Orders of magnitude (area)
This page is a progressive and labelled list of the SI area orders of magnitude, with certain examples appended to some list objects. Orders of magnitude
Sir Derek Alton Walcott, KCSL, OBE, OCC was a Saint Lucian poet and playwright. He received the 1992 Nobel Prize in Literature, he was the University of Alberta's first distinguished scholar in residence, where he taught undergraduate and graduate writing courses. He served as Professor of Poetry at the University of Essex from 2010 to 2013, his works include the Homeric epic poem Omeros, which many critics view "as Walcott's major achievement." In addition to winning the Nobel Prize, Walcott received many literary awards over the course of his career, including an Obie Award in 1971 for his play Dream on Monkey Mountain, a MacArthur Foundation "genius" award, a Royal Society of Literature Award, the Queen's Medal for Poetry, the inaugural OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, the 2011 T. S. Eliot Prize for his book of poetry White Egrets and the Griffin Trust For Excellence in Poetry Lifetime Recognition Award in 2015. Walcott was born and raised in Castries, Saint Lucia, in the West Indies, the son of Alix and Warwick Walcott.
He had a twin brother, the playwright Roderick Walcott, a sister, Pamela Walcott. His family is of English and African descent, reflecting the complex colonial history of the island that he explores in his poetry, his mother, a teacher, loved the arts and recited poetry around the house. His father, who painted and wrote poetry, died at the age of 31 from mastoiditis while his wife was pregnant with the twins Derek and Roderick. Walcott's family was part of a minority Methodist community, who felt overshadowed by the dominant Catholic culture of the island established during French colonial rule; as a young man Walcott trained as a painter, mentored by Harold Simmons, whose life as a professional artist provided an inspiring example for him. Walcott admired Cézanne and Giorgione and sought to learn from them. Walcott's painting was exhibited at the Anita Shapolsky Gallery in New York City, along with the art of other writers, in a 2007 exhibition named "The Writer's Brush: Paintings and Drawing by Writers".
He studied as a writer, becoming "an elated, exuberant poet madly in love with English" and influenced by modernist poets such as T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound. Walcott had an early sense of a vocation as a writer. In the poem "Midsummer", he wrote: At 14, Walcott published his first poem, a Miltonic, religious poem, in the newspaper The Voice of St Lucia. An English Catholic priest condemned the Methodist-inspired poem as blasphemous in a response printed in the newspaper. By 19, Walcott had self-published his first two collections with the aid of his mother, who paid for the printing: 25 Poems and Epitaph for the Young: XII Cantos, he covered the costs. He commented, I went to my mother and said, "I’d like to publish a book of poems, I think it's going to cost me two hundred dollars." She was just a seamstress and a schoolteacher, I remember her being upset because she wanted to do it. Somehow she got it—a lot of money for a woman to have found on her salary, she gave it to me, I sent off to Trinidad and had the book printed.
When the books came back I would sell them to friends. I made the money back; the influential Bajan poet Frank Collymore critically supported Walcott's early work. With a scholarship, he studied at the University College of the West Indies in Jamaica. After graduation, Walcott moved to Trinidad in 1953, where he became a critic and journalist, he remained active with its board of directors. Exploring the Caribbean and its history in a colonialist and post-colonialist context, his collection In a Green Night: Poems 1948–1960 attracted international attention, his play Dream on Monkey Mountain was produced on NBC-TV in the United States the year it was published. In 1971 it was produced by the Negro Ensemble Company off-Broadway in New York City; the following year, Walcott won an OBE from the British government for his work. He was hired as a teacher by Boston University in the United States, where he founded the Boston Playwrights' Theatre in 1981; that year he received a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in the United States.
