click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Château d'Angers

The Château d'Angers is a castle in the city of Angers in the Loire Valley, in the département of Maine-et-Loire, in France. Founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou, it was expanded to its current size in the 13th century, it is located overhanging the river Maine. It is a listed historical monument since 1875. Now open to the public, the Château d'Angers is home of the Apocalypse Tapestry; the Château d'Angers was built as a fortress at a site inhabited by the Romans because of its strategic defensive location. In the 9th century, the Bishop of Angers gave the Counts of Anjou permission to build a castle in Angers; the construction of the first castle begun under Count Fulk III, celebrated for his construction of dozens of castles, who built it to protect Anjou from the Normans. It became part of the Angevin Empire of the Plantagenet Kings of England during the 12th century. In 1204, the region was conquered by Philip II and the new castle was constructed during the minority of his grandson, Louis IX in the early part of the 13th century.

Louis IX rebuilt the castle in black slate, with 17 semicircular towers. The construction undertaken in 1234 cost 4,422 livres one per cent of the estimated royal revenue at the time. Louis gave the castle to his brother, Charles in 1246. In 1352, King John II le Bon, gave the castle to his second son, Louis who became count of Anjou. Married to the daughter of the wealthy Duke of Brittany, Louis had the castle modified, in 1373 commissioned the famous Apocalypse Tapestry from the painter Hennequin de Bruges and the Parisian tapestry-weaver Nicolas Bataille. Louis II and Yolande d'Aragon added a royal apartments to the complex; the chapel is the name given to churches which enshrined a relic of the Passion. The relic at Angers was a splinter of the fragment of the True Cross, acquired by Louis IX. In the early 15th century, the hapless dauphin who, with the assistance of Joan of Arc would become King Charles VII, had to flee Paris and was given sanctuary at the Château d' Angers. In 1562, Catherine de' Medici had the castle restored as a powerful fortress, her son, Henry III, reduced the height of the towers and had the towers and walls stripped of their embattlements.

Nonetheless, under threat of attacks from the Huguenots, the king maintained the castle's defensive capabilities by making it a military outpost and by installing artillery on the château's upper terraces. At the end of the 18th century, as a military garrison, it showed its worth when its thick walls withstood a massive bombardment by cannons from the Vendean army. Unable to do anything else, the invaders gave up. A military academy was established in the castle to train young officers in the strategies of war. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, best known for taking part in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo, was trained at the Military Academy of Angers; the academy was moved to Saumur and the castle was used for the rest of the 19th century as a prison, powder magazine, barracks. The castle continued to be used as an armory through the Second World Wars, it was damaged during World War II by the Nazis when an ammunition storage dump inside the castle exploded.

On 10 January 2009, the castle suffered severe damage from an accidental fire due to short-circuiting. The Royal Logis, which contains old tomes and administrative offices, was the most damaged part of the chateau, resulting in 400 square metres of the roof being burnt; the Tapestries of the Apocalypse were not damaged. Total damages have been estimated at 2 million Euros. According to Christine Albanel, the Minister of Culture, the expected date of completion for the restoration was the second trimester of 2009. Today, owned by the City of Angers, the massive, austere castle has been converted to a museum housing the oldest and largest collection of medieval tapestries in the world, with the 14th-century "Apocalypse Tapestry" as one of its priceless treasures; as a tribute to its fortitude, the castle has never been taken by any invading force in history. The outer wall is 3 metres thick, extends for about 660 m and is protected by seventeen massive towers; each of the perimeter towers measures 18 m in diameter.

The château covers an area of 20,000 square metres. Two pairs of towers landward entrances of the château; each of the towers was once 40 metres in height, but they were cut down for the use of artillery pieces. The Tour du Moulin is the only tower. Loire Valley List of castles in France Apocalypse Tapestry on the French Wikipedia Delbos, Claire, La France fortifiée: Châteaux, citadelles et forteresses, Petit Futé, ISBN 978-2-84768-198-7 Prestwich, Michael, "Castle Construction", Castles: A History and Guide, Blandford Press, pp. 28–43, ISBN 0-7137-1100-0 Baynes, T. S. ed. "Angers", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 29 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Angers", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2, Cambridge University Press, p. 8–9 Mallet, Angers, le château: Maine-et-Loire, Association pour le développement de l'inventaire des Pays de la Loire, ISBN 978-2-906344-29-7 Mesqui, Jean, Le château d'Angers, Paris: Centre des monuments nationaux/ Monum. Éditions du patrimonie Château d'Angers - City of Angers Ministry of Culture database entry for Château d'Angers Ministry of Culture photos Castle of Angers in Google Cultural Institute

