Eurico Gaspar Dutra
Eurico Gaspar Dutra was a Brazilian military leader and politician who served as 16th President of Brazil from 1946 to 1951. He was the first President of the Second Brazilian Republic which followed the Vargas Regime. Military, born in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, he falsified his birth year to 1885, at age 19, so that he would have a physical compatible with the age, in order to facilitate his entry into the Army. He studied at the Preparatory and Tactical School of Rio Grande do Sul and at the Military Academy of Brazil in 1904, of which he was expelled for taking part in an uprising that same year, related to the Vaccine Revolt, but pardoned, returned to school, now based in Realengo, completing the course in 1906, he was a student of the School of War in Porto Alegre, the School of Artillery and Engineering, where perfected in mechanics and metallurgy, the School of General Staff, where he graduated as the 1st in class and received the rare mention "très bien", acting shortly after, in the repression of the São Paulo Revolution of 1924.
Helped found the National Defense magazine in 1918, fought the uprising known as the "18 Fort" in 1922, in Rio de Janeiro, participated, integrating the North Detachment, under the command of General Mena Barreto, of the fighting against an insurgency erupted in Manaus that radiated to Pará. By having fought the Revolution of 1930, he was sent to the command of the 11th Cavalry Independent Regiment in Ponta Porã. Promoted to colonel, Dutra took command of the 4th Cavalry Divisional Regiment in Três Corações, where he fought the Constitutionalist Revolution in São Paulo in 1932. Defended the government of President Washington Luís against the rebels of 1930s, but in 1932, fought the Constitutionalist Revolution in São Paulo. Appointed commander of the 1st Military Region, stood out in reaction to the communist movement in 1935, episode known as “Intentona Comunista”, occupying the post of Minister of War. During World War II, he was among the Brazilian military leaders who were against an alignment with allies and a deeper involvement of the country in the conflict.
With, although modest, Brazil's participation in the war on the Allied side, the growing pressure from civil society for democratization of the country, Dutra formally adhered to the idea of the end of the regime that started in 1930, participating in the following deposition of Getúlio Vargas in October 1945, continuing the interventionist doctrine, practiced at the time by the Brazilian army. In this context, the deposed leader announced the following month his support for Dutra, the candidate of the Army, at the expense of the candidate of the Air Force, Eduardo Gomes, in the elections that followed. On September 18, 1946, the fifth constitution of Brazil was enacted, marking the country's return to democratic rule; that year, the government created the Social Service of Industry and Social Service of Commerce, the General Staff, the future General Staff of the Armed Forces. The same year, the president prohibited gambling in the country. In 1947, he registered the appointment of Osvaldo Aranha delegate of Brazil to the United Nations, the forfeiture of the Brazilian Communist Party, breaking off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and achieved, in Petrópolis, the Inter-American Conference of Peacekeeping and Security of the Continent, attended by the U.
S. president, Harry Truman. Closer relations with the Americans was evidenced in the formation of the Joint Commission Brazil-United States, known as Abbink Mission, headed by John Abbink and Minister Octavio Gouveia de Bouillon. Assignment was to diagnose the main problems of the Brazilian economy and, as a special recommendation, the use of external resources in the oil sector. Still in 1947 was the intervention of the Ministry of Labour in many unions, continuing the guardianship of the state over union activities guaranteed by ordinance in 9.070 of March 1946, a regulation to limit he right to strike. Concomitant with the union repression and wage restraint, economic policy has gone through two phases: the former was liberal and sought to break with previous forms of intervention in the economy. However, imports of goods led to a rapid depletion of the country's foreign exchange reserves. In 1947, under the guidance of the International Monetary Fund a second phase, in which the exchange control was retaken, kept the cruise at high levels compared to the U.
