The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the leading national public health institute of the United States. The CDC is a United States federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease and disability in the US and internationally. The CDC focuses national attention on applying disease control and prevention, it focuses its attention on infectious disease, food borne pathogens, environmental health, occupational safety and health, health promotion, injury prevention and educational activities designed to improve the health of United States citizens. In addition, the CDC researches and provides information on non-infectious diseases such as obesity and diabetes and is a founding member of the International Association of National Public Health Institutes; the Communicable Disease Center was founded July 1, 1946, as the successor to the World War II Malaria Control in War Areas program of the Office of National Defense Malaria Control Activities.
Preceding its founding, organizations with global influence in malaria control were the Malaria Commission of the League of Nations and the Rockefeller Foundation. The Rockefeller Foundation supported malaria control, sought to have the governments take over some of its efforts, collaborated with the agency; the new agency was a branch of the U. S. Public Health Service and Atlanta was chosen as the location because malaria was endemic in the Southern United States; the agency changed names before adopting the name Communicable Disease Center in 1946. Offices were located on the sixth floor of the Volunteer Building on Peachtree Street. With a budget at the time of about $1 million, 59 percent of its personnel were engaged in mosquito abatement and habitat control with the objective of control and eradication of malaria in the United States. Among its 369 employees, the main jobs at CDC were entomology and engineering. In CDC's initial years, more than six and a half million homes were sprayed with DDT.
In 1946, there were only seven medical officers on duty and an early organization chart was drawn, somewhat fancifully, in the shape of a mosquito. Under Joseph Walter Mountin, the CDC continued to advocate for public health issues and pushed to extend its responsibilities to many other communicable diseases. In 1947, the CDC made a token payment of $10 to Emory University for 15 acres of land on Clifton Road in DeKalb County, still the home of CDC headquarters as of 2019. CDC employees collected the money to make the purchase; the benefactor behind the "gift" was Robert W. Woodruff, chairman of the board of The Coca-Cola Company. Woodruff had a long-time interest in malaria control, a problem in areas where he went hunting; the same year, the PHS transferred its San Francisco based plague laboratory into the CDC as the Epidemiology Division, a new Veterinary Diseases Division was established. An Epidemic Intelligence Service was established in 1951 due to biological warfare concerns arising from the Korean War.
The mission of CDC expanded beyond its original focus on malaria to include sexually transmitted diseases when the Venereal Disease Division of the U. S. Public Health Service was transferred to the CDC in 1957. Shortly thereafter, Tuberculosis Control was transferred to the CDC from PHS, in 1963 the Immunization program was established, it became the National Communicable Disease Center effective July 1, 1967. The organization was renamed the Center for Disease Control on June 24, 1970, Centers for Disease Control effective October 14, 1980. An act of the United States Congress appended the words "and Prevention" to the name effective October 27, 1992. However, Congress directed; the CDC focus has broadened to include chronic diseases, injury control, workplace hazards, environmental health threats, terrorism preparedness. CDC combats emerging diseases and other health risks, including birth defects, West Nile virus, avian and pandemic flu, E. coli, bioterrorism, to name a few. The organization would prove to be an important factor in preventing the abuse of penicillin.
In May 1994 the CDC admitted having sent several biological warfare agents to the Iraqi government from 1984 through 1989, including Botulinum toxin, West Nile virus, Yersinia pestis and Dengue fever virus. On April 21, 2005, then–CDC Director Julie Gerberding formally announced the reorganization of CDC to "confront the challenges of 21st-century health threats"; the four Coordinating Centers—established under the G. W. Bush Administration and Gerberding—"diminished the influence of national centers under umbrella", were ordered cut under the Obama Administration in 2009. Today, the CDC's Biosafety Level 4 laboratories are among the few that exist in the world, serve as one of only two official repositories of smallpox in the world; the second smallpox store resides at the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR in the Russian Federation. The CDC revealed in 2014 that it had discovered several misplaced smallpox samples and that lab workers had been infected with anthrax.
