Cecrops I

Cecrops was a mythical king of Attica which derived from him its name Cecropia, having borne the name of Acte or Actice. He was the founder and the first king of Athens itself though preceded in the region by the earth-born king Actaeus of Attica. Cecrops was a culture hero, teaching the Athenians marriage and writing, ceremonial burial; the name of Cecrops was not of Greek origin according to Strabo, or it might mean'tail-face': it was said that, born from the earth itself and was accordingly called a γηγενής, described as having his top half shaped like a man and the bottom half in serpent or fish-tail form. Hence he was called διφυής or of two natures. Diodorus rationalized that his double form was because of his double citizenship and barbarian; some ancients referred the epithet διφυής to marriage. Cecrops married Aglaurus, the daughter of Actaeus, former king of the region of Attica, whom he succeeded to the throne, it is disputed. Erysichthon predeceased him, he was succeeded by Cranaus, said to have been one of the wealthiest citizens of Athens at that time.

Cecrops was the father of three daughters: Herse and Aglaurus. To them was given a box or jar containing the infant Erichthonius to guard unseen, they looked, terrified by the two serpents Athena had set within to guard the child, they fled in terror and leapt from the Acropolis to their deaths. Some accounts say. Cecrops was represented in the Attic legends as the author of the first elements of civilized life such as marriage, the political division of Attica into twelve communities, as the introducer of a new mode of worship, he was said to have been the first who deified Zeus, ordained sacrifices to be offered to him as the supreme Deity. Cecrops was affirmed to have been the first who built altars and statues of the gods, offered sacrifices, instituted marriage among the Athenians, before his time, it seems, lived promiscuously. Pausanias tells us that he forbade the sacrificing of any living creatures to the gods, as well as any sort of other offering, only allowing cakes formed into the shape of an ox with horns, called by the Athenians Pelanous, which signifies an ox.

He is said to have taught his subjects the art of navigation. Some make him the founder of the areopagus; the Acropolis was known as the Cecropia in his honor. The Athenians are said to have called themselves Cecropidæ, during the reigns of the five following kings, in his honor. During his reign which lasted for 50 years, the gods resolved to take possession of cities in which each of them should receive his own peculiar worship. Athena became the patron goddess of the city of Athens in a competition with Poseidon as judged by Cecrops; the two raced ferociously towards the Acropolis and it was a close race. Poseidon was the first that came to Attica and struck the acropolis with his trident and thereby created a salt sea, known in times by the name of the Erechthean well, from its being enclosed in the temple of Erechtheus. After him came Athena who having called on Cecrops to witness her act of taking possession, she planted an olive tree on the hill of the acropolis which continued to be shown in the Pandrosium down to the latest times.

But when the two strove for possession of the country, Zeus parted them and appointed arbiters, not, as some have affirmed and Cranaus, nor yet Erysichthon, but the twelve gods. And in accordance with their verdict the country was adjudged to Athena, because Cecrops bore witness that she had been the first to plant the olive. Athena, called the city Athens after herself, Poseidon in hot anger flooded the Thriasian plain and laid Attica under the sea. A rationalistic explanation of the fable was propounded by the eminent Roman antiquary Varro. According to him, the olive-tree appeared in Attica, at the same time there was an eruption of water in another part of the country. So king Cecrops sent to inquire of Apollo at Delphi; the oracle answered that the olive and the water were the symbols of Athena and Poseidon and that the people of Attica were free to choose which of these deities they would worship. Accordingly, the question was submitted to a general assembly of the citizenesses. All the men voted for the god, all the women voted for the goddess.

Chagrined at the loss of the election, the male candidate flooded the country with the water of the sea, to appease his wrath it was decided to deprive women of the vote and to forbid children to bear their mother's names for the future. The Athenians said that the contest between Poseidon and Athena took place on the second of the month Boedromion, hence they omitted that day from the calendar; the name of Cecrops occurs in other parts of Greece where there existed a town of the name of Athenae, such as in Boeotia, where he is said to have founded the ancient towns of Athenae and Eleusis on the river Triton, where he had a heroum at Haliartus. Tradition there called him a son of Pandion. In Euboea, which had a town Athenae, Cecrops was called a son of Erechtheus and Praxithea, a grandson of Pandion. Fro

Dabang Mumbai

Dabang Mumbai is a field hockey team based in Mumbai, Maharashtra that plays in the Hero Hockey India League. The aim is to build a team for the eight-time Olympic Champions, India be able to compete at the highest level of World Hockey, it is owned by DoIT Sports Management. Australia coach Jay Stacy serves as the head coach for the team; the team is owned by DoIT Sports Management Pvt Ltd, incorporated as a part of DoIT Creations Group with the vision of promoting sports, sports facilities and events across India. The company entered the Indian sports eco-system with its first acquisition in the Pro Kabaddi League 2014 with the purchase of the Delhi franchise – Dabang Delhi KC. DoIT Creations has established the Indian School of Design and Innovation in Mumbai in collaboration with Parsons - The New School for Design, New York City in 2013. DoIT acquired a strategic stake in the established Business World magazine. With Dabang Mumbai, DoIT Sports entered into Hockey India League with the primary focus towards development and growth of Indian Hockey.