S. currency. This policy discouraged exports, encouraging, on the other hand, the import of equipment and other inputs, excluding consumer goods, favored the expansion of the manufacturing sector; the development strategy of the government included the “Salte Plan”, named for an emphasis on Health, Food and Energy. Proposed in 1947, it aimed at the management of public spending and investment in key sectors in the country but only began to receive funding from the budget in 1949, being forgotten in 1951. During this period measurements the country's economic growth by calculating the Gross Domestic Product were first published; the average annual growth of the Brazilian economy under his administration was 7.6%. During the Dutra government construction of the hydroelectric plant of Paulo Afonso and the President Dutra highway linking Rio to São Paulo was initiated. In October 1948 his government set up the Superior School of War, with American support. Upon leaving the presidency, he remained active in politics until he ran again for president in the indirect election
The Girl from Ipanema
"Garota de Ipanema" is a Brazilian bossa nova and jazz song. It was a worldwide hit in the mid-1960s and won a Grammy for Record of the Year in 1965, it was written in 1962, with music by Antônio Carlos Jobim and Portuguese lyrics by Vinicius de Moraes. English lyrics were written by Norman Gimbel; the first commercial recording was by Pery Ribeiro. The 1964 Stan Getz featuring the vocal debut of Astrud Gilberto and became an international hit; this had been shortened from the version on the album Getz/Gilberto which had included the Portuguese lyrics sung by Astrud's husband João Gilberto. In the US, the single peaked at number five on the Billboard Hot 100, went to number one for two weeks on the Easy Listening chart. Overseas it peaked at number 29 in the United Kingdom, charted throughout the world. Numerous recordings have been used in films, sometimes as an elevator music cliché, it is believed to be the second most recorded pop song in history, after "Yesterday" by The Beatles. The song was inducted into the Latin Grammy Hall of Fame in 2001.
In 2004, it was one of 50 recordings chosen that year by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry. In 2009, the song was voted by the Brazilian edition of Rolling Stone as the 27th greatest Brazilian song. Ipanema is a fashionable seaside neighborhood located in the southern region of the city of Rio de Janeiro; the song was composed for a musical comedy titled Dirigível a work-in-progress of Vinícius de Moraes. The original title was "Menina que Passa". Jobim composed the melody on his piano in his new house in Rua Barão da Torre, in Ipanema. In turn, Moraes had written the lyrics in Petrópolis, near Rio de Janeiro, as he had done with "Chega de Saudade" six years earlier. During a recording session in New York with João Gilberto, Antonio Carlos Jobim and Stan Getz, the idea of cutting an English-language version came up. Norman Gimbel wrote the English lyrics. João's wife, Astrud Gilberto, was the only one of the Brazilians who could speak English well and was chosen to sing.
Her voice, without trained singer mannerisms, proved a perfect fit for the song. Ethel Ennis and Nat King Cole have both recorded the song; the song was inspired by Heloísa Eneida Menezes Paes Pinto, a seventeen-year-old girl living on Montenegro Street in Ipanema. Daily, she would stroll past the Veloso bar-café, not just to the beach, but in the everyday course of her life, she would sometimes enter the bar to buy cigarettes for her mother and leave to the sound of wolf-whistles. In the winter of 1962, the composers saw. Since the song became popular, she has become a celebrity. In Revelação: a verdadeira Garota de Ipanema Moraes wrote that she was "the paradigm of the young Carioca: a golden teenage girl, a mixture of flower and mermaid, full of light and grace, the sight of whom is sad, in that she carries with her, on her route to the sea, the feeling of youth that fades, of the beauty, not ours alone—it is a gift of life in its beautiful and melancholic constant ebb and flow." The legacy of "The Girl from Ipanema" was acknowledged by multiple aspects of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics held in Rio de Janeiro: the Olympic and Paralympic mascots were named Vinicius and Tom after the song's co-writers by a public vote, while the Olympics' opening ceremony featured a segment themed around the song and the architecture of Oscar Niemeyer.
Jobim's grandson Daniel performed the song during the segment, which featured an appearance by Brazilian model Gisele Bündchen. Spotify reported that the song had been streamed on its service 40,000 times per-day in the days following the ceremony, while in the U. S. the song reached #5 on Billboard's World Digital Songs chart the following week. In 2001, the song's copyright owners sued Pinheiro for using the title of the song as the name of her boutique. In their complaint, they stated that her status as The Girl from Ipanema did not entitle her to use a name that belonged to them. Public support was in favor of Pinheiro. A press release by Jobim and Moraes, the composers, in which they had named Pinheiro as the real Girl from Ipanema was used as evidence that they had intended to bestow this title on her; the court ruled in favor of Pinheiro. In a separate legal dispute, Astrud Gilberto sued Frito-Lay for trademark infringement for using the song in a TV advertisement for its baked potato chips.
