Louisiana's 5th congressional district
Louisiana's 5th Congressional District is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Louisiana. The district covers most of the northeastern and central portions of the state and much of the northern portions of the Florida parishes, it contains the cities of Alexandria. "On November 16, 2013, Republican newcomer Vance McAllister, a businessman from Swartz, handily defeated fellow Republican State Senator Neil Riser of Columbia in Caldwell Parish to claim the seat in a special election. McAllister led 54,449 to 36,837, with all 981 precincts reporting. McAllister won fourteen of the twenty-four parishes in the district, including large margins in Ouachita and Rapides. McAllister had criticized Governor Bobby Jindal for not extending Medicaid to qualified poor Louisianians, Riser had endorsed the governor's refusal. Analysts considered McAllister's victory as a rejection of Jindal's efforts to have the seat vacated and to replace Alexander with his hand-picked candidate in a low-turnout special election.
The runoff turnout was less than 19%, three percent less than in the primary. The seat was held by Rodney Alexander, who in 2004 had switched from the Democratic Party to the GOP. Alexander resigned on September 26, 2013 to become secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs under Governor Jindal. 14 candidates ran to succeed Alexander, including Clyde C. Holloway, a former representative from Louisiana's 8th congressional district, since disbanded. Riser and McAllister emerged from the primary to meet in the runoff. NOTE: Rodney Alexander switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party. Louisiana's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Massachusetts the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, New York to the west; the state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history and industry. Dependent on agriculture and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, higher education and maritime trade. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine.
Plymouth was founded in 1620 by passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution; the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist and transcendentalist movements.
In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U. S. state to recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most regarded academic institutions in the world.
Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance, the state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett derived from a Wôpanâak word muswach8sut, segmented as mus "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative", it has been translated as "near the great hill", "by the blue hills", "at the little big hill", or "at the range of hills", referring to the Blue Hills, or in particular the Great Blue Hill, located on the boundary of Milton and Canton. Alternatively, Massachusett has been represented as Moswetuset—from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock in Quincy, where Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish, hired English military officer, Squanto, part of the now disappeared Patuxet band of the Wampanoag peoples, met Chief Chickatawbut in 1621; the official name of the state is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts".
While this designation is part of the state's official name, it has no practical implications. Massachusetts has powers within the United States as other states, it may have been chosen by John Adams for the second draft of the Massachusetts Constitution because unlike the word "state", "commonwealth" at the time had the connotation of a republic, in contrast to the monarchy the former American colonies were fighting against. Massachusetts was inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the Wampanoag, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc and Massachusett. While cultivation of crops like squash and corn supplemented their diets, these tribes were dependent on hunting and fishing for most of their food. Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses, tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles and leptospirosis.
Between 1617 and 1619, smallpox killed ap
Louisiana Catahoula Leopard dog
The Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog is an American dog breed named after Catahoula Parish, United States. Known as the Catahoula Leopard Dog or Louisiana Catahoula, it became the state dog of Louisiana in 1979; the breed is sometimes referred to as the "Catahoula Hound" or "Catahoula Leopard Hound" because of its spots, although it is not a true hound but a cur. It is called the "Catahoula Hog Dog", reflecting its traditional use in hunting wild boar. Both the Catahoula lineage and the origins of the name "Catahoula" are uncertain, but there are various theories. One theory posits that the Catahoula is the result of Native Americans having bred their own dogs with molossers and greyhounds brought to Louisiana by Hernando de Soto in the 16th century; as for the aforementioned Native American dog breeds, for a time it was believed that they were bred with or from red wolves, but this idea is not supported by modern DNA analysis. Several recent studies have looked at the remains of prehistoric dogs from American archaeological sites and each has indicated that the genetics of prehistoric American dogs are similar to European and Asian domestic dogs rather than wild New World canids.
In fact, these studies indicate that Native Americans brought several lines of domesticated dogs with them on their journeys from Asia to North America. Another theory suggests that the breed originated three centuries some time in the 19th century, after French settlers introduced the Beauceron to the North American continent; the French told of strange-looking dogs with haunting glass eyes that were used by the Indians to hunt game in the swamp, the theory states that the Beauceron and the Red Wolf/war dog were interbred to produce the Catahoula. There are two theories regarding the origin of the word'Catahoula.' One theory is that the word is a combination of two Choctaw words'okhata', meaning lake, and'hullo', meaning beloved. Another possibility is that the word is a French transformation of the Choctaw Indian word for their own nation,'Couthaougoula' pronounced'Coot-ha-oo-goo-la'. In 1979, Governor Edwin Edwards signed a bill making the Catahoula the official state dog of Louisiana in recognition of their importance in the history of the region.