Walcott taught literature and writing at Boston University for more than two decades, publishing new books of poetry and plays on a regular basis. Walcott retired from his position at Boston University in 2007, he became friends with other poets, including the Russian expatriate Joseph Brodsky, who lived and worked in the U. S. after being exiled in the 1970s, the Irishman Seamus Heaney, who taught in Boston. His epic poem Omeros, which loosely echoes and refers to characters from the Iliad, has been critically praised "as Walcott's major achievement." The book received praise from publications such as The Washington Post and The New York Times Book Review, which chose Omeros as one of its "Best Books of 1990". Walcott was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992, the second Caribbean writer to receive the honour after Saint-John Perse, born in Guadeloupe, received the award in 1960; the Nobel committee described Walcott's work as "a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment".
He won an Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2004. His poetry collections include Tiepolo's Hound, illustrated with copies of his watercolors. S. Eliot Prize and the 2011 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature. In 2009, Walcott began a three-year distinguished scholar-in-residence position at the University of Alberta. In 2010, he became Pro
A hospital ship is a ship designated for primary function as a floating medical treatment facility or hospital. Most are operated by the military forces of various countries, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. Although attacking a hospital ship is a war crime, belligerent navies have the right to board such ships for inspections. In the nineteenth century redundant warships were used as moored hospitals for seamen. Hospital ships existed in ancient times; the Athenian Navy had a ship named Therapia, the Roman Navy had a ship named Aesculapius, their names indicating that they may have been hospital ships. The earliest British hospital ship may have been the vessel Goodwill, which accompanied a Royal Navy squadron in the Mediterranean in 1608 and was used to house the sick sent aboard from other ships; however this experiment in medical care was short-lived, with Goodwill assigned to other tasks within a year and her complement of convalescents left behind at the nearest port.
It was not until the mid-seventeenth century that any Royal Navy vessels were formally designated as hospital ships, only two throughout the fleet. These were either hired merchant ship or elderly sixth rates, with the internal bulkheads removed to create more room, additional ports cut through the deck and hull to increase internal ventilation. In addition to their sailing crew, these seventeenth century hospital ships were staffed by a surgeon and four surgeon's mates; the standard issue of medical supplies were bandages, soap and bedpans. Patients were offered a bed or rug to rest upon, given a clean pair of sheets; these early hospital ships were for the care of the sick rather than the wounded, with patients quartered according to their symptoms and infectious cases quarantined from the general population behind a sheet of canvas. The quality of food was poor. In the 1690s the surgeon aboard Siam complained that the meat was in an advanced state of putrefaction, the biscuits were weevil-ridden and bitter, the bread was so hard that it stripped the skin off patient's mouths.
Hospital ships were used for the treatment of wounded soldiers fighting on land. An early example of this was during an English operation to evacuate English Tangier in 1683. An account of this evacuation was written by an eyewitness. One of the main concerns was the evacuation of sick soldiers "and the many families and their effects to be brought off"; the hospital ships Unity and Welcome sailed for England on 18 October 1683 with 114 invalid soldiers and 104 women and children, arriving at The Downs on 14 December 1683. The number of medical personnel aboard Royal Navy hospital ships was increased, with regulations issued in 1703 requiring that each vessel carry six landsmen to act surgical assistants, four washerwomen. A 1705 amendment provided for a further five male nurses, requisitions from the era suggest the number of sheets per patient was increased from one to two pairs. On 8 December 1798, unfit for service as a warship, HMS Victory was ordered to be converted to a hospital ship to hold wounded French and Spanish prisoners of war.
According to Edward Hasted in 1798, two large hospital ships, were moored in Halstow Creek in Kent. The creek is an inlet from the River Thames; the crew of these vessels watched over ships coming to England, which were forced to stay in the creek under quarantine to protect the country from infectious diseases including the plague. From 1821 to 1870 the Seamen's Hospital Society provided HMS Grampus, HMS Dreadnought and HMS Caledonia as successive hospital ships moored at Deptford in London. In 1866 HMS Hamadryad was moored in Cardiff as a seamen's hospital, replaced in 1905 by the Royal Hamadryad Seamen's Hospital. Other redundant warships were used as hospitals for prisoners of war; the institutionalization of the use of hospital ships by the Royal Navy occurred during the first half of the nineteenth century. By the standard of the medical provision available at the time for convalescent soldiers, hospital ships were superior in their standard of service and sanitation, it was during the Crimean War in the 1850s.
