Cedd was an Anglo-Saxon monk and bishop from the Kingdom of Northumbria. He was an evangelist of the Middle Angles and East Saxons in England and a significant participant in the Synod of Whitby, a meeting which resolved important differences within the Church in England, he is venerated in the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. The little, known about Cedd comes to us from the writing of Bede in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People; the following account is based on Book 3 of Bede's History. Cedd was born in the kingdom of Northumbria and brought up on the island of Lindisfarne by Aidan of the Irish Church, he had three brothers: Chad of Mercia, Cynibil and Cælin). All four were priests and both Cedd and Chad became bishops; the first datable reference to Cedd by Bede makes clear that he was a priest by the year 653. This pushes his birth date back to the early 620s, it is that Cedd was oldest of the brothers and was acknowledged the head of the family. He seems to have taken the lead.
Aidan had come to Northumbria from Iona, bringing with him a set of practices that are known as the Celtic Rite. As well as superficial differences over the Computus, the cut of the tonsure, these involved a pattern of Church organization fundamentally different from the diocesan structure, evolving on the continent of Europe. Activity was based in monasteries. There was a strong emphasis on personal asceticism, on Biblical exegesis, on eschatology. Aidan was well disregard for the trappings of wealth and power. Bede several times stresses that Chad absorbed his example and traditions. Bede tells us that Chad and many other Northumbrians went to study with the Irish after the death of Aidan. Cedd is not mentioned as one of the wandering scholars, he is portrayed by Bede as close to Aidan's successor, Finan. So it is likely that he owed his entire formation as a priest and scholar to Aidan and to Lindisfarne. In 653, Cedd was sent by Oswiu of Northumberland with three other priests to evangelise the Middle Angles, who were one of the core ethnic groups of Mercia, based on the mid-Trent Valley.
Peada of Mercia, son of Penda, was sub-king of the Middle Angles. Peada had agreed to become a Christian in return for the hand of Oswiu's daughter, Alchflaed in marriage; this was a time of growing Northumbrian power, as Oswiu reunited and consolidated the Northumbrian kingdom after its earlier defeat by Penda. Peada travelled to Northumbria to negotiate his baptism. Cedd, together with the priests, Adda and Diuma, accompanied Peada back to Middle Anglia, where they won numerous converts of all classes. Bede relates that the pagan Penda did not obstruct preaching among his subjects in Mercia proper, portrays him as sympathetic to Christianity at this point – a different view from the general estimate of Penda as a devoted pagan. But, the mission made little headway in the wider Mercian polity. Bede credits Cedd's brother Chad with the effective evangelization of Mercia more than a decade later. To make progress among the general population, Christianity appeared to need positive royal backing, including grants of land for monasteries, rather than a benign attitude from leaders.
Cedd was soon recalled from the mission to Mercia by Oswiu, who sent him on a mission with one other priest to the East Saxon kingdom. The priests had been requested by Sigeberht the Good to reconvert his people; the East Saxon kingdom was converted by missionaries from Canterbury, where Augustine of Canterbury had established a Roman mission in 597. The first bishop of the Roman Rite was Mellitus, who arrived in Essex in 604. After a decade, he was driven out of the area; the religious destiny of the kingdom was in the balance, with the royal family itself divided among Christians and some wanting to tolerate both. Bede tells us that Sigeberht's decision to be baptized and to reconvert his kingdom was at the initiative of Oswiu. Sigeberht travelled to Northumbria to accept baptism from Bishop Finan of Lindisfarne. Cedd went to the East Saxons as an emissary of the Northumbrian monarchy, his prospects were helped by the continuing military and political success of Northumbria the final defeat of Penda in 655.
