US 73 to I-70 west of Kansas City, continuing east on I-70 on the final 16 miles in Kansas. US-24 serves Manhattan, as well as the northern sides of Lawrence; the original designation for the current US-24 route in Kansas was U. S. Route 40N, it went from the Colorado border to Manhattan. In 1936, U. S. Route 24 received its current designation after an extension west from Kansas City. In Kansas, US-24 is merged with US-59 from Williamstown to a place in North Lawrence called Teepee Junction. From there it is merged with US-40 until Kansas City.
In Missouri, US 24 serves Kansas City, Buckner, Waverly, Keytesville, Madison, Monroe City and West Quincy. It is concurrent with U. S. Route 65 between Waverly and Carrollton, passing over the Missouri River via the Waverly Bridge when concurrent. After becoming a two-lane road, it is concurrent with Highway 5 in Keytesville, passes by the city of Huntsville before turning into a four-lane highway and crossing U. S. 63 at Moberly. It is concurrent with U. S. Route 36 east of Monroe City and with U. S. Route 61 from south of Palmyra to West Quincy; the segment shared with US 61 is part of the Avenue of the Saints. Along the route within Independence is Museum. In Illinois, U. S. Route 24 runs west across the Quincy Bayview Bridge and east across the Quincy Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River in Quincy; the cable-stayed Bayview Bridge brings westbound US 24 over the Mississippi River. Eastbound traffic is served by the older Quincy Memorial Bridge; as of 2006, it is the main arterial highway from Quincy northeast to Peoria.
From Quincy to Peoria, the route follows the old Peoria to Quincy stage coach route. John Jacob Astor was the original owner of the tract upon which Astoria was platted in 1836 and served as an important way station on the stage coach route. U. S. 24 travels onto the Shade-Lohman Bridge on interstate 474, it gets off of exit 9. From Peoria, US 24 runs directly east through a number of small towns en route to Indiana and Fort Wayne, the next major metropolitan center. US 24 crosses into Indiana at the state line east of Sheldon. In Indiana, U. S. Route 24 runs east from the Illinois state line to Huntington. At Huntington, U. S. 24 runs to Fort Wayne. The segment of U. S. 24 between Logansport and Toledo, Ohio is part of the Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor project of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act. From Fort Wayne, US 24 follows the path of the Maumee River towards Toledo. In Ohio, the roadway enters the state east of Woodburn, near Antwerp. Between the Indiana state line and Toledo, this portion of the roadway is known as the Fort to Port segment of the Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor.
Between Napoleon and Toledo, modern US 24 lies north of the Maumee River as a highway built to Interstate Highway standards. Just north of Waterville is the site of the Battle of Fallen Timbers of 1794. General Anthony Wayne after, constructing a trail from Fort Wayne to Defiance and defeated an Indian consortium, thus opening northern Ohio to white settlement. At a point on the Toledo's north side US 24 veers from northeast–southwest to true north–south, turning on to Telegraph Road, while Detroit Avenue continues as a city street that connects to M-125 at the Michigan border; the path through Toledo of US 24 follows the course of old US 25, old US 25 being farther away from the course of north–south I-75. Truncated as a state route, what had been US 24 was renumbered as Ohio State Route 25 where it remained a state highway, US 25 in greater Toledo became US 24. In Michigan, U. S. Route 24 enters from Toledo and serves the city of Monroe and the Detroit Metro Area, where it is known as Telegraph Road.
It continues north through the western edge of Detroit. It passes through Michigan'
Missouri's 6th congressional district
Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph; the district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River. The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Atchison, Caldwell, Chariton, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Grundy, Holt, Linn, Mercer, Platte, Schuyler, Worth. Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate; the visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory. George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004; the district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001.