The CDC is organized into "Centers and Offices", with each organizational unit implementing the agency's
Cantabria is a replenishment oiler operated by the Spanish Navy. Acquired to provide logistical support for the Spanish fleet, Cantabria was commissioned in 2010. Cantabria is the second-largest naval ship operated by the Spanish, behind Juan Carlos I. Cantabria is a replenishment oiler, referred to in Spanish as a Buque de Aprovisionamiento en Combate, she was acquired to provide logistical support to the Spanish Navy during day-to-day operations, expeditionary forces or strategic projection deployments, for humanitarian and disaster relief operations. The vessel has a displacement of 19,500 tons, is 170.4 metres in length, has a beam of 23 metres, a draught of 8 metres. Propulsion is provided by two diesel engines, supplying 10,890 kilowatts to a single propeller shaft, fitted with a controllable-pitch propeller. Cantabria has a maximum sustained speed of 20 knots, a range of 6,000 nautical miles; the ship's complement is 122. The ship's capacity includes 8,920 cubic metres of ship fuel, 1,585 cubic metres of JP-5 jet fuel, 215 cubic metres of fresh water, 280 tons of ammunition, 470 tons of general cargo.
The fuel storage areas are double-hulled. Cantabria can replenish three ships simultaneously, she can carry three Agusta-Bell AB.212, two Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King, or two NHIndustries NH90 helicopters to perform vertical replenishment. Cantabria was laid down in the dry dock of shipyard of Puerto Real, Cadiz, on 18 July 2007; the ship was launched by floating on 21 July 2008, was sponsored by Aurora Diaz Abella, the wife of Miguel Ángel Revilla, the President of the Autonomous Community of Cantabria. The ship underwent sea trials in the Bay of Cadiz from October to December 2009, she was commissioned into the Spanish Navy on 29 September 2010. The original budget was €213m but the final cost was €238m; the design has been evaluated by foreign buyers. Canada approached Navantia to provide a design for the Joint Support Ship Project based on Cantabria, but Navantia's proposal was not successful, with Canada selecting an alternative German design based on the Berlin class; the Norwegian Navy has expressed interest, but they have announced an order for a replenishment ship from South Korean shipbuilder DSME.
Australia considered the design for their replacement tankers, with Navantia competing against the Aegir variant of the Tide-class tanker built by South Korea's DSME in a restricted tender competition. Navantia's proposal based on Cantabria was announced as the successful design in the Australian tender in March 2016, with an expected in service date for the first of two vessels to be known as HMA Ships Supply and Stalwart of late 2019; the two vessels will be known within the Royal Australian Navy as the Supply class. Between 2 and 5 July 2012, Cantabria participated alongside the frigates Álvaro de Bazán, Almirante Juan de Borbón, Méndez Núñez, the submarine Galerna, AV-8Bs of the 9th naval air squadron during exercise MAR-22 on the Atlantic coast of Galicia. On 3 July 2012, the Australian and Spanish governments signed an agreement to deploy Cantabria in support of the Royal Australian Navy during 2013; the ship operated in Australian waters from February to November 2013, was used to provide replenishment support to the Australians while the oiler HMAS Success underwent maintenance.
