Linn County, Iowa
Linn County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 211,226, making it the second-most populous county in Iowa; the county seat is Cedar Rapids. Linn county is named in honor of Senator Lewis F. Linn of Missouri. Linn County is included in IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Linn County was created as a named but unorganized area on December 21, 1837, as a part of Wisconsin Territory, it became part of Iowa Territory on July 1838 when the territory was organized. Linn County was organized by the first legislative assembly of the Iowa Territory on January 15, 1839. A site was selected for its first county seat along Indian Creek, was named Marion, after the Revolutionary War general Francis Marion; as early as 1855, there were debates over moving the county seat to the fast-growing Cedar Rapids, southwest of Marion, but it was not until November 6, 1919, that there were enough votes in favor of the move. The first rail line was built through Cedar Rapids in 1859, made the town a major commercial hub in eastern Iowa.
Many areas of the county were damaged by the flooding of Cedar River in June 2008. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles, of which 717 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. Interstate 380 Iowa Highway 27 U. S. Highway 30 U. S. Highway 151 U. S. Highway 218 Iowa Highway 1 Iowa Highway 13 Benton County Buchanan County Cedar County Delaware County Iowa County Johnson County Jones County The 2010 census recorded a population of 211,226 in the county, with a population density of 294.4163/sq mi. There were 92,251 housing units, of which 86,134 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 191,701 people, 76,753 households, 50,349 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile. There were 80,551 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.90% White, 2.57% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 1.44% from two or more races.
1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 76,753 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.40% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99. Age spread: 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,206, the median income for a family was $56,494. Males had a median income of $38,525 versus $26,403 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,977. About 4.30% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.
On July 24, 2007, the voters of Linn County approved a measure to change the form of government from a 3-member Board of Supervisors elected at large to a 5-member Board of Supervisors elected by district. The supervisors serve overlapping 4-year terms; the current supervisors are: The Board of Supervisors operate as both the executive and legislative branches of Linn County government. The following departments report directly to the Board of Supervisors: Communications, Community Services, Engineering/Secondary Road, Facilities and Budget, Human Resources, Information Technology, LIFTS, Planning and Development and Administration, Risk Management and Water Conservation and Veteran Affairs. Conservation and Public Health report to independent boards appointed by the Board of Supervisors; the Linn County Public Health Department is the only nationally-accredited health department in Iowa. The County Attorney, Recorder and Treasurer are elected separately; the population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Linn County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Linn County, Iowa USS Linn County Linn County government's website The History of Linn county, Iowa not authored Western Historical Company This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books.
History of Linn County Iowa by Luther A. Brewer and Barthinius L. Wick The Pioneer Publishing Company This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books
U.S. Route 6
U. S. Route 6 called the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, honoring the American Civil War veterans association, is a main route of the U. S. Highway system. While it runs east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, the route has been modified several times; the highway's longest-lasting routing, from 1936 to 1964, had its western terminus at Long Beach, California. During this time, US 6 was the longest highway in the country. In 1964, the state of California renumbered its highways, most of the route within California was transferred to other highways; this dropped the highway's length below that of US 20. US 6 is a diagonal route, whose number is out of sequence with the rest of the U. S. Highway grid in the western US; when it was designated in 1926, US 6 only ran east of Pennsylvania. Subsequent extensions replacing the former U. S. Route 32 and U. S. Route 38, have taken it south of US 30 near Chicago, Illinois, US 40 near Denver, Colorado, US 50 at Ely, US 70 near Los Angeles, due to its north–south alignment in that state.
US 6 does not serve a major transcontinental corridor, unlike other highways. George R. Stewart, author of U. S. 40: Cross Section of the United States of America considered US 6, but realized that "Route 6 runs uncertainly from nowhere to nowhere, scarcely to be followed from one end to the other, except by some devoted eccentric". In the famous "beat" novel On the Road by Jack Kerouac, protagonist Sal Paradise considers hitchhiking on US 6 to Nevada, but is told by a driver that "there's no traffic passes through 6" and that he'd be better off going via Pittsburgh; the modern US 6 in California is a short, two-lane, north–south surface highway from Bishop to the Nevada state line. Prior to a 1964 highway renumbering project, US 6 extended to Long Beach along what is now US 395, California 14, Interstate 5, Interstate 110/California 110, California 1. Despite the renumbering having removed all freeway portions, it is still part of the California Freeway and Expressway System. US 6's former routing included a short segment of the famous Arroyo Seco Parkway.
