New York, New York (1977 film)
New York, New York is a 1977 American musical drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Mardik Martin and Earl Mac Rauch based on a story by Rauch. It is a musical tribute, featuring new songs by John Kander and Fred Ebb as well as jazz standards, to Scorsese's home town of New York City, stars Robert De Niro and Liza Minnelli as a pair of musicians and lovers; the story is "about a jazz saxophonist and a pop singer who fall madly in love and marry". The film marked the final screen appearance of actor Jack Haley; the story opens on V-J Day in 1945. A massive celebration in a New York City nightclub is underway, music provided by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra. While there and smooth-talking saxophone player Jimmy Doyle meets small-time USO singer Francine Evans, although lonely, still wants nothing to do with Jimmy, who keeps pestering her for her phone number; the next morning, they end up sharing a cab, against her will, Francine accompanies Jimmy to an audition. There he gets into an argument with the club owner.
Francine, to get the audition back on track, begins to sing the old standard, "You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me". The club owner is impressed and, to Francine's astonishment, they are both offered a job—as a boy-girl act. From that moment on, Jimmy and Francine's relationship deepens into a mix of love, but there are problems—mainly, Jimmy's tendency to fight with his co-workers, his violent arguments with Francine, who becomes pregnant with his child. An bad shouting match between them results in Francine going into labor. Jimmy rushes her to the hospital, but Jimmy is not ready to be a father, or a good husband, he abandons his wife, declining to see his newborn son as he leaves the hospital. Several years in a recording studio, Francine records "But the World Goes Round", a powerful anthem which makes the charts and turns her into a popular entertainment figure. In the years that follow and Francine both find success in the music industry. Jimmy records a song of his on his saxophone which tops the jazz charts, Francine cements her stardom after singing that same song, "New York, New York", for which she has provided the lyrics.
Her performance, received by a wildly appreciative audience, takes place in the same nightclub where, years earlier and Jimmy had met. After the show, Jimmy telephones his ex-wife. Francine is tempted, heads toward the stage door exit, but at the last moment changes her mind. Jimmy, waiting on the sidewalk, realizes he has been stood up and heads off down the street, accompanied by the song he has written—the "Theme from New York, New York". Liza Minnelli as Francine Evans Robert De Niro as Jimmy Doyle Lionel Stander as Tony Harwell Barry Primus as Paul Wilson Mary Kay Place as Bernice Bennett Frank Sivero as Eddie DiMuzio Georgie Auld as Frankie Harte George Memmoli as Nicky Harry Northup as Alabama Dick Miller as Palm Club Owner Clarence Clemons as Cecil Powell Casey Kasem as DJ aka Midnight Bird Adam David Winkler as Jimmy Doyle, Jr. Jack Haley as Master of Ceremonies The theme song of the film, "Theme from New York, New York", found its own success when Frank Sinatra recorded a cover version of it in 1980.
The song became a hit, both Sinatra's and Minnelli's versions have become associated with Manhattan in New York City. Minnelli continues to perform the number at nearly all of her concerts. Made after Scorsese's successful Taxi Driver, the film was a box-office failure, its budget was $14 million, a large figure at the time, it grossed only $16.4 million at the box office. The disappointing reception drove Scorsese into depression and drugs. However, it is reported in Peter Biskind's book Easy Riders, Raging Bulls that Scorsese's addiction to cocaine and complete lack of control over the improvisation of dialogue on the set were major factors that contributed to the failure of the film. United Artists recouped its loss on the film as a result of an agreement wherein they would share the profits with Rocky, which the executives had expected to be a flop. In his introduction to the film's DVD, released in 2005, Scorsese explains that he intended the film as a break from the gritty realism for which he had become famous, sees it as an homage to the musical films of Classical Hollywood.
