Burnet County, Texas
Burnet County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,750, its county seat is Burnet. The county was founded in 1852 and organized in 1854, it is named for the first president of the Republic of Texas. The name of the county is pronounced with the emphasis or accent on the first syllable, just as is the case with its namesake. Indigenous peoples inhabit the area as early as 4500 B. C. Known tribes in the area include Tonkawa, Lipan Apache and Comanche. During the 1820s-1830s Stephen F. Austin and Green DeWitt surveying and Indian fighting explorations. In 1849 the United States established Fort Croghan and in 1848 First settlers arrived in the county, Samuel Eli Holland, Logan Vandeveer, Peter Kerr, William Harrison Magill, Noah Smithwick, Captain Jesse B. Burnham, R. H. Hall, Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson and Captain Christian Dorbandt. In 1851 Twenty Mormon families under the leadership of Lyman Wight establish a colony at Hamilton Creek to be known as Morman Mill.
In 1852 the Fourth Texas Legislature created Burnet County from Bell and Williamson. The first post office was established at Hamilton in 1853. In 1860 there were 235 slaves in Burnet County After the war some former slaves left the county, but many stayed. A group of them settled on land in the eastern part of Oatmeal. In 1870 the black population of the county had increased to 358, keeping pace with the growth of the total number of residents; some found work on farms and ranches, but by the turn of the century many had moved into the Marble Falls area to work in town. During 1882-1903 railroad tracks connected Burnet, Granite Mountain, Marble Falls and Lampasas. Lake Victor and Bertram became shipping point communities. Other communities lost population. During the Great Depression county farmers suffered financially but found work with government sponsored public-works projects; the Lower Colorado River Authority employed hundreds of people for the construction of the Hamilton Dam and Roy B.
Inks Dam. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,021 square miles, of which 994 square miles is land and 27 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 183 U. S. Highway 281 State Highway 29 Lampasas County Bell County Williamson County Travis County Blanco County Llano County San Saba County Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 34,147 people, 13,133 households, 9,665 families residing in the county; the population density was 34 people per square mile. There were 15,933 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.64% White, 1.52% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.24% from other races, 1.58% from two or more races. 14.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 13,133 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families.
22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,921, the median income for a family was $43,871. Males had a median income of $30,255 versus $20,908 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 7.90% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over. Adam R. "Stovepipe" Johnson, Confederate general and the 1887 founder of Marble Falls, despite being blinded during the war.
Gerald Lyda, general contractor and cattle rancher and raised in Burnet County. Stephen McGee, former American football quarterback. Played college football for Texas A&M. Drafted and played NFL football for the Dallas Cowboys. James Oakley, former County Commissioner and County Judge Logan Vandeveer, early Texas soldier, ranger and civic leader. Vandeveer was a leader in presenting the petition to the legislature in 1852 to establish Burnet County and was instrumental in having the town of Burnet named the county seat. Al Witcher, American football player List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Burnet County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Burnet County Burnet County government’s website Burnet County tourism office Burnet County from the Handbook of Texas Online Burnet County TXGenWeb Project Burnet Bulletin newspaper The Highlander newspaper
Mills County, Texas
Mills County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,936; the county seat is Goldthwaite. The county is named for a justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Among first inhabitants were the Comanche. 1786–1789: Pedro Vial explores a route from San Antonio to Santa Fe for Spain and passes through the county. 1828: Capt. Henry Stevenson Brown passes through the county to recover stock stolen by Indians. 1852: Dick Jenkins becomes the county's first permanent settler. 1857: A Methodist circuit rider holds the county's first religious service in the cabin of Charles Mullin. 1858: Mr. and Mrs. Mose Jackson and two of their children are killed by Indians at Jackson Springs, while two other children were carried into captivity. After a force of settlers rout the Indians at Salt Gap, their pursuers and a company of Texas Rangers recover the captive Jackson children. 1869–1897: Lawlessness is rampant in post–Civil War Mills County. Vigilante committees create a reign of terror.