Graves held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points. The 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that voted for Yellow Dog Democrats. After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census, the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois; the biggest geographic addition will be northeast Missouri, most of, in the northern half of the old 9th district. The 6th lost Cooper and Howard counties to the 4th district, Gladstone in southwestern Clay County to the 5th district. Missouri's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present https://web.archive.org/web/20131013222920/http://2010.census.gov/2010census/popmap/
Caldwell County, Missouri
Caldwell County is a county located in Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 9,424, it is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. Its county seat is Kingston; the county was organized December 29, 1836 and named by Alexander Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in George Rogers Clark's Native American Campaign of 1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky. Caldwell County was established as a haven for Mormons, driven from Jackson County in November 1833 and had been refugees in adjacent Clay County since; the county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter Day Saints from Missouri, following the issuance of an "extermination order" by then–Governor Lilburn Boggs. Caldwell County was part of Ray County; the first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr. who settled one-half mile northeast of the public square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.
A few Mormon settlers, evicted from Jackson County, moved into the county in 1832, included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest incident in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre. The settlers established the first town in the county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of 1836; the Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell County in December 1836, with the understanding that it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county seat was Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000; the major figures of early Mormon history, including Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration. Mormon settlers moved further north into Daviess County at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Biblical place where Adam and Eve were banished after leaving the Garden of Eden.
He said. The Mormon War erupted following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon settlers in the Gallatin Election Day Battle. After the Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek, Governor Lilburn Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 to evict the Mormons from the state. Three days a group from Livingston County killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill massacre. Troops laid siege to Far West, where Smith surrendered in October 1838; the settlers agreed to leave. Following the dissolution of Far West, the county seat was moved to present-day Kingston. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 430 square miles, of which 426 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. Daviess County Livingston County Carroll County Ray County Clinton County DeKalb County U. S. Route 36 Route 13 Route 116 As of the census of 2000, there were 8,969 people, 3,523 households, 2,501 families residing in the county; the population density was 8/km². There were 4,493 housing units at an average density of 4/km².
The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,523 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, the median income for a family was $37,087.
Males had a median income of $28,710 versus $19,523 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,343. 11.90% of the population and 9.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.10% of those under the age of 18 and 12.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Braymer C-4 School District – Braymer Braymer Elementary School Braymer High School Breckenridge R-I School District – Breckenridge Breckinridge Elementary School Breckinridge High School Cowgill R-VI School District – Cowgill Cowgill Elementary School Kingston School District No. 42 – Kingston Kingston Elementary School Mirabile C-1 School District – Polo Mirabile Elementary School New York R-IV School District – Hamilton New York Elementary School Polo R-VII School District – Polo Polo Elementary School Polo Middle School Polo High School Breckenridge Public Library Hamilton Public Library The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Caldwell County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.
All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri's 8th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Jim Neely. All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri's 21st D
Chariton County, Missouri
Chariton County is a county located in the North Central portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,831, its county seat is Keytesville. The county was organized November 16, 1820, from part of Howard County and is named for the Chariton River. Chariton County was settled from the states of the Upper South Kentucky and Tennessee, they brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, they started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Chariton was one of several counties settled by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Chariton County was at its heart, it was pro-Confederate during the American Civil War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 767 square miles, of which 751 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Linn County Macon County Randolph County Howard County Saline County Carroll County Livingston County U.
S. Route 24 Route 5 Route 11 Route 129 Route 139 Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 8,438 people, 3,469 households, 2,345 families residing in the county; the population density was 11 people per square mile. There were 4,250 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 3.19% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.41% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.8% were of German, 25.5% American, 9.7% English and 7.8% Irish ancestry. There were 3,469 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.40% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,285, the median income for a family was $39,176. Males had a median income of $25,263 versus $19,068 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,515. About 8.80% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over. Brunswick R-II School District – Brunswick Brunswick Elementary School Brunswick High School Keytesville R-III School District – Keytesville Keytesville Elementary School Keytesville High School Northwestern R-I School District – Mendon Northwestern Elementary School Northwestern High School Salisbury R-IV School District – Salisbury Salisbury Elementary School Salisbury High School St. Joseph School – Salisbury – Roman Catholic Brunswick Area Library Dulany Memorial Library Keytesville Public Library The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Chariton County.
Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county. Chariton County is split between two districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, with both electing Republicans. District 39 – Joe Don McGaugh. Consists of the northern part of the county. District 48 – Dave Muntzel. Consists of the southern part of the county. All of Chariton County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Brian Munzlinger. All of Chariton County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is represented by Sam Graves in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 786, than any candidate from either party in Chariton County during the 2008 presidential primary, she received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican primary in Chariton County. Jane Hadley Barkley—former 2nd Lady of the U. S. wife of Alben Barkley. Walt Disney—Film producer, business leader. John Donaldson -- Negro league baseball pitcher.