Gilberto argued that:s the result of the huge success of the 1964 recording, her frequent subsequent performances of "Ipanema," she has become known as The Girl from Ipanema and is identified by the public with the 1964 recording. She claims as a result to have earned trademark rights in the 1964 recording, which she contends the public recognizes as a mark designating her as a singer, she contends, that Frito-Lay could not lawfully use the 1964 recording in an advertisement for its chips without her permission. In Oliveira v. Frito-Lay Inc. her claims were rejected by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. When sung by female artists the song has been rendered as "The Boy from Ipanema", such as by Peggy Lee, Ella Fitzgerald and The Supremes, Shirley Bassey and Eartha Kitt. Petula Clark sang it in 1977 on The Muppet Show. Crystal Waters recorded her version in 1996 for the various artists Red Hot + Rio compilation and was include
Aurora Miranda da Cunha Richaid was a Brazilian singer and actress. She began her career at the age of 18 in 1933. Miranda appeared in several films, including The Three Caballeros, where she danced with Donald Duck and José Carioca, singing the song, "Os Quindins de Yayá", her sisters were Cecilia Miranda. Aurora Miranda had a successful career in Brazil and the US overshadowed by that of her sister, Carmen Miranda. Aurora was six years younger than her sister, not as brilliant but talented and vivacious. In 1932, aged 18, she was asked to perform on the Mayrink Veiga radio station by Josué de Barros, the same composer who had launched her sister's career 10 years earlier. Soon she was snapped up by a rival station and within 12 months she had released her first record, Cai, Balão alongside the crooner considered Brazil's rei da voz or "king of the voice", Francisco Alves. Alves was known for supporting up-and-coming artists and there was none more promising than Aurora, who many still believe had a more beautiful voice than Carmen.
Years she appeared in the documentaries Once Upon a Mouse and Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business. Miranda died at the age of 90 on 22 December 2005. In 1940 she married Gabriel Richaid clad in a gold-embroidered wedding dress shipped from the US by Carmen. Unlike her sister, Aurora preferred married life to her career. In 1951 she settled down as wife and mother, she spoke of her sister Carmen and appeared in many documentaries. Aurora Miranda carved out her own niche, first as a pioneering singer and as the first human being to interact with cartoons in a Walt Disney production, she appeared in the film The Three Caballeros, a mix of cinema and animation in which Aurora starred alongside Donald Duck. But her greatest legacy was the first recording of Rio de Janeiro's unofficial anthem, Cidade Maravilhosa, in 1934. Tom Philips wrote in The Guardian that Aurora Miranda "personified the spirit of Rio." Carioca Aurora Miranda on IMDb Aurora Miranda at AllMovie Aurora Miranda at the TCM Movie Database Aurora Miranda at Find a Grave
John the Baptist
John the Baptist was a Jewish itinerant preacher in the early first century AD. Other titles for John include John the Forerunner in Eastern Christianity and "the prophet John" in Islam. To clarify the meaning of "Baptist", he is sometimes alternatively called John the Baptizer. John the Baptist is mentioned by the Jewish historian Josephus and revered as a major religious figure in Christianity, the Bahá'í Faith, Mandaeism, he is called a prophet by all of these faiths, is honored as a saint in many Christian traditions. According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself and Christians refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus' coming. John is identified as the spiritual successor of the prophet Elijah. According to the New Testament John the Baptist was Jesus Christ's cousin; some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this.
John used baptism as the central sacrament of his messianic movement. Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus and some scholars believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of John; the New Testament texts in which John is mentioned portray him as rejecting this idea, although several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had been followers of John. John was sentenced to death and subsequently beheaded by Herod Antipas sometime between 28 and 36 AD after John rebuked him for divorcing his wife and unlawfully taking Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I. John the Baptist is mentioned in all four canonical Gospels and the non-canonical Gospel of the Nazarenes; the Synoptic Gospels describe John baptising Jesus. The Gospel of Mark introduces John as a fulfilment of a prophecy from the Book of Isaiah about a messenger being sent ahead, a voice crying out in the wilderness. John is described as living on locusts and wild honey. John proclaims baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sin, says another will come after him who will not baptize with water, but with the Holy Spirit.