The only military hospital available to the British forces fighting on the Crimean Peninsula was at Scutari near the Dardanelles. Over the course of the Siege of Sevastopol 15,000 wounded troops were transported there from the port at Balaklava by a squadron of converted hospital ships; the first ships to be equipped with genuine medical facilities were the steamships HMS Melbourne and HMS Mauritius. These hospitals were manned by the Medical Staff Corps and provided services to the British expedition to China in 1860; the ships provided spacious accommodation for the patients and were equipped with an operating theatre. Another early example of a hospital ship was USS Red Rover in the 1860s, which aided the wounded soldiers of both sides during the American Civil War. During the Russo-Turkish War, the British Red Cross supplied a steel-hulled ship, equipped with modern surgery equipment including chloroform and other anaesthetics and carbolic acid for antisepsis. Similar vessels accompanied the 1882 invasion of Egypt and aided American personnel during the Spanish–American War.
Hospital ships were used by both sides in the Russo-Japanese War. It was the sighting by the Japanese of the Russian hospital ship Orel illuminated in accordance with regulations, that led to the decisive naval Battle of Tsushima. Orel was retained as a prize of war by the Japanese after the battle. During World War I and World War II, hospital sh
Quarters of Saint Lucia
The island of Saint Lucia is divided into 11 quarters. ISO 3166-2:LC List of Caribbean First-level Subdivisions by Total Area Commonwealth Local Government Forum-Americas Saint Lucia Government Statistics Department City Population – Districts of Saint Lucia Statoids – Districts of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia at GeoHive
Hewanorra International Airport
Hewanorra International Airport, located near Vieux Fort Quarter, Saint Lucia, in the Caribbean, is the larger of Saint Lucia's two airports and is managed by the Saint Lucia Air and Seaports Authority. It is on the southern cape of the island, about 53.4 km from Castries. The airport is a Fire Category 9 facility that handles 500,000 passengers a year and can accommodate Boeing 747, Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Boeing 777, other long-range intercontinental aircraft. Aircraft maintenance is carried out by Caribbean Dispatch Services; the country's smaller airport, George F. L. Charles Airport, is located in Castries and handles inter-Caribbean passenger flights, which are operated with turboprop and prop aircraft. Hewanorra International Airport was named Beane Army Airfield and was used as a military airfield by the United States Army Air Forces' Sixth Air Force during World War II. Beane Field was activated in early 1941 with a mission to defend Saint Lucia against an enemy attack; the former base was refurbished and converted into a commercial airport.
There is a disused northeast/southwest runway north of the main east–west runway, part of the military airfield. It is in poor condition, along with a few dispersals; the name of the airport is an Amerindian word meaning " iguana". Officials have proposed a new terminal building at Hewanorra to accommodate Saint Lucia's growing tourism industry, it is envisaged that the new terminal would be more than twice as large as the current facility, equipped with 6 to 8 jet bridges and a proposed 13 parking positions, including one stand capable of handling the Airbus A380. The airport has seven parking positions: two for wide-body aircraft, two behind those, three for medium-sized aircraft such as the Airbus A320 and Boeing 757. Under a master plan, the runway will be widened. At 2,745 metres, Hewanorra's runway is long enough to handle most commercial aircraft. However, its 45.72-metre width is insufficient to handle the Airbus A380, which requires 60.96 m from shoulder to shoulder and a length of at least 3,050 m.
