1988 United States presidential election in North Carolina
The 1988 United States presidential election in North Carolina took place on November 8, 1988, was part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. North Carolina voted for the Republican nominee, Vice President George H. W. Bush, over the Democratic nominee, Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis; the final margin was 57.97% to 41.71%, which compared to the other southern states, was close to the southern average. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Pasquotank County voted for the Republican candidate
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
Beaufort, North Carolina
Beaufort is a town in and the county seat of Carteret County, North Carolina, United States. Established in 1709 and incorporated in 1723, Beaufort is the third-oldest town in North Carolina. On February 1, 2012, Beaufort was ranked as "America's Coolest Small Town" by readers of Budget Travel Magazine; the population was 4,039 at the 2010 census. It is sometimes confused with a city of the same name in South Carolina. Beaufort is located in North Carolina's "Inner Banks" region; the town is home to the North Carolina Maritime Museum, the Duke University Marine Laboratory, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research. It is the location of the Rachel Carson Coastal Reserve; the Beaufort Historic District, Carteret County Home, Gibbs House, Jacob Henry House, Old Burying Ground are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In June 1718 Blackbeard the pirate ran his flagship, the Queen Anne's Revenge and his sloop Adventure, aground near present-day Beaufort Inlet, NC.
The Queen Anne's Revenge was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2004 with the reference number 04000148. Thirty two years in August 1750, at least three Spanish merchantmen ran aground in North Carolina during a hurricane. One of the three, the El Salvador, sank near Cape Lookout. Beaufort is located south of the center of Carteret County at 34°43′N 76°39′W, it is located on a channel leading south to the Atlantic Ocean. To the west is the tidal Newport River, separating the town from Morehead City. To the east is the unincorporated neighborhood of Lenoxville, extending to the North River, another tidal river. U. S. Route 70 passes through Beaufort, leading west across the Newport River to Morehead City and northeast 31 miles to its end in the town of Atlantic. According to the United States Census Bureau, Beaufort has a total area of 5.6 square miles, of which 4.6 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile, or 17.75%, is water. As of the census of 2008, there were 4,189 people, 1,780 households, 1,048 families residing in the town.
The population density was 1,374.4 people per square mile. There were 2,187 housing units at an average density of 797.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 75.87% White, 19.99% African American, 0.37% Asian, 0.11% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.77% of the population. There were 1,780 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.1% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.65. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,763, the median income for a family was $39,429. Males had a median income of $30,859 versus $22,955 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,356. About 13.3% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.0% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. Beaufort uses a council-manager form of government; the community elects five council members. Mayors serve two-year terms, council members serve staggered four-year terms. Beaufort Elementary School Tiller School Beaufort Middle School Beaufort students attend East Carteret High School, located north of town Nicholas School of the Environment Marine Lab US 70 NC 101 Michael J. Smith Field Beaufort hosts several annual events, including: Beaufort Music Festival North Carolina Maritime Museum Wooden Boat Show BARTA Fishing Tournament Beaufort Pirate Invasion Beaufort Wine and Food FestivalBeaufort is home to the Carteret County main public library.
On February 1, 2012, Beaufort was ranked as "America's Coolest Small Town" by readers of Budget Travel Magazine. Beaufort NC was named a 2015 Tree City USA by the Arbor Day Foundation in honor of its commitment to effective urban forest management. According to Beaufort Sister Cities, Inc. the city of Beaufort has 19 sister cities: Beaufort Historic Site National Register of Historic Places listings in Carteret County, North Carolina Beaufort, North Carolina travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Beaufort, NC info on InsiderInfo. Us NOAA Beaufort Laboratory
2016 United States presidential election in North Carolina
The 2016 United States presidential election in North Carolina was won by Republican nominee Donald Trump on November 8, 2016, with a 3.67% winning margin, as part of the 2016 general election. North Carolina voters chose 15 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote; the Democratic and Libertarian primaries were on March 15, 2016. In North Carolina, registered members of each party only voted in their party's primary, while voters who were unaffiliated chose any one primary in which to vote. Four candidates appeared on the Democratic presidential primary ballot: Martin O'Malley Bernie Sanders Hillary Clinton Rocky De La Fuente According to a WRAL-TV/SurveyUSA poll conducted the week before the primary: " Clinton holds a commanding lead of 57 percent to 34 percent among Democratic voters over U. S. Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont." Twelve candidates appeared on the Republican presidential primary ballot: Jeb Bush Ben Carson Chris Christie Ted Cruz Carly Fiorina Jim Gilmore Mike Huckabee John Kasich Rand Paul Marco Rubio Rick Santorum Donald Trump According to a WRAL-TV/SurveyUSA poll conducted the week before the primary: " Trump tops U.