For this reason, he storyline to be deliberately artificial-looking. He acknowledges; the film holds a 59%'Rotten' rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 32 reviews. TIME reviewer Christopher Porterfield stated that "If this movie were a big-band arrangement, it would be a duet for a sax man and a girl singer, but with the soloists in a different key from the band." Critic Dave Kehr from the Chicago Reader wrote that "Scorsese created a handsome and dynamic film, but the spectacular set pieces don't add up to much." Variety's uncredited reviewer stated that in "a final burst from Old Hollywood, Minnelli tears into the title song and it's a wowser." Reviewer Geoff Andrew from Time Out states that "Scorsese's tribute/parody/critique of the MGM musical is a razor-sharp dissection of the conventions of both meeting-cute romances and rags-to-riches biopics." Reviewer Vincent Canby from The New York Times questioned, "Why should a man of Mr. Scorsese's talent
A marina is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats. A marina differs from a port in that a marina does not handle large passenger ships or cargo from freighters; the word marina is used for inland wharves on rivers and canals that are used by non-industrial pleasure craft such as canal narrowboats. Marinas may be inland, they are located on coastal harbors or coastal lagoons, either as stand alone facilities or within a port complex. A marina may have refueling and repair facilities and boat chandlers and restaurants. A marina may include ground facilities such as parking lots for vehicles and boat trailers. Slipways transfer a trailered boat into the water. A marina may have a boat hoist well operated by service personnel. A marina may provide in- or out-of-water boat storage. Fee-based services such as parking, use of picnic areas and clubhouses for showers are included in long-term rental agreements. Visiting yachtsmen have the option of buying each amenity from a fixed schedule of fees.
The right to use the facilities is extended at overnight or period rates to visiting yachtsmen. Since marinas are limited by available space, it may take years on a waiting list to get a permanent berth. Boats are moored on buoys, on fixed or floating walkways tied to an anchoring piling by a roller or ring mechanism. Buoys are less convenient than being able to walk from land to boat. Harbor shuttles, may transfer people between the shore and boats moored on buoys; the alternative is a tender such as an inflatable boat. Facilities offering fuel, boat ramps and stores will have a common-use dock set aside for such short term parking needs. Where the tidal range is large, marinas may use locks to maintain the water level for several hours before and after low water. Marinas may be owned and operated by a private club yacht clubs — but as private enterprises or municipal facilities. Marinas may be standalone private businesses, components of a resort, or owned and operated by public entities. List of marinas "MARINA - Maritime Industry Authority".
SeamanRepublic.com. Retrieved 12 March 2015
American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality. The current Jewish community in the United States consists of Ashkenazi Jews, who descend from diaspora Jewish populations of Central and Eastern Europe and comprise about 90-95% of the American Jewish population. Most American Ashkenazim are US-born, with a dwindling number of now elderly earlier immigrants, as well as some more recent foreign-born immigrants. During the colonial era, prior to the mass immigration of Ashkenazim and Portuguese Jews represented the bulk of America's small Jewish population, while their descendants are a minority today, they along with an array of other Jewish communities represented the remainder of American Jews, including other more recent Sephardic Jews, Mizrahi Jews, various other ethnically Jewish communities, as well as a smaller number of converts to Judaism; the American Jewish community manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions, encompassing the full spectrum of Jewish religious observance.
Depending on religious definitions and varying population data, the United States has the largest or second largest Jewish community in the world, after Israel. In 2012, the American Jewish population was estimated at between 5.5 and 8 million, depending on the definition of the term, which constitutes between 1.7% and 2.6% of the total U. S. population. Jews have been present in the Thirteen Colonies since the mid-17th century. However, they were small in number, with at most 200 to 300 having arrived by 1700; those early arrivers were Sephardic Jewish immigrants, of Western Sephardic ancestry, but by 1720 Ashkenazi Jews from Central and Eastern Europe predominated. The English Plantation Act 1740 for the first time permitted Jews to become British citizens and emigrate to the colonies. Despite some being denied the ability to vote or hold office in local jurisdictions, Sephardic Jews became active in community affairs in the 1790s, after achieving political equality in the five states where they were most numerous.
Until about 1830, South Carolina had more Jews than anywhere else in North America. Large-scale Jewish immigration commenced in the 19th century, when, by mid-century, many German Jews had arrived, migrating to the United States in large numbers due to antisemitic laws and restrictions in their countries of birth, they became merchants and shop-owners. There were 250,000 Jews in the United States by 1880, many of them being the educated, secular, German Jews, although a minority population of the older Sephardic Jewish families remained influential. Jewish migration to the United States increased in the early 1880s, as a result of persecution and economic difficulties in parts of Eastern Europe. Most of these new immigrants were Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, most of whom arrived from the poor diaspora communities of the Russian Empire and the Pale of Settlement, located in modern-day Poland, Belarus and Moldova. During the same period, great numbers of Ashkenazi Jews arrived from Galicia, at that time the most impoverished region of the Austro-Hungarian empire with a heavy Jewish urban population, driven out by economic reasons.
