The Cemetery of Confucius is a cemetery of the Kong clan in Confucius' hometown Qufu in Shandong province. Confucius himself and some of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of his descendants. Since 1994, the Cemetery of Confucius has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu"; the two other components of the site are the Temple of Confucius dedicated to the memory of the philosopher and the Kong Family Mansion, where his descendants lived. The three sites are collectively known in Qufu as i.e.. "The Three Confucian ". In 1331 construction work began on the gate of the cemetery. In total, the cemetery has undergone 13 extensions. By the late 18th century, the perimeter wall reached a length of 7.5 kilometres, enclosing an area of 3.6 square kilometres. In this space, the tombs of more than 100,000 descendants of Confucius, who have been buried there over a period of about 2,000 years, can be found; the oldest graves date back to the Zhou Dynasty, the most recent of which belong to descendants in the 76th and 78th generation.
The cemetery suffered serious damage in November 1966, during the Cultural Revolution, when it was visited and vandalized by a team of Red Guards from Beijing Normal University, led by Tan Houlan. The corpse of the 76th-generation Duke Yansheng was removed from its grave and hung naked from a tree in front of the palace during the desecration of the cemetery in the Cultural Revolution; the Cemetery of Confucius is located north of the historic walled city of Qufu, about two kilometers north of the Temple and Mansion of Confucius, 1.5 km north of the Temple of Yan Hui, dedicated to the sage's favorite student. The main north-central axis of the walled city, Gulou Jie, becomes Beiguan Jie after passing through the north gate of the city wall; the avenue runs north for 1266 m as a wide boulevard decorated with the Wan gu chang chun memorial arch and lined by cypresses and pine trees arriving at the main gates of the cemetery. The cemetery occupies 183.33 hectares, is surrounded by a perimeter wall 5,591 m long.
The oldest graves found in this location date back to the Zhou Dynasty. The original tomb erected here in memory of Confucius on the bank of the Sishui River had the shape of an axe. In addition, it had a brick platform for sacrifices; the present-day tomb is a cone-shaped hill. Tombs for the descendants of Confucius and additional stelae to commemorate him were soon added around Confucius' tomb. Since Confucius' descendants were conferred noble titles and were given imperial princesses as wives, many of the tombs in the cemetery show the status symbols of noblemen. Tombstones came in use during the Han Dynasty. Today, there are over three thousand stone tablets dating from China's imperial period still standing in the cemetery. According to an official count, among them there are 22 tablets from the Song Dynasty, six from Jin, 45 from Yuan, 506 from Ming and 2626 from Qing still standing in the cemetery. There are 568 tablets from the Republic of China period and 50 modern tablets, as well as 180 tablets whose age cannot be determined.
The Ming burials are found in the western part of the cemetery, those from the Qing era, in the eastern part. In the Ming section notable is a comparatively small area located about 1 km to the northwest of the Tomb of Confucius, where about a dozen of Dukes of Yansheng, from the 55th to the 64th generation, have been buried; the dukes' tomb sites in this area are arranged more or less chronologically in rows from the south to the north, within each row, from the east of the west. Each duke has his own spirit way, oriented from the south to the north, which includes the following sculptures: three pairs of animals. A smaller subsidiary area with late Ming - early Qing spirit ways, is located about 500 m northeast of this main area. More than 10,000 mature trees give the cemetery a forest-like appearance. Spirit ways of the Ming-era Dukes of Yansheng Tombs of the Qing-era Dukes of Yansheng Temple of Zengzi 曾廟 Mencius's sites- Meng family mansion 孟府, Temple of Mencius 孟廟, Cemetery of Mencius 孟林 Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu
WMSV FM 91.1 is a radio station in Starkville, Mississippi located on the campus of Mississippi State University. Prior to WMSV, Mississippi State had a student-run radio station, WMSB, which went off the air permanently at the end of the spring semester of 1986. WMSB was a low-power FM station with studios on the top floor of Lee Hall. Marketed as "The Radio," the station's 10-watt, FM signal extended past the boundaries of the campus; the station's album oriented rock format was augmented with an hourly ten-to-fifteen minute jazz block. Additionally, weekend formatting was African-American oriented beginning in 1979. WORJ's News Blimp program was broadcast. WMSB was started during the fall semester of 1971 in a freshman dorm room on the third floor of Critz Hall, utilizing an FM stereo transmitter, designed and built as a high school science fair project by one of the station's founders; the station's original call letters were RHOM. It was on air from 8:00-midnight each evening. Funding was solicited from the Student Association.