As a working dog, Catahoulas have been bred for temperament and ability rather than for appearance. As a result, the physical characteristics of the Catahoula are somewhat varied. Catahoulas may range in size with males averaging larger than females. Typical height ranges from 20–26 inches and weight from 40–112 pounds. Catahoulas come in many different colors including blue merle, red merle and solid colors. Solid coat Catahoulas have small splashes of other colors such as white on their face, legs or chest; the leopard-like coat of most Catahoulas is the result of the merle gene. The merle gene does not affect the entire coat of the dog, but dilutes the color only in areas that randomly present the characteristic of the gene. Visually, white coats seem unaffected. Red Leopard: These are various shades of brown and tan, may have white. Known as "red merle" in other breeds. Blue Leopard: These are various shades of dark greys and some may have white. Known as "blue merle" in other breeds. Black or Black Leopard: These are leopards least affected by the merle gene but will display smaller patches of blue or gray.
Gray or Silver Leopard: Blue Leopards where the black color has been diluted to gray. Known as "slate merle" in other breeds. Tri-color: Catahoulas with three distinct visible colors white and gray. Quad-color: These are Catahoulas with the varying body colorations and trim colors that help to designate the number of colors present on the dogs. Gray Catahoulas may be considered a Quad-color when Tan trim are included; this dog would display Black, White around the neck, face and tail, Tan, which may appear around the face and feet. Most Five-colored dogs are misnamed Quad-colored dogs. Patchwork: These Catahoulas are predominantly white dogs with small amounts of solid and/or merle patches appearing throughout the coat; the colored patches may be brown. Dilution may affect those colored patches and produce gray, red, or liver coloration within them; the texture of a Catahoula's coat may show some variance, being slick/painted-on, spotted, or coarse. All registering bodies that recognize the Catahoula specify a short or slick-coated dog.
Slick coat: This is the most common coat type, featuring fur, short and lies close to the body. Such coats dry rapidly, because of this, the dog can be cleaned and ready in a matter of minutes, it is referred to as a "Wash n' Wear" coat. Coarse coat: This coat is a little longer and fuller than others, it does not require complex maintenance. Dogs with this type of coat will display "feathers" seen on the rear legs and underbelly, giving them a "fluffy" appearance; the breed may have "cracked glass" or "marbled glass" eyes and occurs when both colored and glass portions are present in the same eye. Cracked glass or marbled glass eyes are blue-white in color. Catahoulas with two cracked glass or marble glass eyes are referred to as having double glass eyes. In some cases, a glass eye will have darker colored sections in it, vice versa. Cracked glass eyes may be half of another, they may just have a spot of another color. Gray eyes are cracked glass eyes, made of blue and green, giving them their grayish appearance.
The eyes may be of each of a different color. Eye color can be ice
Louisiana Highway 15
Louisiana Highway 15 is a state highway located in central and northern Louisiana. It runs 194.10 miles in a north–south direction from the junction of LA 1 and LA 970 in Lettsworth to the concurrent U. S. Highways 63 and 167 in Lillie; the middle portion of the route, extending 56 miles from Ferriday to just north of Mangham, is co-signed with US 425 and is a major four-lane highway through the area. LA 15 begins at a junction with LA 1 in Pointe Coupee Parish; the highway heads north and crosses several bridges spanning various channels of the Old River Control Structure. LA 15 parallels the Mississippi River through a remote rural section of Concordia Parish before reaching junctions with US 84 and US 425 in Ferriday. Beginning in Ferriday, LA 15 becomes a major four-lane through route; the highway passes through the communities of Clayton, Sicily Island and Gilbert before entering the city of Winnsboro. Here, US 425 and LA 15 make connections with LA 4 and LA 17. Continuing northward, the highway travels through Mangham.
