Castor and Pollux were twin half-brothers in Greek and Roman mythology, known together as the Dioscuri. Their mother was Leda. Though accounts of their birth are varied, they are sometimes said to have been born from an egg, along with their twin sisters Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. In Latin the twins are known as the Gemini or Castores, as well as the Tyndaridae or Tyndarids. Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, they were transformed into the constellation Gemini; the pair were regarded as the patrons of sailors. They were associated with horsemanship, in keeping with their origin as the Indo-European horse twins. There is much contradictory information regarding the parentage of the Dioscuri. In the Homeric Odyssey, they are the sons of Tyndareus alone, but they were sons of Zeus in the Hesiodic Catalogue; the conventional account combined these paternities so that only Pollux was fathered by Zeus, while Leda and her husband Tyndareus conceived Castor.
This explains. The figure of Tyndareus may have entered their tradition to explain their archaic name Tindaridai in Spartan inscriptions, or Tyndaridai in literature, in turn occasioning incompatible accounts of their parentage, their other sisters were Timandra and Philonoe. Castor and Pollux are sometimes both mortal, sometimes both divine. One consistent point is. In Homer's Iliad, Helen looks down from the walls of Troy and wonders why she does not see her brothers among the Achaeans; the narrator remarks that they are both dead and buried back in their homeland of Lacedaemon, thus suggesting that at least in some early traditions, both were mortal. Their death and shared immortality offered by Zeus was material of the lost Cypria in the Epic cycle; the Dioscuri were regarded as helpers of humankind and held to be patrons of travellers and of sailors in particular, who invoked them to seek favourable winds. Their role as horsemen and boxers led to them being regarded as the patrons of athletes and athletic contests.
They characteristically intervened at the moment of crisis, aiding those who honoured or trusted them. Ancient Greek authors tell a number of versions of the story of Pollux. Homer portrays them as ordinary mortals, treating them as dead in the Iliad, but in the Odyssey they are treated as alive though "the corn-bearing earth holds them"; the author describes them as "having honour equal to gods", living on alternate days because of the intervention of Zeus. In both the Odyssey and in Hesiod, they are described as the sons of Leda. In Pindar, Pollux is the son of Zeus; the theme of ambiguous parentage is not unique to Pollux. The Dioscuri are invoked in Alcaeus' Fragment 34a, though whether this poem antedates the Homeric Hymn to the twins is unknown, they appear together in two plays by Euripides and Elektra. Cicero tells the story of how Simonides of Ceos was rebuked by Scopas, his patron, for devoting too much space to praising Castor and Pollux in an ode celebrating Scopas' victory in a chariot race.
Shortly afterwards, Simonides was told. Both Dioscuri were excellent horsemen and hunters who participated in the hunting of the Calydonian Boar and joined the crew of Jason's ship, the Argo. During the expedition of the Argonauts, Pollux took part in a boxing contest and defeated King Amycus of the Bebryces, a savage mythical people in Bithynia. After returning from the voyage, the Dioscuri helped Jason and Peleus to destroy the city of Iolcus in revenge for the treachery of its king Pelias; when their sister Helen was abducted by Theseus, the half-brothers invaded his kingdom of Attica to rescue her. In revenge they abducted Theseus's mother Aethra and took her to Sparta while setting his rival, Menestheus, on the throne of Athens. Aethra was forced to become Helen's slave, she was returned to her home by her grandsons Demophon and Acamas after the fall of Troy. Castor and Pollux aspired to marry the Leucippides and Hilaeira, whose father was Leucippus. Both women were betrothed to cousins of the Dioscuri, the twin brothers Lynceus and Idas of Messenia, sons of Tyndareus's brother Aphareus.
Castor and Pollux carried the women off to Sparta. This began a family feud among the four sons of the brothers Aphareus; the cousins carried out a cattle-raid in Arcadia together but fell out over the division of the meat. After stealing the herd, but before dividing it, the cousins butchered and roasted a calf; as they prepared to eat, the gigantic Idas suggested that the herd be divided into two parts instead of four, based on which pair of cousins finished their meal first. Castor and Pollux agreed. Idas ate both his portion and Lynceus' portion. Castor and Pollux had been duped, they allowed their cousins to take the entire herd, but vowed someday to take re
Joseph de Lorraine was a member of the House of Lorraine and Count of Harcourt. He was styled prince de Guise before becoming Count of Harcourt. Born to Alphonse Henri, Count of Harcourt and his wife Marie Françoise de Brancas, he was second of three children, he married on 2 July 1705 and the couple had four children, three of which survived infancy and two had further issue. He died in 1739 aged 59, his female line descendants are the Dukes of Noailles through his eldest grand child Marie Charlotte de La Tour d'Auvergne, princesse de Beauvau, wife of Charles Juste de Beauvau. Louise Henriette Françoise de Lorraine married Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne and had issue. Georges Poull, La maison ducale de Lorraine, 1991
The Greek women’s Basketball League known as A1 Ethniki Women's Basketball is the most important competition of Greek women’s professional basketball. It is organised by the EOK, it began with the 1967–68 season. The first championship of the league, held in the 1967–68 season, was organised by ΕΟΑΠ. Two years the EOK assumed control of the competition. Iraklis Thessaloniki won the first championship of the league, in the 1967–68 season. From 1976 to 1999, Sporting Athens dominated the competition, winning 20 championships in that period. So far, Sporting has won the most league championships. From 2008 to 2012, Athinaikos dominated breaking the record of consecutive wins in the Greek Women's League; the successes of Athinaikos were entered into the Guinness book of records. The consecutive win streak of Athinaikos was stopped at 105 wins; the current champion of the league is Olympiacos. The Greek Women's Basketball League competition started in 1968. In the 1984–85 season, the competition was renamed to A Ethniki, in the 1997–98 season, it was renamed to A1 Ethniki.
The second division was created under the name A2 Ethniki. In 2010, the organisers of the league championship decided to add playoff rounds to the competition; the clubs for the 2019-20 season: Spalding Aegean Airlines Hellenic Basketball Federation Greek Women's Basketball League at basket.gr Eurobasket.com, Greek Basketball