Centennial Olympic Park is a 22-acre public park located in downtown Atlanta, Georgia owned and operated by the Georgia World Congress Center Authority. It was built by the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games as part of the infrastructure improvements for the 1996 Summer Olympics, it plays host to millions of visitors a year and several events, including a summer popular music concert series and an annual Independence Day concert and fireworks display. The park property was a variety of vacant lots and abandoned or run-down industrial buildings. ACOG's chief executive, Billy Payne, conceived it as both a central gathering location for visitors and spectators during the Olympics and as a lasting legacy for the city. With the park being the showcase to the world during the Olympics, ACOG decided to hold a design competition to lay out and build the park. Architect EDAW, with the joint construction team of Beers/Russell, were selected to design and build the park by the Georgia World Congress Center Authority.
Centennial Olympic Park was constructed in two phases. Phase I of construction was completed July 1996, just in time for 1996 Olympic Summer Games at a cost of US$28 million. During the Olympics, the park contained sponsor exhibits, hosted entertainment and medal presentations, was a hotbed for pin trading. Phase II construction took place shortly after the Olympics were over and was completed during the following year, in 1998, at the cost of US$15 million; the celebrations in the park were marred by the July 27 bombing which killed two people and injured 111 others. Security at the park and at all sporting venues was subsequently raised to include bag searches and metal detectors at all entrances; the bombing site is adjacent to the Park's "Centennial Tree". It was closed shortly after the Olympics for renovations until spring 1998. On March 14, 2008, the park sustained minor damage. Two of the 65 foot tall light towers were blown down, it was the first tornado to hit the downtown area. On July 16, 2016, the park held events commemorating the 20th anniversary of the 1996 Olympics and Paralympics, including a volunteer reunion, a fireworks show.
In November, a commemorative plaque honoring the Games was unveiled. The park is surrounded by many major Atlanta Landmarks, it is bounded by Marietta Street to the west, Baker Street to the north and Centennial Olympic Park Drive to the east and south. Andrew Young International Boulevard, named for the former Atlanta mayor and United Nations ambassador, runs through the southern portion of the park. Since 2008, the area around the park has been marketed, referred to in the press, as the Luckie Marietta District; the Atlanta Streetcar passes along the east side of the park, with a stop for the park on Centennial Olympic Drive. A key feature of the park is the Fountain of Rings interactive fountain which features computer-controlled lights and jets of water synchronized with music played from speakers in light towers surrounding it, it forms a splash pad, designed for children to frolic in, as well as for concert-goers and joggers to cool off in on hot summer days. It consists of 251 jets that shoot 12 to 35 feet in the air, creates a beautiful water sculpture, the front yard of the nearby museum.
An important formal architectural landmark, a fun and playful space, the computer controlled fountain concept has since been replicated in other urban designs such as Dundas Square in Toronto and in commercial uses such as the Bellagio Fountains at the Bellagio Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. The fountain area is surrounded by flags representing the host countries of each Summer Olympics preceding the 1996 games and eight 65-foot-tall light towers reminiscent of classical Greek marker columns. There are several pieces of sculpture scattered through the park including a statue of Pierre de Coubertin, father of the modern Olympic movement. A small amphitheatre is located at the southern end of the park; the park has shows at the fountain all 365 days of the year, four times daily. They play at 12:30 p.m. 3:30 p.m. 9:30 p.m.. In July 2013, SkyView Atlanta, a transportable Ferris wheel, debuted across the street from the park; the 200-foot wheel features 42 air-conditioned views of the park and the surrounding area.
