The Central Japan Railway Company is the main railway company operating in the Chūbu region of central Japan. It is abbreviated in English as JR Central and in Japanese as JR Tōkai. Tōkai is a reference to the geographical region. JR Central's operational hub is Nagoya Station and the company's administrative headquarters are located in the JR Central Towers above the station; the busiest railway line operated by JR Central is the Tōkaidō Main Line between Atami Station and Maibara Station. The company operates the Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Tokyo Station and Shin-Ōsaka Station. Additionally it is responsible for the Chūō Shinkansen—a maglev service between Tokyo and Osaka, due to start operation between Tokyo and Nagoya in 2027. JR Central is Japan's most profitable and highest throughput high-speed-rail operator, carrying 138 million high-speed-rail passengers in 2009 more than the world's largest airline. Japan recorded a total of 289 million high-speed-rail passengers in 2009. JR Central is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange, is a constituent of the TOPIX Core30 index, is one of the two only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR East.
Tōkaidō Shinkansen: Tokyo Station—Shin-Ōsaka Station, 552.6 km Tōkaidō Main Line: Atami Station—Maibara Station, 341.3 km Branch line: Ōgaki Station—Mino-Akasaka Station, 5.0 km Gotemba Line: Kōzu Station—Numazu Station, 60.2 km Minobu Line: Fuji Station—Kōfu Station, 88.4 km Iida Line: Toyohashi Station—Tatsuno Station, 195.7 km Taketoyo Line: Ōbu Station—Taketoyo Station, 19.3 km Takayama Main Line: Gifu Station—Inotani Station, 189.2 km Chūō Main Line: Shiojiri Station—Nagoya Station, 174.8 km Taita Line: Tajimi Station—Mino-Ōta Station, 17.8 km Jōhoku Line: Kachigawa Station—Biwajima Station, 11.2 km Kansai Main Line: Nagoya Station—Kameyama Station, 59.9 km Kisei Main Line: Kameyama Station—Shingū Station, 180.2 km Meishō Line: Matsusaka Station—Ise-Okitsu Station, 43.5 km Sangū Line: Taki Station—Toba Station, 29.1 km The JR Central Group consists of JR Central and the following affiliates: JR Tokai Bus Company JR Tokai Logistics Company Tokai Transport Service Company First Air Transport Co. Ltd.
JR Tokai Corporation JR Tokai Takashimaya Co. Ltd. JR-Central Passengers Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Food Service Co. Ltd. Tokai Kiosk Company JR Tokai Construction Co. Ltd. JR Central Consultants Company The Nihon Kikai Hosen Co. Ltd Futaba Tetsudo Kogyo Co. Ltd. CN Construction Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Information Systems Company Shinsei Technos Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Hotels Co. Ltd. Nagoya Terminal Hotel Co. Ltd. Shizuoka Terminal Hotel Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Agency Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Tours Hida Forest City Planning Co. Ltd. Wedge Inc. Shinkansen Engineering Co. Ltd. Tokai Rolling Stock & Machinery Co. Ltd. Nippon Sharyo, Ltd Chuoh Linen Supply Co. Ltd. JR Tokai General Building Maintenance Co. Ltd. Central Maintenance Co. Ltd. Shinkansen Service & Technology Co. Ltd. Shinkansen Maintenance Tokai Co. Ltd. Tokai Seibi Co. Ltd. JR Central Building Co. Ltd. JR Development and Management Corporation of Kansai JR Development and Management Corporation of Shizuoka JR Tokai Real Estate Co. Ltd. Shizuoka Terminal Development Co. Ltd. Shin-Yokohama Station Development Co. Ltd.
