Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country; the southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire, along with the British Straits Settlements protectorate.
Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with North Borneo and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation; the country is multi-cultural, which plays a large role in its politics. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with large minorities of Malaysian Chinese, Malaysian Indians, indigenous peoples. While recognising Islam as the country's established religion, the constitution grants freedom of religion to non-Muslims; the government system is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is the king, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, he is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister; the country's official language is a standard form of the Malay language.
English remains an active second language. Since independence, Malaysian GDP has grown at an average of 6.5% per annum for 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism and medical tourism. Today, Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked fourth largest in Southeast Asia and 38th largest in the world, it is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the East Asia Summit and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, a member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement. The name "Malaysia" is a combination of the word "Malay" and the Latin-Greek suffix "-sia"/-σία; the word "melayu" in Malay may derive from the Tamil words "malai" and "ur" meaning "mountain" and "city, land", respectively. "Malayadvipa" was the word used by ancient Indian traders. Whether or not it originated from these roots, the word "melayu" or "mlayu" may have been used in early Malay/Javanese to mean to accelerate or run.
This term was applied to describe the strong current of the river Melayu in Sumatra. The name was adopted by the Melayu Kingdom that existed in the seventh century on Sumatra. Before the onset of European colonisation, the Malay Peninsula was known natively as "Tanah Melayu". Under a racial classification created by a German scholar Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, the natives of maritime Southeast Asia were grouped into a single category, the Malay race. Following the expedition of French navigator Jules Dumont d'Urville to Oceania in 1826, he proposed the terms of "Malaysia", "Micronesia" and "Melanesia" to the Société de Géographie in 1831, distinguishing these Pacific cultures and island groups from the existing term "Polynesia". Dumont d'Urville described Malaysia as "an area known as the East Indies". In 1850, the English ethnologist George Samuel Windsor Earl, writing in the Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, proposed naming the islands of Southeast Asia as "Melayunesia" or "Indunesia", favouring the former.
In modern terminology, "Malay" remains the name of an ethnoreligious group of Austronesian people predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula and portions of the adjacent islands of Southeast Asia, including the east coast of Sumatra, the coast of Borneo, smaller islands that lie between these areas. The state that gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957 took the name the "Federation of Malaya", chosen in preference to other potential names such as "Langkasuka", after the historic kingdom located at the upper section of the Malay Peninsula in the first millennium CE; the name "Malaysia" was adopted in 1963 when the existing states of the Federation of Malaya, plus Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak formed a new federation. One theory posits the name was chosen so that "si" represented the inclusion of Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak to Malaya in 1963. Politicians in the Philippines contemplated renaming their state "Malaysia" before the modern country took the name. Evidence of modern human habitation in Malaysia dates back 40,000 years.
In the Malay Peninsula, the first inhabitants are thought to be Negritos. Traders and settlers from India and China arrived as early as the first century AD, establishing trading ports and coastal towns in the second and third centuries, their presence resulted in strong Indian and Chinese influences on the local cultures, the people of the Malay Peninsula adopted the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the fifth century; the Kingdom of
FedEx Corporation is an American multinational courier delivery services company headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. The name "FedEx" is a syllabic abbreviation of the name of the company's original air division, Federal Express, used from 1973 until 2000; the company is known for its overnight shipping service and pioneering a system that could track packages and provide real-time updates on package location, a feature that has now been implemented by most other carrier services. FedEx Corporation is an import/export company, incorporated October 1997, in Delaware. FDX Corporation was founded in January 1998 with the acquisition of Caliber System Inc. by Federal Express. With the purchase of Caliber, FedEx started offering other services besides express shipping. Caliber subsidiaries included a small-package ground service. FDX Corporation was founded to oversee all of the operations of those companies and its original air division, Federal Express. In the 1990s, FedEx Ground planned, but abandoned, a joint service with British Airways to have BA fly a Concorde supersonic jet airliner to Shannon, Ireland with FedEx packages on board, FedEx would have flown the packages subsonically to their delivery points in Europe.
