Casimir III the Great

Casimir III Piast, the Great reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370. He was the third son of King Władysław I and Duchess Jadwiga of Kalisz, the last Polish king from the Piast dynasty. Kazimierz inherited a kingdom made it prosperous and wealthy, he doubled the size of the kingdom. He reformed the judicial system and introduced a legal code, gaining the title "the Polish Justinian". Kazimierz founded the University of Kraków, the oldest Polish university, he confirmed privileges and protections granted to Jews and encouraged them to settle in Poland in great numbers. Kazimierz left no lawful male heir to his throne; when Kazimierz died in 1370 from an injury received while hunting, his nephew, King Louis I of Hungary, succeeded him as king of Poland in personal union with Hungary. When Kazimierz attained the throne in 1333, his position was in danger, as his neighbours did not recognise his title and instead called him "king of Kraków"; the kingdom was depopulated and exhausted by war, the economy was ruined.

In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir was forced to relinquish his claims to Silesia "in perpetuity". Kazimierz rebuilt and his kingdom became prosperous and wealthy, with great prospects for the future, he waged many victorious wars and doubled the size of the kingdom through addition of lands in modern-day Ukraine. Kazimierz built extensively during his reign, ordering the construction of over 40 castles, including many castles along the Trail of the Eagle's Nests, he reformed the Polish army. At the Sejm in Wiślica, on 11 March 1347, Kazimierz introduced reforms to the Polish judicial system and sanctioned civil and criminal codes for Great and Lesser Poland, earning the title "the Polish Justinian", he founded the University of Kraków, the oldest Polish University, he organized a meeting of kings in Kraków in 1364 at which he exhibited the wealth of the Polish kingdom. Kazimierz is the only king in Polish history to both receive and retain the title of "Great". In 1355, in Buda, Kazimierz designated his nephew Louis I of Hungary as his successor should he produce no male heir, as his father had with Charles I of Hungary to gain his help against Bohemia.

In exchange Kazimierz gained a favourable Hungarian attitude, needed in disputes with the hostile Teutonic Order and Kingdom of Bohemia. Kazimierz at the time was still in his early years and having a son did not seem to be a problem. Kazimierz left no legal son, begetting five daughters instead, he tried to adopt Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania, in his last will. The child had been born to his second daughter, Duchess of Pomerania, in 1351; this part of the testament was invalidated by Louis I of Hungary, who had traveled to Kraków after Kazimierz died and bribed the nobles with future privileges. Kazimierz III had a son-in-law, Louis VI of Bavaria and Prince-elector of Brandenburg, considered a possible successor, but he was deemed ineligible as his wife, Kazimierz's daughter Cunigunde, had died in 1357 without issue, thus King Louis I of Hungary became successor in Poland. Louis was proclaimed king upon Kazimierz's death in 1370, though Kazimierz's sister Elisabeth held much of the real power until her death in 1380.

Casimir was facetiously named "the Peasants' King". He introduced the codes of law of Greater and Lesser Poland as an attempt to end the overwhelming superiority of the nobility. During his reign all three major classes — the nobility and bourgeoisie — were more or less counterbalanced, allowing Casimir to strengthen his monarchic position, he was known for siding with the weak. He even supported a peasant whose house had been demolished by his own mistress, after she had ordered it to be pulled down because it disturbed her enjoyment of the beautiful landscape. On 9 October 1334, he confirmed. Under penalty of death, he prohibited the kidnapping of Jewish children for the purpose of enforced Christian baptism, he inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. While Jews had lived in Poland since before his reign, Casimir allowed them to settle in Poland in great numbers and protected them as people of the king. Casimir III was born in Kowal, he married four times. Casimir first married the daughter of Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania.

The marriage produced two daughters, married to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Elisabeth, married to Duke Bogislaus V of Pomerania. Aldona died in 1339, Casimir married Adelaide of Hesse, he divorced Adelaide in 1356, married Christina, divorced her, while Adelaide and Christina were still alive, he married Hedwig of Głogów and Sagan. He had three daughters by his fourth wife, they were still young when he died, regarded as of dubious legitimacy because of Casimir's bigamy. On 30 April or 16 October 1325, Casimir married Aldona of Lithuania, she was a daughter of Gediminas of Jewna. They had two children: Elisabeth of Poland. Casimir remained a widower for two years. On 29 September 1341, Casimir married Adelaide of Hesse, she was a daughter of Henry II

Jean de la Barrière

Jean Baptiste de la Barrière was a religious figure. He was the commendatory abbot of Les Feuillants Abbey at the age of 19, founder of the reformed Cistercian order that arose there, the Feuillants. During his life he became a spiritual adviser to King Henry III of France. During 1587 Henry III built a monastery for the Feuillants to commemorate his friendship with Jean. Jean lived a patient, compassionate life and adopted routines such as sleeping on the floor with a stone pillow and eating without tables. Jean did not eat fish or eggs, nor did he allow his followers to do so; the Feuillants used herbs for sacred rituals. A couple of Jean's followers attempted to assassinate him via poison. After the assassination of Henri III, Jean de la Barrière was forced into lay communion by the church. However, this did not last long. With the help of his friend Countess Catherine Nobili Sforza, he was reinstated. Jean died soon after in the arms of his friend Cardinal Arnaud d'Ossat during the year 1600.

After his death Jean's heart was preserved by the church. He received the first degree of Sanctity from the Roman Catholic church and was given the title of Venerable


LucidEra was an on-demand business intelligence solution provider. On June 22, 2009, it was announced that LucidEra would cease operations by the end of June 2009. LucidEra was founded in 2005 by Ken Rudin, John Sichi, Tai Tran. Series A funding was led by Benchmark Matrix Partners. In 2007, LucidEra secured Series B funding led by Crosslink Capital; the company's CEO, Ken Rudin, summarizes the vision: "Our ultimate goal is to be to BI what is to CRM and all kinds of transaction applications.". LucidEra was a held company headquartered in San Mateo, California. LucidEra ceased operations in June 2009. Birst, GoodData are offering safe harbor programs for LucidEra customers. LucidEra's offering was focused on analytics of ERP data. However, the analytics applications were not special-purpose built, rather LucidEra developed a generic BI platform, upon which it built vertical solutions; the company's technology was reliant on open source software such as JBoss, Dojo Toolkit and software from the Eigenbase Foundation.

LucidEra is a key contributor to the LucidDB project, hosted by the Eigenbase Foundation. Two of the founders of LucidEra, John Sichi and Tai Tran, are executives of the Eigenbase Foundation. Much of the BI technology the ETL, Column-oriented DBMS technology, was based on source code acquired from Broadbase, was extensively adapted to a modern SaaS architecture. LucidEra launched its first offering, the forecast to billing application, in March 2007. LucidSnapShots was released summer of 2007. In the fall of 2007, LucidEra announced availability of Revenue Lifecycle Analysis and Sales Analysis on's AppExchange