Tokyo Station Development Co. Ltd. Toyohashi Station Building Co. Ltd. Nagoya Station Area Development Corporation Nagoya Terminal Station Building Co. Ltd. Hamamatsu Terminal Development Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Well Co. Ltd. JR Tokai Partners Co. Ltd. Central Japan Railway Company Central Japan Railway Company| SCMAGLEV Official Website "Company history books". Shashi Interest Group. April 2016. Wiki collection of bibliographic works on Central Japan Railway Company
A library portal is an interface to access library resources and services through a single access and management point for users, combining the circulation and catalog functions of an integrated library system with additional tools and facilities. A library portal is defined as "a combination of software components that unify the user experience of discovering and accessing information" in contrast to a "single technology" to provide "services that support discovery and effective use of information." In addition to the basic functions of access to the library catalog, a user's subscription records, significant elements of a library portal include: "Metasearching tools, browsable interfaces, online reference help," which aid in the discovery process, for example Knimbus, Mendeley, J-Gate, EBSCO Discovery services. The terms "discovery tool," "discovery services," "next-generation discovery tool," "next-generation OPAC" are used interchangeably; the focus on discovery tools has led to increased competitors in the discovery services market.
A list of competitors in the current library portal market who have been awarded contracts by various libraries for their entire portal include: Axiell Arena: contract with The University of Gävle Axiell Calm: contract with Denmark’s Roskilde Libraries for archive management BIBIS Library Portal: contract with ROC Mondriaan in The Hague as well as the library of the central bank of the Netherlands, the library of Provincie Zuid-Holland in South-Holland, at Dutch law firm Ploum Lodder Princen. ExLibris Primo: contract with Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame. Library Technology refers to this “discovery and delivery solution” as a “library portal”. MetaLib Library Portal, ExLibris: contract with NASA’s Johnson Space Center By contrast, the following list highlights contracts signed by libraries for specific discovery service tools at more recent dates EOS. Web OPAC Discovery, EOS International: while it is unclear which of EOS services were purchased by their clients, the benefits to the EOS. Web OPAC Discovery grew recently when EOS International signed an ILL agreement with the New York Law Institute, which will allow EOS clients to request NYLI union catalog items from their EOS.
Web OPAC”. EOS International’s press releases do not specify which service was purchased but only mention the names of new clients. Summon, Serials Solutions: contract with University of Texas at Austin Libraries, University of Connecticut Libraries, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, California State University System, Syracuse University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Lund University Libraries, Helmut Schmidt University, Peking University, University of the Free State, Cornell University Library, Brown University Library, Kyushu University Library Ex Libris Primo and SFX OpenURL: contract with Online Dakota Information Network. Another challenge is ensuring a user-centered design for the portal; this involves conducting surveys, focus group interviews, usability studies – all of which can be seen as time-consuming. Additionally, compatibility with the hosting institution is critical; the question of whether a library should go with open source software or commercial products is always a point of contention.
There are no accepted standards for library portals. The only standards in the literature are the more general search and retrieval standards, including Z39.50 and ZING, the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, OpenURL. As a result of the lack of standards, since customization is required in a library portal, individual institutions decide what they expect their portal to look like, what services it will provide. For example, Harvard University is conducting a library portal project, which will begin implementation during the summer of 2012, they have identified their own list of criteria, which differs from the needs of other institutions. The various general areas that the committee has looked at include: content, user experience and capabilities, infrastructure and security, search and discovery, it is uncertain. The online public access catalog is part of the library's integrated library system. Earlier, the OPAC has been limited to searching physical texts, sometimes digital copies but has only limited special features.
Caplan argues that they are in process of replacement by newer "discovery tools" allowing more customization. Yang and Hofmann suggest that vendors see money in building either separate discovery tools or Next-Generation OPACs to be purchased as an add-on feature. A problem with vocabulary arises here. Yang and Wagner refer to discovery tools by many
Júlio César de Oliveira Martins, known as Júlio César, is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Vitória Sernache in Portugal, as a defensive midfielder. Júlio César began his career in his native Pernambuco, helping Serrano Futebol Clube to the Campeonato Pernambucano of 2005. In August 2005 he left his country and moved to Clube Atlético de Valdevez in Portugal, playing three seasons in the third division. C. Lusitânia. In January 2009 César signed a 3½ year contract with first division club Académica de Coimbra, making his competition debut on 8 February in a 0–1 loss at Rio Ave FC. In July 2009 he again left for the second level of Portuguese football, joining Desportivo das Aves on loan, remaining there for two seasons, he played as a regular for the northern club. Académica de CoimbraTaça de Portugal: 2011–12 CBF data Júlio César at ForaDeJogo Portuguese League profile