Ron Ponder, a vice president at the time, was in charge of this proposed venture. In January 2000, FDX Corporation changed its name to FedEx Corporation and re-branded all of its subsidiaries. Federal Express became FedEx Express, RPS became FedEx Ground, Roberts Express became FedEx Custom Critical, Caliber Logistics and Caliber Technology were combined to comprise FedEx Global Logistics. A new subsidiary, called FedEx Corporate Services, was formed to centralize the sales and customer service for all of the subsidiaries. In February 2000, FedEx acquired an international logistics company. FedEx acquired WorldTariff, a customs duty and tax information company. FedEx Corp. acquired held Kinko's, Inc. in February 2004 and re-branded it FedEx Kinko's. The acquisition was made to expand FedEx's retail access to the general public. After the acquisition, all FedEx Kinko's locations offered only FedEx shipping. In June 2008, FedEx announced. In September 2004, FedEx acquired Parcel Direct, a parcel consolidator, re-branded it FedEx SmartPost.
In December 2007, the U. S. Internal Revenue Service "tentatively decided" the FedEx Ground Division might be facing a tax liability of $319 million for 2002, due to misclassification of its operatives as independent contractors. Reversing a 1994 decision which allowed FedEx to classify its operatives that own their own vehicles as independent contractors, the IRS audited the years 2003 to 2006, with a view to assessing whether similar misclassification of operatives had taken place. FedEx denied that any irregularities in classification had occurred, but faced legal action from operatives claiming benefits that would have accrued had they been classified as employees. In June 2009, FedEx began a campaign against United Parcel Service and the Teamsters union, accusing its competitor of receiving a bailout in an advertising campaign called "Brown Bailout". FedEx claimed that signing the Federal Aviation Administration re-authorization bill, which would let some of its workers unionize more was equivalent to giving UPS a "bailout".
Independent observers criticized FedEx's wording, claiming that it was "an abuse of the term". FedEx Express employees are regulated under the Railway Labor Act. On January 14, 2013, FedEx named Henry Maier CEO and President of FedEx Ground, to take effect after David Rebholz retired on May 31, 2013. On July 17, 2014, FedEx was indicted for conspiracy to distribute controlled substances in cooperation with the Chhabra-Smoley Organization and Superior Drugs. According to the U. S. Department of Justice, "FedEx is alleged to have knowingly and intentionally conspired to distribute controlled substances and prescription drugs, including Phendimetrazine. A representative for the company contested these claims, stating that it would violate personal rights of customers to deny service and that "We are a transportation company — we are not law enforcement". On July 17, 2016 the Department of Justice U. S. Attorney's Office confirmed in a statement that it had asked U. S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer to dismiss the indictment but did not say why.
In April 2015, FedEx acquired their rival firm TNT Express for €4.4 billion as it looks to expand their operations in Europe. For the fiscal year 2018, FedEx reported earnings of US$4.572 billion, with an annual revenue of US$65.450 billion, an increase of 8.5% over the previous fiscal cycle. FedEx's shares traded at over $244 per share, its market capitalization was valued at over US$55.5 billi
Lari Michele White Cannon was an American country music artist and actress. She first gained national attention in 1988 as a winner on You Can Be a Star, a talent competition which aired on The Nashville Network. A recording contract with RCA Records Nashville followed a year producing three studio albums, a greatest hits package, several chart singles, with three of her singles having reached Top Ten: "That's My Baby" and "That's How You Know" at No. 10, "Now I Know" at No. 5. A fourth studio album was released in 1998 on Lyric Street Records, followed by two more releases on her own label, Skinny White Girl. Overall, White charted twelve times on the Billboard country music charts. White was married to Nashville-based songwriter Chuck Cannon. White was born May 1965, in Dunedin, Florida; as a child, she sang in her family's gospel group, The White Family Singers, composed of her parents and brother. White performed in a local rock band called White Sound as well, she studied vocals and music engineering at the University of Miami Frost School of Music, while in college, she started to write her own music and perform in local clubs.
She was a classmate of The Mavericks' Paul Deakin. White made her first national appearance in 1988 on the talent show You Can Be a Star on The Nashville Network, where she won first prize, which included a recording contract with Capitol Records. Although her debut single "Flying Above the Rain" received airplay in the Southern United States, it failed to chart and White was dropped from Capitol's roster without releasing anything else, she joined a publishing house owned by Ronnie Milsap and began to take acting lessons performing at local dinner theaters. After attending an ASCAP showcase in 1991, she was invited by Rodney Crowell to sing in his backing band. White was signed in 1992 to RCA Records, releasing her debut album Lead Me Not a year later; the album, produced by Crowell, included three singles: "What a Woman Wants", the title track, "Lay Around and Love on You". All three of these singles entered the Billboard country charts, although none reached Top 40, the album peaked at No. 36 on the Top Heatseekers charts.