Lynchings and assassinations become commonplace. The Texas Rangers are brought in to restore order. 1885: Goldthwaite is established as the Gulf and Santa Fe Railway builds tracks into the region. 1887: The Texas state legislature forms Mills County from Brown, Comanche and Lampasas counties. Goldthwaite becomes the county seat. 1890: The county courthouse is erected. 1905: A Confederate Reunion is held in Goldthwaite. 1912: The courthouse burns down arson suspected. 1913: A new brick and concrete courthouse is erected in the Classical Revival style by architect Henry Phelps. 1915: The Confederate Memorial Monument is placed on the courthouse grounds in Goldthwaite. The statue was funded by public donations, the civic organization Self Culture Club, Jeff Davis Camp 117, United Confederate Veterans. 1982: Oil is discovered in Mills County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 750 square miles, of which 748 square miles is land and 1.5 square miles is water. Comanche County Hamilton County Lampasas County San Saba County Brown County U.
S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 183 State Highway 16 As of the census of 2000, there were 5,151 people, 2,001 households, 1,398 families residing in the county; the population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 2,691 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.24% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 7.73% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. Of the population, 13.03 % were Latino of any race. There were 2,001 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.10% were non-families. Of all households, 27.80% were made up of individuals and 17.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 20.50% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, 23.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,579, the median income for a family was $37,519. Males had a median income of $25,933 versus $20,076 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,915. About 12.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over. Mills County is part of the Waco/Temple/Killeen DMA. Local media outlets include: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KDYW, KWKT-TV and KNCT-TV. Two other television stations from the Abilene/Sweetwater/Brownwood DMA provide coverage for Mills County, KTAB-TV and KRBC-TV. Mills County is home to The Goldthwaite Eagle. Mills County has one radio station - KRNR FM 107.3 which began broadcasting December 2017 Goldthwaite Mullin Williams Ranch National Register of Historic Places listings in Mills County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Mills County Mills County government website Mills County from the Handbook of Texas Online The Goldthwaite Eagle Newspaper
College Station, Texas
College Station is a city in Brazos County, situated in East-Central Texas in the heart of the Brazos Valley, in the center of the region known as Texas Triangle. It is 87 miles northeast of Austin; as of the 2010 census, College Station had a population of 93,857, which had increased to an estimated population of 121,321 as of February 2019. College Station and Bryan together make up the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area, the 13th-largest metropolitan area in Texas with 273,101 people as of 2019. College Station is home to the main campus of Texas A&M University, the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System; the city owes both its existence to the university's location along a railroad. Texas A&M's triple designation as a Land-, Sea-, Space-Grant institution reflects the broad scope of the research endeavors it brings to the city, with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as NASA, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research.
Due to the presence of Texas A&M University, College Station was named by Money magazine in 2006 as the most educated city in Texas, the 11th-most educated city in the United States. The origins of College Station date from 1860, when the Houston and Texas Central Railway began to build through the region. Eleven years the site was chosen as the location for the proposed Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, a land-grant school. In 1876, as the nation celebrated its centennial, the school opened its doors as the first public institution of higher education in the state of Texas; the population of College Station grew reaching 350 in 1884 and 391 at the turn of the century. However, during this time, transportation improvements took place in the town. In 1900, the I&GN Railroad was extended to College Station, 10 years electric interurban service was established between Texas A&M and the neighboring town of Bryan; the interurban was replaced by a city bus system in the 1920s. In 1930, the community to the north of College Station, known as North Oakwood, was incorporated as part of Bryan.
College Station did not incorporate until 1938 with John H. Binney as the first mayor. Within a year, the city established a zoning commission, by 1940, the population had reached 2,184; the city grew under the leadership of Ernest Langford, called by some the "Father of College Station", who began a 26-year stretch as mayor in 1942. Early in his first term, the city adopted a council-manager system of city government. Population growth accelerated following World War II as the nonstudent population reached 7,898 in 1950, 11,396 in 1960, 17,676 in 1970, 30,449 in 1980, 52,456 in 1990, 67,890 in 2000; the population for the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area crossed 270,000 people in 2018. In the 1990s, College Station and Texas A&M University drew national attention when the George Bush Presidential Library opened in 1997 and, more tragically, when 12 people were killed and 27 injured when the Aggie Bonfire collapsed while being constructed in 1999. College Station is located south of the center of Brazos County at 30°36′5″N 96°18′52″W.