While in Australian waters, Cantabria performed 63 replenishments, including 10,500 cubic metres of fuel, was involved in the first vertical replenishment of an Anzac-class frigate by an MRH-90 helicopter, participated in the International Fleet Review 2013. The deployment allowed over 300 Australian personnel to train on systems similar to those in the Spanish-designed Hobart and Canberra-class ships being acquired, allowed the Royal Australian Navy to evaluate the design as a possible replacement for its replenishment vessels. In 2015 the Canadian and Spanish governments concluded a deal where Patiño and Cantabria would deploy with Canadian naval forces as their replenishment vessel in 2016; this would be done for training missions. Cantabria would be made available to the Royal Canadian Navy from mid-September to November 2016
Mötley Crüe is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1981. The group was founded by bassist Nikki Sixx, drummer Tommy Lee, lead guitarist Mick Mars and lead singer Vince Neil. Mötley Crüe has sold over 100 million albums worldwide, they have achieved seven platinum or multi-platinum certifications, nine Top 10 albums on the Billboard 200 chart, twenty-two Top 40 mainstream rock hits, six Top 20 pop singles. The band experienced several short-term lineup changes in the 2000s; the members of Mötley Crüe have been noted for their hedonistic lifestyles and the androgynous personae they maintained. Following the hard rock and heavy metal origins on the band's first two albums, Too Fast for Love and Shout at the Devil, the release of its third album Theatre of Pain saw Mötley Crüe joining the first wave of glam metal; the band has been known for their elaborate live performances, which features flame thrower guitars, roller coaster drum kits, heavy use of pyrotechnics. Mötley Crüe's most recent studio album, Saints of Los Angeles, was released on June 24, 2008.
What was planned to be the band's final show took place on New Year's Eve, December 31, 2015. The concert was filmed for a theatrical and Blu-ray release in 2016. After two-and-a-half years of inactivity, Neil announced in September 2018 that Mötley Crüe had reunited and was working on new material. On March 22, 2019, the band released four new songs on the soundtrack for its Netflix biopic The Dirt, based on the band's New York Times best-selling autobiography; the soundtrack went to Number 1 on the iTunes All Genres Album Chart, Number 3 on Billboard Top Album and Digital Album sales chart, Number 10 on Billboard Top 200, Top 10 worldwide. The autobiography returned to New York Times Best Seller list at number 6 on Nonfiction Print and number 8 on Nonfiction Combined Print & E-Book. Mötley Crüe was formed on January 17, 1981, when bassist Nikki Sixx left the band London and began rehearsing with drummer Tommy Lee and vocalist/guitarist Greg Leon. Lee had worked with Leon in a band called Suite 19 and the trio practiced together for some time.
Sixx and Lee began a search for new members and soon met guitarist Bob Deal, better known as Mick Mars, after answering an advertisement that he placed in The Recycler that read: "Loud and aggressive guitar player available". Mars auditioned for Sixx and Lee, was subsequently hired. Although a lead vocalist named O'Dean was auditioned, Lee had known Vince Neil from their high school days at Charter Oak High School in Covina and the two had performed in different bands on the garage band circuit. Upon seeing him perform with the band Rock Candy at the Starwood in Hollywood, Mars suggested they have Neil join the band. At first Neil refused the offer, but as the other members of Rock Candy became involved in outside projects, Neil grew anxious to try something else. Lee asked again; the newly formed band did not yet have a name. Sixx has said that he told his bandmates that he was "thinking about calling the band "Christmas"; the other members were not receptive to that idea. While trying to find a suitable name, Mars remembered an incident that occurred when he was playing with a band called White Horse, when one of the other band members called the group "a motley looking crew".
He had remembered the phrase and copied it down as'Mottley Cru'. After modifying the spelling "Mötley Crüe" was selected as the band's name, with the stylistic decision suggested by Neil to add the two sets of metal umlauts inspired by the German beer Löwenbräu, which the members were drinking at the time. Other than the periods of February 1992 to September 1996 and of March 1999 to September 2004, the lineup of Neil, Sixx and Mars remained the same; the band soon met its first manager, Allan Coffman, the thirty-eight-year-old brother-in-law of a friend of Mars's driver. The band's first release was the single "Stick to Your Guns/Toast of the Town", released on its own record label, Leathür Records, which had a pressing and distribution deal with Greenworld Distribution in Torrance, California. In November 1981, its debut album Too Fast for Love was self-produced and released on Leathür, selling 20,000 copies. Coffman's assistant Eric Greif set up a tour of Canada, while Coffman and Greif used Mötley Crüe's success in the Los Angeles club scene to negotiate with several record labels signing a recording contract with Elektra Records in early 1982.