US 6 begins at US 395 in Bishop and heads north between farms and ranches in the Chalfant Valley at the base of the 14,000-foot western escarpment of the White Mountains. After about 30 miles Benton is reached, which has a gas station. California 120 begins here, heading west past Mono Lake through Lee Vining, over Tioga Pass, through Yosemite National Park to the San Joaquin Valley. US 6 continues north to the Nevada state line. From the California border, US 6 heads northeast through the semidesert Queen Valley with Boundary Peak, Nevada's highest summit, Montgomery Peak in California on the right; these twin peaks are the northmost high summits of the White Mountains, both over 13,000 ft. The highway climbs into the Pinyon-Juniper zone and crosses Montgomery Pass 7,167 ft. From the pass, US 6 descends into barren shadscale desert, passing Columbus Salt Marsh on the left merging with US 95 from Coaldale Junction to Tonopah. Nevada Test and Training Range begins about 15 mi southeast of Tonopah.
Just east of Tonopah, US 6 continues east across a series of desert mountain ranges and valleys, including the Monitor Range. At Warm Springs, State Route 375 known as the "Extraterrestrial Highway", departs to the southeast and US 6 assumes a northeasterly alignment across the Reveille, Pancake and White Pine Ranges. Rainfall increases eastward, so valleys become less barren and peaks over 11,500 ft add scenic interest. Ely is the largest city on Route 6 in Nevada. US 50 joins Route 6 at Ely. East of Ely, Routes 6/50 cross the Schell Creek Range, known for verdant forests and meadows, for a large deer and elk population; the highway descends to Spring Valley crosses the Snake Range at Sacramento Pass, north of Nevada's second-highest mountain, Wheeler Peak, where a branch road accesses Great Basin National Park. Beyond the pass, US 6 passes just north of Baker, a Mormon farming community, reaches the Utah state line. US 6 enters and leaves Utah concurrent with US 50. However, the two routes are different through the state.
US 50 is the shorter route. US 6 is the former route of US 50. US 6 forms an arch-shaped route with Spanish Fork at the apex. US 6 is now concurrent with Interstate 70 for a significant portion of its length from the Utah state line to Denver. Within the city limits, US 6 follows Denver's 6th Avenue; the highway travels north and it follows Interstate 76 for most of its length east of Denver. It is unsigned; the highest altitude along US 6 is 11,990 feet at Loveland Pass, where it crosses the Continental Divide. It continues down Clear Creek Valley until it reaches I-70, where it is overlapped until I-70 leaves Clear Creek Valley. US 6 continues into Denver, where it turns into a freeway with six lanes. East of Denver, it continues east while joined with I-76 until it reaches Sterling, where it diverges from the interstate; the last town in Colorado that it passes is Holyoke. From the Colorado state line, US 6 starts going southeast; the first town it goes into is Imperial. US 6 conjoins with US 34 near Culbertson.
US 6 moves to the northeast, through Hastings. At Hastings, US 34 moves north. US 6 parallels Interstate 80 north of Milford. At Lincoln, US 6 becomes West "O" Street Cornhusker Highway and moves north of I-80 outside of the city, paralleling I-80 to Gretna. There US 6 moves due north an
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
U.S. Route 30
U. S. Route 30 is an east–west main route of the system of United States Numbered Highways, with the highway traveling across the northern tier of the country, it is the third longest U. S. route, after U. S. Route 20 and U. S. Route 6; the western end of the highway is at Oregon. Despite long stretches of parallel and concurrent Interstate Highways, it has not been decommissioned unlike other long haul routes such as U. S. Route 66. Much of the historic Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, became part of US 30; the west end of US 30 is at an intersection with U. S. Route 101 at the south end of the Astoria–Megler Bridge in downtown Astoria, Oregon 5 miles from the Pacific Ocean, it heads east to Portland, where it uses a short section of freeway built for the canceled Interstate 505. From there it heads around the north side of downtown on Interstate 405 and Interstate 5 to reach Interstate 84. Most of the rest of the route is concurrent with I-84, with only about 70 miles, under 1/5 of its remaining length, off the freeway on old alignments.
Upon entering Idaho, US 30 runs along its old surface route through Fruitland and New Plymouth before joining I-84. It leaves at Bliss and soon crosses the Snake River, running south of it through Twin Falls and Burley before crossing it again and rejoining I-84. At the split with Interstate 86, US 30 continues east with I-86 to its end at Pocatello. US 30 cuts southeast through downtown Pocatello to Interstate 15. There it exits and heads east and southeast, not parallel to an Interstate for the first time since Portland, into Wyoming; the Thousand Springs Scenic Byway is a picturesque section of old US 30 in southern Idaho between the towns of Bliss and Buhl, dipping down into the Hagerman Valley and a canyon of the Snake River. The byway takes its name from the numerous streams and rivulets springing forth out of the east wall of that canyon, many of them plainly visible from the road, with the panoramic river in the foreground; these springs are outlets from the Snake River Aquifer, which flows through thousands of square miles of porous volcanic rock and is one of the largest groundwater systems in the world.