Perry Fellwock

Perry Fellwock is a former National Security Agency analyst and whistleblower who revealed the existence of the NSA and its worldwide covert surveillance network in an interview, using the pseudonym Winslow Peck, with Ramparts in 1971. At the time that Fellwock blew the whistle on ECHELON, the NSA was a nearly unknown organization and among the most secretive of the US intelligence agencies. Fellwock revealed that it had a larger budget than the Central Intelligence Agency. Fellwock was motivated by Daniel Ellsberg's release of the Pentagon Papers. Today, Fellwock has been acknowledged as the first NSA whistleblower. ECHELON is the name popularly given to the signals intelligence collection and analysis network operated on behalf of the five signatory states to the UKUSA Security Agreement. According to information in a European Parliament document "On the existence of a global system for the interception of private and commercial communications", ECHELON was ostensibly created to monitor the military and diplomatic communications of the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies during the Cold War in the early 1960s.

Because of the Fellwock revelations, the U. S. Senate United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities introduced successful legislation in 1973 to stop the NSA from spying on American citizens. Speaking about ECHELON, Frank Church said: "...hat capability at any time could be turned around on the American people and no American would have any privacy left, such the capability to monitor everything: telephone conversations, telegrams, it doesn't matter. There would be no place to hide. If this government became a tyranny, if a dictator took charge in this country, the technological capacity that the intelligence community has given the government could enable it to impose total tyranny, there would be no way to fight back, because the most careful effort to combine together in resistance to the government, no matter how it was done, is within the reach of the government to know; such is the capability of this technology... I don't want to see this country go across the bridge.

I know the capacity, there to make tyranny total in America, we must see to it that this agency and all agencies that possess this technology operate within the law and under proper supervision, so that we never cross over that abyss. That is the abyss from which there is no return." The Church Committee hearings and other congressional hearings into abuses by the Nixon Administration by a committee chaired by Sam Ervin helped lead to the passage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Pub. L. 95–511, 92 Stat. 1783, 50 U. S. C. ch. 36 in 1978. FISA prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of "foreign intelligence information" between "foreign powers" and "agents of foreign powers" in 1978. After the September 11 attacks, the law was amended, enabling President George W. Bush to expand the warrantless surveillance of American citizens. James Bamford William Binney, Diane Roark, Thomas Andrews Drake, Mark Klein, Edward Snowden, Thomas Tamm, Russ Tice William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell Herbert O. Yardley "EX-CODE ANALYST EXPLAINS HIS AIM.

The New York Times. July 19, 1972. Welles, Benjamin. "Ability to Break Soviet Codes Reported. S. Able to Break All of the Soviet's Codes"; the New York Times. P. 1

Texas State Highway Spur 247

Spur 247 is a state highway spur in the community of Pyote in Ward County, Texas. Spur 247 begins in the former route of US 80 in the region, it travels northward along Pyote Street. It curves to the northeast to reach its northern terminus at SH 115. In 2011, the AADT was reported as RM 2355 and 140 at the Pyote town limit. A previous route numbered Spur 247 was designated in San Antonio, Bexar County on November 19, 1951 from then-US 81 via South Alamo Street, Probandt Street, Steves Avenue to then-US 181 on South Presa Street; this route was cancelled on March 18, 1960 as a majority of it was concurrent with US 87 and other routes. That year, the current Spur 247 was designated on July 25, 1960 over the former route of SH 115 through Pyote, rerouted to the east to connect with the newly constructed I-20; the original southern terminus of Spur 247 was intended to be I-20. The entire highway is in Ward County. List of state highway spurs in Texas

Political history of Mysore and Coorg (1800–1947)