It is bordered by the city of Bryan to the northwest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 sq mi, of which 49.4 sq mi is land and 0.19 sq mi, or 0.35%, is covered by water. The local climate is subtropical and temperate and winters are mild with periods of low temperatures lasting less than two months. Snow and ice are rare. Summers are humid with occasional showers being the only real variation in weather. Average annual rainfall: 39 in Average elevation: 367 ft above sea level Average Temperature: 69.0 °F Agricultural Resources: Cattle, cotton, hay, sorghum Mineral Resources: Sand, lignite, oil As of the census of 2000, 67,890 people, 24,691 households, 10,370 families resided in the city. Of the 24,691 households, 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 58.0% were not families. About 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 2.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city, the population was distributed as 14.4% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 9.4% from 45 to 64, 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,180, for a family was $53,147. Males had a median income of $38,216 versus $26,592 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,170. About 15.4% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. The city of College Station has a council-manager form of government. Voters elect the members of a city council, who make policy; the council hires a professional city manager, responsible for day-to-day operations of the city and its public services. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Bryan District Parole Office in College Station.
The United States Postal Service operates the College Station and Northgate College Station post offices. Northgate is a mixed-use district
Killeen is a city in Bell County, United States. According to the 2010 census, its population was 127,921, making it the 21st-most populous city in Texas, it is the principal city of the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area. Killeen is directly adjacent to the main cantonment of Fort Hood, its economy depends on the activities of the post, the soldiers and their families stationed there. It is known as high influx of soldiers. In 1881, the Gulf and Santa Fe Railway extended its tracks through central Texas, buying 360 acres a few miles southwest of a small farming community known as Palo Alto, which had existed since about 1872; the railroad platted a 70-block town on its land and named it after Frank P. Killeen, the assistant general manager of the railroad. By the next year, the town included a railroad depot, a saloon, several stores, a school. Many of the residents of the surrounding smaller communities in the area moved to Killeen. By 1884, the town had grown to include about 350 people, served by five general stores, two gristmills, two cotton gins, two saloons, a lumberyard, a blacksmith shop, a hotel.
Killeen expanded as it became an important shipping point for cotton and grain in western Bell and eastern Coryell Counties. By 1900, its population was about 780. Around 1905, local politicians and businessmen convinced the Texas legislature to build bridges over Cowhouse Creek and other streams, doubling Killeen's trade area. A public water system began operation in 1914 and its population had increased to 1,300 residents; until the 1940s, Killeen remained a small and isolated farm trade center. The buildup associated with World War II changed that dramatically. In 1942, Camp Hood was created as a military training post to meet war demands. Laborers, construction workers, contractors and their families moved into the area by the thousands, Killeen became a military boomtown; the opening of Camp Hood radically altered the nature of the local economy, since the sprawling new military post covered half of Killeen's farming trade area. The loss of more than 300 farms and ranches led to the demise of Killeen's cotton gins and other farm-related businesses.
New businesses were started to provide services for the military camp. Killeen suffered a recession when Camp Hood was all but abandoned after the end of the Second World War, but when Southern congressmen got it established in 1950 as a permanent army post, the city boomed again, its population increased from about 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 in 1950, between 1950 and 1951, about 100 new commercial buildings were constructed in Killeen. By 1955, Killeen had 224 businesses. Troop cutbacks and transfers in the mid-1950s led to another recession in Killeen, which lasted until 1959, when various divisions were reassigned to Fort Hood; the town continued to grow through the 1960s after US involvement deepened in the Vietnam War and demand for troops kept rising. By 1970, Killeen had developed into a city of 35,507 inhabitants and had added a municipal airport, a new municipal library, a junior college. By 1980, when the census counted 49,307 people in Killeen, it was the largest city in Bell County. By 1990, its population had increased to 63,535, 265,301 people lived in the Killeen/Temple metropolitan area.
In addition to shaping local economic development after 1950, the military presence at Fort Hood changed the city's racial and ethnic composition. No blacks lived for example. By the early 1950s, Marlboro Heights, an all-black subdivision, had been developed. In 1956, the city school board voted to integrate the local high school; the city's first resident Catholic priest was assigned to the St. Joseph's parish in 1954, around the same time, new Presbyterian and Episcopal churches were built. By the 1980s, the city had a heterogeneous population including whites, Mexican Americans, a number of other foreign nationals. After the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in the late summer of 1990, the city prepared for war, sending thousands of troops from the 2nd Armored Division and the 1st Cavalry Division to the Middle East. On October 16, 1991, George Hennard murdered 23 people and committed suicide at the Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen. In December 1991, one of Killeen's high school football teams, the Killeen Kangaroos, won the 5-A Division I state football championship by defeating Sugar Land Dulles 14–10 in the Astrodome.