DoIT Sports is committed to support women’s sports development programs across the sports demographic dividend of India. Dabang Mumbai HC, a franchise of the Hero Hockey India League, is the first team in the league to enter into a Technical Partnership with Europe-based and one of the most successful club HC Bloemendaal; this promising partnership is to enhance the grass-root training structure in Mumbai and adjoining regions with an aim to produce future hockey stars for India


The Lorettoberg known as Josephsbergle in Freiburg, is a mountain ridge in the South-West of the Wiehre district in the city of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany. The mountain, with its elevation of 384,5 meters above sea level, is wooded at its peak, it borders the Vauban district in the West. 500 meters north of the “peak” there is a high spur 348m above sea level, next to which the eponymous Lorettokapelle is located. The name derives from Loreto, the second biggest Italian pilgrimage destination, after the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome; the Schloss-Café is located at the top of the mountain making the Lorettoberg a popular destination for a getaway, strolling and a local recreation area. The eastern main edge fault of the Upper Rhine Rift drags through Lorettoberg and the Höllentalbahn runs through the mountain via the Lorettotunnel; when the tunnel was built, a “geological window” was left open, through which the fault can be seen and where further decline of the Upper Rhine Rift can be measured.

The 22,6 meter high Hildaturm has been standing on the subpeak at the north side of the main summit since 1886. It is built in Medieval Bergfried style and is a memorial of the day Princess Hilda Charlotte Wilhelmine of Nassau the last Grand Duchy of Baden moved to Freiburg following her marriage to Fredrick II, Grand Duke of Baden; the Hildaturm was used as an observation tower for aerial surveillance during the World War II. During summer, the 19.86 meter high observation deck is open to the public on selected weekdays. A little north of the Hildaturm, the Lorettokapelle, which consists of three single chapels and was founded by citizens of Freiburg in 1657, can be found; the church is a memorial to the bloody war that took place around Lorettoberg in 1644 described among others by Reinhold Schneider a poet who used to live at Lorettoberg. Next to the Lorettokapelle, there is the “Schloss-Café” in the Guesthouse of the Lorettoberg, built in 1902 in the Art Nouveau style. Before this, a 19th-century building called.

However, this building became too small to host the numerous visitors and thus had to give way to the present construction. It was at this spot that French king Ludwig XV watched the shelling of Freiburg by his troops in 1744 during War of the Austrian Succession. A Cannonball that nearly hit. Not far to the northwest of this point at the west side, one can still see the former quarry from which the stones used to construct the Freiburg Munster were excavated. Other quarries and clay pits can be found at Lorettoberg; some were used in the Middle Ages. One remaining clay pit, for example, is the lower Schlierbergweiher. During a detonation in 1896, the hydrophilic layer of the clay pit was damaged and the pit ran full of water, why the use of it was abandoned. There are a few scattered houses built in Historistic style in the eastside of Lorettoberg, which were built between 1870 and 1914; the westside, sometimes referred to as "Schlierberg", has low building density that predominantly originates from the second half of the 20th century.

Moreover, hillside vineyards belonging to the Staatlichen Weinbauinstitut Freiburg can be found there. Since the headquarters of the Badischer Landwirtschaftlicher Hautpverband are in an unusual, wooden passive house called the Haus der Bauern; the building is located at the Merzhauser street. Several of the numerous villas at the Lorettoberg belong to student fraternities; the Catholic Loretto hospital is on the east side, on the foot of the mountain there is the Loretto Baths, an open-air swimming pool with a women and children only area. The Loretto Baths which are one of the last of its kind in whole Germany. From there the so-called Bergleweg, a footpath, leads up to the chapel; the Way of St. James and the Zaehringer-trail run on this path. Before the ascent, there is the Chalet Widmer on the right, a Swiss-style prefabricated house of 1887, shown in the same year in the Upper Rhine crafts' exhibition and meanwhile is under conservation of historic buildings. Further South there is the Silvicultural Research Institute of Baden-Wuerttemberg and the “Foresthouse”, a non-profit organization sponsored education and information center on the subjects of forest and sustainability.

On the southwestern foothill, the Heliotrope designed by the architect Rolf Disch, who designed the nearby solar-powered village in Freiburg’s district Vauban, can be found. In the crime story Lorettoberg by Volkmar Braunbehrens two people are murdered in the neighborhood of the villas on the eastern slope of the Lorettoberg