Catherine Parr was queen consort of England and Ireland as the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII, the final queen consort of the House of Tudor. She married him on 12 July 1543, outlived him by one year. With four husbands she is the most-married English queen. Catherine enjoyed a close relationship with Henry's three children and was involved in the education of Elizabeth I and Edward VI, she was influential in Henry's passing of the Third Succession Act in 1543 that restored both his daughters and Elizabeth, to the line of succession to the throne. Catherine was appointed regent from July to September 1544 while Henry was on a military campaign in France and in case he lost his life, she was to rule as regent until Edward came of age; however he did not give her any function in government in his will. In 1543, she published Psalms or Prayers, anonymously. On account of Catherine's Protestant sympathies, she provoked the enmity of anti-Protestant officials, who sought to turn the King against her.
However and the King soon reconciled. Her book Prayers or Meditations became the first book published by an English queen under her own name, she assumed the role of Elizabeth's guardian following the King's death, published a second book, The Lamentation of a Sinner. Henry died on 28 January 1547. After the king's death, Catherine was allowed to keep the queen's jewels and dresses as queen dowager. About six months after Henry's death, she married her fourth and final husband, Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley; the marriage was short-lived, as she died on Wednesday, 5 September 1548 due to complications of childbirth. Parr's funeral was held on 7 September 1548. Parr's funeral was the first Protestant funeral held in English in England and Ireland. Catherine Parr was born in 1512 in August, she was the eldest child of Sir Thomas Parr, lord of the manor of Kendal in Westmorland, of the former Maud Green, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Green, lord of Greens Norton and Joan Fogge.
Sir Thomas Parr was a descendant of King Edward III, the Parrs were a substantial northern family which included many knights. Catherine's paternal grandparents were Sir William Parr and Elizabeth FitzHugh, a daughter of Henry, Baron FitzHugh of Ravensworth Castle and Lady Alice Neville, sister of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. Catherine had a younger brother, William created first Marquess of Northampton, younger sister, Anne Countess of Pembroke. Sir Thomas was a close companion to King Henry VIII, was rewarded as such with responsibilities and/or incomes from his positions as Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Master of the Wards, Comptroller to the King, in addition to being the lord of Kendal. Catherine's mother was a close friend and attendant of Katherine of Aragon, Catherine Parr was named after Queen Katherine, her godmother, it was once thought. However, at the time of her birth, Kendal Castle was in poor condition. During her pregnancy, Maud Parr remained at court, attending the Queen, by necessity the Parr family was living in their townhouse at Blackfriars.
Historians now consider it unlikely that Sir Thomas would have taken his pregnant wife on an arduous two-week journey north over bad roads to give birth in a crumbling castle in which neither of them seemed to spend much time. Catherine's father died when she was young, she was close to her mother as she grew up. Catherine's initial education was similar to other well-born women, but she developed a passion for learning which would continue throughout her life, she was fluent in French and Italian, began learning Spanish after becoming queen. According to biographer Linda Porter, the story that as a child, Catherine could not tolerate sewing and said to her mother "my hands are ordained to touch crowns and sceptres, not spindles and needles" is certainly apocryphal. In 1529, when she was seventeen, Catherine married Sir Edward Burgh, a grandson of Edward Burgh, 2nd Baron Burgh. Earlier biographies mistakenly reported. Following the 2nd Baron Burgh's death in December 1528, Catherine's father-in-law Sir Thomas Burgh was summoned to Parliament in 1529 as Baron Burgh.
Catherine's first husband may have been in poor health. He served as a feoffee as a justice of the peace, his father secured a joint patent in survivorship with his son for the office of steward of the manor of the soke of Kirton in Lindsey. The younger Sir Edward Burgh died in the spring of 1533, not surviving to inherit the title of Baron Burgh. Following her first husband's demise, Catherine Parr may have spent time with the Dowager Lady Strickland, Katherine Neville, the widow of Catherine's cousin Sir Walter Strickland, at the Stricklands' family residence of Sizergh Castle in Westmorland. In the summer of 1534, Catherine married secondly John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer, her father's second cousin and a kinsman of Lady Strickland. With this marriage, Catherine became only the second woman in the Parr family to marry into the peerage; the twice-widowed Latimer was twice Catherine's age. From his first marriage to Dorothy de Vere, sister of John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, he had two children and Margaret.
Although Latimer was in financial difficulties after he and his brothers had pursued legal action to claim the title o
Oscar Peer was a Swiss novelist and philologist. His works were written in Romansch and German, comprised epic novels, short stories, drama, he was well known for his Ladin-German dictionary. Oscar Peer was born on 23 April 1928 in Lavin, in the Lower Engadine, Switzerland, his father, Jon Peer, was a one-time lumberjack, while his mother Silva Wieser belonged to a farming family. He was the fourth of five children. Peer began his training as a machinist before abandoning his apprenticeship to join a teachers' training school in Chur, he taught in Felsberg as a primary school teacher. He proceeded to study German and Romance language at the University of Zurich and Sorbonne, he obtained his PhD with a dissertation on a writer in Surselva. He worked as a middle-school teacher in Winterthur, as a lecturer at the Chur teachers' training college. Peer met his wife, Monica, at the training college - he was she, a student, they had two children and Leta. Peer died from a long illness on 22 December 2013 in Chur.
