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Châteaux of the Loire Valley

The Châteaux of the Loire Valley are part of the architectural heritage of the historic towns of Amboise, Blois, Montsoreau, Orléans and Tours along the Loire River in France. They illustrate Renaissance ideals of design in France; the châteaux of the Loire Valley number over three hundred, ranging from practical fortified castles from the 10th century to splendid residences built half a millennium later. When the French kings began constructing their huge châteaux in the Loire Valley, the nobility, drawn to the seat of power, followed suit, attracting the finest architects and landscape designers; the châteaux and their surrounding gardens are cultural monuments which stunningly embody the ideals of the Renaissance and Enlightenment. Many of the châteaux were built on hilltops, such as the Château d'Amboise, while the only one built in the riverbed is the Château de Montsoreau. Many had exquisite churches within the château; as the wars of the 15th century wound down, Kings Charles VII, Louis XI, their successors preferred to spend the bulk of their time in the "garden of France" along the banks of the Loire.

In the late 15th century, Tours Blois, Amboise became the preferred locations of the French royal court. Many courtiers bought dilapidated castles built by the medieval Counts of Blois and of Anjou, had them reconstructed in the latest Italianate fashion. Leonardo da Vinci and other Italian artists arrived to beautify these residences. By the middle of the 16th century, King François I had shifted his throne from the Loire back to the ancient capital of Paris. With him went the great architects, but the Loire Valley continued to be the place where most of the French royalty preferred to spend the bulk of their time. King Louis XIV, in the middle of the 17th century, made Paris the permanent locale for great royal châteaux when he built the Palace of Versailles. Nonetheless, those who gained the king's favour and the wealthy bourgeoisie continued to renovate existing châteaux or build lavish new ones in the Loire as summer residences; the French Revolution saw a number of the great châteaux destroyed and many ransacked, their treasures stolen.

The overnight impoverishment of many of the deposed nobility after one of its members lost his or her head to the guillotine, saw many châteaux demolished. During World War I and World War II, some chateaux were commandeered as military headquarters; some of these continued to be so used after the end of World War II. Today, the remaining owned châteaux serve as homes, a few open their doors to tourists, while others operate as hotels or bed-and-breakfasts. Many others have been taken over by local governments, the grandest, like those at Chambord, are owned and operated by the national government and are major tourist sites, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. Though there is no universally accepted definition for the designation, the main criterion is that the château must be situated close to the Loire or one of its tributaries. Châteaux further upstream than Gien are not included, with the possible exception of the Bastie d'Urfé for its historical significance. List of châteaux in France Tuffeau, principal building material of the Loire Valley Media related to Castles of the Loire at Wikimedia Commons Châteaux de la Loire, Finest France

Perfect (Fairground Attraction song)

"Perfect" is the debut single by Fairground Attraction, released on 28 March 1988. It was produced by Mark Nevin; the single reached number one on 14 May 1988 on the UK Singles Chart, where it stayed for one week, stayed in the chart for a total of thirteen weeks. It reached number one in South Africa for 10 weeks as well as in Australia for three weeks in August and September 1988. In the UK, it was released as a 7" single, 12" single, cassette single and CD single; the song was included on the band's first album, The First of a Million Kisses, released the same year. A version of the song with a different singer was used in television advertising for Asda in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was re-released as a single in 1993 after it had reappeared on the compilation album Celtic Heart. In the United States, the song peaked at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100, it peaked at number 85 on the Hot Country Singles chart and number 1 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart, the song's only Top 40 entry on any Billboard chart."Perfect" won the award for British Single of the Year at the 1989 Brit Awards.

It was the last number-one single on the NME singles chart, on 14 May 1988. "Perfect" "Falling Backwards" "Mythology" "Mystery Train" "Perfect" "Walking after Midnight" "You Send Me" "Captured" American country music group Baillie & the Boys released their version in April 1990 as the first single from the album The Lights of Home. The song reached # 23 on the Billboard Hot Country Tracks chart. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Anna Hall Roosevelt

Anna Rebecca Hall Roosevelt was an American socialite. She was the mother of First Lady of Eleanor Roosevelt. Anna was described as a celebrated beauty. Anna Rebecca Hall was born on March 17, 1863, she was the eldest of seven children born to Valentine Gill Hall Jr. and Mary Livingston Ludlow of the Livingston family. Their marriage "...united a member of a prominent New York merchantile family with Hudson River gentry". Anna was a granddaughter of Edward Hunter Ludlow, her brothers, Valentine III and Edward, were both tennis champions and alcoholics who spent beyond their means and inheritances. Anna's four sisters were Elizabeth, Mary and Maude, her father died without leaving a will when Anna was 17, she was forced to take control of the family and help manage the finances. Anna was one of the leading debutantes of the 1881 season. A prominent figure among the New York City social elite, she was a skilled horsewoman, it is believed that Anna and Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt, the brother of future President Theodore Roosevelt, became engaged Memorial Day, 1883, at a house party given by their friend, Laura Delano, at Algonac, the Delano estate on the Hudson River at Newburgh, New York.

