SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Central railway station, Sydney

The Central railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located at the southern end of the Sydney central business district in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The station is the largest and busiest railway station in New South Wales and serves as a major transport interchange for NSW TrainLink inter-city rail services, Sydney Trains commuter rail services, Sydney light rail services, State Transit bus services, private coach transport services. Abbreviated as Central or Central station, the station is known as Sydney Terminal; the property is owned by an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999, it recorded 85.4 million passenger movements in 2018. Central station occupies a large city block separating Haymarket, Surry Hills, the central business district, bounded by Railway Square and Pitt Street in the west, Eddy Avenue in the north, Elizabeth Street in the east and the Devonshire Street Tunnel in the south.

Parts of the station and marshalling yards extend as far south as Cleveland Street, are located on the site of the former Devonshire Street Cemetery. There have been three terminal stations in Sydney; the railway arrived in New South Wales in 1831. Proposals began in the 1840s for a railway linking the two major centres of Sydney and Parramatta, with an eastern terminus close to the Sydney city centre. Although the Sydney Railway Company first applied to the government for four blocks of land between Hay and Cleveland Streets in 1849, the Surveyor General favoured Grose Farm, now the grounds of the University of Sydney, it was less costly to develop. The Company exchanged land in the first and third blocks, between Hay and Devonshire Streets, for an increased area of eight hectares in the fourth block, the Government Paddocks, between Devonshire and Cleveland Streets. Hence the site of the first Sydney railway terminus was located here from 1855; the original Sydney station was opened on 26 September 1855 in an area known as Cleveland Fields.

It was a temporary timber and corrugated iron building, constructed in late August to early September 1855, in time for the opening of the line to Parramatta for passenger trains. This station, called Sydney Terminal, had Devonshire Street as its northern boundary, it was but unofficially called Redfern station, while at that time the present Redfern station was called Eveleigh. Although called "Redfern Station", the first and second Sydney Terminals were never located in Redfern, being to the north of Cleveland Street, Redfern's northern boundary; the first and second station buildings were both in the form of a shed. A photograph of the exterior of the first station taken in 1871 shows vertical boarding, windows with a hood and a corrugated iron roof, with a roof vent. Internally the stud framing and timber truss; the offices and public facilities were contained in the adjacent lean-to. Only one platform and the main up-line served the passenger station. A similar platform and line layout was used for the Mortuary Station, constructed 15 years later.

The first station building was extended immediately, a shed being constructed at the southern end to cover an additional 30 metres of platform. When this station became inadequate for the traffic it carried, a new station was built in 1874 on the same site and was called Sydney Terminal; the Second Sydney Terminal was a more substantial brick station building with two platforms. The second station building was constructed on the site of the first station, the main hall spanning the up and down mainlines. Separate platforms and facilities were provided for departing passengers; the new station building appears to have taken three years to complete: the drawings are dated 1871, while the official opening was in 1874. The second station, like the first, was constructed to allow for a future extension of the line into the city, the lines extending just far enough past the building to accommodate a steam locomotive. John Whitton, the Engineer-in-Chief, designed a neo-classical station building to be constructed of brick, with the decorative detail formed using polychromatic and relief work.

The demand for platform space during peak times resulted in additional branch lines and platforms being constructed adjacent to the passenger station. These lines were brought in front of the station, isolating the verandah. By 1890 Whitton's station building had become engulfed within a sea of sheds and tram platform canopies; the second Redfern station, demolished following the completion of the first stage of the main terminal building c. 1906, was a gloomy building, the glass in the roof lantern not permitting a great deal of light to enter and the soot from the steam locomotives coating the surfaces with grime. The second station grew to 14 platforms before it was replaced by the present-day station to the north of Devonshire Street. In major metropolitan areas the rail terminus tended to be located within the inner core of the city; the site of the first and second station termini was inconveniently located for the city. A horse-bus service operated from the station to the city, both Engineer-in-Chief, John Whitton, Chief Commissioner for Railways, B. H. Martindale, recognised the urgency of a city rail extension.

In 1877 John Young, a prominent Sydney builder and local politician, proposed a scheme to p

Tino Sunseri

Tino Sunseri is a former American football quarterback. He was signed by the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 2013, he played college football at Pittsburgh. Tino Sunseri was the starting quarterback at the University of Pittsburgh for 3 years. A local Central Catholic grad, Tino led Pitt to a 20-19 record including three bowl appearances, he went undrafted in the NFL Draft at the end of his senior year. Sunseri shares the all-time professional football record for the most two-point converts scored in a single game, at three, for six points in total, with Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Carson Wentz, who converted three conversions in the November 19, 2017, contest against the Dallas Cowboys; this is one short of the all-time team record of four scored by the St. Louis Rams during their game with the Atlanta Falcons on October 15, 2000. All conversions by Sunseri were done consecutively, in a 31-24 loss to the Calgary Stampeders on October 3, 2014; the three two-point conversions in a single game by one team is an all-time CFL record.