The political history of Mysore and Coorg is the political history of the contiguous historical regions of Mysore state and Coorg province located on the Deccan Plateau in west-central peninsular India, beginning with the acceptance of British suzerainty in 1800 to the independence of India in 1947. In the amāni lands the tax on cultivation in dry regions was a fixed money amount paid annually at one-third of the crop value. In "wet" or rice-growing regions, which on average provided more abundant yields, but which depended more on the vagaries of the monsoon rains, the crop value was estimated annually, as soon as an estimate could be made; the latter tax was computed at one-half of the crop value and was paid "nominally in kind," but in money. There is little contemporaneous documentation of the pre-1760 period of Mysore's history the last century of that period. According to, the 18th-century Wodeyar rulers of Mysore—in contrast to their contemporaries in Rajputana, Central India, Maratha Deccan, Tanjavur—left little or no record of their administrations.

A Wodeyar dynasty genealogy, the Maisüru Mahardjara Vamsävali of Tirumalarya, was composed in Kannada during the period 1710–1715, was claimed to be based on all the then-extant inscriptions in the region. Another genealogy, Kalale Doregala Vamgdvati, of the Delvoys, the near-hereditary chief ministers of Mysore, was composed around the turn of the 19th century. However, neither manuscript provides information about administration, economy or military capability; the ruling dynasty's origins as expounded in palace genealogies, are of doubtful accuracy. The earliest manuscript offering clues to governance and military conflict in the pre-1760 Mysore, seems to be, an annual letter written in Portuguese by a Mysore-based Jesuit missionary, Joachim Dias, addressed to his Provincial superior. After East India Company's final 1799 victory over Tipu, official Company records began to be published as well. Around this time, French accounts of the Anglo-Mysore wars appeared as well, included, a history of the wars by Joseph-François Michaud, another Jesuit priest.

The first attempt at including a comprehensive history of Mysore in an English language work is, an account of a survey of South India conducted at Lord Richard Wellesley's request, by Francis Buchanan, a Scottish physician and geographer. The first explicit History of Mysore in English is, written by Mark Wilks, the British resident mentioned above. Wilks claimed to have based his history on various Kannada documents, not only the ones mentioned above, but many that have not survived. According to, all subsequent classic histories of Mysore have borrowed from Wilks's book for their pre-1760 content; these include, Lewis Rice's well-known Gazetteer and, C. Hayavadana Rao's major revision of the Gazetteer half a century and many spin-offs of these two works. By the end of the period of British Commissionership of Mysore, many English language works had begun to appear on a variety of Mysore-related subjects; these included, a book of English translations of Kannada language inscriptions, William Digby's two volume critique of British famine policy during the Great Famine of 1876–78, which devastated Mysore for years to come.

Princely state Political history of Mysore and Coorg Political history of Mysore and Coorg

The Dead Rabbitts

The Dead Rabbitts are an American metalcore supergroup from Phoenix, Arizona. The band is a side project of Escape the Fate's lead vocalist, Craig Mabbitt and rhythm guitarist TJ Bell, signed to Tragic Hero Records; the Dead Rabbitt's debut EP, Edge of Reality, was released on October 19, 2012 for people who purchased the album through PledgeMusic, October 30, 2012 in the iTunes Store. The band's second EP, Break the Static, was released on December 6, 2019; the band's debut album, was released on July 1, 2014. The album debuted at No. 127 on the Billboard 200, The band's second studio album, This Emptiness, was released on April 14, 2017. In late 2011, lead vocalist Craig Mabbitt announced an upcoming side-project, along with an upcoming album for Escape the Fate. Mabbitt revealed that a single from the side-project would be released in February 2012, the album would be produced by Caleb Shomo of Beartooth. Members of the side project would include Kevin "Thrasher" Gruft of LoveHateHero who went on to join Escape the Fate, TJ Bell of Escape the Fate and of Motionless in White, Alex Torres of Eyes Set to Kill, Greeley Estates, Alesana.