Known for pitching a large number of no-hitters. J. William Fulbright—Longtime U. S. Senator and namesake of the Fulbright Scholarship. Cal Hubbard, -- Pro Football Hall of Fame member and former Major League Baseball umpire. Vern Kennedy—Former Major League Baseball pitcher. Darold Knowles—Former MLB relief pitcher. First pitcher to appear in all seven games of a World Series; the baseball field at Brunswick R-II school is named in his honor. Wayne E. Meyer—U. S. Navy admiral, "Father of the Aegis weapons system". W. James Morgan—Union Army officer, responsible for the Burning of Platte City during the American Civil War. Floyd B. Parks -- U. S. Marine aviator who earned the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions leading Marine fighter squadron VMF-221 during the Battle of Midway. Sterling Price, - 11th Governor of Missouri. Confederate General in the Civil War Sol Smith Russell—Comic stage actor of the late 19th century. Russell Opera House in Brunswick is named for him. Wilbur
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Charles Carroll, known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly-named relatives, was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence. He is sometimes referred to as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, although he was not involved in framing the United States Constitution, he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress and as first United States Senator for Maryland. He was the sole Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. Carroll was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence - and the longest lived. Carroll was known contemporaneously as the "First Citizen" of the American Colonies, a consequence of his editorials in the Maryland Gazette. Carroll was the wealthiest, the longest-lived survivor, possessed the highest formal education of all of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
A product of his 17-year Jesuit education in France, Carroll spoke five languages fluently. Born in Annapolis, Carroll inherited vast agricultural estates and was regarded as the wealthiest man in the American colonies when the American Revolution commenced in 1775, his personal fortune at this time was reputed to be 2,100,000 pounds sterling. In addition, Carroll presided over his manor in Maryland. Though barred from holding office in Maryland due to his religion, Carroll emerged as a leader of the state's movement for independence, he was a delegate to the Annapolis Convention and was selected as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776. He was part of an unsuccessful diplomatic mission that Congress sent to Canada in hopes of winning the support of French Canadians. Carroll served in the Maryland Senate from 1781 to 1800, he was elected as one of Maryland's inaugural representatives in the United States Senate, but resigned from the United States Senate in 1792 after Maryland passed a law barring individuals from serving in state and federal office.
After retiring from public office, he helped establish the Ohio Railroad. He was the longest-lived and last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence, dying 56 years after the document was signed; the Carroll family were descendants of the Ó Cearbhaill lords of Éile in Ireland. Carroll's grandfather was the Irish-born Charles Carroll the Settler from Litterluna. Carroll left his native Ireland around the year 1659, emigrated to St. Mary's City, capital of the colony of Maryland, in 1689, with a commission as Attorney General from the colony's Catholic proprietor, Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore. Charles Carroll the Settler was the son of Daniel O'Carroll of Litterluna; the "O'" in Irish surnames was dropped due to the Anglicisation policy of the occupying English during the period of the "Penal Laws". Charles Carroll the Settler had a son, born in 1702 and named Charles. To distinguish himself from his father he was known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis. Carroll was born on September 19, 1737, in Annapolis, the only child of Charles Carroll of Annapolis and Elizabeth Brooke.
He was born illegitimate, as his parents were not married at the time of his birth, for technical reasons to do with the inheritance of the Carroll family estates. They married in 1757; the young Carroll was educated at a Jesuit preparatory school known as Bohemia Manor in Cecil County on Maryland's Eastern Shore. At the age of eleven, he was sent to France, he continued his studies in Europe, read for the law in London before returning to Annapolis in 1765. Charles Carroll of Annapolis granted Carrollton Manor to his son, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, it is from this tract of land that he took his title, "Charles Carroll of Carrollton". Like his father, Carroll was a Roman Catholic, as a consequence was barred by Maryland statute from entering politics, practicing law and voting; this did not prevent him from becoming one of the wealthiest men in Maryland, owning extensive agricultural estates, most notably the large manor at Doughoregan, Hockley Forge and Mill, providing capital to finance new enterprises on the Western Shore.