S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas 41 percent to 27 percent among GOP voters. U. S. Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida and Ohio Gov. John Kasich trail far behind, at 14 and 11 percent, respectively." Trump managed to pull off a closer than expected win due to both Cruz and his campaigns performances in different metropolitan areas. Trump was strongest in the Charlotte and Wilmington areas. Cruz did best in Greensboro and the Research Triangle region, where North Carolina's major colleges and capitol of Raleigh are located. Eleven candidates appeared on the Libertarian presidential primary ballot:John David Hale Cecil Ince Gary Johnson Steve Kerbel Darryl W. Perry Austin Petersen Derrick Michael Reid Jack Robinson, Jr. Rhett Smith Joy Waymire Marc Allan Feldman In addition to Clinton and Trump, Green Party nominee Jill Stein was granted write-in status by the North Carolina State Board of Elections, the only write-in candidate to qualify. Trump won 10 of 13 congressional districts. Bladen Gates Granville Martin Nash Richmond Robeson Watagua The following were final 2016 predictions from various organizations for North Carolina as of Election Day.
Los Angeles Times: Leans Clinton CNN: Tossup Sabato's Crystal Ball: Leans Clinton NBC: Tossup Electoral-vote.com: Leans Clinton RealClearPolitics: Tossup Fox News: Tossup ABC: TossupPrior to the 2016 election, North Carolina had been a Republican stronghold since 1968 with the state voting Democratic only once between and 2008. In 2008, North Carolina voted Democratic for only the second time in 40 years. However, the state returned to the Republicans in 2012 when the party's nominee, Mitt Romney, carried the state. Throughout the 2016 campaign, North Carolina was considered by most a tossup state, the outcome going into election night was debated; the Trump campaign saw winning North Carolina as crucial in order for Trump to win the Electoral College. Both Trump and Clinton campaigned in the state shortly before the general election. Despite winning the state, Trump, in someways, under-performed in comparison to Romney in 2012. Romney won a majority of the vote in 2012 with 50.4% while Trump only managed a plurality of 49.8%.
Clinton under-performed in comparison to Obama, with Clinton winning only 46.2% in comparison to Obama's 48.35%. This situation was the result of the spike in votes for third party candidates in the state as 4% of North Carolinians voted for a candidate other than the Democratic and Republican nominees in 2016 as opposed to just 1.26% in 2012. An increase in turnout in North Carolina allowed both Trump and Clinton to out-perform Romney and Obama in terms of the total votes each candidate received. In 2016 Trump won around 92,000 more votes than Romney did in 2012 while Clinton won around 10,000 more than Obama. Furthermore, Trump outperformed Romney by winning North Carolina by a greater margin than Romney was able to as Trump won the state over Clinton by 3.6% compared to the 2% margin Romney won over Obama. Trump's win in North Carolina marked the 9th time the state has voted Republican in the last 10 elections and, the state continues to leans more Republican at the presidential level. However, the Democratic victory in the concurrent gubernatorial election, changing demographics and close margins, suggest that the Republican advantage in the state is waning and that it will remain a "battleground state".