The debut album was re-mixed by producer Roy Thomas Baker and re-released on August 20, 1982—two months after its Canadian Warner Music Group release using the original Leathür mixes—to coincide with the tour. During the "Crüesing Through Canada Tour'82", there were several publicized incidents. First, the band was arrested and released at Edmonton International Airport for wearing their spiked stage wardrobe through customs, for Neil arriving with a small carry-on filled with porn magazines. Customs had the confiscated items destroyed. Second, while playing Scandals Disco in Edmonton, a spurious "bomb threat" against the band made the front page of the Edmonton Journal
Kate Heffernan is a New Zealand cricketer and netballer. She made her Women's Twenty20 International cricket debut for New Zealand Women against the West Indies Women on 16 March 2018. Heffernan is a member of the ANZ Premiership netball team the Southern Steel, she was promoted into the team in June 2018 as a replacement for injured team member Dani Gray as midcourt cover for the likes of Shannon Francois and Wendy Frew. She was a member of the 2018 ANZ Premiership title winning team which beat the Central Pulse in the final. Heffernan did not take the court however. From the talent she showed, Heffernan was named in the Silver Ferns Development Squad as a result of her Beko League and Premiership form. Kate Heffernan at ESPNcricinfo
Victor Pavlovich Sheinov is Professor of Psychology and Pedagogical Proficiency at the Institute of Higher Education under the auspices of the Belarusian State University. He is a member of the International Academy of Information Technologies and an author of more than 250 scientific works and over 40 books. Sheinov’s Doctor's degree was honoured for the thesis “Managing Conflicts in Social Environments and Organisations: A Psychological Approach”, his scientific interests are in the field of social psychology. In total, nine Russian publishing houses have published over 100 editions of Dr. Sheinov’s books and sold over 800,000 copies. Dr. Sheinov’s psychological developments include the technology of the hidden management of people, techniques of defense against manipulation, as described in his book "Hidden Management of the Person: Manipulation Psychology"; this book was published 22 times, sold over 200,000 copies. Other of Dr. Sheinov’s psychological discoveries were described in his book "The Art of Managing People" The book has been re-issued in Russian 14 times and over 80,000 copies were sold.
Another book by Dr. Sheinov, "How to Manage Others. How to Control Yourself" was awarded the Best Business Book at the Moscow International Book Fair in 1996. "Psychotechnologies of Influence" was published over 40,000 copies were sold. The ideas and methods of psychological influence have been described and systematised by Dr. Sheinov in the outline of the book "Psychological Influence"; this book has been translated into English. The ideas in this book are proven to be efficient in various fields of their practical application; this is demonstrated in a number of Dr. Sheinov’s publications: - In the field of relations between men and women, as in "Woman + Man = Knowing and Winning Their Hearts"; the book was published 14 times, 150,000 copies sold. - In interpersonal relations and business relations, "The Art of Persuasion" 11 editions. - In fraud counteraction, "The Psychology of Deceit and Fraud" Published in 9 editions. - In the field of trade and commerce, as in "The Art of Trade: Efficient Sales of Goods and Services" Published 6 times.
- In PR, as in book "Black and White PR" 4 editions. - In advertising, as in "Effective Advertising: Secrets of Success" 2 editions. - In politics, "The Psychology of Leadership and Power" 2 editions. Victor Sheinov was born May 3, 1940, in Yaroslavl, USSR. He's got his education in Moscow Pedagogical University. Prof. Sheinov lives with his family in Minsk, where he works in the Belarusian State University, he is married with 5 grandchildren. Prof. Sheinov has been working in the following educational institutions: Professor of the Psychology and Pedagogic Department, Republican Institute of High School of the Belarusian State University — Minsk, Belarus. Ph. D. Doctor of Sociology Professor. D. Doctor of Mathematics, docent. How to Control Yourself” by V. Sheynov was awarded the Business Bestseller prize at the “Moscow Spring 1996” International Book Fair. Sociological Encyclopedia. – Minsk, 2003. – P. 350. Belarusian Encyclopedia, volume 18, part 1. – Minsk, 2004. – P. 26. Who Is Who in the Republic of Belarus.