With funding approved, the low-power RCA FM transmitter was ordered and the call letters WMSB were issued by the U. S. Federal Communications Commission; the station was moved to studios on the top floor of Lee Hall, occupied by a student-run AM station, 10-watt WMSB hit the air in 1974 on 89.1 MHz. On March 21, 1994, the campus radio station went back on the air after an eight-year absence, on a new license; the station's new call letters were WMSV. The 14,000-watt station broadcast across a 50-60 mile radius around the campus and used the slogan "Radio With a Vision"; when it began operations, the station played a blend of alternative album oriented rock. The station broadcast many specialty shows such as blues, new age, urban and a number of public affairs programs. In the beginning, the station was run by more than 75 student volunteers with a paid general manager, Steve Ellis, on staff with the university; the first student staff included: Mike Bianco - Program Director April Smith - Promotions Director James Martin - Music Director Robby Stanley - Public Affairs Director Jay Houts - News DirectorWMSV garnered two first place awards from the National Association of College Broadcasters in its first year of operations and numerous Gold Awards from the Mississippi Association of College Broadcasters.
It was recognized as one of the College Music Journal's most influential college stations in the country. By 1996, an assistant station manager, Scott Wilson, had been hired, but volunteers still worked in the capacity of DJs, music staffers, news reporters, specialty program hosts, public affairs program hosts and office staff. In January 1999, WMSV changed its slogan to "World Class Radio"; the decision to change the identifying logo/slogan of the station was due to the change in the music format to more of an Adult album alternative blend. WMSV ran a dedicated news department from 1994-2007. In 1994, student news director Jay Houts was named the top news reporter in the country by the National Association of College Broadcasters; the next year, news director Norris Agnew earned the runner-up spot in news reporting at the 1995 NACB convention. In 1996, news director Suehyla El-Attar was a finalist for the country's top news reporting award. In 1997, news director Brian McCann received several awards for journalism from the Mississippi Associated Press.
The station had 30-minute news broadcasts that aired at 7:30am and 5:00pm with an additional 5-minute news update at noon. Utilizing local student reporters, combined with the nationally known Associated Press Wire Service, the station produced coverage of national and local events as well as sport reports. Additionally, the station offered the Geosciences Department at MSU the opportunity to appoint student meteorologists within the Broadcast Meteorology Program to deliver weather updates. In January 2001, the evening news broadcast was discontinued in favor of three 6-minute news updates at 5, 6 and 7 pm; this move was made to make room for a sports news program that aired from 5-8 p.m. focusing on the Southeastern Conference. In 2001, the station decided to put more emphasis on sports news in the evening; the evening newscast was canceled and three short news updates were put in its place at the top of the 5, 6 and 7 p.m. hours. The former 5 p.m. news slot made room for the creation of "Bulldog Drive Time", which discussed Mississippi State sports and news.
In 2006, this show was re-imagined, "Southeastern Drive Time" debuted. SDT is a one-hour sports program broadcast from 5-6 p.m. featuring discussion on current news in the Southeastern Conference. Hosted by Steve Ellis and Anthony Craven, it is broadcast on radio affiliates in Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia; as part of its non-commercial radio distinction, the station started a Public Affairs Department in 1994. The station aired; these included "The Health Show", "Special Assignment", Fifty-one Percent", "The Environment Show" and "The Best of Our Knowledge". The station produced many local shows such as "Focus on Faculty" hosted by Meredith Geuder of MSU's University Relations Department, which featured interviews with faculty and staff in the news at MSU. Another important facet of WMSV's public affairs programming is the airing of public service announcements; the station airs three liv
Mount Popov is the broad ice-covered peak with precipitous rocky slopes rising to 650 m in eastern Bigla Ridge on Heros Peninsula, Foyn Coast on the Antarctic Peninsula. It surmounts Beaglehole Glacier to Cabinet Inlet to the northeast; the feature is named after Todor Popov, physician at St. Kliment Ohridski Base during the 1996/97 and 1997/98 seasons. Mount Popov is located at 66°32′20″S 63°54′25″W, 13 km south-southwest of Balder Point, 7.65 km northwest of Spur Point and 12.64 km northeast of Varad Point. British mapping in 1974. British Antarctic Territory: Graham Land. Scale 1:250000 topographic map. BAS 250 Series, Sheet SQ 19-20. London, 1974. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. Mount Popov. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Mount Popov. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission
Shobhana Lakshmi Chelliah is a linguist who specializes in Tibeto-Burman languages and language documentation, as well as the structure of English around the world. She earned her doctorate in linguistics in 1992 at the University of Texas at Austin, where her doctoral adviser was Anthony C. Woodbury, her dissertation focused on the description of Meitei grammar. She has worked on the digitization of Old Meitei manuscripts from the 16th-18th centuries, as well as the documentation of the Lamkang language, her other publications are on the typology of case marking, as well as the Handbook of Descriptive Linguistic Fieldwork. Chelliah was the Program Director for the Documenting Endangered Languages program at the National Science Foundation from 2012-2014, she is a Professor of Linguistics at the University of North Texas. Chelliah, Shobhana L.. A grammar of Meithei. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 0-19-564331-3. Chelliah, Shobhana L.. Constructs of Indian English in language'guidebooks'. World Englishes, 20:161-177.* Chelliah, Shobhana L..