Northumbria gained hegemony among the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. After making some conversions, Cedd returned to Lindisfarne to report to Finan. In recognition of his success, Finan ordained him bishop, calling in two other Irish bishops to assist at the rite. Cedd was appointed bishop of the East Saxons; as a result, he is listed among the bishops of London, a part of the East Saxon kingdom. Bede, however uses ethnic descriptions for episcopal responsibilities when dealing with the generation of Cedd and Chad. Bede's record makes clear that Cedd demanded personal commitment and that he was unafraid to confront the powerful, he excommunicated a thegn, in an unlawful marriage and forbade Christians to accept the man's hospitality. According to Bede, when Sigeberht continued to visit the man's home, Cedd went to the house to denounce the king, foretelling that he would die in that house. Bede asserts. After the death of Sigeberht, there were signs; the new king, Swithhelm of Essex, who had assassinated Sigeberht, was a pagan.
Avoca is a town in Benton County, United States. The population was 488 at the 2010 census, it is AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is named after the town of Avoca in Ireland. Avoca was platted in 1881. A post office called Avoca has been in operation since 1872. Avoca is located in east-central Benton County at 36°24′00″N 94°04′24″W, 6 miles northeast of the center of Rogers. U. S. Route 62 passes through the town, leading southwest 7 miles to Interstate 540 in Bentonville and northeast 11 miles to Gateway near the Missouri border. According to the United States Census Bureau, Avoca has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 423 people, 162 households, 121 families residing in the town. The population density was 233.7/mi². There were 168 housing units at an average density of 92.8/mi² 35.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.43% White, 1.65% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.71% Pacific Islander, 3.31% from other races, 1.65% from two or more races. 6.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 162 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.3% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $41,964, the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $32,708 versus $25,167 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,028. About 4.2% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.
Pradhana Shiromani Sir Nyapathi Madhava Rau, CIE was an Indian civil servant and administrator who served as the Diwan of Mysore from 1941 to 1945. Madhava Rao was born in Masulipatnam to Nyapathi Venkatakrishna Rao on 8 June 1887, his ancestors were Deshastha Brahmins from Maharashtra who had settled in the Telugu country and adopted Telugu as their mother tongue. Madhava Rau had his early education at Nobel College and graduated in arts from Pachaiyappa's College, Madras, he studied law at Madras Law College and obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree. Madhava Rau took the Mysore Civil Service examinations and graduated in first rank winning the Carmichael Medal, he joined the Mysore Civil Service as an Assistant Commissioner in the Gubbi taluk of Tumkur district. He was appointed member of a commission to investigate a revolt in the Kollegal taluk of the Coimbatore District, he served as Secretary of the Bhadravathi Steel Works from 1921 to 1924. He was the Trade Commissioner for Mysore State in London, following this and was subsequently appointed Chief Secretary to the Government of Mysore.
He went on to become a Member of Council until his appointment as the Diwan of Mysore. He succeeded Sir Mirza Ismail on his retirement as the Diwan of Mysore, a post he held between 1-6-1941 and 6-8-1946. During this period the State of Mysore was gripped by severe food shortages during the Second World War. Madhava Rau is credited with having managed the situation quite well and organised a successful recovery. Madhava Rau successfully dealt with the damage caused to the Sivasamudram Electric Power Station by a lightning strike in 1944. During Madhava Rau's tenure as Diwan, the Mysore Legislative Council and the Mysore Representative Assembly were combined to form a new Legislative Council; the first elections to the newly reorganized Council were held in February 1941. After his retirement, Madhava Rau was a member of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution headed by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and of the first Constituent Assembly of India. Madhava Rau died on 28 August 1972 at the age of 85.
