The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is an American four-seat, single-engine, high wing, fixed-wing aircraft made by the Cessna Aircraft Company. First flown in 1955, more 172s have been built than any other aircraft. Measured by its longevity and popularity, the Cessna 172 is the most successful aircraft in history. Cessna delivered the first production model in 1956 and as of 2015, the company and its partners had built more than 44,000; the aircraft remains in production today. The Skyhawk's main competitors have been the Beechcraft Musketeer and Grumman AA-5 series, the Piper Cherokee, more the Diamond DA40 and Cirrus SR20; the Cessna 172 started life as a tricycle landing gear variant of the taildragger Cessna 170, with a basic level of standard equipment. In January 1955, Cessna flew an improved variant of the Cessna 170, a Continental O-300-A-powered Cessna 170C with larger elevators and a more angular tailfin. Although the variant was tested and certified, Cessna decided to modify it with a tricycle landing gear, the modified Cessna 170C flew again on June 12, 1955.
To reduce the time and cost of certification, the type was added to the Cessna 170 type certificate as the Model 172. The 172 was given its own type certificate, 3A12; the 172 became an overnight sales success, over 1,400 were built in 1956, its first full year of production. Early 172s were similar in appearance to the 170s, with the same straight aft fuselage and tall landing gear legs, although the 172 had a straight tailfin while the 170 had a rounded fin and rudder. In 1960, the 172A incorporated revised landing gear and the swept-back tailfin, still in use today; the final aesthetic development, found in the 1963 172D and all 172 models, was a lowered rear deck allowing an aft window. Cessna advertised this added rear visibility as "Omni-Vision."Production halted in the mid-1980s, but resumed in 1996 with the 160 hp Cessna 172R Skyhawk. Cessna supplemented this in 1998 with the 180 hp Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP; the Cessna 172 may be modified via a wide array of supplemental type certificates, including increased engine power and higher gross weights.
Available STC engine modifications increase power from 180 to 210 hp, add constant-speed propellers, or allow the use of automobile gasoline. Other modifications include additional fuel tank capacity in the wing tips, added baggage compartment tanks, added wheel pants to reduce drag, or enhanced landing and takeoff performance and safety with a STOL kit; the 172 has been equipped with the 180 hp fuel injected Superior Air Parts Vantage engine. A Cessna 172 was used in 1958 to set the world record for flight endurance. Citing safety issues, the FAI has since stopped accepting new entries, so the record will stand. On December 4, 1958, Robert Timm and John Cook took off from McCarran Airfield in Las Vegas, Nevada, in a used Cessna 172, registration number N9172B, they landed back at McCarran Airfield on February 7, 1959, after 64 days, 22 hours, 19 minutes and 5 seconds in flight. The flight was part of a fund-raising effort for the Damon Runyon Cancer Fund. Food and water were transferred by matching speeds with a chase car on a straight stretch of road in the desert and hoisting the supplies aboard with a rope and bucket.
Fuel was taken on by hoisting a hose from a fuel truck up to the aircraft, filling an auxiliary belly tank installed for the flight, pumping that fuel into the aircraft's regular tanks and filling the belly tank again. The drivers steered while a second person matched speeds with the aircraft with his foot on the vehicle's accelerator pedal. Engine oil was pumped from the cabin through a tube in the firewall. Only the pilot's seat was installed; the remaining space was used for a pad. The right cabin door was replaced with an easy-opening, accordion-type door to allow supplies and fuel to be hoisted aboard. Early in the flight, the engine-driven electric generator failed. A Champion wind-driven generator was hoisted aboard, taped to the wing support strut, plugged into the cigarette lighter socket; the pilots decided to end the record-setting flight after running the engine 1,558 hours continuously, deteriorating the engine's power output to the point at which they were able to climb away after refuelling.
The aircraft is on display in the passenger terminal at McCarran International Airport. Photos and details of the record flight can be seen in a small museum on the upper level of the baggage claim area. After the flight, Cook said: Next time I feel in the mood to fly endurance, I'm going to lock myself in our garbage can with the vacuum cleaner running; that is. 172The basic 172 appeared in November 1955 as the 1956 model and remained in production until replaced by the 172A in early 1960. It was equipped with a Continental O-300 145 hp six-cylinder, air-cooled engine and had a maximum gross weight of 2,200 lb. Introductory base price was US$8,995 and a total of 4,195 were constructed over the five years. 172AThe 1960 model 172A introduced a swept-back rudder, as well as float fittings. The price was US$9,450 and 1,015 were built. 172BThe 172B was introduced in late 1960 as the 1961 model and featured a shorter landing gear, engine mounts lengthened three inches, a reshaped cowling, a pointed propeller spinner.
For the first time, the "Skyhawk" name was applied to an available deluxe option package. This added optional e
Jadranka Stojaković was a Bosnian-born Yugoslav singer-songwriter popular in the former Yugoslavia, known for her unique voice. Her best known hits are "Sve smo mogli mi", "Što te nema", "Bistre vode Bosnom teku". Born in Sarajevo to a family of school teachers, Stojaković's infancy was spent in a small village near Bosanski Novi where her parents got assigned to teach, her parents soon divorced and she moved with her mother back to Sarajevo. Over the subsequent few years, the two were continually on the move — throughout Yugoslav towns and communities experiencing shortages of primary school teachers where her mother would get work — Dubrovnik, Gradac na Moru, Vareš, etc. Mother and daughter settled in various villages around Sarajevo, where young Jadranka spent a notable part of her childhood. At the age of 16, Stojaković joined her uncle Vukašin Radulović's jazz group and performed with them throughout the country as well other parts of Europe. In 1981 she sang backing vocals with Ismeta Dervoz for Yugoslav representative Vajta at the 1981 Eurovision Song Contest in Ireland.
At the 1984 Winter Olympics, held in her native Sarajevo, she sang the official theme song of the Games. Around that time, she was awarded the prize for SFR Yugoslavia's best artist, she resided in Japan from 1988 until 2011. In 2009, she suffered an accident on stage, she was diagnosed with a motor neuron disease. After receiving a small compensation for her injury, Stojaković moved back to Bosnia and continued to battle the disability. In addition, Stojaković was in dispute with Bosnian officials to regain her property, an apartment in Sarajevo, taken away from her while she was abroad. Nonetheless, she was determined to write more music. After her return from Japan, Stojaković performed several pre-scheduled concerts in 2011, but retreated to a nursing home in Banja Luka and Herzegovina, as she grew ill, she died in the nursing home on 3 May 2016. She was buried on 9 May 2016 in a suburb of Banja Luka. Svitanje, LP 8018, Diskoton Sarajevo, 1981. Da odmoriš malo dušu, LP 8052, Sarajevo, 1982, Sve te više volim, LP 3149, Sarajevo disk, Sarajevo, 1985.
Finleyville is a borough in Washington County, United States, named for John Finley. The population was 461 at the 2010 census, it was built at the junction of Brownsville Road and the'Washington Road' from Cox's Fort to Catfish Camp, now Washington, Pennsylvania. It was known as "Rowgalley" until after a large contingent of Scots-Irish came to town including a number of "Finleys." Reporter Ben Finley's family originates from Finleyville. It is in the Peters Creek watershed. Finleyville is located at 40°15′10″N 80°0′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.2 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 459 people, 240 households, 112 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,729.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 271 housing units at an average density of 1,611.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 91.72% White, 5.88% African American, 0.87% Asian, 0.22% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. There were 240 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.3% were non-families. 50.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.82. In the borough the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $29,375, the median income for a family was $38,125. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $21,827 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $18,387. About 9.3% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over