Just beyond Mangham, at a point known as Archibald, LA 15 turns northwest off of US 425 and proceeds into Monroe, one of northern Louisiana's two metropolitan areas. The route crosses mainline US 165 on the way into town overlaps US 165 Bus. into the downtown area. During this stretch, LA 15 passes the Monroe Civic Center. In Downtown Monroe, LA 15 turns west and runs concurrent with US 80 across the Ouachita River and into the neighboring city of West Monroe. Just beyond the Lea Joyner Bridge, US 80 and LA 15 intersect LA 34 zigzag through town, intersecting several major thoroughfares that provide access to the parallel I-20. West of the city limits, LA 15 turns off of US 80 and heads northwest to Farmerville, situated on Lake D'Arbonne. LA 15 overlaps LA 2 in Farmerville; the route continues through rural Union Parish until reaching its terminus at US 63/US 167 at Lillie, just west of Spearsville. Much of the present route of LA 15 originated as State Route 15 prior to the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering.
It was one of the few state highways. Differences from the modern route include bypassed portions such as Old Highway 15, Louisiana Highway 3210, various country roads; the highway south of Vidalia and into Pointe Coupee Parish was not part of LA 15 until the 1960s, after the renumbering. Beginning at Farmersville, through Monroe, Rhymes Store, Alta, R. S. Baughton's Store, Winnsboro, Sicily Island, Clayton, to a point on Route 3. LADOTD map of Numbered Highways in Louisiana Louisiana State Highway Log
Monks Mound is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in the Americas and the largest pyramid north of Mesoamerica. The beginning of its construction dates from 900-955 CE. Located at the Cahokia Mounds UNESCO World Heritage Site near Collinsville, the mound size was calculated in 1988 as about 100 feet high, 955 feet long including the access ramp at the southern end, 775 feet wide; this makes Monks Mound the same size at its base as the Great Pyramid of Giza. The perimeter of its base is larger than the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan; as a platform mound, the earthwork supported a wooden structure on the summit. Unlike Egyptian pyramids which were built of stone, the platform mound was constructed entirely of layers of basket-transported soil and clay; because of this construction and its flattened top, over the years, it has retained rainwater within the structure. This has caused slumping, the avalanche-like sliding of large sections of the sides at the highest part of the mound, its designed dimensions would have been smaller than its present extent, but recent excavations have revealed that slumping was a problem while the mound was being made.
Construction of Monks Mound by the Mississippian culture began about 900–950 CE, on a site, occupied by buildings. The original concept seems to have been a much smaller mound, now buried deep within the northern end of the present structure. At the northern end of the summit plateau, as completed around 1100 CE, is an area raised higher still, on, placed a building over 100 ft long, the largest in the entire Cahokia Mounds urban zone. Deep excavations in 2007 confirmed findings from earlier test borings, that several types of earth and clay from different sources had been used successively. Study of various sites suggests that the stability of the mound was improved by the incorporation of bulwarks, some made of clay, others of sods from the Mississippi flood-plain, which permitted steeper slopes than the use of earth alone; the structure rises in four terraces to a height of 100 feet with a rectangular base covering nearly 15 acres and containing 22 million cubic feet of adobe, carried basket by basket to the site.
The most recent section of the mound, added some time before 1200 CE, is the lower terrace at the south end, added after the northern end had reached its full height. It may have been intended to help minimize the slumping which by was under way. Today, the western half of the summit plateau is lower than the eastern; this caused the west end of the big building to collapse. It may have led to the abandonment of the mound's high status, following which various wooden buildings were erected on the south terrace, garbage was dumped at the foot of the mound. By about 1300, the urban society at Cahokia Mounds was in serious decline; when the eastern side of the mound started to suffer serious slumping, it was not repaired. There is no evidence of significant Native American settlement in the Cahokia Mounds urban area for hundreds of years after about 1400 CE. In 1735, French missionaries built a chapel at the west end of the south terrace of the mound; the River L'Abbe Mission served a small Illiniwek community, until they were forced to abandon the area by rival tribes about 1752.
In 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, a trading post called the Cantine was established next to the mound. It lasted only until 1784. In the early 19th century, the land was claimed by people of French descent, Nicholas Jarrot had a deed for most of it, he donated some to a small group of French Trappist monks, who settled on one of the smaller mounds from 1809. They took advantage of the big mound's terraces to grow produce, elevated above the danger of flooding: wheat on the upper levels, garden produce on the south terrace. During their short stay in the area, which lasted until 1813, Henry Brackenridge visited the site and published the first detailed description of the largest mound, he named it Monks Mound. In 1831 T. Amos Hill bought the plot including the Mound, he built a house on the upper terrace, sank a well. This work revealed various archaeological remains, including human bones. Thomas I. Ramey, who bought the site in 1864, began an era of more responsible ownership, encouraged archaeological investigation.