White's breakthrough album, followed one year later. This was her most commercially successful album, producing three consecutive Top Ten country hits in "That's My Baby", "Now I Know", "That's How You Know", which reached No. 10, No. 5, No. 10. The album was a No. 1 album on Top Heatseekers and No. 24 on Top Country Albums, was certified gold by the RIAA for U. S. shipments of 500,000 copies. Don't Fence Me In was the title of White's third RCA release, with the title track being a cover of the Cole Porter-written song made famous by The Andrews Sisters, its lead-off single was "Ready and Able", recorded by Daron Norwood in 1995 as the title track to his second album. White's rendition of the song was a Top 20 hit in 1996, although the only other single from the album did not reach Top 40. In 1997, White sang duet vocals on Travis Tritt's single "Helping Me Get Over You", a release from his album The Restless Kind, which peaked at #18 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart. 1997 saw White's final release for RCA, a greatest hits package called The Best of Lari White which reprised all of her singles to that point including the Tritt duet, as well as two newly recorded tracks, the non-single "Itty Bitty Single Solitary Piece'o My Heart", from her debut album.
White's third recording contract came in 1998. Her first release for the label was the single "Stepping Stone", the title track to her fourth studio album; this song became not only a Top 20 country hit, but her only entry on the Billboard Hot 100, where it peaked at No. 73. Following it were "Take Me" at No. 32 and "John Wayne Walking Away" at No. 64. Included on this album were two songs that would become singles for other artists: "Only God", which she recorded as a duet with Toby Keith, had been a cut on Billy Ray Cyrus's 1994 album Storm in the Heartland and would become a minor hit in 2003 for the Canadian band Emerson Drive, while "Flies on the Butter" was a minor hit in 2004 for Wynonna Judd, who recorded it as a duet with mother Naomi on her 2003 album What the World Needs Now Is Love. White appeared in the final scene of the 2000 film Cast Away. After the film she placed her musical career on hiatus, she returned in 2004 with the self-released album Green Eyed Soul. She co-produced four tracks on Billy Dean's 2004 album Let Them Be Little, the entirety of Toby Keith's 2005 album White Trash with Money.
White co-wrote Sarah Buxton's late-2008 single "Space". In 2006, White was an original cast member of the Broadway musical Ring of Fire; that year, she made music history as the first female producer of a male superstar's album with the release of Toby Keith's White Trash with Money. The album was certified platinum by the RIAA, she debuted. In 2010, Danny Gokey released the White-penned track "I Will Not Say Goodbye" as a single. White, who wrote the song with her husband Chuck Cannon and Vicky McGehee, was inspired by the untimely death of a friend's son. In 2014, a group of 24 authors and songwriters assembled a collection of stories in a book entitled The Shoe Burnin': Stories of Southern Soul. Included alongside the hardback publication is an audio CD that includes 18 original works by the songwriters featured in the book. White is a featured storyteller in The Shoe Bur
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Mangaia is the most southerly of the Cook Islands and the second largest, after Rarotonga. Geologists estimate the island is at least 18 million years old, making it the oldest in the Pacific, it rises 4750 m above the ocean floor and has a land area of 51.8 km2. It has a central volcanic plateau and, like many of the southern Cook Islands, it is surrounded by a high ring of cliffs of fossil coral 60 m high, known as the makatea; the highest point is 169 m above sea level, near the centre of the island. Lake Tiriara is a body of fresh water in the south; the population of Mangaia comprises about 700 people. The capital is the village on the west coast, containing about half the population. There are Tamarua in the south and Ivirua in the northeast. After Pangemiro secured the temporal power, the districts and sub-districts were distributed among the Manaune and Ngati-Tane tribes; the distribution on the right was supposed to favor Ngati-Tane, the distribution on the left to favor the Manaune. In actual fact, the Manaune received a greater number of sub-districts than the Ngati-Tane.
In the manuscript of Mamae, the following lists of sub-districts with the awards of district and sub-district chiefs were written under the heading, "Te tu'anga ia A'ua'u, i te tara a te aronga pakari" Traditionally, the Island has been subdivided into six Puna headed by a Pava, which are nearly sectors meeting at the highest point near the center of the island, Rangi-motia. The districts are, as on some other islands of the Lower Cook Islands, further subdivided into 38 traditional sub-districts called Tapere. In the Cook Islands constitution however, the six districts are listed as Tapere; the Districts clockwise, starting in the south, with their Sub-Districts and Chiefs, are: Note: The first three Tapere in Tamarua were awarded to Ngati-Tane, the remaining six to Manaune. The Ngati-Tane gave the Manaune gave two to members of other tribes. Parima, the Pava, had no Tapere. Note: Three sub-districts above went to Ngati-Tane, of which Arokapiti was the leader, three to Manaune, of which Pangemiro was the leader.