Carroll was not interested in politics and in any event Catholics had been barred from holding office in Maryland since the 1704 Act seeking "to prevent the growth of Popery in this Province". But, as the dispute between Great Britain and her colonies intensified in the early 1770s, Carroll became a powerful voice for independence. In 1772 he engaged in a debate conducted through anonymous newspaper letters, maintaining the right of the colonies to control their own taxation. Writing in the Maryland Gazette under the pseudonym "First Citizen," he became a prominent spokesman against the governor's proclamation increasing legal fees to state officers and Protestant clergy. Opposing Carroll in these written debates and writing as "Antillon" was Daniel Dulany the Younger, a noted lawyer and loyalist politician. In these debates, Carroll argued that the government of Maryland had long been the monopoly of four families, the Ogles, the Taskers, the Bladens and the
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Lafayette County, Missouri
Lafayette County is a county located in the western portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,381, its county seat is Lexington. The county was organized November 16, 1820 from Cooper County and named Lillard County for James Lillard of Tennessee, who served in the first state constitutional convention and first state legislature, it was renamed Lafayette County on February 16, 1825, in honor of Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de La Fayette, visiting the United States. Lafayette County is part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lafayette County was settled from migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky and Virginia, they brought slaves and slaveholding traditions and started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Peter Youree was born here to the former M. M. Zimmerman; as a young man, he enlisted in the Confederate forces from here, gaining the rank of captain during the American Civil War.
Afterward, he settled in Shreveport, where he married, became a successful merchant and banker, served on the Caddo Parish Police Jury. As a result of the migration from the South, this part of Missouri, neighboring counties, became known as Little Dixie. In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population, the county was pro-Confederate during the American Civil War, but immigrants from Germany, as well as German Americans from St. Louis, began arriving shortly before the war, with many more to come afterwards. Many of the Germans opposed slavery, they made up a large part of the populations of Concordia, Wellington, Higginsville and Lexington. After the war, there were racial tensions. Following Reconstruction, whites lynched two blacks in the decades around the turn of the century. In November 2013, Leland Ray Kolkmeyer pleaded guilty, in federal court, of a fraud scheme in which he embezzled more than $1.5 million from Wellington-Napoleon Fire Protection District and Special Road District while serving as their treasurer.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 639 square miles, of which 628 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water. Ray County Carroll County Saline County Johnson County Jackson County Pettis County Interstate 70 U. S. Route 24 U. S. Route 40 U. S. Route 65 Route 13 Route 23 Route 131 Route 224 Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 32,960 people, 12,569 households, 9,099 families residing in the county; the population density was 52 people per square mile. There were 13,707 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% were of German, 17.5% American, 9.9% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry. There were 12,569 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.60% were non-families.
24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,235, the median income for a family was $45,717. Males had a median income of $31,972 versus $22,684 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,493. About 6.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those ages 65 or over. Concordia R-II School District – Concordia Concordia Elementary School Concordia High School Lafayette County C-1 School District – Higginsville Grandview Elementary School Lafayette County Middle School Lafayette County High School Lexington R-V School District – Lexington Leslie Bell Elementary School Lexington Middle School Lexington High School Odessa R-VII School District – Odessa McQuerry Elementary School Odessa Upper Elementary School Odessa Middle School Odessa High School Santa Fe R-X School District – Alma Santa Fe Elementary School Santa Fe High School Wellington-Napoleon R-IX School District – Wellington Wellington-Napoleon Elementary School Wellington-Napoleon High School Trinity Lutheran School – Alma – Lutheran Holy Cross Lutheran School – Emma – Lutheran Immanuel Lutheran School – Higginsville – Lutheran Victory Christian Fellowship School – Waverly – Nondenominational Christian St. Paul Lutheran Schools – Concordia – Lutheran St. Paul Lutheran Elementary School St. Paul Lutheran High School Robertson Memorial Library Trails Regional Library The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Lafayette County.
Republicans hold a little more than half of the elected positions in the county. Lafayette County is divi