Many Jews emigrated from Romania. Over 2,000,000 Jews landed between the late 19th century and 1924, when the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration. Most settled in the New York metropolitan area, establishing the world's major concentrations of Jewish population. In 1915 the circulation of the daily Yiddish newspapers was half a million in New York City alone, 600,000 nationally. In addition thousands more subscribed to the numerous weekly papers and the many magazines. At the beginning of the 20th century, these newly arrived Jews built support networks consisting of many small synagogues and Landsmanshaften for Jews from the same town or village. American Jewish writers of the time urged assimilation and integration into the wider American culture, Jews became part of American life. 500,000 American Jews fought in World War II, after the war younger families joined the new trend of suburbanization. There, Jews became assimilated and demonstrated rising intermarriage; the suburbs facilitated the formation of new centers, as Jewish school enrollment more than doubled between the end of World War II and the mid-1950s, while synagogue affiliation jumped from 20% in 1930 to 60% in 1960.
More recent waves of Jewish emigration from Russia and other regions have joined the mainstream American Jewish community. Americans of Jewish descent have been disproportionately successful in many fields and aspects over the years; the Jewish community in America has gone from a lower class minority, with most studies putting upwards of 80% as manual factory laborers prior to World War I and with the majority of fields barred to them, to the consistent richest or second richest ethnicity in America for the past 40 years in terms of average annual salary, with high concentrations in academia and other fields, today have the highest per capita income of any ethnic group in the United States, at around double the average income of non-Jewish Americans. In 2016, Modern Orthodox Jews had a median household income of $158,000, while Open Orthodox Jews had a median household income at $185,000. Scholars debate whether the favorable historical experience for Jews in the United States has been such a unique experience as to validate American exceptionalism.
Universal Pictures is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Nordisk Film, the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market, its studios are located in Universal City and its corporate offices are located in New York City. Universal Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America, was one of the "Little Three" majors during Hollywood's golden age. Universal Studios was founded by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane and Jules Brulatour. One story has Laemmle watching a box office for hours, counting patrons and calculating the day's takings.
Within weeks of his Chicago trip, Laemmle gave up dry goods to buy the first several nickelodeons. For Laemmle and other such entrepreneurs, the creation in 1908 of the Edison-backed Motion Picture Trust meant that exhibitors were expected to pay fees for Trust-produced films they showed. Based on the Latham Loop used in cameras and projectors, along with other patents, the Trust collected fees on all aspects of movie production and exhibition, attempted to enforce a monopoly on distribution. Soon and other disgruntled nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Julius Stern; that company evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company, with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give screen credits to performers. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the star system.
In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence known as "The Biograph Girl", actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing. The Universal Film Manufacturing Company was incorporated in New York on April 30, 1912. Laemmle, who emerged as president in July 1912, was the primary figure in the partnership with Dintenfass, Kessel, Swanson and Brulatour. All would be bought out by Laemmle; the new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era. Following the westward trend of the industry, by the end of 1912 the company was focusing its production efforts in the Hollywood area. On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct subsidiary organization.
Unlike other movie moguls, Laemmle opened his studio to tourists. Universal became the largest studio in Hollywood, remained so for a decade. However, it sought an audience in small towns, producing inexpensive melodramas and serials. In its early years Universal released three brands of feature films—Red Feather, low-budget programmers. Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood. Despite Laemmle's role as an innovator, he was an cautious studio chief. Unlike rivals Adolph Zukor, William Fox, Marcus Loew, Laemmle chose not to develop a theater chain, he financed all of his own films, refusing to take on debt. This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands and Foolish Wives, but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing in dramas. His two biggest hits for Universal were The Phantom of the Opera. During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg. Thalberg had been Laemmle's personal secretary, Laemmle was impressed by his cogent observations of how efficiently the studio could be operated. Promoted to studio chief, Thalberg was giving Universal's product a touch of class, but MGM's head of production Louis B. Mayer lured Thalberg away from Universal with a promise of better pay. Without his guidance Universal became a second-tier studio, would remain so for several decades. In 1926, Universal opened a production unit in Germany, Deutsche Universal-Film AG, under the direction of Joe Pasternak; this unit produced three to four films per year until 1936, migrating to Hungary and Austria in the face of Hitler's increasing domination of central Europe. With the advent of sound, these productions were made in the German language or Hungarian or Polish.
