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Petar ńĆardaklija

Petar Novaković, known as Petar Čardaklija, was a diplomat in the First Serbian Uprising. Novaković was born somewhere on the present-day border of Macedonia and Albania in the village of Leunovo, close to Gostivar, his early life is shrouded in mystery. In all probability he ran away from his native village northwards into Serbia and started working as an innkeeper in Belgrade. During the Austro-Turkish War, he joined the Serbian Free Corps, volunteer units made out of local Serbs, where he rose to the rank of captain. After the Austrian retreat he went to Vienna and to Buda where he managed to establish close connections in aristocratic circles, his wife was an acquaintance or serving Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna, sister of the Russian emperor Alexander I. It was in this period. Čardaklija was keeping in touch with notable Serbs from Hungary hoping for the overthrow of Ottoman power in Serbia. When he learned about Karadjordje’s uprising he sent his wife off to Kharkov and in July 1804, he crossed into Serbia and put himself at the service of Karadjordje.

As the Serbian insurrectionists decided to seek international support for their cause they first turned to Vienna but were refused. Čardaklija advised them to petition the Russian tzar since he would be more inclined on supporting them. Čardaklija persuaded Karadjordje that the best way to do this would be to send a delegation to St Petersburg. Karadjordje agreed and on September 1 a Serbian delegation made out of Mateja Nenadović, Jovan Protić and Čardaklija started its journey. In Saint Petersburg they met with Russian foreign minister Prince Czartoryski, who listened to them and handed their petition to the Tsar. Prince advised them to form a Serbian government and promised that Russia would help Serbian cause influencing the Sultan; the delegation returned to Serbia in mid-December 1804. Čardaklija next took part in the national assembly in Pećani. In April 1805 he was again in a diplomatic delegation, sent to Constantinople. However, once there the deputies were ill-treated and had to escape to the Russian consulate and flee from the city fearing for their lives.

Čardaklija and Lazarević escaped to Odessa. From there they journeyed to Saint Petersburg and back to Belgrade; when in 1807 Russia decided to militarily help the Serbs, Čardaklija was sent to the HQ of the Russian expeditionary force, stationed in Wallachia. There they asked for a man that would return with them to Belgrade to act as a Russian plenipotentiary in Serbia. Čardaklija resided in Belgrade until his death in 1808. He was buried in Belgrade’s Orthodox cathedral church. Speech at his funeral was held by his friend, the famous writer Dositej Obradović, at the time minister of education in Serbia. Obradović wrote the epitaph on his tombstone in which he glorifies Čardaklija as an "immortal Serb". Čardaklija had a brother, who crossed to insurrectionist Serbia and worked as a government clerk until the Ottoman return in 1813. Jovan fled to Russia with other notable Serbs; that is where he died. Milićević, Milan. Поменик знаменитих људи у српскога народа новијега доба. Srpska kraljevska štamparija.

Pp.?. Nenadović, Konstantin N.. Život i dela velikog Đorđa Petrovića Kara-Đorđa Vrhovnog Vožda, oslobodioca i Vladara Srbije i život njegovi Vojvoda i junaka: Kao gradivo za Srbsku Istoriju od godine 1804 do 1813 i na dalje. Sloboda. Pp. 541–543. Gavrilović, Andra. "Crte iz istorije oslobođenja Srbije". Konstantin N. Nenadović, Život i dela Karađorđa i njegovi junaka, vol. 2, Vienna 1884, pp. 43–47

Kay Starr

Catherine Laverne Starks, known professionally as Kay Starr, was an American pop and jazz singer who enjoyed considerable success in the late 1940s and 1950s. She was of Irish heritage. Starr was successful in every field of music she tried. Kay Starr was born Catherine Laverne Starks on a reservation in Oklahoma, her father, was an Iroquois native American. When her father got a job installing water sprinkler systems for the Automatic Sprinkler Company, the family moved to Dallas, her mother raised chickens. Her aunt Nora was impressed by her 7-year-old niece's singing and arranged for her to sing on a Dallas radio station, WRR. Starr finishing 3rd one week in a talent contest and placed first every week thereafter, she was given a 15-minute radio show. She sang country songs with a piano accompaniment. By age 10 she was making $3 a night, quite a salary during the Great Depression; when Starr's father changed jobs, the family moved to Memphis, where she continued performing on the radio. She sang Western swing music, still a mix of country and pop.

