SMS Leopard was a torpedo cruiser of the Austro-Hungarian Navy. She and her sister ship, SMS Panther, were part of a program to build up Austria-Hungary's fleet of torpedo craft in the 1880s. Both ships, the only members of the Panther class, were built in Britain at the Armstrong shipyard in Elswick. Leopard was laid down in January 1885, launched in September 1885, completed in March 1886, she was armed with a battery of two 12 cm guns and ten 47 mm guns, along with four 356 mm torpedo tubes. Leopard spent much of her career in the main Austro-Hungarian fleet. During this period, she visited Spain for the 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition, took part in an international naval demonstration off Crete in 1897 in an attempt to limit the Greco-Turkish War. From 1900, Leopard made two major overseas deployments, including a tour of the Pacific Ocean in 1900–1901, a stint in the East Asia squadron in 1907–1909. Upon returning to Austria-Hungary, the ship was modernized in 1910 and decommissioned in May 1914, shortly before the start of World War I in July.
The ship was reactivated and stationed in Pola as a guard ship, where she remained for the duration of the conflict. After Austria-Hungary's defeat, Leopard was ceded to Britain as a war prize and sold to ship breakers in Italy in 1920. Leopard was 73.19 meters long overall, with a draft of 4.28 m. She displaced 1,557 long tons; the ship's propulsion system consisted of a pair of two-cylinder vertical compound steam engines. On trials, Leopard reached a speed of 18.7 knots from 6,380 indicated horsepower. Her crew numbered 186 men; the ship was armed with two 12-centimeter 35-caliber guns manufactured by Krupp in single mounts. These were supported by a battery of four 47 mm quick-firing guns and six 47 mm revolver cannon, she was armed with four 14 in torpedo tubes. The torpedo tubes were located singly, in the bow, at either beam. Leopard was protected with a thin 12 mm armored deck; the keel for Leopard was laid down in January 1885 at the Armstrong shipyard in Elswick in Britain. Her completed hull was launched on 10 September that year, fitting-out work was completed on 31 March 1886.
On 1 April, the Austro-Hungarian crew took possession of the ship and left for home, arriving in Pola on 2 May. Upon arrival, she was taken into the shipyard to have her armament installed, including her torpedo tubes in 1887, she participated in the annual fleet maneuvers in 1888, along with the ironclads Don Juan d'Austria, Kaiser Max, Custoza and the cruisers Panther and Meteor. That year and Panther joined a squadron that included the ironclads Tegetthoff, Kaiser Max, Don Juan d'Austria, Prinz Eugen to represent Austria-Hungary in the opening ceremonies for the Barcelona Universal Exposition; this was the largest squadron of the Austro-Hungarian Navy. While on the way back home, Custoza, Kaiser Max, Prinz Eugen stopped in Malta. On 9 June 1888, Leopard made a stop in Gravosa. While on training exercises off the island of Curzola on 25 June, Leopard ran aground, but was able to free herself under her own power two days later. In the subsequent investigation, the ship's captain was judged to be at fault and was sentenced to 30 days' house arrest.
On 4 July, the ship was decommissioned in Pola for repairs for damage sustained in the accident. She spent the years 1889 and 1890 in reserve, before returning to service with the main squadron from 8 May 1891 to 28 June. Leopard served with the active squadron from 8 May 1893 to 01 August. Another lengthy reserve period followed between 1894 and 1896. In February 1897, Leopard deployed to Crete to serve in the International Squadron, a multinational force made up of ships of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, French Navy, Imperial German Navy, Italian Royal Navy, Imperial Russian Navy, British Royal Navy that intervened in the 1897-1898 Greek uprising on Crete against rule by the Ottoman Empire, she arrived as part of an Austro-Hungarian contingent that included the ironclad Kronprinzessin Erzherzogin Stephanie, the armored cruiser Kaiserin und Königin Maria Theresia, the torpedo cruisers Tiger and Sebenico, three destroyers, eight torpedo boats, the third-largest contingent in the International Squadron after those of the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Italy.
The International Squadron operated off Crete until December 1898, but Austria-Hungary, displeased with the decision to create an autonomous Cretan State under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, withdrew its ships in March 1898. From 1 October 1900 to 1 October 1901, Leopard embarked on a tour of the Pacific Ocean, which included a visit to Australia and various ports in East Asia. Leopard carried a group of naval cadets on the training cruise, she brought a memorial to the island of Guadalcanal, where men from the gunboat Albatross had died during their expedition in the Pacific Ocean. During this period, she was temporarily assigned to the East Asia squadron, under the command of then-Captain Anton Haus, who went on to command the Austro-Hungarian fleet during World War I. After returning to Austria-Hungary, Leopard served with the main squadron in 1902 and 1903, was laid up in 1904, served with the fleet again in 1905, she made another deployment to East Asian waters in 1907–1909, departing Austro-Hungarian waters on 20 September 1907.