In the U. S. Universal Pictures did not distribute any of this subsidiary's films, but at least some of them were exhibited through othe
The Hacienda Resort Hotel and Casino was a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, that operated from 1956 to 1996. It was one of a chain of four Hacienda properties, with the other three being located in Fresno and Indio, California; each Hacienda featured a distinctive rider sign. Located by itself on the far south end of the Las Vegas Strip, it was the first resort seen by tourists driving up from California. Since it was so far from the other resorts at the time, many people who stayed at the Hacienda would not go elsewhere; the Hacienda was located close to McCarran International Airport, at one point they had their own airline, Hacienda Airlines, to fly in gamblers from all over the US. The Hacienda was known for their inexpensive, all-inclusive junkets marketed to American Midwestern retirees. Work on the Lady Luck Hotel had begun by 1953. Before construction reached the halfway mark, the projects' financing fell apart, management was denied a gaming license by state regulators.
One of the investors, Warren "Doc" Bayley, a travel columnist and owner of the Hacienda Motel in Fresno, stepped in to take over, agreeing to lease the property for $55,000 per month for 15 years. He changed the name from Lady Luck to Hacienda; the Hacienda opened on October 17, 1956, at a cost of $6 million, with 266 rooms and the largest swimming pool on the Strip. Bayley formed Hacienda Airlines in 1957. Offering packages that included transportation from Los Angeles to the Hacienda as well as a room and some casino chips; the airline included DC-4s and Lockheed Constellations numbering as many as 30 aircraft. After Bayley's death in 1965, his widow, Judith Bayley, took over management. After her death, the property was sold in 1972 for $5 million to a group led by Allen R. Glick, revealed as a frontman for organized crime interests. In 1977, Paul Lowden, the Hacienda's entertainment director and owner of a 15% stake, bought out Glick and the other owners for $21 million; the Gaming Control Board voted to deny Lowden a license due to his association with Glick, but was overruled by the Gaming Commission.
Magician Herbert L. Becker produced and wrote his own show at the Hacienda beginning in 1977; the show ran on a staggered schedule before Becker went into retirement. Magician Lance Burton produced and wrote his own show at the Hacienda beginning in 1991; the show ran for five years before Burton moved to the Monte Carlo Casino. In 1995, the Hacienda was purchased by Circus Circus Enterprises from Lowden's Archon Corporation. By this time, it was dwarfed by the many new megaresorts that were being built, in particular the Luxor which had just been completed; the Hacienda's closure was announced in September 1996. On December 10, 1996, the Hacienda was closed to the public after 40 years; the implosion began on December 31 at 8:53 p.m. local time, was notably televised as the culmination of Fox's 1997 New Year's Eve special. Despite the implosion, parts of the old resort still stood, due to the building not falling into its footprint, but toppling into its parking lot; the next day a wrecking crew was brought in to bring down the remaining parts.
In March 1999, it was replaced by the Mandalay Bay. The Hacienda name was licensed to the Hacienda Hotel and Casino in Boulder City
Goodfellas is a 1990 American crime film directed by Martin Scorsese. It is an adaptation of the 1985 non-fiction book Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi, who co-wrote the screenplay with Scorsese; the film narrates the rise and fall of mob associate Henry Hill and his friends and family from 1955 to 1980. Scorsese titled the film Wise Guy and postponed making it. To prepare for their roles in the film, Robert De Niro, Joe Pesci and Ray Liotta spoke with Pileggi, who shared research material left over from writing the book. According to Pesci, improvisation and ad-libbing came out of rehearsals wherein Scorsese gave the actors freedom to do whatever they wanted; the director made transcripts of these sessions, took the lines he liked best and put them into a revised script, which the cast worked from during principal photography. Made on a budget of $25 million, Goodfellas grossed $46.8 million. It received positive reviews from critics and was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, with Pesci winning for Best Supporting Actor.
The film won five awards from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, including Best Film and Best Director. Additionally, Goodfellas was named the year's best film by various critics' groups. Goodfellas is regarded as one of the greatest films in the gangster genre. In 2000, it was deemed "culturally and aesthetically significant" and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the United States Library of Congress, its content and style have been emulated in television series. In 1955, Henry Hill, a high school student, becomes enamored of the criminal life in his neighborhood, begins working for Paul "Paulie" Cicero and his associates: James "Jimmy the Gent" Conway, a truck hijacker. Henry begins as fence for Jimmy working his way up to more serious crimes. Enjoying the perks of their criminal life, the three associates spend most of their nights at the Copacabana nightclub, carousing with women. Henry starts dating a Jewish woman from the Five Towns area of Long Island.