Jesus comes to John, is baptized by him in the river Jordan. The account describes how. A voice from heaven says, "You are my Son, the Beloved. In the gospel there is an account of John's death, it is introduced by an incident where the Tetrarch Herod Antipas, hearing stories about Jesus, imagines that this is John the Baptist raised from the dead. It explains that John had rebuked Herod for marrying Herodias, the ex-wife of his brother. Herodias demands his execution, but Herod, who'liked to listen' to John, is reluctant to do so because he fears him, knowing he is a'righteous and holy man'; the account describes how Herod's daughter Herodias dances before Herod, pleased and offers her anything she asks for in return. When the girl asks her mother what she should request, she is told to demand the head of John the Baptist. Reluctantly, Herod orders the beheading of John, his head is delivered to her, at her request, on a plate. John's disciples bury it in a tomb. There are a number of difficulties with this passage.
The Gospel refers to Antipas as'King' and the ex-husband of Herodias is named as Philip, but he is known to have been called Herod. Although the wording implies the girl was the daughter of Herodias, many texts describe her as "Herod's daughter, Herodias". Since these texts are early and significant and the reading is'difficult', many scholars see this as the original version, corrected in versions and in Matthew and Luke. Josephus says. Scholars have speculated about the origins of the story. Since it shows signs of having been composed in Aramaic, which Mark did not speak, he is to have got it from a Palestinian source. There are a variety of opinions about how much actual historical material it contains given the alleged factual errors. Many scholars have seen the story of John arrested and buried in a tomb as a conscious foreshadowing of the fate of Jesus; the Gospel of Matthew account begins with the same modified quotation from Isaiah, moving the Malachi and Exodus material to in the text, where it is quoted by Jesus.
The description of John is taken directly from Mark, along with the proclamation that one was coming who would baptise with the Holy Spirit "and fire". Unlike Mark, Matthew describes John as critical of Pharisees and Sadducees and as preaching "the kingdom of heaven is at hand" and a "coming judgment". Matthew shortens the account of the beheading of John, adds two elements: that Herod Antipas wants John dead, that the death is reported to Jesus by his disciples. Matthew's approach is to shift the focus away onto John as a prototype of Jesus. Where Mark has Herod killing John reluctantly and at Herodias' insistence, Matthew describes him
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish and French are predominantly spoken. The term "Latin America" was first used in an 1856 conference with the title "Initiative of the America. Idea for a Federal Congress of the Republics", by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao; the term was used by Napoleon III's French government in the 1860s as Amérique latine to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas, along with the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed, including the Spanish-speaking portions of the United States Today, areas of Canada and the United States where Spanish and French are predominant are not included in definitions of Latin America. Latin America consists of 13 dependencies and 20 countries which cover an area that stretches from the northern border of Mexico to the southern tip of South America, including the Caribbean, it has an area of 19,197,000 km2 13% of the Earth's land surface area.
As of 2016, its population was estimated at more than 639 million and in 2014, Latin America had a combined nominal GDP of US$5,573,397 million and a GDP PPP of 7,531,585 million USD. The idea that a part of the Americas has a linguistic affinity with the Romance cultures as a whole can be traced back to the 1830s, in the writing of the French Saint-Simonian Michel Chevalier, who postulated that this part of the Americas was inhabited by people of a "Latin race", that it could, ally itself with "Latin Europe" overlapping the Latin Church, in a struggle with "Teutonic Europe", "Anglo-Saxon America" and "Slavic Europe". Further investigations of the concept of Latin America are by Michel Gobat in the American Historical Review, the studies of Leslie Bethell, the monograph by Mauricio Tenorio-Trillo, Latin America: The Allure and Power of an Idea. Historian John Leddy Phelan (located the origins of “Latin America” in the French occupation of Mexico, his argument is that French imperialists used the concept of "Latin" America as a way to counter British imperialism, as well as to challenge the German threat to France.