The aquifer is believed In Wyoming, US 30 heads southeast through Kemmerer to Granger, where it joins Interstate 80 across southern Wyoming. It is here that it joins the historic Lincoln Highway; as in the previous two states, US 30 remains with the Interstate for most of its path, only leaving for the old route in the following places: 97 miles from Walcott to Laramie 12 miles through Cheyenne 2 miles through Pine Bluffs to the Nebraska state line Unlike the three states to the west, Nebraska keeps US 30 separate from its parallel Interstates. From the state line to Grand Island, US 30 parallels I-80. East of Grand Island, US 30 diverges from I-80 and runs northeast towards Columbus on a highway parallel to the Platte River. At Columbus, it turns east towards Schuyler and Fremont and crosses the Missouri River into Iowa east of Blair. US 30 crosses Iowa from west to east 20 miles north of Interstate 80. Between Missouri Valley and Denison, the highway runs in a southwest-to-northeast direction.
Several freeway bypasses have been built around the major cities on US 30 - Ames, Tama, Cedar Rapids and DeWitt. It crosses the Mississippi River into Illinois on the Gateway Bridge at Clinton. U. S. Route 30S and U. S. Route 30A are two previous alternate alignments of U. S. Route 30 in Iowa, they followed the original alignment of US 30 in Iowa. They both began in Nebraska, entered Iowa in Council Bluffs, extended north to Missouri Valley via Crescent to meet the current highway. US 30 heads east in Illinois to Rock Falls, where it begins to parallel Interstate 88. At Aurora it turns southeast to Joliet, where it is a major thoroughfare in the city of Joliet, back east through New Lenox, Mokena, Olympia Fields, Chicago Heights, Ford Heights, Lynwood to the Indiana state line, bypassing Chicago to the south; the original 1926 routing of US 30 ran directly through downtown Chicago, however. US 30 in Indiana is a major rural divided highway, it is not a freeway except at Fort Wayne, where it runs around the north side on Interstate 69 and Interstate 469.
Between I-65 and I-69, there are over 40 traffic signals on this divided highway, hindering smooth traffic flow. This is pronounced near Warsaw and Columbia City, where the speed limit is reduced and there are many driveways from businesses, as well as traffic signals that are too near each other and poorly timed, causing frequent bottlenecks. Warsaw's Mayor, Joe Thallemer, has caused most of the bottleneck by continuing to allow new signal lights to pop up on US 30 during his tenure in office. Many of the other signals are concentrated between Hobart and Valparaiso, the two cities being about 20 miles apart, it is, however, a four lane divided road through its entirety within Indiana avoiding small towns. Speed limits range, but are 60 miles per hour. US 30 heads east across northern Ohio via Canton. After several upgrades, it is now a four-lane divided highway from the Indiana state line to Canton with controlled-access freeway sections between Van Wert and Delphos and Canton, Ohio. At Upper Sandusky, the highway runs concurrent with US 23.
After Canton, the road continues on to East Liverpool as two-lane highway (until, near the unincorporated
Johnson County, Iowa
Johnson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 130,882 making it the fifth-most populous county in Iowa; the county seat is home of the University of Iowa. The county is named for the ninth vice president of the United States. Johnson County is included in the Iowa City, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cedar Rapids-Iowa City Corridor Combined Statistical Area. Johnson County was created in December 1837 by the legislature of the Wisconsin Territory, one of thirteen counties established by that body in a comprehensive act; the county's area was partitioned from Dubuque County, was not provided with a civil government, instead being governed by Cedar County officials. It was named for the US Vice President Richard M. Johnson; the first courthouse in the county was a two–story log cabin structure, built in 1838 in the settlement of Napoleon, about two miles south of the current courthouse. The building stood across from what would become the James McCollister Farmstead on land owned by Philip Clark.
After Iowa City was established by fiat as the new territorial capitol of Iowa, the county seat was removed there. The second Johnson County Courthouse, the first in Iowa City, was built on Lot 8 Block 8 of the County Seat Addition to Iowa City in 1842 for $3,690; this location was in the southeast corner of the intersection of Clinton Streets. The building was two stories tall, it was built by James Trimble, who had built the first jail. A third courthouse was built in 1857 in the courthouse square on Clinton Street between Court and Harrison Streets, it was used until 1901, after cracks appeared in its south wall in 1899. The building was built of brick with stone and wood ornamentation; the Richardsonian Romanesque style courthouse in use today was designed by the firm of Rush and Rush of Grand Rapids, MI. It was built by the firm Rowson & Son of Johnson County; the cornerstone was laid in December 1899. The building's tower was based on Henry Hobson Richardson's design for the spire of Trinity Church in Boston.