She visited numerous Chinese and Japanese ports, cruised up the Yangtze river. Leopard was placed in reserve from
Francis X. O'Leary was the elected Treasurer of Arlington County, Virginia and a member of the Democratic Party from January, 1983 - July, 2014, he began his eighth term as treasurer in January, 2012 and retired in July, 2014. During his tenure, he lowered the County's tax delinquency rate from a high of more than nine percent in 1982 to an all-time low of less than one half of one percent in 2013; this represents the lowest tax delinquency rate in Arlington history and the lowest in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The effect of this lower rate has been to increase County revenue by $142,000,000. O'Leary was born in 1943; as the son of a career Army officer, O'Leary moved with his family to many different states during his childhood. He graduated from Frankfurt American High School, while living with his family overseas in Frankfurt, Germany. O'Leary attended the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and graduated in 1966 with a Bachelor of Science Foreign Service degree with a major in economic theory.
In 1966, O'Leary received a State Department appointment as a Foreign Service Officer. He served as a reserve officer of artillery in the New Jersey National Guard from 1963 to 1968, he completed the course work for a master's degree in economic theory from Georgetown University in 1967. Prior to being elected the Treasurer of Arlington County, O'Leary served as president of NOVA Research Associates, a computer operations firm. Frank O'Leary is a founding member and the current chairman of the Warren G. Stambaugh Memorial Foundation; the foundation, established in 1991, supports public and private organizations in the Commonwealth of Virginia, through grants and scholarships, which provide assistance to persons with disabilities. He married Linda Banigan in 1968, they have two children. While serving as treasurer, O'Leary has lowered Arlington's tax delinquency rate from a high of over nine percent to a historic low of just over one half of one percent in 2011, thereby increasing the County's revenue by $128,000,000 during the same period.
In 1991 he received a gubernatorial appointment to the Dillon Rule Commission. On Wednesday, July 2, 2014, Frank O'Leary announced that he would be retiring as treasurer after 30 years effective Monday, July 7, 2014; the Chief Deputy Treasurer, Carla de la Pava, was appointed the Arlington County Treasurer and was sworn in on Monday, July 7, 2014 therefore becoming the new Arlington County Treasurer. During his tenure as treasurer, O'Leary has earned many awards, including the 1988–1989 Treasurer of the Year Award from the Treasurers' Association of Virginia, the 1990 Award for Excellence in Financial Management from the Government Finance Officers Association, the 1999 Award for Distinguished Leadership in Financial Management from the Association of Public Treasurers of the United States and Canada. In 2009, his office won the National Association of Counties Achievement Award for its Reaching Out to Citizens initiative. In 2011, O'Leary received his second Award for Excellence from the Government Finance Officers Association in the eGovernment and Technology category and his fifth Excellence in Technology award from the Public Technology Institute in the Web and eGovernment category.
Both awards recognized the Treasurer's Office for its innovative Assessment and Collection Enterprise system, which streamlines the assessment and collection of a number of county receivables. As treasurer, O'Leary has introduced numerous innovations to the treasury operations of Arlington County, including the Pay at the Bank program in 1984, which allows Arlington tax payers to pay taxes at local bank branches. Another notable achievement was the introduction in 1997 of the 1-888-2PAY-TAX program, allowing payment of tax bills over the phone by credit card. Due to its success, this same system was adopted in 1999 by the Internal Revenue Service. Recent innovations and improvements to the Arlington County Treasury operations include the Billpayer Notification program, begun in 2005, which generates an automatic email to taxpayers whenever they incur any form of debt with Arlington County. In 1987, O'Leary spearheaded the effort to create the Virginia State Non-Arbitrage Program, which allows state and local municipality bond issuers to pool and invest their proceeds.
The SNAP program was recognized by the Government Finance Officers Association of the United States and Canada with an Award for Excellence in Financial Management in 1990. Looking to the future, O'Leary has authored and led efforts to pass a Federal Debt offset for local governments. Bill H. R. 3060, introduced in June, 2009 by Congressman James P. Moran to the United States Congress, would allow localities to collect tax debts through the reduction of Federal tax refunds; this program would have the capability of generating between two and three billion dollars, for localities throughout the nation. Arlington County, government website Arlington County, Treasurer’s website Warren G. Stambaugh Memorial Foundation website