While working for Memphis radio station WMPS, misspellings in her fan mail inspired her and her parents to change her name to "Kay Starr". At 15, she was chosen to sing with the Joe Venuti orchestra. Venuti had a contract to play in the Peabody Hotel in Memphis which called for his band to feature a girl singer, a performer he did not have at the time. Venuti's road manager heard Starr on the radio and recommended her although she was young and her parents insisted on a midnight curfew. In 1939, she worked with Bob Crosby and Glenn Miller, who hired her to replace the ill Marion Hutton. With Miller she recorded "Baby Me" and "Love with a Capital You", they were not a great success, in part because the band played in a key that, while appropriate for Hutton, did not suit Kay's vocal range. After finishing high school, she signed with Wingy Manone's band. From 1943 to 1945 she sang with Charlie Barnet's ensemble, retiring for a year after contracting pneumonia and developing nodes on her vocal cords as a result of fatigue and overwork.

In 1946 Starr became a soloist and a year signed a contract with Capitol Records. The label had a number of female singers signed up, including Peggy Lee, Ella Mae Morse, Jo Stafford, Margaret Whiting, so it was hard to find her a niche of her own. In 1948 when the American Federation of Musicians was threatening a strike, Capitol wanted to have each of its singers record a back list for future release. Being junior to all these other artists meant that every song Starr wanted to sing was taken by her rivals on the label, leaving her a list of old songs which nobody else wanted to record. In 1950 she returned home to Dougherty and heard a fiddle recording of "Bonaparte's Retreat" by Pee Wee King, she liked it so much. She spoke to Acuff directly, he was happy to let her record it, but it took a while for her to make clear that she was a singer, not a fiddler, therefore needed to have some lyrics written. Acuff came up with a new lyric, "Bonaparte's Retreat" became her biggest hit up to that point, with close to a million sales.

In 1955, she signed with RCA Victor Records. However, at this time, rock-and-roll was displacing the existing forms of pop music and Kay had only two hits, the aforementioned, sometimes considered her attempt to sing rock and roll, sometimes as a song poking fun at it, "The Rock and Roll Waltz", she stayed at RCA Victor until 1959, hitting the top ten with "My Heart Reminds Me" returned to Capitol. Most of Starr's songs had jazz influences. Like those of Frankie Laine and Johnnie Ray, they were sung in a style that anticipated rock and roll songs; these included her hits "Wheel of Fortune", "Side by Side", "The Man Upstairs", "Rock and Roll Waltz". One of her biggest hits was her version of " The Man with the Bag", a Christmas song that became a holiday favorite. After rock-and-roll swept older performers from the charts, Starr appeared in the television series Club Oasis associated with the bandleader Spike Jones, she recorded several albums, including Movin', Weepers…, I Cry By Night, Just Plain Country.

After leaving Capitol for a second time in 1966, Starr continued touring in the US and the UK. She recorded several jazz and country albums on small independent labels, including How About This, a 1968 album with Count Basie. In the late 1980s she performed in the revue 3 Girls with Helen O'Connell and Margaret Whiting, in 1993 she toured the United Kingdom as part of Pat Boone's April Love Tour, her first live album, Live at Freddy's, was released in 1997. She sang with Tony Bennett on his album Playin' with My Friends: Bennett Sings the Blues. Two of her songs, Powder Your Face with Sunshine and It's a Good Day, appeared in the 2007 movie Fido. Starr died on November 3, 2016 in Los Angeles at the age of 94 from complications of Alzheimer's disease. On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Kay Starr among hundreds of artists whose material was destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. Songs by Kay Starr Capitol Presents Kay Starr The Kay Starr Style The Hits of Kay Starr In a Blue Mood The One, the Only Swingin' with the Starr Blue Starr Singin' Swingin with Erroll Garner Rockin' with Kay (RCA Victor, 1958