Madhava Rau was opposed to the imposition of Hindi language as the lingua franca for India and favoured the continuation of English as the official language of the Indian Union. Madhava Rau married Narasamma at the age of seventeen; the couple had three sons. His sons were N Narasimha Rau and N Nagaraja Rau, his daughters were Rukmini and Sethu. N Lakshman Rau was the Mayor of Bangalore. N Narasimha Rau served in the Indian Administrative Service and was the Chief Secretary of Karnataka State. N Nagaraja Rau retired as a Brigadier. Madhava Rau was made a |Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1943, a title that he relinquished in 1947, he was awarded the titles of'Rajamantra Pravina" and'Pradhana Shiromani' by the Maharaja of Mysore. World biography, Part 2. Institute for Research in Biography. 1948. P. 160. "Hirienniah and Madhava Rao". "Ambedkar: The architect of Indian constitution Rao"
Flying Super Saturator was a water ride and suspended roller coaster at Carowinds amusement park, located on the border of North and South Carolina. It was the first roller coaster of its kind, allowing riders to dump 4-gallon payloads of water on those Carowinds patrons who venture underneath the coaster's track; the ride features numerous means for the riders to get wet as well, including water curtains and numerous ground-mounted water cannons that can be aimed by park guests at passing riders on the coaster. Located in Boomerang Bay, a water park section, the ride was manufactured by Setpoint USA and fabricated by Intermountain Lift, Inc, it was only open during the warmer months of May through September. The roller coaster was removed in 2008. Setpoint USA, the company that designed and built Flying Super Saturator, was awarded the World Waterpark Association's industry innovation award for their design and creation of the coaster; the coaster won an award from Screamscape for the "attraction that may not be the biggest of the best, but was made just for the fun of it."
Two years after the creation of Flying Super Saturator, Setpoint built a similar water-themed roller coaster called Roller Soaker at Hersheypark in Hershey, Pennsylvania. The two rides remain the only suspended water-coasters in the United States. Although it was unique in many ways, Flying Super Saturator is far from an extreme thrill ride, only reaching speeds of 30 mph. After the addition of Afterburn in 1999, the addition of Flying Super Saturator began a several-year-long trend of family-friendly rides that were being built at Carowinds; this trend ended in 2004 with the addition of Nighthawk, signaled a return to more dramatic thrill rides at the park. Video of Flying Super Saturator
The Al Muhaidib Group is an international private group of companies based in Saudi Arabia, founded in 1946 by Abdul Kadir bin Abdul Muhsin Al-Muhaidib. The current Chairman of the Board of Directors is Sulaiman A. K. Al-Muhaidib; the first company was founded in 1946 - under Abdulkadir Al-Muhaidib Company. Its main interest was selling wholesale building foodstuffs. In 1959 the company name was changed to Al-Muhaidib and Al-Nafea Company, in 1979 it was changed again to A. K Al-Muhaidib & Sons Group of Companies. A. K. Al-Muhaidib & Sons group of companies began its life in the food products industry in 1959, marketing and distributing rice. Although this sector has remained the fastest-growing within the group, allowing the company to expand its portfolio to include other grains and leading to the establishment of a retail outlet chain, Giant Stores; the group's other main interest, building materials, has thrived along with Saudi Arabia's economic and industrial development. In Saudi Arabia, the GCC, one of the fastest growing companies within the Al-Muhaidib Group is Mayar Foods Co..
Established in 1959, the company has become a specialist in all facets of rice distribution and marketing. The company now has the distinction of being a major player in the food industry. By expanding its product lines to include Pasta, the distribution of Barilla Pasta in Saudi Arabia, the company continues its strategy of acquiring national and international products; this has resulted in developing a vast network of sales offices. This growth has led to the availability of Mayar Foods products in every food outlet throughout the Kingdom. Mayar Foods is one of the top 15 suppliers to all Saudi retailers, has been growing since. Established in 1979 with an initial SR 40 Million Capital & grew in subsequent years to SR 5 Billion, Savola Foods has market shares of 62% of the Edible Oils market and 68% of the Sugar market in the Kingdom. Panda Retail Company was founded in 1978, is 92% owned by Savola forming the food retailing arm of theٍ Savola Group, it is one of the most important organizations in the retail sector in Saudi Arabia, operating a network of hypermarkets and convenience stores in the Kingdom and has entered the Dubai retail scene.
In its own right Panda is considered to be one of the largest Saudi joint-stock companies in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Of particular note is that Panda helped found the Saudi Institute for Retail Sales and Marketing; the company was established for more than thirty years. There are many branches in the main cities of Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh and Dammam; the main warehouse area is around 30,000 square meters and it accommodates up to 17,000 items including different types of fixing material such as bolts, nuts and fasteners with accessories made of iron, copper, plastic and a verity of galvanization. The company has become a major specialist in the field of bolts and fixing material and a major supplier for many national factories and major companies in Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries. Today the company has more than 1,300 employees working in over 70 branches over Saudi Arabia with over 1 million square meters of storage capacity; the company is supported with large fleet of vehicles and equipment to help work with the stock of products exceeding 10,000 items with wide representation of leading international and local manufactures.