Motuanga was Pava and held a sub-district. Note: Mamae states, "Eia tu'anga e ono nei, tei a Pangemiro te'aka'aere; this seems to mean that Pangemiro appointed the sub-district chiefs, but Arokapiti selected the District Chief. Note: The six sub-districts above were shared between Ngati-Tane and the Manaune. In a list given by the District Chiefs of Veitatei and Tavaenga, only Ta'iti and Maro coincide with the above, Te-Ivi-O-Ru, Rangatira, Te-Tua-Roa, Tiroango are given as the names of the other four sub-districts. Note: In another manuscript the word Teia in the third and fifth sub-districts is spelled Te-i'i-a and is followed by the same endings. Pangemiro, the Temporal Lord, lived in Karanga, all the sub-districts went to the Manaune. Though there are only five Tapere, the Manaune say; the story is. It was evidently left to the Manaune to bring the sacrifice to the marae in Keia. Thereupon Tuarau and Tumutoa of Ivirua carved a figure to represent Vairoto, Pangemiro sent it in to the marae; the Manaune were strong enough to carry off this disobedience to the high priest, they commemorated the event by making a wooden effigy of Vairoto a metaphorical sixth Tapere.
Note: Mamae gave no details and omitted the sixth sub-district of Avarari. Local informants stated that Te-Pauru-O-Rongo went to the Ngariki tribe, the Ara-nui-o-Toi went to Ngati-Tane, the remaining four sub-districts went to the Manaune; as Mauri, the sub-district chief of Te-Pauru-O-Rongo, was a son of Pangemiro, it would appear that, though he ruled over the sub-district, the land was for division among the Ngariki tribe. Tuarau and Vairota of the Karanga District and the two sub-districts of Te-uturei and Te-i'i-maru, to which these men belonged, are coupled together under the name of Nga-Toki to commemorate the use they made of their adzes. Mangaia is renowned for its shell neckbands or "eis"; these are made from the shells of the pupu, which emerges only after rain. Gathering and stringing is a time consuming business; the women of the island give the prized strands away as gifts of friendship to visitors from other islands in the group. Mangaia is renowned for its coconuts; the people of the island have long considered them a staple plant of survival.
They remain an important crop today, providing food, coconut milk, fiber. Mangaia was first settled around AD 1000. Before settlement by missionaries, Mangaia was ruled by fierce warriors in a constant struggle over land and crops; the first recorded European to arrive at Mangaia was Captain James Cook on 29 March 1777. Long ago, during a trip to London, Numangatini, or "King" John of Mangaia, received from Queen Victoria herself a Union Jack; the flag still exists, albeit in two pieces. Birds described from subfossil remains that became extinct as a consequence of human settlement of the island and the introduction of exotic mammals include the Mangaia rail and the Mangaia crake. Mangaians have a sex positive culture, where "casual sex with different partners, frequent intercourse with multiple orgasms, are perceived as sexually n
Jenifer Jeanette Lewis is an American actress and activist. She began her career appearing in Broadway musicals and worked as a back-up singer for Bette Midler before appearing in films Beaches and Sister Act. Lewis is known for playing roles of mothers in the films What's Love Got to Do With It, Poetic Justice, The Preacher's Wife, The Brothers, Think Like a Man and in the sequel Think Like a Man Too, Baggage Claim, The Wedding Ringer, as well as in The Temptations TV miniseries; as such, Lewis earned the title "Black Mother of Hollywood". She provided the voice for Mama Odie in Disney's animated feature The Princess and the Frog. Additional film roles include Dead Presidents, Cast Away, Hereafter. On television, Lewis starred as Lana Hawkins in the Lifetime medical drama Strong Medicine from 2000 to 2006, she had recurring roles on sitcoms A Different World, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air and Girlfriends. In 2014, Lewis began starring as Ruby Johnson in the ABC comedy series Black-ish, for which she received two Critics' Choice Television Award nominations.