There are plans to exploit a disused concrete runway to the north of the airport, built by the American military during World War II and could be recommissioned as a taxiway for cargo operations and access to hangars. One proposal is to move cargo operations to the north side of the airport, putting in all the requisite infrastructure as well as two stands for aircraft up to Boeing 747 freighter size; this project is hoped to be financed by the increased airport tax, now XCD 290 for each passenger. The airport uses a single east–west runway, connected by two taxiways at its midsection, with turning bays at the end for back-tracking; as a result of the trade winds that blow northeast across Saint Lucia, all aircraft arrive and depart in an easterly direction. This results in a typical flight path for arriving aircraft along the west coast of Saint Lucia, while departing flights fly along the east coast of the island. On rare occasions, weather disturbances such as passing hurricanes or tropical systems may force planes to take off or land in a westerly direction.
The airport is equipped with RNAV, VOR/DME, NDB approaches. The airport houses the Hewanorra Outstation of the Eastern Caribbean Civil Aviation Authority. Quebecair flight 714, a charter flight from Toronto, crashed on its approach to Hewanorra International Airport on 19 February 1979. Wind shear caused the aircraft to halt its descent; the copilot, flying at the time, retarded the throttles, but the aircraft had just passed the wind shear zone, the nose slammed into the runway and bounced twice, destroying the nose landing gear. There were no fatalities and only minor injuries; the aircraft was written off. Media related to Hewanorra International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Details of Hewanorra International airport website
Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix
Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix de Castries, marquis de Castries, baron des États de Languedoc, comte de Charlus, baron de Castelnau et de Montjouvent, seigneur de Puylaurens et de Lézignan was a French marshal. He was the son of Joseph François de La Croix de Castries, marquis de Castries, his second wife, Marie-Françoise de Lévis de Charlus. Entering the régiment du Roi-Infanterie in May 1739, he became a lieutenant on 23 August 1742. In parallel, he was governor of Montpellier and Sète, he fought with distinction in all Louis XV's campaigns. "Mestre de camp" of the régiment du Roi-Cavalerie from 26 March 1744, he was maréchal de camp and commandant général of the cavalry from 1748. In 1756, he commanded the expeditionary force sent to St Lucia, the Carenage quarter of the island was renamed Castries after him, he next distinguished himself in the Battle of Rossbach. Becoming lieutenant général, he became maître de camp général of the cavalry on 16 April 1759. At the Battle of Clostercamp, through his sang-froid he saved.
He was made knight of the Ordre du Saint-Esprit on 30 May 1762. Shortly after the peace of 1763, he was named governor of Hainaut. Next, he was made capitaine lieutenant of the company of Gendarmes écossais and commandant of the Gendarmerie from 1770 until his retirement in 1788, he was named Secretary of State of the Navy on 13 October 1780 on the recommendation of his friend Jacques Necker. He remained in this post until 24 August 1787. In 1783, he was made a marshal of France, he reorganised the fleet and had a new naval strategy adopted by the Grand Conseil, that the navy's ships of the line should be kept at sea whilst a flotilla blockaded the Royal Navy and kept it in port. This strategy that led to French naval successes in the American War of Independence, he made a important legislative effort, simplifying the navy's hierarchy and reorganising its recruitment. De Castries studied the dossiers sent him, was energetic in these roles - hence his saying "I would like to sleep more quickly".
In politics his views were rather conservative, if one judges by his "Réflexions sur l'esprit public", addressed to the King in 1785 - for him, monarchy's difficulties were summed up as a problem of authority. In 1787, he participated in the Assembly of Notables. On July 13, 1789, pressed to re-accept the ministry of the Navy by the king, he refused it, he took advantage of the hospitality of Jacques Necker at Coppet. In 1792, at the time of the Prussian invasion of the Champagne, he and the marshal of Broglie commanded a corps in the princes' army, he continued to serve as principal secretary to the count of Provence. He died in 1801 at the home of his old enemy Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, now his friend, he possessed a property at Antony where Parc Heller now is, as well as a castle at Ollainville, which he enlarged in 1782. In Paris, he installed himself in the hôtel de Castries in 1743, at 72 rue de Varenne, in 1761 redecorated it out of a large inheritance from his uncle, the marshal of Belle-Isle.