He hinted that the album will be a reminiscent of the music he made while in his previous bands Blessthefall and The Word Alive. Mabbitt announced a tentative April 9 release date for the album, stating "what better day to release your album than on your birthday?", but this was delayed. In January, he created a Facebook page and posted that he would stream a song from the side-project's upcoming EP if the page got to 50,000 "likes"; when the page got to around 49,500 likes, he revealed the title and lyrics for the upcoming song, titled "Edge of Reality". The song "Edge of Reality" was released the moment. On March 30, he announced the name of the upcoming EP, Edge of Reality, under the band name "the Dead Rabbitts". On April 9, he released another song from the EP titled "World of Disaster". In mid-2012, the Dead Rabbitts announced that they would be teaming with To Write Love on Her Arms and PledgeMusic with the release of the EP. Through PledgeMusic, fans were able to pre-order the EP along with extra items such as signed CDs, concert tickets, more.

People who pre-ordered the album through the website, or "pledged", would be able to download the album earlier than others. When the pre-orders hit the target goal, 5% of the money raised would be donated to To Write Love On Her Arms. Pledgers would receive updates and exclusive videos. Mabbitt released certain songs from the EP when the target percentage of donations reached certain points, such as 55% or 75%; the target was reached on October 4, 2012, the album was released on October 19. The band set off on the "Pizza Party Tour" with bands Get Scared and Rob the Cartel and As Thick As Thieves The tour started in Tucson, Arizona on September 12, 2012, ended September 29 in Sacramento, California. In November 2013, Dead Rabbitts signed with Tragic Hero Records and announced that they will be releasing an album sometime in 2014. In December, they began recording songs with Andrew Wade. On May 16, the band released their first single "My Only Regret" from their debut album Shapeshifter, released on July 1, 2014.

On November 7, the band released a music video from their song "Deer in the Headlights". In 2015, lead guitarist Alex Torres left the band. In January, 2017 Bobby Whitaker joined as the band's new lead guitarist. In February, 2017 Rob Pierce left the band. On January 24, 2017, the band released their first single "Dead Again" from their second studio album This Emptiness which will be released on April 14, 2017; this record was mixed by Andrew Wade. During their album release party in Mesa, Erik Jensen joined the band and played rhythm guitar with Bobby Whitaker. After releasing their new album, on April 16, 2017. Bobby Whitaker left the band for personal reasons. After Rob Pierce and Boby Whitaker left the band, Blake Bailey and Erik Jensen joined the band as touring musicians. On June 13, 2017, the band released a remix version of their single "Dead Again" featuring rapper Whitney Peyton. On October 25, 2019 the band confirmed Erik Jensen and Blake Bailey as permanent members via Facebook page, released a single titled "Dead By Daylight" with guest vocalist Leila Rose, daughter of Craig Mabbitt.

This song is the debut single from the upcoming EP produced by Cameron Mizell at Chango Studios. This song was written by Craig Mabbitt, is based on the popular horror-survival video game, Dead by Daylight. On November 22, 2019; the band released their second single "Gutter" featuring Whitney Peyton and Courtney LaPlante from the second EP entitled "Break the Static", released on December 6, 2019. Timeline EPs Edge of Reality Break the Static Studio albums Shapeshifter This Emptiness "Edge of Reality" "Deer In the Headlights" "Burn It Down" "This Emptiness" The Dead Rabbitts on Facebook

Rebecca Ferdinando

Rebecca Ferdinando is an English actress, best known for playing Mary in the British gangster film Bonded by Blood. Ferdinando attended the Sylvia Young Theatre School from a young age before studying drama at Middlesex University where she gained a BA Honours degree. Rebecca began her acting career as a child when she appeared in roles for television such as Holby City, The Last Detective and Silent Witness; when she was eighteen she was signed by some of London's top modelling and commercial agents which led her to work for some famous brands and campaigns such as Vivienne Westwood. This work funded her through drama school and presenting on Channel Five's The Great Big British Quiz, while modelling for shows like This Morning, The Alan Titchmarsh Show and GMTV. Since graduating she has played roles including as Dorrabella for BBC's Elgar's Enigma, Beanie in the feature film Shank. Holby City The Last Detective Silent Witness The Great British Quiz, presenter Elgar's Enigma, Dorrabella Russell Howard's Good News, Baywatch babe The Johnny and Inel Show, Ugly Sister: Princess Aurora Rebecca Ferdinando on IMDb Rebecca's home page Outside bet film premiere 24 April 2012 The Spunx Effect, Russell Howard featuring Rebecca ODDcast PODcast Xtra - Rebecca Ferdinando ODDcast PODcast UK - White Collar Hooligan Special