Democratic Party presidential debates, 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2016 Republican Party presidential debates, 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2016 Libertarian Party presidential primaries, 2016 North Carolina Bipartisan State Board of Elections and Ethics Enforcement North Carolina Democratic Party North Carolina Republican Party North Carolina Libertarian Party North Carolina Green Party RNC 2016 Republican Nominating Process Green papers for 2016 primaries and conventions
2008 United States presidential election in North Carolina
The 2008 United States presidential election in North Carolina was part of the national event on November 4, 2008, throughout all 50 states and D. C.. In North Carolina, voters chose 15 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. North Carolina was won by Democratic nominee Barack Obama with a 0.32% margin of victory. Prior to the election, most news organizations considered the state as a toss-up, or swing state, but few believed Obama would win it. Throughout the general election, the state was targeted by both campaigns. A high turnout by African-American voters, bolstered by overwhelming support from younger voters were the major factors that helped deliver North Carolina's 15 electoral votes to Obama, making him the first Democratic presidential nominee to carry the state in 32 years. Prior to 2008, the last Democratic candidate to win North Carolina was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton came within 20,000 votes of winning the state in 1992.
As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last time that the Democratic nominee carried North Carolina, as well as Jackson County, Hyde County, Caswell County. North Carolina Democratic primary, 2008 North Carolina Republican primary, 2008 A total of 16 news organizations made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day: D. C. Political Report: Republican Cook Political Report: Toss-Up Takeaway: Toss-Up Electoral-vote.com: Leaning Democrat Washington Post: Toss-Up Politico: Leaning McCain Real Clear Politics: Toss-Up FiveThirtyEight.com: Toss-Up CQ Politics: Toss-Up New York Times: Toss-Up CNN: Toss-Up NPR: Leaning McCain MSNBC: Toss-Up Fox News: Toss-Up Associated Press: Toss-Up Rasmussen Reports: Toss-Up Early on, McCain won every single pre-election poll. However, on September 23, Rasmussen Reports showed Obama leading in a poll for the first time, he won the poll 49% to 47%. After that, polls showed the state being a complete toss-up, as both McCain and Obama were winning many polls and no candidate was taking a consistent lead in the state.
Commentators attributed the drastic turnaround in the state to the influence of voter unhappiness about the financial crisis and the effectiveness of heavy advertising and organizing to get out the vote by the Obama campaign in the fall election. The final three polls found a tie with both candidate at 49%, accurate compared to the results. John McCain raised a total of $2,888,922 in the state. Barack Obama raised $8,569,866. Obama and his interest groups spent $15,178,674. McCain and his interest groups spent $7,137,289; the Democratic ticket visited the state 12 times. The Republican ticket visited the state 8 times; the winner was not certain several days after the election, as thousands of provisional and absentee ballots were still being counted. However, when it became evident that McCain would need to win an improbable majority of these votes to overcome Obama's election night lead, the major news networks called the state's 15 electoral votes for Obama. North Carolina was the second-closest state in 2008.
Situated in the South, which has become a Republican stronghold in recent elections, North Carolina is an anomaly. While Democratic at the local and state level, the last Democratic presidential nominee to win the Tar Heel State was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Obama decided early on to campaign aggressively in the state, it paid off quickly. He dramatically outspent McCain in the state and had an extensive grassroots campaign of organizing to get out the vote; this was one of the closest statewide contests of 2008, as Obama captured North Carolina just by 0.32 percent of the vote - a margin of only 14,177 votes out of 4.2 million statewide. Only in Missouri was the race closer, where McCain nipped Obama by less than 4,000 votes, a margin of 0.14 percent. Republicans have traditionally done well in the western part of North Carolina, a part of Appalachia, while Democrats are stronger in the urbanized east; when a Democrat wins in North Carolina everything from Charlotte eastward is coated blue. When Democrats lose, they still retain a number of counties in the industrial southeast, the African-American northeast, the fast-growing I-85 Corridor in the Piedmont, sometimes the western Appalachian region next to Tennessee.