On 19 December 1743, he married Gabrielle Isabeau Thérèse de Rozet de Rocozel de Fleury, daughter of the duc de Fleury, they had two children: Charles de La Croix de Castries. He showed himself an unfaithful husband, cheated on his wife. Castries House of Castries Genealogy René de Castries, Le Maréchal de Castries, Flammarion, 1956
Rodney Bay is a bay located in the Gros Islet quarter on the island of Saint Lucia. Gros Islet is one of the ten quarters in the island, it can be found on the northwestern coast of the island above the Castries quarter, where the capital of St. Lucia is, the Dauphin quarter. St. Lucia is a small island in North America located in the Caribbean Sea and it is the largest of the Caribbean's Windward Islands; the Windward islands include Martinique, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados and Tobago and Grenada. It is in a chain of islands in the Lesser Antilles with Martinique to the north and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south; these islands are southeast of the islands of Puerto Haiti. Out of the two airports in St. Lucia and Charles airport, Rodney Bay is closer to the latter. Rodney Bay is horseshoe shaped with a man made lagoon. Reduit Beach is the most popular beach on the island, which tourists love for its cleanliness, white sands, clear water, it features the Splash Island Water Park with obstacle courses on the water.
The bay includes a Marina, now the second largest yachting center in the Caribbean sea, under the Yacht Haven Grande in Saint Thomas. The Marina was constructed in 1985 bought by IGY Marinas in 2007; the Marina has 221 anchorages and 32 mega yacht docks for holding. There is an annual Atlantic Rally for Cruisers in December that attracts around 270 boats and 1200 people. In terms of weather, temperatures are high year round, but the coolest month is in January while the hottest month is in August, it rains in the months of May to December. December is the wettest; the Bay was named after Admiral George Brydges Rodney. Pigeon island is a national landmark in St. Lucia, declared in 1992 by the St. Lucian government. It's 44 acres and was surrounded by water until 1972 when it was artificially joined to the mainland; the island was inhabited by the Arawak people who signed a peace treaty with the French leader Francois Le Clerc. England attacked them in St. Lucia and invaded the island. Once they arrived however, Admiral Rodney expelled all the Arawak people and cut down all of the trees on Pigeon island so that he could spy on the French naval base in Martinique.
In doing so, he was able to defeat them at the Battle of Saints in 1782. Pigeon Island is now open; the landmark still has an 18th century theme to it while still keeping its natural beauty with its dry rain forests and grasslands. Visitors can learn more about Francois Le Clerc who had an actual wooden leg and they can learn how Pigeon Island was connected to the mainland in 1972. Tourists can explore the military ruins from Fort Rodney. Rodney Bay is a popular town for tourists- known as St. Lucia’s entertainment and recreation center, it consists of dozens of hotels and rentals to choose from along with the island's two largest shopping malls and the Treasure Bay Casino. It is known for its variety of food served at the restaurants and cafes; the Spice of India restaurant's food is prepared by experienced Indian chefs. In addition, La Terrasse is a french restaurant that serves, such items as frogs and snails, in a warm setting with local ingredients. On Reduit Beach Ave, there is a strip of nightclubs and restaurants that are a popular part of the island for both tourists and natives.
Available to tourists are spas and therapists who offer activities, such as yoga, Ayurvedic massages and restorative therapy. A gallery with works from artists and craftspeople is displayed at the Island Mix Art Emporium; the Union Nature Trail and Zoo displays St. Lucia’s national bird along with a trail through the rain-forest. One particular event, well known throughout the island is the street party in Gros Islet, it is the longest running party on the island. It happens every Friday night and involves live DJs who play calypso, reggae, R&B music and local food is served to the patrons. Http://www.stlucia.org/things-to-do/places/rodney-bay-village/