On June 15, 2015, Sunseri was among the Roughriders first cuts, was released to free agency. On July 1, 2015, it was announced that he was re-signed to the Saskatchewan Roughriders due to a season-ending injury to the Roughriders' starting quarterback Darian Durant. General Manager Brendan Taman stated Tino's knowledge of Jacques Chapdelaine's offensive system was the key to his signing. On September 1, 2015, Sunseri was once again cut by the Roughriders, his cut was among the firing of the Roughriders head coach and general manager, after an 0-9 start to the 2015 season. His father, Sal Sunseri, is a defensive coach for the Alabama Crimson Tide and his younger brother, Vinnie Sunseri, played professional football for the San Francisco 49ers. Saskatchewan Roughriders bio Pittsburgh Panthers bio

William Aiken House and Associated Railroad Structures

The William Aiken House and Associated Railroad Structures make up a National Historic Landmark District in Charleston, South Carolina, that contains structures of South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company and the home of the company's founder, William Aiken. These structures make up one of the largest collection of surviving pre-Civil War railroad depot facilities in the United States; the district was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1963. The historic district has three distinct sections; the main section is bounded by Mary, King and John Streets, north of Charleston's historic downtown area, includes the Aiken House, surviving elements of the main railroad depot, associated warehouses. A second, smaller area is located on the north side of Line Street, between King and Meeting Streets, where the company's railroad car repair and refurbishing facility was located; these two areas are joined by the former railroad right-of-way, still discernible in most of the blocks between them. The Aiken House is located at the corner of King and Ann Streets on the west side of the main section.

It is an 1807 Federal Adamesque wood frame house, two stories high, with a two-story porch extending across its southern facade. It is where the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company was founded in 1827, with William Aiken, an Irish immigrant, as its first president. Construction of the railroad line took place between 1830 and 1833, marred by the death of Aiken when horses drawing his carriage were frightened by construction-related noises, overturning it, by the explosion of the Best Friend of Charleston, the first American-made steam locomotive; when it began operation, it had the greatest length of track in the world under single management. There are two principal depot buildings in the district; the "Camden Depot" stands on John Street, the "Tower Depot", now little more than a pair of crenellated towers, stands on Mary Street. These two buildings were completed in 1850, in the area between, two warehouses were built in the following decade; the depots and one of the warehouses are architecturally distinguished by their Gothic Revival features, which are not found on railroad infrastructure.

The Tower Depot, the railroad's original passenger depot, was only used until 1853, when a through depot was built near Line Street. In 1857 the large brick Italianate car shop was built adjacent to the main railroad line just north of Line Street. William Aiken House, built in 1807. An octagonal wing added in 1831 but damaged in 1886 earthquake, certain woodwork was removed in 1931. A servants wing is unchanged. A coach house at the back of gardens on the William Aiken House property Camden Depot, a railroad depot Deans Warehouse, built in 1856 South Carolina Railroad Warehouse Tower Passenger Depot Line Street Car and Carpenter Shops Railroad Right-of-Way "Best Friend of Charleston" Replica, a replica of the first American-made steam locomotiveNon-contributing structures in the district include: Hughes Lumber Company Warehouse and Martshink Beer Warehouse Shed housing the "Best Friend of Charleston" replica locomotive Buildings along John Street, King Street and Meeting Street: Chicco Apartment Buildings A and B 39-4, 39-B, 39-C John Street 41-B, 43, 51 John Street numerous buildings in 424-492 King Street Brick building at Meeting Street and Ann Street Lilienthal's Stained Glass 365-371 Meeting Street Gov. William Aiken House, home of his son List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina National Register of Historic Places listings in Charleston, South Carolina William Aiken House website William Aiken House and Associated Railroad Structures, Charleston County, including 13 photos, at South Carolina Department of Archives and HistoryAll of the following Historic American Buildings Survey records are filed under Charleston, Charleston County, SC: HABS No.

SC-373-A, "South Carolina Railroad-Southern Railway Company, 456 King Street", 31 photos, 2 data pages, 3 photo caption pages HABS No. SC-373-D, "South Carolina Railroad-Southern Railway Company, Carriage House, 456 King Street", 2 photos, 2 photo caption pages HABS No. SC-373-B, "South Carolina Railroad-Southern Railway Company, Camden Depot, Anne Street", 4 photos, 2 photo caption pages HABS No. SC-373-C, "South Carolina Railroad-Southern Railway Company, Warehouse, 42 John Street", 1 photo, 1 photo caption page