Edition 3. – Minsk, 2006. – PP. 412 – 413. Sheinov's official website
The McCain Institute for International Leadership is a Washington, D. C.-based think tank in cooperation with Arizona State University whose mission is to "advance leadership based on security, economic opportunity and human dignity, in the United States and around the world." The institute was formed in 2012 and is named after U. S. Senator and 2008 Republican Party presidential nominee John McCain from Arizona. Based in Washington, D. C. the McCain Institute is part of Arizona State University. The acting executive director of the McCain Institute is Nick Rasmussen, its work is focused on achieving immediate and long-range impact, through activities that improve the ability of leaders to make enlightened decisions in pursuit of the American and global interest. The work has four central themes: Provide decision recommendations for leaders through open debate and rigorous analysis, by convening experts, publishing policy-relevant research, holding decision-making exercises using advanced technology.
Identify and train new national security leaders, both American and foreign, in the public, private enterprise, military spheres, including through fellowships and targeted training. Play a unique role in a crowded intellectual space, including through the Sedona Forum and the McCain Debates and by serving as a Washington "decision tank". Promote and preserve the McCain family spirit of character-driven leadership and national service, including hosting the McCain family archives. Funding of the institute comes from a variety of individuals and corporations, including Wal-Mart Stores, FedEx, Saudi Arabia, hedge fund owner Paul E. Singer; some of the funders have business before Congress, but McCain's representative has said such actions would not affect his votes. The Sedona Forum is the institute’s annual high-level gathering of national and international leaders held each spring at the Enchantment Resort in the red-rock country of Sedona, Arizona; the forum convenes global leaders, decision-makers, high-level executives and diverse experts to discuss solutions to real-world problems—all from the starting assumption of character-driven leadership and core democratic values.
Previous guests have included Vice President Joe Biden, Ben Affleck, former U. S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton; the McCain Institute publishes an “Agenda for Action” reflecting the ideas discussed during the forum. Each year, the forum identifies a theme broad enough to incorporate a variety of views and produce practical recommendations; the 2013 forum focused on “How to Promote Freedom and Democracy Effectively.” Vice President Biden headlined the event, taking part in conversation with Senator McCain on national and international issues, from gun control to immigration to the global economy. The institute sponsors a series of debates. Among the issues debated include U. S. policy on: Syria, Iran, the defense budget and the Arab Spring, drone warfare, Russia. The debates are followed by a private, non-attribution discussion among the debaters and the senior policymakers present; this creates a “safe environment” for political leaders to discuss issues and without fear of political vulnerability or backlash.
The debates have been expanded to other cities including Phoenix. Each debate brings in about 250 audience members and reaches thousands of people via live-streaming and online viewers; the debates have featured speakers from the Brookings Institution, the American Enterprise Institute, The New Republic, the Atlantic Monthly, CNN, Fox News, the Wilson Center, Pepperdine University, Human Rights Watch, the Cato Institute, the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and the RAND Corporation. The McCain Institute invites senior leaders from the United States and around the world to share personal insights; the institute is creating a digital archive of these events, available online for students and scholars. Among the participants are New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, President Bill Clinton, former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, former Latvian Defense Minister Artis Pabriks, former Georgian Foreign Minister Eka Tkeshelashvili, former President of Colombia Álvaro Uribe; the Washington Policy Design Studio brings Arizona State University students to Washington, D.
C. for a semester of intensive class work on the art of foreign policy-making, combined with a D. C. internship. Official website