Early Meithei manuscripts. In C. I. Beckwith, Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages: PIATS 2000: Tibetan studies: Proceedings of the ninth seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. Chelliah, Shobhana L.. A glossary of 39 basic words in archaic and modern Meithei. In C. I. Beckwith, Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages: PIATS 2000: Tibetan studies: Proceedings of the ninth seminar of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. Chelliah, Shobhana L.. "Polysemy through metonymy: The case of Meithei pi'grandmother'". Studies in Language. 28: 363–386. Doi:10.1075/sl.28.2.04che.* Chelliah, Shobhana L. & Willem de Reuse.. Handbook of Descriptive Linguistic Fieldwork. Springer Science & Business Media. Pp. 176–177. ISBN 978-9048190256 Faculty page at UNT
Lamine N'Diaye is a Senegalese football coach and former player, the manager of Guinean club Horoya AC. Born in Thiès, N'Diaye played as a midfielder for US Rail, SC Orange and Mulhouse, represented the Senegalese national side at international level. N'Diaye managed Mulhouse in 1998. N'Diaye managed Cameroonian club side Coton Sport from 2003 to 2006. N'Diaye became coach of the Senegal national team in January 2008, following the resignation of Henryk Kasperczak, he was fired from his position as manager in October 2008. N'Diaye was appointed manager of Moroccan side Maghreb Fez in December 2008, before becoming manager of TP Mazembe in September 2010, he became technical director of TP Mazembe in May 2013. In December 2014 he became technical director of AC Léopards. By July 2018 he was manager of Sudanese club Al-Hilal. In November 2019 he became manager of Guinean club Horoya AC
Jacques Marie Alfred Gaston Faure was a French Army general and skier. He was the leader of the French national Olympic military patrol team in 1936 which placed sixth and in 1961 one of the masterminds of the Algiers putsch. Jacques Faure was born on 2 March 1904 in Gironde department, he was the son of colonel, killed during World War I and grandson of a general. During his service in the army he was a paratrooper, he passed. In October 1927 he joined the 13th Chasseurs Alpins Battalion in Chambéry, where he became leader of a ski reconnaissance platoon from 1930 to 1931, afterwards Captain. Meanwhile, he visited the high mountain school École de Haute Montagne in Chamonix in 1930. From 1932 to 1938 he was commander of the French military ski team, was French Champion in military skiing the same years. During this period he led the Olympic team in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. In 1938 he was transferred to the general staff of the 64th Alpine Division. During World War II he was attaché in the General Staff of the High Mountain Brigade from 1939 to 1940 under command of Émile Béthouart, expedition corps leader in Narvik, Norway.
After the Second Armistice at Compiègne he was transferred to London, Great Britain, afterwards General Charles de Gaulle ordered him back to France, where he served at the ESM Saint-Cyr. In 1940 he was co-founder of a youth organization of the French Air Force. From November 1940 to 1942 he was stationed in Morocco, afterwards until March 1943 in Algiers, Algeria. Back to Europe, he served as deputy commander of the 1st Parachute Chasseur Regiment in Italy. In the autumn of 1944 he became Lieutenant-colonel and commander of the 1er RCP deployed in the Vosges Mountains until February 1945. After the war he served in the General Staff of the French Army until 1946, where he was head of the airmobile forces section, afterwards department chef 3. Advanced to Colonel in October 1946, he became commander of the 25th Airmobile Division. From 1952 to 1953 he served as military governor in the general staff in Vienna, occupied Austria, followed by a deployment in the general staff of the HQ Allied Forces Central Europe in Fontainebleau after October 1953.
In the rank of Général de Brigade, he was commander of the École d'Application d'Infanterie de Saint-Maixent after 1954 and commander of the high mountain school EHM in Chamonix. He became the first president of the Commission Armées Jeunesse, official founded by the French defence minister in 1955. In September 1956 he was ordered again to Algeria. During the Algerian War he was commanding general of the 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade in Kabylie after 1956, chief of staff of the French Army Corps Command in Algiers. Meanwhile, he was promoted to Général de Division. In Algeria he planned a coup de main against the French government in North Africa and talked about it with his friend Paul Teitgen; the French General Governor Robert Lacoste should be captured during an inspection trip and General Raoul Salan should become military and civilian governor of Algeria. The plan could not be realized. Faure was captured in 1956, was transferred to Paris, was sentenced in January 1957 to thirty days of arrest in the barracks of La Courneuve.
Faure was one of the masterminds of the putsch and was sentenced to ten years of prison in 1961, although he stood in Paris during the realization. In 1968 he was pardoned and released from prison, got back his rank in 1974, was political rehabilitated in 1982, was made honor member of the Secours de France in 1986. Two years he died in Paris. Commander of the Légion d'honneur, 1953 Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with 5 palms Croix de la Valeur Militaire with palm Médaille de l'Aéronautique Commandeur of the Ordre du Mérite sportif Médaille d'Or de l'Éducation Physique