At the time, Anna was living at her family's estate far upriver at Tivoli, New York. On December 1, 1883, she married Roosevelt in Calvary Church at Gramercy Park in New York City; the couple moved into a brownstone house in the fashionable Thirties. Anna bore Elliott three children: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt, Jr. Gracie Hall Roosevelt. Anna Roosevelt was responsible for charity balls, her brother-in-law Theodore considered her frivolous. At the time of their marriage on December 1, 1883, Elliott was known as a heavy drinker addicted to laudanum. Subject to headaches and depressions, Anna was somewhat ashamed of her daughter Eleanor's plainness and nicknamed Eleanor "Granny", due to the child's serious demeanor. In the spring of 1887, the family sailed to Europe aboard the S. S. Britannic. One day out of port, their ship was rammed by the S. S. Celtic, the bow of which pierced a full ten feet into the side of the S. S. Britannic, injuring numerous others; the Roosevelt party was evacuated to lifeboats before continuing their voyage aboard another ocean liner.

Upon their return, Elliott commenced construction of his Long Island country residence, Half Way Nirvana. Parties at their estate included polo and riding-to-the-hounds. In 1889, after the birth of their second child, Elliott's drinking only increased, the family traveled to Austria in search of treatment. After three months, they moved to Paris, where Anna's third child, a son, was born; the marriage teetered on collapse during their time in France. Soon afterward and Anna separated; when Eleanor was eight, Anna contracted diphtheria and died at age 29 at her home, 52 East 61st Street in Manhattan. Elliott died at his home, 313 West 102 Street on August 14, 1894, from a seizure after a suicide attempt and the cumulative effects of alcoholism; the remains of both Anna and Elliott are interred in the Hall family vault at the cemetery of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Tivoli. Anna's daughter Eleanor would go on to become First Lady of the United States when her husband, Elliott's fifth cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt, became President of the United States in March 1933.

Roosevelt family Livingston family Anna Hall Roosevelt at Find a Grave

Nicola Arigliano

Nicola Arigliano was an Italian jazz singer and occasional actor. Born in Squinzano, Province of Lecce, at young age Arigliano ran away from home because of the humiliations received by family members due to his stuttering and moved to Turin, where he was hosted by fellow immigrants, he moved to Milan and to Rome, where he held several jobs. After studying music theory, learning to play the saxophone and singing as an amateur in several orchestras, Arigliano became first known in 1952 thanks to the participation at the Newport Jazz Festival, which back in Italy got him several television appearances and which gave the way to his professional career. After some 78 rpm released in 1956 for RCA, in 1958 he took part at Canzonissima, in 1960 he got his first hit with the song "I Sing Ammore", which reached the ninth place on the Italian hit parade. In 1961 he got his major success with the song "Sentimentale", which peaked on first place at the hit parade, while in 1964 he entered the main competition at the Sanremo Music Festival with the song "20 Km Al Giorno".

His song Permettete signorina knows a version in English by Nat King Cole: Cappuccina. In 1968 Arigliano moved to Magliano Sabina and slowed his activities. In 2005 he came back at the Sanremo Music Festival and won the Critics' Award with the song "Colpevole". Arigliano sang in English. De Pascale, Ernesto. Nicola Arigliano: My Name Is Pasquale. Stampa alternativa. ISBN 8872267374. Nicola Arigliano at Discogs Nicola Arigliano on IMDb

Cape Rachado Lighthouse

The Cape Rachado Lighthouse is a lighthouse located in Cape Rachado known as Tanjung Tuan in Malay, in Alor Gajah District, Malaysia. The lighthouse is believed to be the oldest in the country, its history dating back to Portuguese rule of Malacca during the 16th century; the early history of the lighthouse remains unverified, with unofficial accounts by locals tracing the lighthouse's history back to a period following the conquest of Malacca by Portugal in 1511. The Portuguese government in Malacca vested interest in the construction of a lighthouse to guide its ships through the narrow Straits of Malacca, completing the first iteration of the structure on Cape Rachado in the 16th century. Possession of the lighthouse was handed over to the Dutch VOC, alongside Malacca in entirety in 1641, a second version of the building was claimed to have been built in 1817, during temporary rule by the British under William Farquhar, seven years before Malacca's total changeover to the British in 1824.