The idea of a "Latin race" was taken up by Latin American intellectuals and political leaders of the mid- and late-nineteenth century, who no longer looked to Spain or Portugal as cultural models, but rather to France. French ruler Napoleon III had a strong interest in extending French commercial and political power in the region he and his business promoter Felix Belly called “Latin America” to emphasize the shared Latin background of France with the former colonies of Spain and Portugal; this led to Napoleon's failed attempt to take military control of Mexico in the 1860s. However, though Phelan thesis is still mentioned in the U. S. academy, two Latin American historians, the Uruguayan Arturo Ardao and the Chilean Miguel Rojas Mix proved decades ago that the term "Latin America" was used earlier than Phelan claimed, the first use of the term was opposite to support imperialist projects in the Americas. Ardao wrote about this subject in his book Génesis de la idea y el nombre de América latina, Miguel Rojas Mix in his article "Bilbao y el hallazgo de América latina: Unión continental, socialista y libertaria".
As Michel Gobat reminds in his article "The Invention of Latin America: A Transnational History of Anti-Imperialism and Race", "Arturo Ardao, Miguel Rojas Mix, Aims McGuinness have revealed the term'Latin America' had been used in 1856 by Central and South Americans protesting U. S. expansion into the Southern Hemisphere". Edward Shawcross summarizes Ardao's and Rojas Mix's findings in the following way: "Ardao identified the term in a poem by a Colombian diplomat and intellectual resident in France, José María Torres Caicedo, published on 15 February 1857 in a French based Spanish-language newspaper, while Rojas Mix located it in a speech delivered in France by the radical liberal Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao in June 1856". So, regarding when the words "Latin" and "America" were combined for the first time in a printed work, the term "Latin America" was first used in 1856 in a conference by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao in Paris; the conference had the title "Initiative of the America.
Idea for a Federal Congress of Republics." The following year the Colombian writer José María Torres Caicedo used the term in his poem "The Two Americas". Two events related with the U. S. played a central role in both works. The first event happened less than a decade before the publication of Bilbao's and Torres Caicedo works: the Mexican–American War, after which Mexico lost a third of its territory; the second event, the Walker affair, happened the same year both works were written: the decision by U. S. president Franklin Pierce to recognize the regime established in Nicaragua by American William Walker and his band of filibusters who ruled Nicaragua for nearly a year and attempted to reinstate slavery there, where it had been abolished for three decades In both Bilbao's and Torres Caicedo's works, the Mexican-American War and Walker's expedition to Nicaragua are explicitly mentioned as examples of dangers for the region. For Bilbao, "Latin America" w
Ernesto Beckmann Geisel was a Brazilian Army officer and politician, President of Brazil from 1974 to 1979, during the Brazilian military government. Ernesto Geisel was born in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul province, his father was Guilherme Augusto Geisel, a German Brazilian teacher from Herborn who immigrated to the Empire of Brazil in 1883 at age 16. His mother was the homemaker Lydia Beckmann, born in Brazil in Teutônia colony to German parents from Osnabrück. In Bento Gonçalves, where Ernesto was raised, there were only two families of German origin - Geisels and Drehers - while the majority of the population was composed of Italian immigrants. Remembering the contact with the local Italian immigrants during his childhood Geisel described the cultural contrasts between the strict and rigorous education that his German parents imposed compared to the freedom and more relaxed way of life that his Italian friends had, whom he admired. Geisel was raised in a Lutheran family and he claimed to come from a poor family of lower middle class.
At home Geisel spoke German as well as Portuguese because his father, who spoke Portuguese so well that he became a teacher of this language, did not want his children to speak Portuguese with a foreign accent. As an adult, Geisel reported that he was able to understand the German language, but was not able to write it and had some difficulty speaking it. Ernesto Geisel married Lucy Markus, the daughter of an army colonel, in 1940, they had a daughter, Amália Lucy, a son, from whose 1957 death in a train accident Geisel never recovered. His widow died in an automobile accident in March 2000. Geisel along with his brother Orlando, entered the army in 1921 and in 1925 was the first of his class when he graduated from the Military High School of Porto Alegre, he acquired higher military education at Escola Militar do Realengo, graduated it in 1928 as the first in his class and joined artillery unit as an Aspirante. Promoted to lieutenant in 1930. Geisel witnessed and participated in the most prominent events of Brazilian history in the 20th century, such as the Revolution of 1930, the Getúlio Vargas dictatorship of Estado Novo and its overthrow in 1945.