Many artifacts were found near the surface. Ramey had a tunnel made nearly 30 m into the north face of the mound, but it revealed nothing of historic interest. By this time, people were beginning to consider the mound more within its context. A survey made for local dentist Dr. John R. Patrick in the 1880s marked the beginning of modern understanding of the Cahokia site as a whole, its relationship to other sites in the area. Many archaeological investigations of the mound have taken place since then. One of the biggest began in the 1960s, when Nelson Reed, a local businessman and historian of native cultures, obtained permission to conduct excavations, he was trying to locate the high-status building presumed to have stood at the peak of Monks Mound. By drilling cores at various points on the mound, his team revealed the various stages of its construction from the 10th to 12th centuries CE. Remains of a recent house were found, but no temple. In 1970 Reed returned to work at the mound, adopted a new strategy: scraping away the topsoil from several 5 m2 patches with a backhoe, to a depth of around 60 cm.
This revealed various features, including what appeared to be the outline of the te
The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory of New France by the United States from France in 1803. The U. S. paid fifty million francs and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs for a total of sixty-eight million francs. The Louisiana territory included land from fifteen present U. S. states and two Canadian provinces. The territory contained land that forms Arkansas, Iowa, Oklahoma and Nebraska, its non-native population was around 60,000 inhabitants. The Kingdom of France controlled the Louisiana territory from 1699 until it was ceded to Spain in 1762. In 1800, Napoleon the First Consul of the French Republic, hoping to re-establish an empire in North America, regained ownership of Louisiana. However, France's failure to put down the revolt in Saint-Domingue, coupled with the prospect of renewed warfare with the United Kingdom, prompted Napoleon to sell Louisiana to the United States to fund his military; the Americans sought to purchase only the port city of New Orleans and its adjacent coastal lands, but accepted the bargain.
The Louisiana Purchase occurred during the term of the third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. Before the purchase was finalized, the decision faced Federalist Party opposition. Jefferson agreed that the U. S. Constitution did not contain explicit provisions for acquiring territory, but he asserted that his constitutional power to negotiate treaties was sufficient. Throughout the second half of the 18th century, Louisiana was a pawn on the chessboard of European politics, it was controlled by the French, who had a few small settlements along the Mississippi and other main rivers. France ceded the territory to Spain in the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau. Following French defeat in the Seven Years' War, Spain gained control of the territory west of the Mississippi and the British the territory to the east of the river. Following the establishment of the United States, the Americans controlled the area east of the Mississippi and north of New Orleans; the main issue for the Americans was free transit of the Mississippi to the sea.
As the lands were being settled by a few American migrants, many Americans, including Jefferson, assumed that the territory would be acquired "piece by piece." The risk of another power taking it from a weakened Spain made a "profound reconsideration" of this policy necessary. New Orleans was important for shipping agricultural goods to and from the areas of the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains. Pinckney's Treaty, signed with Spain on October 27, 1795, gave American merchants "right of deposit" in New Orleans, granting them use of the port to store goods for export. Americans used this right to transport products such as flour, pork, lard, cider and cheese; the treaty recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi, which had become vital to the growing trade of the western territories. In 1798, Spain revoked the treaty allowing American use of New Orleans upsetting Americans. In 1801, Spanish Governor Don Juan Manuel de Salcedo took over from the Marquess of Casa Calvo, restored the American right to deposit goods.
However, in 1800 Spain had ceded the Louisiana territory back to France as part of Napoleon's secret Third Treaty of San Ildefonso. The territory nominally remained under Spanish control, until a transfer of power to France on November 30, 1803, just three weeks before the formal cession of the territory to the United States on December 20, 1803. A further ceremony was held in Upper Louisiana regarding the New Orleans formalities; the March 9–10, 1804 event is remembered as Three Flags Day. James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston had traveled to Paris to negotiate the purchase of New Orleans in January 1803, their instructions were to purchase control of New Orleans and its environs. The Louisiana Purchase was by far the largest territorial gain in U. S. history. Stretching from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, the purchase doubled the size of the United States. Before 1803, Louisiana had been under Spanish control for forty years. Although Spain aided the rebels in the American Revolutionary War, the Spanish didn't want the Americans to settle in their territory.
