Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City, located between the Upper West Side and the Upper East Side. It is the fifth-largest park in New York City by area. Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States, with an estimated 37.5–38 million visitors annually, as well as one of the most filmed locations in the world. Following proposals for a large park in Manhattan during the 1840s, Central Park was first approved in 1853 as a 778-acre park. In 1857, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted and architect/landscape designer Calvert Vaux won a design competition to construct the park with a plan they titled the "Greensward Plan". Construction began the same year, the park's first areas were opened to the public in late 1858. Additional land at the northern end of Central Park was purchased in 1859, the park was completed in 1876. After a period of decline in the early 20th century, New York City parks commissioner Robert Moses started a program to clean up Central Park.
Another decline in the late 20th century spurred the creation of the Central Park Conservancy in 1980, which refurbished many parts of the park during the 1980s and 1990s. Main attractions of the park include landscapes such as the Ramble and Lake, Hallett Nature Sanctuary, the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, Sheep Meadow; the park has sports facilities, including the North Meadow Recreation Center, basketball courts, baseball fields, soccer fields. Central Park was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1963 and as a New York City scenic landmark in 1974; the park is owned by New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, but has been managed by the Central Park Conservancy since 1998, under contract with the municipal government in a public-private partnership. The Conservancy, a non-profit organization, contributes 75 percent of Central Park's $65 million annual budget and is responsible for all basic care of the park. Central Park is bordered on the north by the neighborhood of Harlem.
It measures 0.5 miles wide with a total perimeter of about 6 miles. Central Park is divided into thirds. From north to south, they are the "North End", north of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir; the park contains five visitor centers: Charles A. Dana Discovery Center, Belvedere Castle, Chess & Checkers House, the Dairy, Columbus Circle. While planting and land form in much of the park appear natural, it was entirely landscaped during the 1850s and 1860s; the park contains seven lakes and ponds that have been created artificially by damming natural seeps and flows. There are several wooded sections, in addition to lawns, the "meadows", many minor grassy areas. In addition, there are 21 children's playgrounds, as well as 6.1 miles of drives, located within the boundaries of Central Park. Central Park is the fifth-largest park in New York City, behind Pelham Bay Park, Staten Island Greenbelt, Van Cortlandt Park, Flushing Meadows–Corona Park; the park covers 843 acres, making it larger than two of the world's smallest nations and Vatican City.
Central Park constitutes its own United States census tract, numbered 143. According to American Community Survey 5-year estimates, the park's population in 2017 was four people, all female, with a median age of 19.8 years. Though the 2010 United States Census counted 25 residents within census tract 143, park officials have rejected the claim of anyone permanently living there. Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States and one of the most visited tourist attractions worldwide, with 42 million visitors in 2016. However, the number of unique visitors is much lower; this still represents an increase from the 25 million visitors recorded in 2009, the 12.3 million visitors estimated in 1973. The number of tourists as a proportion of total visitors is much lower: in 2009, one-fifth of the 25 million park visitors recorded that year were estimated to be tourists; the 2011 Conservancy report gave a similar ratio of park usage: only 14% of visits are by people visiting Central Park for the first time.
According to the report, nearly two-thirds of visitors are regular park users who enter the park at least once weekly, about 70% of visitors live in New York City. Moreover, peak visitation occurred during summer weekends, most visitors used the park for passive recreational activities such as walking or sightseeing, as opposed to active sports; the park is maintained by the Central Park Conservancy, a private, not-for-profit organization that manages the park under a contract with NYC Parks, in which the president of the Conservancy is ex officio Administrator of Central Park. The conservancy employs 80% of maintenance and operations staff in the park, it oversees the work of both the private and public employees under the authority of the publicly appointed Central Park administrator, who reports to the parks commissioner and th
Sivan Malkin Maas is the first Israeli to be ordained as a rabbi in Humanistic Judaism. She was ordained by the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism in 2003, her thesis was "How to build and develop a Secular Humanistic Jewish community in Israel." She is the daughter of Professor Reuven Malchin, the editor of the journal "Free Judaism", which deals with the Israeli movement for secular humanistic Judaism. She founded the Institute for Training Secular Humanistic Rabbis and Jewish Leadership in Israel, which ordained its first group of secular rabbis in Israel in 2006. Rather than as a religious leader, she views a rabbi as "an educator, a counselor, an expert in Jewish culture an initiator and organizer of community events and a person involved in people's life-cycle events" She directs the Jerusalem branch of the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism
St Chad's Church, Derby was a Church of England parish church in Derby, Derbyshire. The foundation stone was laid on 19 April 1881 by Mr. Fitzherbert Wright; the architect was Mr. H. Turner of New Court Chambers, 57 Chancery Lane and the contractor was G. Hewitt of London Road, Derby; the church was consecrated on 5 June 1882 by Rt. Revd. Augustus Legge, the Bishop of Lichfield. Pevsner described the church as rock faced with an east bell-turret. A typical'railway church, it was closed on 1 January 1995 and demolished in 1996. In 1996 the four parishes of St James’, Derby, St Augustine's, Derby and St Thomas’, Derby were united as the new parish of Walbrook Epiphany. An organ was installed in 1882 by Lord. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register. W. G. Parkinson 1882 - 1896 T. Herbert Bennett 1896 - 1905 Henry Ravensdale 1905 - 1914 G. H. Boulderstone 1917 - 1945