The company works with steel products including reinforced steel and industrial steel such as hollow steel, plate iron, angles, mesh wires and other metal products. The company supplies wood products made from imported timber from Romania, Sweden, Canada, Chile, etc; the company just embarked in the "Builder Merchant" concept, where it expanded its core building material portfolio to complement its current product such as cement, core electrical and core plumbing. The steady success in hardware trading has encouraged the Al-Muhaidib Hardware to set up divisions for supplying contractors and wood manufactures with hardware accessories. In order to cover a wider geographical area, Al-Muhaidib Hardware has established over 42 showrooms throughout the Kingdom, offering nearly 20,000 different hardware items. Al-Muhaidib Hardware Company acts as the Agent for many brands of hardware products. Al-Muhaidib Metal Industries Company was established in 1982. Today, the company has five factories operating in an area of 50,000 square meters in the industrial estate of Riyadh creating reinforcement steel, fabricated steel, building products, steel doors and other steel and other metal products.
Over the past years, the company has achieved tremendous success in international markets. The company has concluded several transactions with the Gulf Cooperation Council and other Arab and African countries. Located in Jeddah Industrial City with plant capacity of 140,000 tons per year; the Company supplies various diameters. The company was incorporated in 1988, since the company has grown and become a leading timber industry company in Saudi Arabia; the company's factory was built in Riyadh on an area of 24,500 square meters which included various types of wood products. Another factory is specialized in producing tailor-made standard products such as doors, timber blocks and other wood products. Plastic-laminated kitchen units are designed and produced for the construction sector. Other supplementary products are manufactured; the third production unit is specialized in traditional design and handiwork. The manufacture of
Cerros Negros de Jama is a monogenetic volcanic group in the Andes, Jujuy Province, Argentina. The group is formed by about four well preserved scoria cones with lava fields and one isolated lava field, constructed on Ordovician marine sediments and dacitic lavas from the adjacent Cerro Bayo de Archibarca volcano; these cones are aligned submeridionally with a fault system in the ground. The lavas and associated dykes have variable morphology; the lavas show no evidence of ponding in crustal magma chambers, suggesting that the large volatile content of the magma was sufficient to transport it through the crust. Magma temperatures have been estimated at higher than 1,000 °C; the cones are constructed by reddish lapilli and lava bombs up to 1 metre wide with subordinate amounts of ash-like material, concentrated in the talus deposits that have been formed by erosion at the basis of the cones. Arenite of sedimentary origin and dacite are found as xenoliths; the cones were built by Strombolian activity with occasional Hawaiian episodes.
Less than 1 metre thick folded lava flows of gray colour are found in the field, containing xenoliths and scoriaceous material from the cones. In two of the cones were erupted at the base of the cones by dykes. In the northernmost cone, two northeastern lava flows were erupted above each other; the lower flow is thinner and contains pyroxene phenocrysts, the upper one has a smaller extent and is dominated by olivine. On its western margin, it borders a lineament; the eastern cone has no less than four lava flows dominated by olivine, one of, 2.5 kilometres long. Two other lava fields are present. Two lava flows at Cerro El Chileno extend 2 kilometres southeastward and are associated with pyroclastic mounds, suggesting some explosive activity, but no cone; the cone might have been eroded away. 3.15 kilometres north of Cerro El Chileno lies an isolated lava flow with a circular shape that may be linked to a cone 2 kilometres north. The volcanic field is located in the Puna-Altiplano highland, a region with strong tectonic and volcanic activity since the Oligocene.
Changes in subduction style of the Nazca plate have produced changes in the nature and amount of volcanic activity, with the latest change being a westward shift of volcanic activity to the main belt of the Central Volcanic Zone. In the region, mafic volcanism has been active since the Oligocene. Most volcanism in the area is of silicic nature however