For example, a map of Bill Clinton's narrow 1992 loss in North Carolina shows him narrowly winning all these regions. Obama did not take the traditional Democratic path to victory. Instead, his main margins came from the cities, where he did well throughout the country. While Obama won only 33 of North Carolina's 100 counties, these counties contained more than half of the state's population. Obama's victory margin came by running up huge majorities in the I-85 Corridor, a developing megalopolis, home to more than two-thirds of the state's population and casts 70 percent of the state's vote; the state's five largest counties--Mecklenburg Wake, Guilford and Durham --are all located in this area, Obama swept them all by 11 percentage points or more. In 1992, Bill Clinton had been able to win only Durham County by this margin. Obama's combined margin of 350,000 votes in these counties was too much for McCain to overcome. McCain did well in the Charlotte subur
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America, they defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War in alliance with others. Members of American colonial society argued the position of "no taxation without representation", starting with the Stamp Act Congress in 1765, they rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them because they lacked members in that governing body. Protests escalated to the Boston Massacre in 1770 and the burning of the Gaspee in Rhode Island in 1772, followed by the Boston Tea Party in December 1773, during which Patriots destroyed a consignment of taxed tea; the British responded by closing Boston Harbor followed with a series of legislative acts which rescinded Massachusetts Bay Colony's rights of self-government and caused the other colonies to rally behind Massachusetts. In late 1774, the Patriots set up their own alternative government to better coordinate their resistance efforts against Great Britain.
Tensions erupted into battle between Patriot militia and British regulars when the king's army attempted to capture and destroy Colonial military supplies at Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. The conflict developed into a global war, during which the Patriots fought the British and Loyalists in what became known as the American Revolutionary War; each of the thirteen colonies formed a Provincial Congress that assumed power from the old colonial governments and suppressed Loyalism, from there they built a Continental Army under the leadership of General George Washington. The Continental Congress determined King George's rule to be tyrannical and infringing the colonists' rights as Englishmen, they declared the colonies free and independent states on July 2, 1776; the Patriot leadership professed the political philosophies of liberalism and republicanism to reject monarchy and aristocracy, they proclaimed that all men are created equal. The Continental Army forced the redcoats out of Boston in March 1776, but that summer the British captured and held New York City and its strategic harbor for the duration of the war.
The Royal Navy blockaded ports and captured other cities for brief periods, but they failed to defeat Washington's forces. The Patriots unsuccessfully attempted to invade Canada during the winter of 1775–76, but captured a British army at the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777. France now entered the war as an ally of the United States with a large army and navy that threatened Britain itself; the war turned to the American South where the British under the leadership of Charles Cornwallis captured an army at Charleston, South Carolina in early 1780 but failed to enlist enough volunteers from Loyalist civilians to take effective control of the territory. A combined American–French force captured a second British army at Yorktown in the fall of 1781 ending the war; the Treaty of Paris was signed September 3, 1783, formally ending the conflict and confirming the new nation's complete separation from the British Empire. The United States took possession of nearly all the territory east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes, with the British retaining control of Canada and Spain taking Florida.
Among the significant results of the revolution was the creation of the United States Constitution, establishing a strong federal national government that included an executive, a national judiciary, a bicameral Congress that represented states in the Senate and the population in the House of Representatives. The Revolution resulted in the migration of around 60,000 Loyalists to other British territories British North America; as early as 1651, the English government had sought to regulate trade in the American colonies. On October 9, the Navigation Acts were passed pursuant to a mercantilist policy intended to ensure that trade enriched only Great Britain, barring trade with foreign nations; some argue that the economic impact was minimal on the colonists, but the political friction which the acts triggered was more serious, as the merchants most directly affected were most politically active. King Philip's War ended in 1678, much of it was fought without significant assistance from England.
This contributed to the development of a unique identity from that of the British people. In the 1680s, King Charles II determined to bring the New England colonies under a more centralized administration in order to regulate trade more effectively, his efforts were fiercely opposed by the colonists, resulting in the abrogation of their colonial charter by the Crown. Charles' successor James II finalized these efforts in 1686, establishing the Dominion of New England. Dominion rule triggered bitter resentment throughout New England. New Englanders were encouraged, however, by a change of government in England that saw James II abdicate, a populist uprising overthrew Dominion rule on April 18, 1689. Colonial governments reasserted their control in the wake of the revolt, successive governments made no more attempts to restore the Dominion. Subsequent English governments continued in their efforts to tax certain goods, passing acts regulating the trade of wool and molasses; the Molasses Act of 1733 in particular was egregious to the colonists, as a significant part of colonial trade relied on the product.
The taxes damaged the N