By 2000, the census listed Killeen's population as 86,911, by 2010, it was over 127,000, making it one of the fastest-growing areas in the nation. Numerous military personnel from Killeen have served in the wars in Afghanistan; as of April 2008, more than 400 of its soldiers had died in the two wars. On November 5, 2009, only a few miles from the site of the Luby's massacre, a gunman opened fire on people at the Fort Hood military base with a handgun, killing 13 and wounding 32. Major Nidal Malik Hasan, a career officer and psychiatrist, sustained four gunshot wounds after a brief shootout with a civilian police officer, he suffered paralysis from the waist down. He was convicted by a court martial, where he was sentenced to death. In 2011, Killeen got media attention from a new television series called Surprise Homecoming, hosted by Billy Ray Cyrus, about military families who have loved ones returning home from overseas. On April 2, 2014, a second shooting spree occurred at several locations at Fort Hood.
Ivan Lopez, a career soldier, killed three people and wounded 16 others before committing suicide.. Killeen is located in w
Hillsboro is a city in and the county seat of Hill County, United States. The population was 8,456 at the 2010 census. Located on Interstate 35 where I-35E and I-35W split south of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, Hillsboro is the primary center for trade and commerce in Hill County, it is close to midway between the Metroplex and Waco, is the gateway to Lake Whitney. There are many antique stores located downtown, an outlet mall is located along the Interstate, surrounded by numerous hotels and motels. Hillsboro was named for Hill County. At one point during Bonnie and Clyde's robberies in Hillsboro, they took the Peterson family hostage at their own farm; the Petersons said that Bonnie and Clyde held them at gunpoint until they surrendered their barn for them to sleep in for a few nights before running again. The city is known for its abundance of restored Victorian homes and its historic county courthouse, which on January 1, 1993, was damaged by an electrical fire, it was rebuilt, courtesy of donations from around the world and two concerts sponsored by Hill County native Willie Nelson.
The courthouse won the Downtown Association's 1999 award for "Best Restoration". The renovation sparked an interest in restoring Texas's historic courthouses. Hillsboro is located near the geographic center of Hill County at 32°0′34″N 97°7′28″W. Interstate 35 runs through the eastern side of the city, with access from Exits 364 through 370; the I-35E/I-35W split is just north of the city limits. Hillsboro is 56 miles south of Fort Worth, 62 miles southwest of Dallas, 34 miles north of Waco. Texas State Highway 22 runs through the center of Hillsboro on West Elm Street, South Waco Street, Corsicana Highway, it leads east 40 miles to Corsicana. Texas State Highway 171 passes through Hillsboro with Highway 22, but leads northwest 29 miles to Cleburne and southeast 23 miles to Hubbard. According to the United States Census Bureau, Hillsboro has a total area of 10.3 square miles, of which 10.2 square miles are land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.99%, are water. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,232 people, 2,876 households, 1,909 families residing in the city.
The population density was 908.1 people per square mile. There were 3,227 housing units at an average density of 356.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.17% White, 16.16% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 11.44% from other races, 2.32% from two or more races. 28.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,876 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.34. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,017, the median income for a family was $30,297. Males had a median income of $22,393 versus $20,652 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,576. About 17.6% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over. The city is served by the Hillsboro Independent School District. Hill College, a comprehensive community college, is located on the east side of I-35. Hillsboro was the first home of the Texas Musicians Museum, which relocated to nearby Waxahachie in Ellis County for a short while, until the building owners filed for bankruptcy; the museum is now open in a new facility in downtown Irving. Located a few miles north by northwest of Hillsboro, the Middlefaire site features a Renaissance Festival and Texas Pirate Festival; the movie Bottle Rocket, starring Luke Wilson, was filmed here.
They used the Days Inn motel, the Hillsboro High School football stadium, Highway 171 leading out of Hillsboro. Farmers National Bank 68 W. Elm St. Gebhardt Bakery 119 E. Franklin St. Grimes Garage 110 N. Waco St. Grimes House Country Club Rd. and Corporation St. Hill County Courthouse Courthouse Sq. Hill County Jail N. Waco St. Hillsboro Cotton Mills 220 N. Houston St. Hillsboro Residential Historic District Roughly bounded by Country Club Rd. Thompson, Pleasant and Elm Sts. McKenzie Site Address Restricted Missouri-Kansas-Texas Company Railroad Station Covington St. Old Rock Saloon 58 W. Elm St. Sturgis National Bank S. Waco and W. Elm Sts. Tarleton Building 110 E. Franklin St. U. S. Post Office 118 S. Waco St. Western Union Building 107 S. Covington St; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hillsboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. City of Hillsboro official website Hillsboro Chamber of Commerce "Hillsboro, Texas".
The New Student's Reference Work. 1914
Llano County, Texas
Llano County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,301, its county seat is Llano, the county is named for the Llano River. During the American Civil War, the county was on the frontier, Llano county's soldiers spent more time defending against Indian attacks they did worrying about invading Yankees. In 1869, pioneer rancher John Wesley Snyder led a cattle drive from Llano County along the Chisholm Trail to Abilene, Kansas. In the 1870s, a pioneer community known as Baby Head existed in Llano County. According to local legend, a small child was killed by Native Americans, her remains were left on a hill called Baby Head Mountain. Jodie May McKneely originated the Baby Head Cemetery; the pioneer town no longer exists. However, the cemetery still is still accepting the dead. Peaceful Tonkawa tribe first inhabitants 1842 April 20 - Adelsverein Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres to settle 600 families and single men of German, Swiss, Danish and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein 1845 December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein. 1847 Meusebach–Comanche Treaty Bettina commune, last Adelsverein community in Texas, is established by a group of free thinking intellectuals, named after German liberal Bettina Brentano von Arnim. The community fails within a year due to lack of conflict of authority. 1852 Settlers at Tow and Bluffton on the Colorado River. 1854 May 14–15, The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work. Biesele, R. L.. "The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854". Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. 33: 247–261. 1860 Population 1,101 - 21 slaveholders, 54 slaves 1862 One hundred Llano County volunteers join Major John George Walker Division of the Confederate States Army. 1864, April - A cavalry company is formed in Llano County under Captain Brazeal to defend the area from Indian attacks.
It served under Brig. Gen. John David McAdoo until the war's end, when it disbanded in June 1865. 1873, August 4 - Packsaddle Mountain becomes the site of the region’s last battle with the Indians. The county's farming economy begins to grow. 1892, June 7 - Llano branch of Austin and Northwestern Railroad arrives 1893 Completion of County Courthouse, designed by Austin architect A O Watson 1895 Llano County Jail erected by the Pauly Jail Building and Manufacturing Company of St Louis, MO 1900 Frank Teich establishes the Teich Monument Works 1901 Llano Women's Literary Society organized - 16 charter members 1901 The Victorian style Antlers Hotel, a railroad resort in Kingsland, opened for business. Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize 200 families on the Fisher–Miller Land Grant in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves.
The colonies attempted were Castell, Bettina and Meerholz in Llano County. Of these, only Castell survives; the colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others returned to Germany. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 966 square miles, of which 934 square miles are land and 32 square miles are covered by water. Enchanted Rock, a designated state natural area and popular tourist destination, is located in southern Llano county. Two significant rivers, the Llano and the Colorado, flow through Llano County; these rivers contribute to Lake Buchanan, Inks Lake, Lake Lyndon B. Johnson, which are all located within the county. State Highway 16 State Highway 29 State Highway 71 State Highway 261 San Saba County Burnet County Blanco County Gillespie County Mason County As of the 2000 census, 17,044 people, 7,879 households, 5,365 families resided in the county.
The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 11,829 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.27% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. About 5.13% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. Of the 7,879 households, 16.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.90% were not families. About 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.56. In the county, the population was distributed as 15.90% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 18.40% from 25 to 44, 30.50% from 45 to 64, 30.70% who were 65
Kimble County, Texas
Kimble County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,607, its county seat is Junction. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1876, it is named for George C. Kimble, who died at the Battle of the Alamo. Prior to the arrival of foreign settlers, the area that became Kimble County was inhabited by several Native American groups, including the Comanche, Kiowa Apache, Lipan Apache; the first Europeans to encounter the area were the Spanish, who led several campaigns against the local Indian tribes in the mid-18th century. In 1808, Spanish Captain Francisco Amangual commanded a military expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe and mapped a road, which passed through what is now Kimble County; the area was first mentioned in Republic of Texas documents in 1842, when about 416,000 acres of the present county were included in the Fisher–Miller Land Grant, which extended from the Llano River to the Colorado River. The earliest settlers began arriving in the late 1850s.
One of the first was Raleigh Gentry, who settled along Bear Creek around 1857. The Gentry family consisted of Raleigh, his wife, their several adult sons. Another early settler was James Bradbury, Sr. who moved to the area from Williamson County and chose a site along the banks of the South Llano River. Others settled in the Little Saline valleys. Two of the Gentry's sons were killed, one by Indians and the other during the Civil War. Bradbury was killed by Indians during what was known as the Battle of Bradbury Hills; the Texas Legislature enacted legislation on January 22, 1858, creating Kimble County from what was part of Bexar County. The new county was named for Lieutenant George C. Kimble, who died during the Battle of the Alamo. From 1858 to 1875, Kimble County was attached to Gillespie County for judicial purposes. Meanwhile, several settlements sprang up along the Johnson Fork of the Llano River, near Copperas Creek, in the valleys of the James River after the Civil War. Throughout the 1870s, the populated settlements of Kimble County faced raids by Comanches, as well as Lipans and Kickapoos, who used Mexico as their base.
All raids ceased after 1878. The county became a popular haven for outlaws who used the area's hilly terrain and dense cedar breaks as hideouts. On September 6, 1875, Kimble County was separated from Gillespie County and attached to Menard County for judicial purposes. Nearly 18 years after its creation, Kimble County was organized on January 3, 1876. William Potter was the county's first judge; that spring, the towns of Denman were founded. Kimbleville was designated the first county seat. During the first district court session, the seat was moved to Junction City. Kimbleville soon disappeared due to its location in a flood-prone area of the county. Other communities were formed during the latter half of the 19th century, including London, Roosevelt, Segovia and Viejo; the population of Kimble County rose from 72 in 1870 to 1,343 in 1880. In 1878, a courthouse was erected in Junction City; the structure was destroyed, along with all of the county records, in an 1884 fire. The replacement, a two-story stone building, was destroyed by fire in 1888, but was repaired and remained in operation until the present courthouse was constructed in 1929.
The census of 1890 recorded ranches in the county. The raising of cattle and sheep soon dominated the economy. In 1894, the county seat of Junction City became known as Junction. Kimble County continued to grow during the early 20th century; the population in 1900 was 2,503. The 20th century brought many amenities to the county that were unavailable. Four Mile Dam was completed in 1904; the first telephone system came to Junction in 1905, the first banks opened a year later. Electric lights came to Junction in 1917 and gas stations were introduced soon after. A county-wide bond election to fund the construction of gravel and paved roads was approved in 1919. By 1922, State Highway 27 was a working unpaved road, it ran through Junction, southeast to Kerrville, west to Sonora. State Highways 4 and 29 were operational. State Highway 29 extended through the communities of London and Telegraph by 1930. Most Kimble County roads had been paved by the late 1940s. Old Highways 4 and 27 became U. S. Highway 83, Highway 27 became U.
S. Highway 290, Highway 29 became U. S. Highway 377. Junction was incorporated in 1927. In the late 1920s, Kimble County had become one of the state's leaders in the wool and mohair industry. Various aspects of agricultural production continued to dominate the local economy, however. Unemployment increased in the county during the Great Depression, but the population rose throughout the 1930s and stood at 5,064 by the 1940 census. Electricity was introduced to rural Kimble County in April 1945. In the mid-1940s, the economy diversified as a small amount of oil production was introduced, along with the limited production of sand and gas. After peaking in 1940, the population began to decline during the postwar period. Kimble County lost 715 people or 15% of its population between 1950 and 1970. A small recovery was registered by 1980 that continued through 2000. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,251 square miles, of which 1,251 square miles are land and 0.2 square miles is covered by water.
Interstate 10 U. S. Highway 83 U. S. Highway 290 U. S. Highway 377 Menard County Mason County Gillespie County Kerr County Edwards County Sutton County (w