The park was paid for in part by the donations of thousands of individuals who bought bricks engraved with the short message of their choice and laid as pavers throughout the park. The contribution for each brick was $35; the message was allowed 15 characters on each of two lines. The finished bricks were laid in alternating light and dark groups comprising a large portion of the 800,000 bricks used in the park's construction. Many contributors ordered replica bricks to keep for themselves as souvenirs; the park has become a catalyst for new development in Atlanta's downtown. The new World of Coca-Cola opened on May 24, 2007, next to the Georgia Aquarium just north of the park, the Imagine It! Children's Museum of Atlanta opened on March 2004, on a corner northeast of the park. Other significant attractions or developments surrounding the park include The Georgia World Congress Center, the Atlanta Convention and Visitors Bureau, the Atlanta Apparel Mart, the Omni Hotel, t
Önder Çengel is a Turkish-Swiss former professional footballer who played as a striker. At the start of the 2004–05 season, Turkish champion Fenerbahçe tried Önder and Gökhan İnler in the season start training camp in Germany, but coach Christoph Daum declared that both players could not play for Fenerbahçe. Although wearing shirt no.7, he just made two unused sub appearances for Diyarbakırspor in April 2005. He signed a three-year contract with Gaziantepspor in summer 2007. On 15 February 2007, he signed for FC Winterthur, he is transfer to Karşıyaka in 2008. Önder Çengel at Soccerway Önder Çengel at WorldFootball.net Profile at TFF Karşıyakaspor Official Web Site
The Australian waterfront dispute of 1998 was an event in Australian industrial relations history, in which the Patrick Corporation undertook a restructuring of their operations for the purpose of dismissing their workforce. The restructuring by Patrick Corporation was ruled illegal by Australian courts; the dispute involved Patrick Corporation terminating the employment of its workforce and locking out the workers of the workplace after the restructuring had taken place, with many of these workers members of the dominant Maritime Union of Australia. The resulting dismissal and locking out of their unionised workforce was supported and backed by the Australian Liberal/National Coalition Government. Major events in the dispute occurred in four major ports, where the Patrick Corporation had significant operations: Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney, it revolved around attempts by Patrick Corporation and the federal government to improve efficiency on Australia's wharves. Around 1995–96 70% of Australia's imports and 78% of exports were transported by sea, amounting to $60 billion in trade.
This, does not include the revenue on car importations. Data was collected throughout 1997 by the Productivity Commission, comparing international container stevedoring performance for the same ships and trades; the data indicated that Australia charged higher, productivity was lower and services were less reliable than overseas. With the exception of bulk grain loading, other areas of traditional stevedoring performed poorly, it found that marine service and port infrastructure charges were, in total, two to three times greater than at overseas ports – noting that only some of this reflects cost-recovery pricing in Australia. Together with other problems in the transport chain, this under-performance was not only resulting in higher direct costs to shippers, but significant indirect costs from delays and unreliability which could have been reduced. Overall, the international benchmarking revealed significant scope for improvement in Australia's performance. John Howard, before being elected in 1996, had promised significant industrial relations reform.
In January 1997, the Howard Government amended the Industrial Relations Act 1988, renamed it the Workplace Relations Act 1996. The stated aim of this legislation was to foster individual choice in workplace bargaining by reducing the powers of external organisations trade unions, to intervene. In addition, the legislation reduced powers of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission to arbitrate disputes; the Act introduced individual statutory employment contracts. These were known as Australian Workplace AWAs; the watering down of collective bargaining provisions was a source of objection from many workers and unions. Australian waterfront productivity had been an issue of concern since the 1980s. Patrick Corporation sought to improve productivity by creating redundancies and reducing overtime entitlements for its permanent employees, as well as hiring more employees on a casual basis; the was formed through the amalgamation of two unions: the Seafarers Union of Australia, the Waterside Workers Federation.
The MUA retained a heavy union presence on the waterside. There had been numerous allegations concerning union members and officials in relation to illegal activity, fraud and bully tactics. At the time, it was mandatory for prospective employees to be a card-carrying members of the MUA; the Howard Government sought to encourage a non-union workforce to compete against the MUA and made new legislative changes to bring this about. After the legislative introduction of Australian Workplace Agreements, a number of stevedoring operators toyed with bringing individual contract workers into their workforces, but abandoned their plans in the face of strident union opposition and activism. One Australian stevedoring company, Fynwest Pty Ltd, sought to recruit former and current Australian Defence Force members to counter the MUA. In particular, from December 1997, Fynwest began a campaign to recruit former and current members of the Special Air Service, paratroopers from 3RAR, commandos from 4RAR and other military specialists, to become stevedores.
Others were recruited from controversial private military and security consulting companies, such as Sandline International and the Control Risks Group. This led to the use of terms like'industrial mercenaries' in political and media circles. Fynwest planned to send these recruits to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, where international standard training could be provided; the newly trained stevedores would take part in an Australian non-union dock workers training program. The MUA was "tipped off" about the planned Fynwest operation and took the matter to the media who met the departing Fynwest employees as they boarded a flight to Dubai and questioned their "tourist" status. Intense criticism and the threat of international industrial retaliation forced the Dubai government to cancel visas for the Fynwest company employees. In September 1997, Patrick implemented a restructure whereby the functions of employing its unionised workforce and owning its stevedoring business were divided into different companies.
The stevedoring businesses and assets held by the employer entities were transferred to other companies within the Patricks Group. In addition, the employer entities entered into various labour supply agreements with the owner entities to supply Patricks with labour; as a consequence, the labour supply agreements became the major asset of the employer entities. Sig