Karen is troubled by Henry's criminal activities, but is seduced by his glamorous lifestyle. They marry, despite her parents' disapproval. In 1970, Gambino family member Billy Batts insults Tommy at a nightclub owned by Henry. Enraged and Jimmy attack and kill him; the murder of a made man would warrant retribution from the Gambinos. Knowing this, Jimmy and Tommy cover up the murder, they transport the body in the trunk of Henry's car, bury it in upstate New York. Six months Jimmy learns that the burial site is slated for development, forcing them to exhume and relocate the decomposing corpse. A jealous Karen holds Henry at gunpoint. Henry moves in with Janice, but Paulie insists he return to Karen after collecting a debt from a gambler in Tampa with Jimmy. Upon returning and Henry are arrested after being turned in by the gambler's sister, an FBI typist, receive ten-year prison sentences. In order to support his family on the outside, Henry has drugs smuggled in by Karen and sells them to a fellow inmate from Pittsburgh.
In 1978, Henry is paroled and expands this cocaine business against Paulie's orders, soon involving Jimmy and Tommy. Jimmy organizes a crew to raid the Lufthansa vault at John F. Kennedy International Airport and take $6 million. After some members buy expensive items against Jimmy's orders and the getaway truck is found by police, he has most of the crew murdered. In his voiceover narration, as dead bodies are being discovered all over the city, Henry implicitly theorizes that Jimmy would have killed them anyway rather than share the profits of the heist. Tommy and Henry are spared by Jimmy. Tommy, however, is tricked into believing he is to become a made man and is shot dead in retribution for Batts' murder. By 1980, Henry has become a nervous wreck from cocaine insomnia, he sets up a drug deal with his Pittsburgh associates, but is arrested by narcotics agents and jailed. After bailing him out, Karen explains that she flushed $60,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet to prevent FBI agents from finding it during their raid, leaving the family penniless.
Feeling betrayed by Henry's drug dealing, Paulie ends their association. Following a routine visit, Karen escapes a probable murder attempt by Jimmy. Henry is asked to travel on a hit assignment. Facing federal charges, realizing Jimmy plans to have him and Karen killed, Henry decides to enroll in the Witness Protection Program though it means that Karen will not be able to see her parents, he gives sufficient testimony to have Jimmy arrested and convicted. Forced out of his gangster life, Henry now has to face living in the real world, he narrates "I'm an average nobody. I get to live the rest of my life like a schnook"; the end title cards reveal that Henry is still a protected witness and was arrested in 1987 in Seattle for narcotics conspiracy, receiving five years probation. He has been clean since then. After 25 years of marriage and Karen separated in 1989. Paulie died in 1988 in Fort Worth Federal Prison at the age of 73 from respiratory illness. Jimmy is serving a twenty-years-to-life sentence in a New York prison for murder and will not be eligible for parole until 2004, when he will be 78 years old.
Goodfellas is based on New York crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi's book Wiseguy. Martin Scorsese did no
Anthony John Spilotro, nicknamed "The Ant", was an American mobster and enforcer for the Chicago Outfit in Las Vegas, during the 1970s and 1980s. His job was to protect and oversee the Outfit's illegal casino profits, when some of the casinos were run by Frank Rosenthal. Spilotro replaced Outfit member Marshall Caifano in Las Vegas. Spilotro ran afoul of his organized crime overseers who disapproved of his handling Las Vegas affairs, who arranged his murder in 1986. Spilotro served as the basis for the character Nicky Santoro in Martin Scorsese's mafia classic, Casino; the fourth of six children, Anthony John Spilotro was raised in Chicago, Illinois. He attended Burbank Elementary School, entered Steinmetz High School in 1953, his father Pasquale "Patsy" Spilotro Sr. had emigrated from Triggiano, Province of Bari and had arrived at Ellis Island in 1914. When Pasquale arrived in the US, however, he had education, or particular skill. Unlike most Italian immigrants who settled in "The Patch", the Spilotros lived at 2152 North Melvina Avenue.
