Central Gardens Nature Reserve

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Central Gardens Nature Reserve
New South Wales
The waterfall at the boardwalk area.
Central Gardens Nature Reserve is located in New South Wales
Central Gardens Nature Reserve
Central Gardens Nature Reserve
Nearest town or cityMerrylands West
Coordinates33°49′51.95″S 150°57′45.14″E / 33.8310972°S 150.9625389°E / -33.8310972; 150.9625389Coordinates: 33°49′51.95″S 150°57′45.14″E / 33.8310972°S 150.9625389°E / -33.8310972; 150.9625389
Established1976 (1976)[1]
Area0.12 km2 (0.0 sq mi)[1]
Managing authoritiesCumberland Council
WebsiteCentral Gardens Nature Reserve

The Central Gardens Nature Reserve, also called Central Gardens, is a protected nature reserve located in the western suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established in 1976, the 12-hectare (30-acre) reserve, garden and fauna and wildlife park is situated in the suburb of Merrylands and is managed by Cumberland Council; the park is regionally important and it attracts visitors outside the Cumberland LGA area. The bushland contains remnants of Cumberland Plain Woodland and is approximately 3.5 hectares in area.[1][2]


Before opening, the area was first used for clay extraction pits and kilns for brick making in the 1970s; the design of the park began at that time, with the tennis courts and grass area developed. The reserve was officially opened on April 12, 1976 by The Hon Tom Uren, the leader of the Opposition at that time. Many trees were lost in the park as a result of a severe storm in February 2002; the boardwalk and deck structure was built in 1993, which was designed to allow disabled persons to access the edge of the main lake.[3]


The reserve is located between Merrylands Road, Paton Street and the Cumberland Highway in Merrylands; the park's landform is made up of two main topographic regions — The northern half slopes gently from Merrylands Road towards the system of lakes in the centre of the park, whilst the section of park's south of the lakes is largely flat, with a small localised rise in elevation opposite of Paton St. Water is pumped from the main lake to an outlet near the Cumberland Highway; the quality of the lake is rather poor. Factors include silt laden runoff entering from adjacent areas, shallow waters, presence of marine animals and lack of reliable water supply to fill the lakes up during dry periods.[4]


The vegetation of the gardens generally consist of a mixture of remnant indigenous vegetation and planted trees; the most significant area of remnant vegetation, known as Central Gardens Woodland, is located in the northwest corner of the park adjacent to the Cumberland Highway. The Woodland of the park is isolated from other significant areas of vegetation in the region; the Reserve has vegetation species such as Bursaria spinosa, and grasses and herbs species including Lomandra filiformis, Grey Box, Eucalyptus crebra (Narrow-leafed Ironbark), Eucalyptus tereticornis (Forest Red Gum), Bursaria spinosa (Blackthorn), Dillwynia juniperina (Prickly Parrot-pea) and Themeda australis. Exotic species include Casuarina glauca (Swamp Oak), Ulmus parvifolia (Chinese Elm) and Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum).[5]


Some of the animals in the park include kangaroos and wallabies, Australian white ibis, emus, waterfowl, wombats, and native birds, including cockatoos and cockatiels. Carps are found in the ponds, and also duck species such as the Pacific black duck, black swan, Emden goose, dusky moorhen and the Australian wood duck; the main habitat area within the gardens is the tree canopy, which is used by a range of bird species.[6]


The main lake within the garden.

The natural bushland features walking tracks, boardwalk, kiosk, amphitheater, fountains, ornamental lake system, bird and animal enclosures (fauna and aviary), also sports ground such as tennis courts and open fields; the reserve is a popular venue for wedding photos and company picnics. Yarrabee and Pinaroo areas may be hired for those large family or company picnics. Other features include hot water tank, sink, toilets, BBQs, picnic tables and lots of shady trees. Concrete paths meander throughout the park.

The lake's water jets help with water aeration, whilst also providing a visual and auditory perspective. A major attribute of the reserve is the exposed sandstone rock face, formed during quarrying operations, when the site was used for brick making. Part of this cliff is used for a large waterfall and is a conspicuous attraction in the park.[7]


The 1989 survey indicated that the most popular form of recreation in the park was picnicking and barbequing (62%), with relaxing also a favoured activity (55%). 83% of visitors to the park arrive by car and 15% of visitors by foot. Peak times for visitation occurred between 12 noon and 2pm; the survey found that 56.7% of park users were not residents of the Cumberland local government area.[8]


Bookings, which go through Cumberland Council, are required in order to access the tennis courts. Entry is free. Wheelchair access is available. Restricted access areas include the fenced woodland area, the animal enclosures and the works depot; the park is closed on Christmas day and Good Friday.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Nature reserves: Central Gardens". Your facilities. Holroyd City Council. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Finlaysons Creek Corridor, Cumberland Plain Corridor: Existing Conditions and Opportunities". Green Corridors Management Strategy Part 5: Green Corridors Inventory. Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  3. ^ "Central Gardens Merrylands West: Regeneration and Interpretation Project" (PDF). Greener Corridors: An Action Plan and Report Card on the Green Corridors Implementation Program (PDF). Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  4. ^ Benson, D & McDougall, L (1991) Rare Bushland Plants of Western Sydney. Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney
  5. ^ Robinson L (1991) Field Guide to the Native Plants of Sydney Kangaroo Press, Sydney
  6. ^ James, T.A. (1994) The Botanical Significance of the Lower Canal, Greystanes. Unpublished Report. Royal Botanica Gardens, Sydney.
  7. ^ "FT8 - Central Gardens" (PDF) (PDF). OZ green. September 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  8. ^ Bernhard, A. & Associates. (1995). Greystanes Creek Reserves Plan of Management. Report to Blacktown City Council, Holroyd City Council, Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust.