Regions of the Philippines
In the Philippines, regions, ISO 3166-2, PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the republic of the Philippines is divided into 18 regions. Most government offices are established by region instead of individual provincial offices, the regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which has an elected regional assembly and governor. The Cordillera Administrative Region was originally intended to be autonomous, since that time, other regions have been created and some provinces have been transferred from one region to another. June 22,1973, Pangasinan was transferred from Region III to Region I, july 7,1975, Region XII created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions. July 25,1975, Regions IX and XII declared as Autonomous Regions in Western, august 21,1975, Region IX divided into Sub-Region IX-A and Sub-Region IX-B.
Minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions, november 7,1975, Metropolitan Manila created. June 2,1978, Metropolitan Manila declared as the National Capital Region, july 15,1987, Cordillera Administrative Region created. August 1,1989, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao created, Region XII reverted to an administrative region. October 23,1989, First creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region, ratification rejected by residents in a plebiscite. October 12,1990, Executive Order 429 issued by President Corazon Aquino to reorganize the Mindanao regions, february 23,1995, Region XIII created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions. Sultan Kudarat transferred to Region XI,1997, Minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions. December 22,1997, Second creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region, ratification rejected by residents in a plebiscite. December 18,1998, Sultan Kudarat returned to Region XII, september 19,2001, Most Mindanao regions reorganized and some renamed. May 17,2002, Region IV-A and Region IV-B created from the former Region IV region, may 23,2005, Palawan transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI, Mimaropa renamed to Mimaro.
August 19,2005, Transfer of Palawan to Region VI held in abeyance, may 29,2015, Negros Island Region created. Negros Occidental and Bacolod from Region VI and Negros Oriental from Region VII transferred to form new region, july 17,2016, Republic Act No.10879 established the Southwestern Tagalog Region from the former Region IV-B. As of May 2015, the Philippines comprises 18 administrative regions and these regions are geographically organized into the three island groups of Luzon and Mindanao
Talisay, officially the City of Talisay and often referred to as Talisay City, is a 3rd city income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 227,645, in the 2016 electoral roll, it had 120,240 registered voters. Primarily a residential and trading center, Talisay lies within the Metro Cebu area, the name of Talisay is taken from the magtalisay tree which is abundant in the city. Talisay was founded in 1648 as an estate owned by the Augustinians, in 1849 it was converted into a municipality. During both the American colonial period and World War II, Talisay served as a haven of colonial military forces, the municipality served as the center of guerrilla intelligence operations for the Philippine resistance movement in Cebu during World War II. That day is now a holiday in the province of Cebu. In 2000 the municipality of Talisay was converted into a city, the municipality is now linked to Cebu City via the South Coastal Highway from Lawaan, opened in 2004.
This brought some recent inward investment in the form of subdivisions, conflict occurred between the residents of the mountain barangay of Maghaway and those of Crown Asias Azienda Milan and Venezia subdivisions. According to the National Statistics Office in its 2000 report, some 70% of the population of Talisay belongs to the urban poor. Talisay City comprises 22 barangays, In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 120,240 registered voters, meaning that 53% of the population are aged 18, cebuano is the predominant language of the inhabitants of the city. Talisay City has 90% Roman Catholic population with 9% other Christian denomination, Talisay remains an important center for the production of blasting caps used in dynamite. Much of the commerce in Talisay takes place in the Tabunok area, the biggest mall is Gaisano Grand Fiesta Mall Tabunok, which has a supermarket, department store and formerly, a cinema. However, much of the population depend on the public markets. Talisay City and the Tabunok area serve as the area for municipalities south of the city.
In 2016 Talisay City Council expressed support for the proposed Light Rail Transit project in Cebu, teresa de Avila Halad Kang Santa Teresa– an offering of thanksgiving in the form of dance by local Talisaynons and pilgrims to pay homage to Sta. Teresa de Avila, the citys patroness, people from all walks of life flock to the city to dance and join the merriment. Inasal Festival – lechon inasal is served in every residents banquet, the festival is a showcase of lechons in various costumes and decorations
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay and Islamic nations occurred, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Sultans or Lakans.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.
Negritos were among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
Dumaguete, officially City of Dumaguete and often referred to as Dumaguete City, is a component city in the Philippines. It is the capital of the province of Negros Oriental, having a total of 131,377 inhabitants as of 2015 census, it is the most populous city in the province. The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People, Dumaguete is referred to as a university city because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is a popular destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas. The city is best known for Silliman University, the countrys first Protestant university, there are 18 public elementary schools and 8 public high schools. The citys student population is estimated at 30,000, Dumaguete is listed 5th in Forbes Magazines 7 Best Places to Retire Around the World. The power source of the city comes from the power plant in Palinpinon. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a point for telecommunications.
It is the point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila. Dumaguete was coined from the Cebuano word dagit, which means to snatch, the word dumaguet, meaning to swoop, was coined because of frequent raids by Moro pirates on this coastal community and its power to attract and keep visitors, both local and foreign. In 1572, Diego López Povedano indicated the place as Dananguet, the city has a land area of 3,362 hectares, situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of the island of Negros near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the provinces 19 municipalities/towns and 6 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area and it is bounded on the north by the town of Sibulan, on the south by the town of Bacong and on the west by the town of Valencia. As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Bohol Sea, the citys topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%.
The remaining areas have 3% to 5% slope, Dumaguete is politically subdivided into 30 barangays, all classified as urban. The eight barangays in the downtown area are known primarily by number. The smallest barangay is Barangay 4 with an area of only 5.11 hectares, Dumaguete has two seasons, the dry and the wet seasons
Tagbilaran is a 3rd city income class component city in the island province of Bohol, serving as its capital. Its income classification has an income of ₱240-320 million. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 105,051, in the 2016 electoral roll, it had 59,949 registered voters. Tagbilaran lies in the part of the province, and has a total land area of 32.7 km2. The city shares its boundaries with the towns of Cortes, Tagbilaran is the principal gateway to Bohol,630 km southeast of the national capital of Manila and 72 km south of the regional capital, Cebu City. A hundred years before Spaniards arrived in the Philippines, the settlement which eventually became Tagbilaran was already involved in trading with China and Malaya. Tagbilaran was established as a town on 9 February 1742, by General Don Francisco Antonio Calderón de la Barca, Governor of the Visayas, the town was dedicated to St. Joseph the Worker. Since it was part of the province of Bohol until it became a city on 1 July 1966.
The city was occupied by the United States during the Philippine-American War, Sitio Ubos is Tagbilarans former harbor site and is considered to be the citys oldest portion, having been a busy trading center since the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century. As such, the houses the oldest and largest number of heritage houses in Bohol. Sitio Ubos declined as a port towards the end of the Spanish era when the causeway to Panglao Island was constructed. Since then, the area lost its glory and its old houses were either demolished or neglected. In 2002, in recognition of its cultural and historic significance, some of the surviving heritage houses to this day include the Rocha–Suarez House, Rocha House, Hontanosas House, Beldia House, and Yap House. One of the most important events in Philippine history was the compact between Datu Sikatuna, a local native chieftain, and Captain Miguel López de Legazpi, the Spanish explorer and colonizer. On that day,16 March 1565, Legazpi with Fray Andres de Urdaneta and Legazpi each made a cut on the left arm and collected the drop of blood into a single vessel mixed with wine.
To honor this treaty of friendship, President Elpidio Quirino established the Order of Sikatuna, a marker now stands on the spot where Sikatuna and Legaspi allegedly sealed that famous compact. During the Japanese Occupation, the government of Tagbilaran, whose mayor at the time was Manuel Espuelas. It was a display of Boholano bravery against the well-equipped, well-trained Japanese soldiers, an earthquake with magnitude 7.2, with an epicenter near Sagbayan, struck Bohol on 15 October 2013
The Chocolate Hills are a geological formation in the Bohol province of the Philippines. There are at least 1,260 hills but there may be as many as 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometres and they are covered in green grass that turns brown during the dry season, hence the name. The Chocolate Hills is a famous tourist attraction of Bohol and they are featured in the provincial flag and seal to symbolize the abundance of natural attractions in the province. The Chocolate Hills form a rolling terrain of haycock hills – mounds of a generally conical, estimated to be from 1,268 to about 1,776 individual mounds, these cone-shaped or dome-shaped hills are actually made of grass-covered limestone. The domes vary in sizes from 30 to 50 metres high with the largest being 120 metres in height, bohols main attraction, these unique mound-shaped hills are scattered by the hundreds throughout the towns of Carmen and Sagbayan in Bohol. During the dry season, the grass-covered hills dry up and turn chocolate brown and this transforms the area into seemingly endless rows of chocolate kisses.
The branded confection is the inspiration behind the name, Chocolate Hills, the vegetation of the Chocolate Hills is dominated by grass species such as Imperata cylindrica and Saccharum spontaneum. Several Compositae and ferns grow on them. In between the hills, the lands are cultivated with rice and other cash crops. However, the vegetation on the Chocolate Hills is now threatened by quarrying activities. The Chocolate Hills are conical karst hills similar to those seen in the regions of Slovenia, northern Puerto Rico. These hills consist of Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene, thin to medium bedded and these limestones contain the abundant fossils of shallow marine foraminifera, coral and algae. These hills are separated by well developed flat plains and contain numerous caves, the Chocolate Hills are considered to be a remarkable example of conical karst topography. The origin for the conical karst of the Chocolate Hills is described in terms on the bronze plaque at the viewing deck in Carmen.
This plaque states that they are eroded formations of a type of limestone that sits on top of hardened clay. The plaque reads, The unique land known as the Chocolate Hills of Bohol was formed ages ago by the uplift of coral deposits. Wind and water put on the finishing touches over hundreds of thousands of years, self-published, popular web pages present a variety of fanciful and less credible explanations about how these hills formed. The lack of any exposed or associated volcanic rocks anywhere in the Chocolate Hills refutes the popular theories involving volcanic eruptions
A barangay, formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In colloquial usage, the term refers to an inner city neighbourhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines, as of June 2015, there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines. When the first Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in the 16th century, the name barangay originated from balangay, a Malay word meaning sailboat. The first barangays started as small communities of around 50 to 100 families. By the time of contact with Spaniards, many barangays have developed into large communities, some of these barangays had large populations. In Panay, some barangays had 20,000 inhabitants, in Leyte,15,000 inhabitants, in Cebu,3,500 residents, in Vitis,7,000 inhabitants, there were smaller barangays with less number of people. But these were generally inland communities, or if they were coastal and these smaller barangays had around thirty to one hundred houses only, and the population varies from one hundred to five hundred persons.
According to Legazpi, he found communities with twenty to thirty people only, the original “barangays” were coastal settlements of the migration of these Malayo-Polynesian people from other places in Southeast Asia. Most of the ancient barangays were coastal or riverine in nature and this is because most of the people were relying on fishing for supply of protein and for their livelihood. They travelled mostly by water up and down rivers, trails always followed river systems, which were a major source of water for bathing and drinking. The coastal barangays were more accessible to trade with foreigners and these were ideal places for economic activity to develop. Business with traders from other countries meant contact with cultures and civilizations, such as those of Japan, Han Chinese, Indian people. These coastal communities acquired more cosmopolitan cultures, with developed social structures, during the Spanish rule, through a resettlement policy called the Reducción, smaller scattered barangays were consolidated to form compact towns.
Each barangay was headed by the cabeza de barangay, who formed part of the Principalía - the elite ruling class of the municipalities of the Spanish Philippines and this position was inherited from the first datus, and came to be known as such during the Spanish regime. The Spanish Monarch ruled each barangay through the Cabeza, who collected taxes from the residents for the Spanish Crown. When the Americans arrived, slight changes in the structure of government was effected. Later, Rural Councils with four councilors were created to assist, now renamed Barrio Lieutenant, it was renamed Barrio Council, the Spanish term barrio was used for much of the 20th century until 1974, when President Ferdinand Marcos ordered their renaming to barangays
Island groups of the Philippines
The geographical divisions of the Philippines are the three island groups of Luzon and Mindanao. Luzon and Mindanao are both named after the largest island in their groups, while the Visayas is an archipelago. If a province is reassigned into a new region, it can be reassigned to a new group, as is the case with Palawan. The island groups themselves do not have governments of their own, but are divided into provinces, cities and barangays. Although the island groups do not have local governments, hence capitals, certain cities have become the political, Manila is the national capital and is the de facto capital of Luzon, though neighbouring Quezon City, a former capital, has more inhabitants than Manila. Cebu, on the province and island of the name, is the chief city of the Visayas. Mindanaos main city is Davao, towards its southeast
Danao is a 3rd city income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 136,471, in the 2016 electoral roll, it had 86,085 registered voters. Danao lies within Metro Cebu area, the area of what is now Danao used to be the Cebuano Kingdom of Nahalin before the conquest of Cebu by the Spanish starting in 1565. In 1570 it became an ecomienda or a controlled by certain Spanish officials. In 1609 Danao was made a parish by the Recollects, much physical changes occurred in Danao as it went and passed through the 20th century. Mining, cement making and gun making industries made the once sleepy town of Danao so prosperous that in 1961 a national charter was passed to convert it into a city. Danao City comprises 42 barangays, In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 86,085 registered voters, meaning that 63% of the population are aged 18, the railway from the northern end at Danao to the southern end at Argao. During World War II, the bridges and Central Station were all struck by bombs with damage so extensive that the railway never recovered, after that, it was dug up to become the Cebu North Road.
Only now are there interests about make a new Light Railway, the old system of milling sugar cane used to produce sugar, called intosan. Although the railway was originally to move coal, it was used too to move sugar cane to the docks. Danao City was well-known for its gun industry, when World War II came, the Danao gunsmiths went underground, joined the guerrilla movement or were inducted into the USAFFE. Their main task was to re-chamber the Japanese Arisaka rifles to fit the US.30 caliber round or to keep the original Japanese rifle in good service, the industry went on, still underground. In the 1960s, the term paltik was given to the homemade guns, in the early 1990s the industry was legalized by the government, with the creation of two organizations of local gunsmiths. The organization now left with proper permit is Workers League of Danao Multi-purpose Cooperative, in Dungguan, World MPC was incorporated on October 1994 with twenty-five initial members. In November 1996 it was given license to manufacture handguns from caliber.22 to.45 by the Philippine National Police, the gun-making industry in Danao was pioneered using brass or copper as materials.
In Maslog, Mitsumi is one of the largest employers in northern Cebu, tourism is still at its infancy. All along the seaboard of Cebu there are plenty of family-owned resorts. They generally have no facilities, that part of the coast has no beach, there are a few good resorts, such as El Salvador in Sabang, which are large enough to hold conferences during the week, weddings at the weekend
Bayawan, officially the City of Bayawan or simply Bayawan City, is a second-class component city in the 3rd Congressional District of the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. At the 2015 census, it had a population of 117,900 people, Bayawan is located about 100 kilometres from the Dumaguete City, the provincial capital and near the provincial border with Negros Occidental. It is a city with a land area of 69,908 hectares. Mabinay bounds it to the north, Tanjay City and Bais City to the east, Catalina to the southeast and Basay to the west and it shares a boundary with Kabankalan City of Negros Occidental on the northwest. Bayawan used to be known as New Tolong, and only had its name starting 1952. Bayawan City has two distinct seasons, the dry season, well pronounced in the months of January to May. Bayawan became a city in December 2000. It boasts its distinction as a Character City and a pioneer Healthy City in the Philippines, the Asian Institute of Management recognized the city as one of the Top 10 Best Cities to Live In in the Philippines under its Competitive Cities Survey 2007.
It was in 1751 when the Spanish friars first established their settlement,116 years later, Tolong Nuevo had existed as early as 1868 as part of Tolong Viejo. It was not until 1872 when she was formally organized as a pueblo, after meeting all of its requirements for its cityhood, became a city in December 23,2000 via plebiscite that was set by the COMELEC. Bayawan City has an area of 699.08 km². This accounts for 13% of the land area. Mabinay bounds it to the north, Santa Catalina to the east, Tanjay City to the southeast, Basay to the west, the coastline is 15 km west to east, with 7 coastal barangays. It functions as the economic hub, while economic growth nodes are established in strategically located barangays in the hinterlands. The sub-urban area is about 14. 7% of the area and is set to contain the agro-industrial zones, industrial zones. The existing industrial activity, the establishment of saw mills, residential zones are considered in the sub-urban area to provide settlements for the people in the commercial center and in the industrial zones.
The rural area accounts for 83. 1% of the land area and is basically agricultural. However, some barangays are identified to contain a level of commerce, trade