Although the purchase was thought of by some as unjust and unconstitutional, Jefferson determined that his constitutional power to negotiate treaties allowed the purchase of what became fifteen states. In hindsight, the Louisiana Purchase could be considered one of his greatest contributions to the United States. On April 18, 1802, Jefferson penned a letter to United States Ambassador to France Robert Livingston, it was an intentional exhortation to make this mild diplomat warn the French of their perilous course. The letter began: The cession of Louisiana and the Floridas by Spain to France works most sorely on the U. S. On this subject the Secretary of State has written to you fully, yet I cannot forbear recurring to it s
John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer who served as a United States senator from Arizona from January 1987 until his death. He served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for president of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama. McCain graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1958 and received a commission in the United States Navy, he flew ground-attack aircraft from aircraft carriers. During the Vietnam War, he died in the 1967 USS Forrestal fire. While on a bombing mission during Operation Rolling Thunder over Hanoi in October 1967, he was shot down injured, captured by the North Vietnamese, he was a prisoner of war until 1973. He refused an out-of-sequence early release. During the war, he sustained wounds, he moved to Arizona, where he entered politics. In 1982, McCain was elected to the United States House of Representatives, where he served two terms, he entered the U. S. Senate in 1987 and won reelection five times.
While adhering to conservative principles, McCain had a reputation as a "maverick" for his willingness to break from his party on certain issues. His supportive stances on LGBT rights, gun regulations, campaign finance reform were more liberal than those of the party's base. McCain was investigated and exonerated in a political influence scandal of the 1980s as one of the Keating Five, he was known for his work in the 1990s to restore diplomatic relations with Vietnam. McCain opposed pork barrel spending, he belonged to the bipartisan "Gang of 14", which played a key role in alleviating a crisis over judicial nominations. McCain entered the race for the Republican nomination for president in 2000, but lost a heated primary season contest to Governor George W. Bush of Texas, he lost the general election. McCain subsequently adopted more orthodox conservative stances and attitudes and opposed actions of the Obama administration with regard to foreign policy matters. In 2015, he became Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee.
He refused to support then-Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump in 2016. While McCain opposed the Affordable Care Act, he cast the deciding vote against the ACA-repealing American Health Care Act of 2017. After being diagnosed with brain cancer in 2017, McCain reduced his role in the Senate in order to focus on treatment, he died on August 2018, four days before his 82nd birthday. Following his death, McCain lay in state in the Arizona State Capitol rotunda and in the United States Capitol rotunda, his funeral was televised from the Washington National Cathedral, with former U. S. Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama giving eulogies. John Sidney McCain III was born on August 29, 1936, at Coco Solo Naval Air Station in the Panama Canal Zone, to naval officer John S. McCain Jr. and Roberta McCain. He had a younger brother Joe. At that time, the Panama Canal was under U. S. control. McCain's family tree includes English ancestors, his father and his paternal grandfather, John S. McCain Sr. were Naval Academy graduates and both became four-star admirals in the United States Navy.
The McCain family followed his father to various naval postings in the United States and the Pacific. Altogether, he attended about 20 schools. In 1951, the family settled in Northern Virginia, McCain attended Episcopal High School, a private preparatory boarding school in Alexandria, he excelled at wrestling and graduated in 1954. He referred to himself as an Episcopalian as as June 2007 after which date he said he came to identify as a Baptist. Following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, McCain entered the United States Naval Academy, where he was a friend and informal leader for many of his classmates and sometimes stood up for targets of bullying, he fought as a lightweight boxer. McCain did well in academic subjects that interested him, such as literature and history, but studied only enough to pass subjects that gave him difficulty, such as mathematics, he came into conflict with higher-ranking personnel and did not always obey the rules, which contributed to a low class rank, despite a high IQ. McCain graduated in 1958.
McCain began his early military career when he was commissioned as an ensign and started two and a half years of training at Pensacola to become a naval aviator. While there, he earned a reputation as a man, he became a naval pilot of ground-attack aircraft. McCain began as a sub-par flier, at times careless and reckless, his aviation skills improved over time, he was seen as a good pilot, albeit one who tended to "push the envelope" in his flying. On July 3, 1965, McCain was 28 when he married Carol Shepp, who had worked as a runway model and secretary. McCain adopted her two young children Andrew, he and Carol had a daughter named Sidney. McCain requested a combat assignment and was assigned