The present lighthouse was constructed in 1863, during Malacca's status as a British-ruled Straits Settlement, remains active, as of 2008. In 1990, a second concrete tower was built next to the original lighthouse to house a MEASAT radar; the current lighthouse erected 1863 consists of a 24-metre high circular tower with a lantern and gallery, adjoining double storey keeper's house at the base, both constructed of masonry and whitewashed. An additional tower completed in 1990 was constructed using reinforced concrete, holds a MEASAT radar, designed to monitor ship traffic in the Strait of Malacca and aid in communications, at the top of the structure; the lighthouse is based on a fort-like foundation. The lighthouse is located on a summit at Cape Rachado 100 metre inland, is enclosed within woodland, which makes the lighthouse's location an ideal area for birdwatching. Access to the lighthouse is restricted to travel by foot, with the immediate site accessible only via two stairwells: a spiral staircase with 72 steps and a stone staircase behind the lighthouse, the latter serving as an easier access point to the lighthouse.

List of lighthouses in Malaysia Battle of Cape Rachado Tanjung Tuan

Eddie Levert

Edward Willis Levert is an American singer–songwriter and actor. Levert is best known as the lead vocalist of The O'Jays. Levert was born in Bessemer, but was raised in Canton, where he moved to at the age of 6, he attended church and joined the church choir. As Levert continued singing into his teenage years, he became a recognized voice in the church choir, sang in school plays and performed on a gospel radio show. By the time he reached high school, young Levert knew that singing was what he wanted to do, teaming up with classmates Walter Williams, William Powell, Bobby Massey and Bill Isles to form a group called the Triumphs; the Triumphs played locally in Canton opening for different acts, playing sock hops and just about everything that came up. Their big break came. King Records President Sid Nathan impressed, changed their name to The Mascots and signed them to his label; the Mascots’ popularity grew as their songs could be heard with increased frequency on Cleveland radio stations. In 1969, The O’Jays signed with Philadelphia International Records where they released hit after hit and were propelled to stardom.

The O'Jays signed with EMI-Manhattan Records and Levert and Williams began co-writing and producing their own tracks. Their EMI debut album, "Let Me Touch You", went to number three R&B and boasted "Lovin' You," the number one R&B hit from the summer 1987. In 1984, Eddie saw a proud moment as his sons Gerald and Sean, both still in high school, announced that they wanted to follow their dad's footsteps and make their way in the music industry; the family teamed up with good friend Marc Gordon recording under the group name LeVert – four of their seven albums went platinum. In 1992 Eddie and son Gerald recorded "Baby Hold On to Me" which hit No. 1 R&B and No. 37 Pop on the charts. In 2006, upon returning from a successful South African tour with sons Gerald and Sean, tragedy struck as Eddie's son Gerald unexpectedly lost his life due to interactions between his prescribed medications. In 2007, Eddie and son Gerald's album recorded in 2006, "Something To Talk About" was released followed by the publication of the anticipated book "I Got Your Back" co-authored by Eddie and son Gerald.

In 2008 tragedy, struck again as Eddie's son Sean became a fatality of being denied needed prescription medication by government officials in Ohio. That year, while still trying to cope with the loss of both sons and his late son Gerald were presented with "Best Duo or Group" Image Award. In 2009, The O’Jays were awarded BET's ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ and Eddie Levert was awarded the "Heroes and Legends Pacesetter Award". On January 29, 2011, The O’Jays received the "Trumpet Lifetime Achievement Award". Throughout Eddie Levert's career, The O’Jays have released 10 Gold Albums, with 9 going Platinum and 10 No. 1 hits. Mr. Levert is performing and touring the world with The O’Jays well as performing as a solo artist. Eddie Levert currently resides in Las Vegas, NV with his wife Raquel and daughter Ryan, he is the third cousin of NBA Basketball player Caris LeVert. 4 Grammy Nominations 4 American Music Award Nominations 1990 American Music Award for "Best Duo" and "Best Group" NAACP Award for "Outstanding Vocal Group" in 1991 Soul of America Award in 1993 Award for "Lifetime Commitment to the Community for service and beautiful sounds that continue to change the face of music" from 100 Black Men Award for "Supporting the UNCF", given to The O'Jays at the 18th Annual Mayor's Ball in Atlanta, Georgia Soul Train 2002 Quincy Jones Award for "Outstanding Career Achievement in the field of Entertainment" 2003 Wall of Fame Honor in Canton, Ohio 2003 State of Ohio for Outstanding Achievements 2003 Mayors Citation from the City of Canton, Ohio 2003 Honorary Sheriff conferred on The O'Jays by The city of New Orleans 2004 Vocal Group Hall of Fame in Sharon, Pennsylvania 2005 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio 2009 Black Entertainment Television Lifetime Achievement Award 2011 Trumpet Lifetime Achievement Award