Lewis was born in Kinloch, Missouri, to a nurse's aide mother, a factory worker father. Lewis is the youngest of seven children, she sang in her church choir at the age of five. She attended Kinloch High School and college at Webster University in Webster Groves, Missouri, she would receive an honorary degree from Webster in 2015. After college, she moved to New York to focus on her career in performing. Soon after she arrived in New York City, Lewis debuted on Broadway in a small role in Eubie, the musical based on the work of Eubie Blake, she next landed the role of Effie White in the workshop of the Michael Bennett-directed musical Dreamgirls, but when the show moved to Broadway, Bennett chose Jennifer Holliday for the role. Lewis accepted a position as a Harlette, a back-up singer for Bette Midler which led to Lewis' first TV appearances on Midler's HBO specials, she acquired her first screen role as a result, appearing as one of the buxom chorines in the'Otto Titsling' production number in the Midler vehicle Beaches.
At the same time, Lewis was developing her nightclub act, The Diva Is Dismissed, an autobiographical comedy and music show in New York City cabarets. She performed the show off-Broadway at the Public Theater. After Lewis relocated to Los Angeles, she began appearing in television sitcoms, including Murphy Brown, Dream On, In Living Color, Hangin' with Mr. Cooper, Friends. From 1992 to 1993 she played Dean Davenport in the sixth and final season of the NBC sitcom A Different World, she had a recurring role as Will Smith's Aunt Helen in the NBC sitcom The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air from 1991 to 1996. As regular, Lewis starred alongside Patricia Wettig in her short-lived legal drama Courthouse in 1995, playing Judge Rosetta Reide, the first main African American lesbian character on television. In 1992, Lewis was cast as one of the back-up singers to Whoopi Goldberg in film Sister Act; the following year, Lewis played the mother of Tupac Shakur's character in the film Poetic Justice, as Zelma Bullock, Tina Turner’s mother, in the biopic What's Love Got to Do With It starring Angela Bassett.
Lewis has stated she never auditioned to play Tina Turner, but would have been thrilled to play the iconic Tina Turner. Lewis is only one year older than Bassett. For her performance, she received her first NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture nomination. In 1994, she followed with other comedic supporting roles, including Mrs. Coleman the Unemployment Office lady in Renaissance Man and as Whoopi Goldberg's sister in Corrina, Corrina. In 1995, she was cast in maternal roles to Kadeem Hardison in Panther and to Larenz Tate in Dead Presidents. In 1996, Lewis appeared as Theresa Randle's telephone sex line boss in the film Girl 6; that year she played Whitney Houston's character's mother in the film The Preacher's Wife. She received another NAACP Image Award nomination for her role in The Preacher's Wife, she has had roles in The Mighty, The Temptations TV miniseries, Mystery Men and Blast from the Past, before obtaining the leading role in the film Jackie's Back.
In 2000, Lewis had a supporting role in the adventure drama film Cast Away directed by Robert Zemeckis. In 2000, she began starring as Lana Hawkins on the Lifetime television medical drama Strong Medicine; the show ended in February 2006. Lewis performed the theme song for Strong Medicine, she had a recurring role as Veretta Childs in the UPN sitcom Girlfriends. In film, she appeared as Morris Chestnut's mother in the 2001 romantic comedy The Brothers. In 2006, she had a featured role as the wedding planner in Tyler Perry's Madea's Family Reunion, appeared in Perry's 2008 comedy-drama Meet the Browns as Vera Brown, she appeared in Juwanna Mann, The Cookout, Nora's Hair Salon, Dirty Laundry and Not Easily Broken. On April 22, 2008, Lewis replaced Darlene Love as Motormouth Maybelle in Broadway's Hairspray. On television, she guest starred on That's So Boston Legal. Lewis had number of voice over roles, include Walt Disney's animated musical The Princess and the Frog, for which she received Annie Award for Voice Acting in a Feature Production nomination.
