Catholic Church sexual abuse cases are cases of child sexual abuse by Catholic priests and members of religious orders. In the 20th and 21st centuries, the cases have involved many allegations, trials and revelations about decades of attempts by Church officials to cover up reported incidents; the abused include boys but girls, some as young as three years old, with the majority between the ages of 11 and 14. Criminal cases for the most part do not cover sexual harassment of adults; the accusations of abuse and cover-ups began to receive public attention during the late 1980s. Many of these cases allege decades of abuse made by adults or older youths years after the abuse occurred. Cases have been brought against members of the Catholic hierarchy who covered up sex abuse allegations and moved abusive priests to other parishes, where abuse continued. By the 1990s, the cases began to receive significant media and public attention in countries including in Canada, United States, Chile and Ireland, much of Europe.
In 2002, an investigation by The Boston Globe led to widespread media coverage of the issue in the United States. Widespread abuse has been exposed in Europe, Australia and the United States, reflecting worldwide patterns of long-term abuse as well as the Church hierarchy's pattern of covering up reports of abuse. From 2001 to 2010, the Holy See examined sex abuse cases involving about 3,000 priests, some of which dated back fifty years. Diocesan officials and academics knowledgeable about the Roman Catholic Church say that sexual abuse by clergy is not discussed, thus is difficult to measure. Members of the Church's hierarchy have argued that media coverage was excessive and disproportionate, that such abuse takes place in other religions and institutions, a stance that dismayed critics who saw it as a device to avoid resolving the abuse problem within the Church. In a 2001 apology, John Paul II called sexual abuse within the Church "a profound contradiction of the teaching and witness of Jesus Christ".
Benedict XVI apologised, met with victims, spoke of his "shame" at the evil of abuse, calling for perpetrators to be brought to justice, denouncing mishandling by church authorities. In 2018, referring to a particular case in Chile, Pope Francis accused victims of fabricating allegations, but by April was apologizing for his "tragic error" and by August was expressing "shame and sorrow" for the tragic history and convened a four-day summit meeting with the participation of the presidents of all the episcopal conferences of the world, held in Vatican City from 21 to 24 February 2019, to discuss preventing sexual abuse by Catholic Church clergy. In December 2019, Pope Francis made sweeping changes. Sexual abuse in the Catholic Church has been reported as far back as the 11th century, when Peter Damian wrote the treatise Liber Gomorrhianus against such abuses and others. In the late 15th century, Katharina von Zimmern and her sister were removed from their abbey to live in their family's house for a while because the young girls were molested by priests.
In 1531, Martin Luther claimed that Pope Leo X had vetoed a measure that cardinals should restrict the number of boys they kept for their pleasure, "otherwise it would have been spread throughout the world how and shamelessly the Pope and the cardinals in Rome practice sodomy."The sexual abuse of children below the age of consent by priests has received significant media and public attention in the United States, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, France and Australia. Cases have been reported in other nations throughout the world. Many of the cases are brought forward years after the abuse occurred. Although nationwide inquiries have been conducted only in the United States and Ireland, as well as an Australian inquiry into institutional responses, cases of clerical sexual abuse of minors have been reported and prosecuted in New Zealand and other countries. In 1995, Austrian Cardinal Hans Hermann Groër resigned from his post as Archbishop of Vienna over allegations of sexual abuse, although he remained a Cardinal.
Since 1995, more than 100 priests from various parts of Australia were convicted of sexual abuse. In Ireland, the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse issued a report, it noted "endemic" sexual abuse in Catholic boys' institutions, saying that church leaders were aware of abuses and that government inspectors failed to "stop beatings and humiliation." The report noted the "centrality of poverty and social vulnerability in the lives of the victims of abuse."In Australia, according to Broken Rites, a support and advocacy group for church-related sex abuse victims, as of 2011 there have been over one hundred cases in which Catholic priests have been charged for child sex offenses. A 2012 police report claimed that 40 suicide deaths were directly related to abuse by Catholic clergy in the state of Victoria. In January 2013, an Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse was called to investigate institutional sexual abuse of minors related, but not exclusive, to matters concerning clergy of the Catholic Church.
Of the Catholic sexual abuse cases in Latin America, the most known is the sexual scandal of Father Marcial Maciel, the founder of the Legion of Christ, a Roman Catholic congregation. The revelations took place after the Legion spent more than a decade denying allegations and criticizing the victims who claimed abuse. In Tanzania, Father Kit Cunningham and three other priests were exposed as pedophiles after Cunningham's death; the abuse took place in the 1960s but was only
Lawh-i-Anta'l-Kafi or the Long Healing Prayer is a prayer written in Arabic by Baháʼu'lláh, founder of the Baháʼí Faith, in the'Akká period. The authorized English translation was done in 1980 by Habib Taherzadeh and a Committee at the Baháʼí World Centre; the main part of the prayer consists of numerous rhythmic invocations of God, each ending with the phrase "Thou the Sufficing, Thou the Healing, Thou the Abiding, O Thou Abiding One."The prayer ends with a supplication for healing and protection, includes the phrase "protect the bearer of this blessed Tablet, whoso reciteth it, whoso cometh upon it, whoso passeth around the house wherein it is. Heal Thou by it every sick and poor one", which gives this prayer its talismanic nature. Norwegian composer Lasse Thoresen composed a piece of choral music for the Bergen International Music Festival in May 1996, in which the Long Healing Prayer was sung, first in the original Arabic and in English. Baháʼu'lláh wrote several other healing prayers, including a prayer for women, one for infants, a well-known short prayer starting with the phrase "Thy Name is my healing", part of Baháʼu'lláh's Lawh-i-Tibb.
Fire Tablet Tablet of Ahmad Tablet of the Holy Mariner Prayer in the Baháʼí Faith Talismans in the Bábí and Baháʼí Faiths Baháʼu'lláh. Long Healing Prayer. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Baháʼí Publishing Trust: 1991. ISBN 0877432856. Sung version of the Long Healing Prayer BWNS: Praying for the sick – can science prove it helps
Marie-Paul-Hyacinthe Meyer, was a French philologist. Meyer was born in Paris and educated at the Lycée Louis le Grand and the École des Chartes, specializing in the Romance languages. In 1863 he joined the manuscript department of the Bibliothèque Nationale, he was keeper of the national archives from 1866 to 1872. In 1876 he became professor of the languages and literatures of southern Europe at the Collège de France. In 1882 he was made director of the École des Chartes, a year was nominated a member of the Academy of Inscriptions, he was one of the founders of the Revue critique, a founder and the chief contributor to Romania. Paul Meyer began with the study of old Provençal literature, but subsequently did valuable work in many different departments of romance literature, ranked as the chief authority on the French language of his era, he was a member of the Institute of France, an associate of the British Academy. Rapports sur les documents manuscrits de l'ancienne littérature de la France conservés dans les bibliothèques de la Grande Bretagne Recueil d'anciens textes bas-latins, provençaux et français Alexandre le Grand dans la littérature française du Moyen âge.
L'Apocalypse en français au XIIIe siècle He edited several old French texts for the Société des anciens textes français, the Société de l'histoire de France and independently. Among these may be mentioned: Aye d'Avignon, with Guessard Flamenca the Histoire of Guillaume le Maréchal Raoul de Cambrai, with Auguste Longnon Fragments d'une vie de Saint Thomas de Canterbury Guillaume de la Barre, he became honorary professor at the College of France in 1906. Commander in the Legion of Honor This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Meyer, Paul Hyacinthe". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Meyer, Paul Hyacinthe". Encyclopedia Americana. Works by or about Paul Meyer at Internet Archive Works written by or about Paul Meyer at Wikisource