Geisel was military attache in Uruguay. Promoted to brigadier-general in 1960, Geisel participated in the 1964 military coup d'état that overthrew the leftist President João Goulart. Geisel was an important figure during the coup and became Chief of the Military Staff of President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco from 1964 until 1967. In 1964 he was promoted to Lieutenant-General and in 1966 to the highest 4-star General de exército rank. In 1969 he was made president of the state-owned oil company Petrobras. In 1973 President Emílio Garrastazu Médici selected Geisel to be his successor as the President. There had been intense behind-the-scenes maneuvering by the hard-liners against him and by the more moderate supporters of Castelo Branco for him. For Geisel, his older brother, Orlando Geisel was the Minister of Army, his close ally General João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo the chief of Médici's military staff. At that time the President of Brazil was chosen by the military and approved by the Congress in order to give an impression of democratic elections.
Geisel ran as the candidate of the pro-military National Renewal Alliance Party. For the first time during the era of military rule, the Brazilian Democratic Movement put up a candidate in the person of longtime deputy Ulysses Guimarães. However, Guimarães knew that given ARENA's then-landslide majority in the Congress, Geisel's victory was a foregone conclusion; as expected, Geisel was elected by a vast majority and was inaugurated on March 15, 1974 for a five-year mandate. During the Brazilian Miracle from 1968 to 1973 Brazilian economy had grown at a rate of more than 10% per year, the fastest in the world, but due to the oil shock crisis in 1974, development fell to 5–6% per year. Because much of the country's oil had to be imported, Brazil's foreign debt began to rise; this strategy was effective in promoting growth, but it raised Brazil's import requirements markedly, increasing the large current-account deficit. The current account was financed by running up the foreign debt; the expectation was that the combined effects of import substitution industrialization and export expansion would bring about growing trade surpluses, allowing the service and repayment of the foreign debt.
President Geisel sought to maintain high economic growth rates, while dealing with the effects of the 1973 oil crisis. He maintained massive investments in infrastructure - highways, telecommunications, hydroelectric dams, mineral extraction and atomic energy. Fending off nationalist objections, he opened Brazil to oil prospecting by foreign firms for the first time since the early 1950s. Geisel adopted a more moderate stance with regards to political opposition. Together with his Chief of Staff, Minister Golbery do Couto e Silva Geisel devised a plan of gradual, slow democratization that would succeed despite all the threats and opposition from hard-liners, he replaced several regional commanders with trusted officers and labeled his political program abertura and distensão, meaning a gradual relaxation of authoritarian rule. It would be, in his words, "the maximum of development possible with the
Botafogo is a beachfront neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a upper middle class and small commerce community, is located between the hills of Mundo Novo, Dona Marta and São João; the word Botafogo refers to a Latin American ballroom dance move, named so because the area of Botafogo is where it originated. Botafogo was named after João Pereira de Sousa Botafogo, responsible for the galleon Botafogo's artillery; because of that, he included it in his family name. When he went to live in Brazil, the Portuguese Crown granted him the land known today as Botafogo; the name means "set it on fire". In the mid-19th century, English language speakers called it Boto Fogo. Botafogo's beach is within Guanabara Bay, sheltered from the Atlantic Ocean by the Urca peninsula and Sugarloaf Mountain. Attractions include the Home of Ruy Barbosa, the Museu do Índio — which explores the culture and history of the major indigenous peoples of Brazil — and the Villa-Lobos Museum; the Public Archive for the State of Rio de Janeiro is located in Botafogo.
Botafogo is the home of Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, a multi-sport club whose football team is one of Brazil's biggest. The neighborhood is served by Botafogo Station on the Rio de Janeiro Metro; the Deutsche Schule Rio de Janeiro is located in Botafogo