Catalan Republic (1931)

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Catalan Republic
República Catalana  (Catalan)
Republic within Iberian Federation
Flag of Catalonia
Anthem: Els Segadors (Catalan)
"The Reapers"
Location of the Catalan Republic within Europe.
Location of the Catalan Republic within Europe.
Status Republic within Iberian Federation
Capital Barcelona
Common languages
Demonym Catalan
Government Provisional republic
Acting President  
• 1931
Francesc Macià
• Proclaimed
14 April 1931
17 April 1931
Currency Spanish peseta (de facto)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Restoration (Spain)
Second Spanish Republic
Generalitat of Catalonia
Today part of  Spain

The Catalan Republic (Catalan: República Catalana, IPA: [rəˈpubːlikə kətəˈlanə]) was a state proclaimed in 1931 by Francesc Macià as the "Catalan Republic within the Iberian Federation".[2] It existed between 14 and 17 April 1931.


Francesc Macià i Llussà

By the Pact of San Sebastián (August 17, 1930), the Spanish republican parties agree to prepare a change of regime in case of victories in the following elections. In this project, there was a provision for the political autonomy of Catalonia, within the Republic. On 14 April 1931, after the municipal elections which gave in Catalonia the large majority to a party founded three weeks before of the elections by the union of the independentist Estat Català and the Catalan Republican Party, the Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC), its leader Francesc Macià, few hours before the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in Madrid, from the balcony of the Palace of the Generalitat (then the seat of the Provincial Deputation of Barcelona), proclaimed the "Catalan Republic, expecting that the other peoples of Spain constitute themselves as republics, in order to establish the Iberian Confederation". Macià was appointed as acting president.

Three days later, the government of the new Spanish Republic, worried, sent three ministers (Fernando de los Ríos, Lluís Nicolau d'Olwer and Marcel·lí Domingo) to Barcelona to negotiate with Macià and the Catalan government. Macià reached an agreement with the ministers, in which the Catalan Republic was renamed Generalitat of Catalonia, becoming an autonomous government inside the Spanish Republic, that would be granted an Statute of Autonomy after the elections to Spanish Cortes. Francesc Macià would be the President of the Generalitat of Catalonia until his death in 1933.


  1. ^ Torra, Quim (15 April 2012). "Una República Catalana que governa". El Punt Avui (in Catalan). Retrieved 3 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Spain: Macià's Catalonia". Time. 20 June 1932. 

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