Oscar Peer was encouraged to take up writing by his older brother Andri Peer, a novelist. His first published piece of narrative, A Wedding in Winter, came out in 1972, his Vallader story Accord was published in 1978. He wrote in the Vallader dialect, in German, his books came out in both languages, but were not mere translations of each other. Instead, both language versions contained their own nuances and deviated from each other. Peer republished them in new editions, he would be satisfied with a book only. One of his earliest works was the short story Chasa Veglia, published in his brother's collection Chalender Ladin, he continued to rework this piece until the most recent version was published in 2010, both in German and Romansch. The world of rural Lower Engadine, where Peer was born, influenced both his work, his motifs were of a person excluded in a small country, of rule-breakers. But he was not overtly a political writer, in most of his prose works and politics are subsumed under the narrative.
An exception is his memoir Das Raunen des Flusses in which the reader is introduced to the characters and places of Peer's formative years, the events of the 1930s and 1940s in the Lower Engardine are reported. Peer's philological career culminated in the compilation of the Rumantsch Dicziunari, ladin-tudais-ch, a multilingual dictionary. With this, he was able to establish a solid base for the Romansch language. Peer was a strong advocate of the importance of local idiom over standardised language. With the decline in the number of speakers of the Romansch dialects in Switzerland, the readership of works in the language has reduced. Peer's efforts to sustain the tradition complement those of his peers - Ruth Plouda, GIon Deplazes, Clo Dori Bezzola, Andri Peer and Cla Biert. Dicziunari rumantsch ladintudais-ch. Ed. Lia rumantscha. 1962. Eine Hochzeit im Winter. Gute Schriften. 1972. ISBN 978-3-7185-0373-5. Gärten über dem Strom: drei Erzählungen. Benziger. 1983. ISBN 978-3-545-36365-6. Akkord / Il retuorn.
Limmat. 2005. ISBN 978-3-857914-86-7.'In tschercha dal figl. Uniun dals Grischs. 2005. ISBN 978-3-908611-21-9. Eva ed il sonch Antoni. Uniun dals Grischs. 2003. ISBN 978-3-908611-16-5. Viadi sur cunfin: roman. Uniun dals Grischs. 1981. Grenzstation: Roman. Benziger. 1984. ISBN 978-3-545-36375-5. Nozzas d'inviern. Uniun dals Grischs. 1988. La rumur dal flüm Zernez 1999. Peer won the Swiss Schiller prize in 1996 for his entire oeuvre. In 2014, Peer will posthumously receive the Bündner Literature prize
Jeffrey Lane Hephner is an American actor, best known for the role of Jeff Clarke, first on the NBC television series Chicago Fire and on its sister show, Chicago Med. More he co-starred with Jennifer Garner in the action thriller film Peppermint, he appears in the 2016 and 2016 National Geographic TV series MARS. In January 2019, he co-starred in the film An Acceptable Loss. Hephner has appeared in over 50 other films and television shows, including as Morgan Stanley Buffkin in the CW series Easy Money, as Ben Zajac in the Starz political drama Boss. In 2015, he starred as the title character in the short-lived TNT action drama Agent X. Hephner was born in Adrian, Michigan to Tom and Patti Hephner, grew up in the small town of Sand Creek, in southern Michigan near Adrian. Hephner was athletic growing up, playing basketball and football, he graduated from Sand Creek High School. Hephner was named to the all-state team for Class C-D for the 1993–1994 season, he attended and played basketball for Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan for two years before transferring to Ferris State University in Big Rapids, Michigan for two years.
Hephner began his Hollywood career with small roles in two feature films and Maid in Manhattan. After starring in the short-lived Fox series The Jury in 2004, in 2005, he guest-starred in the NBC series Law & Order: Criminal Intent in season 4: episode 21 titled "The Unblinking Eye". Hephner starred as author Pat Conroy in the Hallmark Hall of Fame TV movie The Water Is Wide, based on Conroy's book and a remake of the drama Conrack, he starred in The CW series Easy Money, which aired for four episodes in October 2008 before being cancelled. The other four episodes aired in mid-2009. Following the cancellation of Easy Money, Hephner guest-starred in Private Practice, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, NCIS, Castle and had a recurring role in four episodes of the NBC medical drama Mercy. In 2010, Hephner replaced Ben Browder in a recurring role in the CW series Hellcats as football coach Red Raymond. BuddyTV ranked Hephner #86 on its list of "TV's Sexiest Men of 2011". In 2011, Hephner was cast in the NBC series The Playboy Club, but was replaced by Eddie Cibrian before filming began.
From 2011 to 2012, Hephner played Ben Zajac in the Starz political drama series Boss. From 2013 to 2014, Hephner had a recurring role in the second season of the NBC drama Chicago Fire. In 2015, Hephner co-starred with Sharon Stone in the TNT series Agent X. From 2016 to 2017, Hephner reprised his role as Jeff Clarke in Chicago Fire's medical spinoff Chicago Med, where Clarke returns to medical school, he appeared in the first season finale and recurred in the show until towards the end of the second season. Jeff Hephner on IMDb Jeff Hephner on Twitter Juba, Scott. – "Interview: Jeff Hephner: The Water Is Wide in The O. C.". – the Trades. – January 27, 2006