The building was dedicated on June 8, 1901. The unused jail that stands to the west of the courthouse was designed by C. L. Wundt of Burlington on behalf of the Stewart Iron Works, Cleveland, OH and bid for $14,000. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 623 square miles, of which 614 square miles is land and 9.1 square miles is water. Interstate 80 Interstate 380 U. S. Highway 6 U. S. Highway 218 Iowa Highway 1 Iowa Highway 22 Iowa Highway 27 Benton County – northwest Cedar County – east Iowa County – west Linn County – north Muscatine County – east and southeast Louisa County – southeast and south Washington County – south Iowa County – west The 2010 census recorded a population of 130,882 in the county, with a population density of 212.9964/sq mi. There were 55,967 housing units, of which 52,715 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 111,006 people, 44,080 households, 23,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 181 people per square mile.
There were 45,831 housing units at an average density of 75 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.13% White, 2.90% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 4.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, 1.51% from two or more races. 2.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 44,080 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.90% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 46.50% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.97. Age spread: 20.10% under the age of 18, 23.40% from 18 to 24, 30.80% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, 7.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,060, the median income for a family was $60,112. Males had a median income of $36,279 versus $29,793 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,220. About 5.20% of families and 15.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 3.80% of those age 65 or over. As a result of the presence of the University of Iowa, Johnson County is the most liberal leaning county in Iowa and a stronghold of the Democratic Party, it has been the strongest Democratic county in the state since 1984. The last Republican to win the county in a presidential election was Richard Nixon in 1960, this is true in state elections as well, where Johnson County is the lone county to vote against the Republican in landslide elections, such as Senator Chuck Grassley's landslide re-election wins in 2010 and 2016 or Governor Terry Branstad's landslide re-election in 2014. Frytown Midway The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Johnson County.† county seat John T. Struble early builder and farmer.
Grant Wood, artist. National Register of Historic Places listings in Johnson County, Iowa Secrest Octagon Barn Charles Ray Aurner, Leading Events in Johnson County, History, Volume I reproduction by Torch Press, Cedar Rapids IA Johnson County Government Johnson County Crisis Center Johnson County website
Muscatine County, Iowa
Muscatine County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,745; the county seat is Muscatine. The southeastern border is formed by the Mississippi River. Muscatine County comprises the Muscatine, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area. Muscatine County was formed in December 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, partitioned from Des Moines County, organized two years previous. One history suggests; the island lies opposite Muscatine County and was believed to be named after the Mascouten tribe, Algonquian-speaking Native Americans who lived in the area before being driven west by settler encroachment and other tribes. Colonel George Davenport of Illinois sent three representatives into the territory in 1833 to establish a trade post, they were the first European Americans to settle there. In the same year, James W. Casey and John Vanatta came to the area, they opened a supply depot for steamboats on June 1, 1833, named it Casey’s Woodpile.
Muscatine County became a part of Iowa Territory on July 4, 1836, when Iowa Territory was established by partitioning off this area from Wisconsin Territory. The first public land sale was held in November 1838. One year officials began construction of the first courthouse and associated jail. A second jail, known as the "Old Jail", was built in 1857; the first courthouse was destroyed by fire on December 23, 1864. By 1866 a new replacement stood at the same site; the present courthouse was built in the twentieth century, being first used on September 26, 1907. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 449 square miles, of which 437 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Cedar County Johnson County Louisa County Rock Island County, across the Mississippi River Scott County US Highway 6 – enters from Cedar County, west of Wilton. Runs south 2 miles runs west and WNW to NW corner of county, exiting into Johnson County. US Highway 61 – enters from Louisa County SW of Fruitland.
Runs NE through county. Turns east to enter Scott County at Blue Grass. Iowa Highway 22 – begins at intersection with Iowa 70, three miles east of Nichols. Runs east and SE to intersection with US 61 west of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 38 – begins at intersection with US 6, three miles south of Wilton. Runs south to intersection with US 61 north of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 70 – enters from Louisa County at SW corner of Muscatine County. Runs north and east to Cedar County, passing Nichols and West Liberty. Iowa Highway 92 - enters Muscatine County running NW across historic Norbert F. Beckey Bridge into central Muscatine. Runs SW along river to intersection with US 61 southwest of Muscatine. Great River Road - system of roadways marking north–south routes across the conterminous US, passing through Iowa; the 2010 census recorded a population of 42,745 in the county, with a population density of 99.7154/sq mi. There were 17,910 housing units, of which 16,412 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,722 people, 15,847 households, 11,283 families residing in the county.
The population density was 95 people per square mile. There were 16,786 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.72% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.05% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. 11.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,847 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,803, the median income for a family was $48,373. Males had a median income of $36,329 versus $24,793 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,625. About 6.30% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the table is based on the 2010 census of Muscatine County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Muscatine County, Iowa Muscatine County website