In June 2010, Lewis' distinctive voice was in fine form as she told The Jazz Joy and Roy syndicated radio show, "I just did a production of'Hello Dolly' at the 5th Avenue Theatre in Seattle and it had to be one of the greatest productions that I have done, because I got to just do a character, Dolly Levi, it was just great." In 2012 Lewis began working with Shangela on the onlin
Helen Elizabeth Hunt is an American actress and screenwriter. She rose to fame portraying Jamie Buchman in the sitcom Mad About You, for which she won three Golden Globe Awards and four Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series. Hunt won the Academy Award for Best Actress for starring as Carol Connelly in the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets, while her portrayal of Cheryl Cohen-Greene in The Sessions, garnered her an additional Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress, her other notable films are Twister, Cast Away, What Women Want, Pay It Forward, Soul Surfer and The Miracle Season. Hunt made her directorial film debut with Then She Found Me, has since directed the film Ride and episodes of such television series as House of Lies, This Is Us, Feud: Bette and Joan and American Housewife. Helen Hunt was born in California, her mother, Jane Elizabeth, worked as a photographer, her father, Gordon Hunt, was a film and stage director and acting coach. Her uncle, Peter H. Hunt, is a director.
Her maternal grandmother, Dorothy Fries, was a voice coach. Hunt's paternal grandmother was from a German Jewish family, while Hunt's other grandparents were of English descent, with a Methodist religious background; when she was three, Hunt's family moved to New York City, where her father directed theatre and Hunt attended plays as a child several times a week. Hunt studied ballet, attended UCLA. Hunt began working as a child actress in the 1970s, her early roles included an appearance as Murray Slaughter's daughter on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, alongside Lindsay Wagner in an episode of The Bionic Woman, an appearance in an episode of Ark II called "Omega", a regular role in the television series The Swiss Family Robinson. She appeared as a marijuana-smoking classmate on an episode of The Facts of Life. In 1982, Hunt played a young woman who, while on PCP, jumps out of a second-story window, in a made-for-television film called Desperate Lives, she was cast on the ABC sitcom It Takes Two, which lasted only one season.
In 1983, she starred in Bill: On His Own, with Mickey Rooney and played Tami Maida in the fact-based production Quarterback Princess. She had a recurring role on St. Elsewhere as Clancy Williams, the girlfriend of Dr. Jack "Boomer" Morrison, had a notable guest appearance as a cancer-stricken mother-to-be in a two-part episode of Highway to Heaven. By the mid and late 1980s, Hunt had begun appearing in studio films aimed at a teenage audience, her first major film role was that of a punk rock girl in the sci-fi film Trancers. She played the friend of an army brat in the comedy Girls Just Want to Have Fun, with Sarah Jessica Parker and Shannen Doherty, appeared as the daughter of a woman on the verge of divorce in Francis Ford Coppola's Peggy Sue Got Married, alongside Kathleen Turner. In 1987, Hunt starred with Matthew Broderick in Project X, as a graduate student assigned to care for chimpanzees used in a secret Air Force project. In 1988, she appeared in Stealing Home, as Hope Wyatt, the sister of Billy Wyatt, played by Mark Harmon and a cast featuring Jodie Foster and Harold Ramis.
Next of Kin featured her as the pregnant wife of a respectable lawman, opposite Patrick Swayze and Liam Neeson. In 1990, Hunt appeared with Tracey Ullman and Morgan Freeman in a Wild West version of The Taming of the Shrew, at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. In 1991, Hunt starred in Trancers II, the direct-to-video sequel to Trancers, played the lead female role in the sitcom My Life and Times, which only aired for 6 episodes, she appeared in “Into the Badlands” with Bruce Dern, Mariel Hemingway and Dylan McDermott. In 1992, she would appear in the drama The Waterdance as a married woman having an affair with a writer. Trancers III, the second sequel of the Trancers series, was among her five film releases in 1992. Hunt came to prominence in North America with the successful sitcom Mad About You, in which she starred opposite Paul Reiser, as a public relations specialist and one half of a couple in NYC, she went on to win Emmy Awards for her performances in 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999. For the show's final season and Hunt received $1 million per episode.
She directed several episodes of Mad including the series finale. In 1995, Hunt played the wife of an ex-con living in Queens, alongside Nicolas Cage, in Kiss of Death, a loosely based remake of the 1947 film noir classic of the same name. In the disaster action film Twister, Hunt starred with Bill Paxton as storm chasers researching tornadoes. Both actors were temporarily blinded by bright electronic lamps halfway through filming, needed hepatitis shots after shooting in a unsanitary ditch. Twister was the second-highest-grossing film of 1996 domestically, with an estimated 54,688,100 tickets sold in the US, it made US$494.5 million around the globe. Hunt went on to win the Academy Award for Best Actress in the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets, in which she took on the role of a waitress and single mother who finds herself falling in love with a misanthropic obsessive-compulsive romance novelist, played by Jack Nicholson. Hunt and Nicholson got along well during the filming, they c