He and his wife Antoinette Spilotro ran Patsy's Restaurant, located at 470 N. Ogden, frequented by mobsters such as Salvatore "Sam" Giancana, Jackie "The Lackey" Cerone, Gus Alex, Francesco "Frank the Enforcer" Nitti. In 1954, Pasquale died at the age of 55, leaving six sons. Along with four of his brothers, Vincent and Michael, Tony became involved in criminal activity early in life; the remaining brother, Pasquale Jr. went to college and became a respected oral surgeon in the Chicago area. Tony became a made man at 25 years old, he was nicknamed "Tony the Ant" by the media after FBI Special Agent William Roemer referred to Spilotro as "that little pissant." Since the media couldn't use "pissant," they shortened it to the "Ant." He was called "Tough Tony." Spilotro dropped out of Steinmetz High School in his sophomore year and became known for a succession of petty crimes such as shoplifting and purse snatching. His first arrest occurred on January 11, 1955, when he attempted to steal a watch from a River Forest store and was charged with larceny.
In 1976, Spilotro formed a Las Vegas-based burglary ring with his brother Michael and Herbert "Fat Herbie" Blitzstein, utilizing about eight associates as burglars. The crew became known as the Hole in the Wall Gang because of its penchant for gaining entry by drilling through the exterior walls and ceilings of the buildings they burglarized; the Hole in the Wall Gang operated out of Ltd jewelry store. Other gang members included Peter Basile, Frank Cullotta, Joseph Cusumano, Samuel Cusumano, Joseph D'Argento, Ernesto "Ernie" Davino, Leonardo "Leo" Guardino, Frank DeLegge, Michael LaJoy, Ernest Lehnigg, Wayne Matecki, "Crazy Larry" Neumann, Butch Panczko, Peanuts Panczko, Pops Panczko, Salvatore "Sonny" Romano, Gerald Tomasczek, Carl Urbanotti, former Las Vegas detective Joseph Blasko, who acted as a lookout and who worked as a bartender at the Crazy Horse Too, a gentleman's club. Following a botched burglary at Bertha's Household Products on July 4, 1981, Cullotta, Guardino and Neumann were arrested and each charged with burglary, conspiracy to commit burglary, attempted grand larceny, possession of burglary tools.
They were locked into the Las Vegas Police Department's holding cell in downtown Las Vegas. The only members of Spilotro's gang not arrested for the July 4 burglary were Blitzstein, Cusumano and Michael Spilotro. By this time, Spilotro's relationship with Frank Rosenthal had deteriorated, as Spilotro had had an affair with Rosenthal's wife, Geri McGee. Meanwhile, Cullotta had turned state's witness, but the testimony was insufficient, Tony was acquitted. Michael Spilotro Herbie Blitzstein Peter Basile Frank Cullotta Joseph Cusumano Samuel Cusumano Joseph D'Argento Ernesto "Ernie" Davino Leonardo "Leo" Guardino Frank DeLegge Michael LaJoy Ernest Lehnigg Wayne Matecki "Crazy Larry" Neumann, Butch Pancsko, Peanuts Pancsko, Pops Pancsko, Salvatore "Sonny" Romano, Gerald Tomasczek Carl Urbanotti Joseph BlaskoI Paul "The Indian" Schiro The FBI first "flipped" Charles "Chuckie" Crimaldi, a former associate of Sam DeStefano. Crimaldi had been a "juice collector" for DeStefano during the 1960s, he gave evidence against Spilotro and DeStefano in the murder of real estate agent-loanshark Leo Foreman on November 19, 1963.
Crimaldi provided information on his part in murdering another DeStefano loanshark, William "Action" Jackson, to keep him from cutting a deal with the FBI in exchange for a lighter sentence on a hijacking charge. Roemer denied Jackson had cut any deal with the FBI. Many years in 1982, Sal Romano, a member of the Hole in the Wall Gang who specialized in disabling alarm systems, became a government informant, he worked counter-surveillance during botched Bertha's Las Vegas burglary in 1981. Unknown to the rest of the Wall Gang, Romano had tipped off federal agents and police, who were waiting for the burglars when they were drilling through the roof at Bertha's; when Spilotro's childhood friend Frank Cullotta was arrested in the attempted Bertha's burglary, the FBI presented him with a wiretap tape that revealed that Spilotro was out to have him murdered. Cullotta agreed to become a federal witness. In court, he admitted that he had done "muscle work" on Spilotro's behalf for many years, including setting up the infamous Chicago 1962 "M&M Murders" of James Miraglia and Billy McCarthy.
Spilotro had been ordered by Outfit bosses to track down and kill the