Courmayeur is a town and comune in northern Italy, in the autonomous region of Aosta Valley. Courmayeur shares administration of Mont Blanc with its neighboring commune of Saint-Gervais-les-Bains in France, Courmayeur shares access to the glacial ski run of the Vallée Blanche with another French town, which sits at the opposite, side of the Mont Blanc massif. The ancient Curia Maior was always a popular tourist destination, thanks to its spa, during World War II, under the fascist regime and its italianist rule, the town was briefly renamed Cormaiore. Courmayeur’s picturesque mountain scenery make it an attractive year-round destination and it is cited as Italys best all-round ski resort, and contains the Giardino Botanico Alpino Saussurea, which describes itself as Europes highest botanical garden. The Church of Saint-Pantaléon dates to the 18th century, in the summer months Courmayeur is a popular destination for hikers. The nearby village of La Palud is the station of the Skyway Monte Bianco.
This links to the Vallée Blanche Aerial Tramway going to the Aiguille du Midi, which connects to the Téléphérique de lAiguille du Midi, the Courmayeur Noir in festival, an annual film and literature event, was introduced in 1991 and takes place in December. Chamonix, France Courmayeur travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Courmayeur Noir in festival Sci Club Courmayeur Monte Bianco
Étroubles is a town and comune in the Aosta Valley region of northwestern Italy. Sights include a tower from a now disappeared 15th century Romanesque church. In Roman times, it was known as Restapolis and was the center in the Grand-Saint-Bernard Valley. It perhaps housed the local garrison watching the main access from Gaul, in medieval times, it was a stage on the Via Francigena. Napoleon Bonaparte stayed at Étroubles on 20 May 1800, during his march to Marengo and the eponymous battle
The Walser language, known as Walliser German, is a group of Highest Alemannic dialects spoken in parts of Switzerland, Italy and Austria. The terms Walser and Walliser are geographic, there is no linguistic divide, specific Walser dialects can be traced to eastern or western dialects of Wallis canton. Conservative Walser dialects are similar to the respective groups of Wallis dialects than to neighboring Walser dialects. The German-speaking immigration to the Wallis started in the 8th century from the canton of Bern, there were presumably two different immigration routes that led to two main groups of Walliser dialects. In the twelfth or thirteenth century, the Walliser began to other parts of the Alps. These new settlements are known as Walser migration, in many of these settlements, people still speak Walser. The dialects are difficult to understand for people who speak Swiss German, because the dialect group is quite spread out, there is rarely any contact between the dialects. Therefore, the dialects that compose Walser German are very different from each other as well, because the people who speak Walser German live in the isolated valleys of the high mountains, Walser German has preserved many archaisms, which makes it nearest to Old High German.
The dialect of the Lötschental, for instance, preserved three distinct classes of weak verbs until the beginning of the 20th century, Walser German shows linguistic innovations, such as the plural Tannu - Tannä, found in the other Highest Alemannic dialects. Walser German dialects are considered endangered, and language shift to the majority language is occurring, the total number of speakers in the world is about 22,780, with about 10,000 in Switzerland alone. Valais, Gondo valleys in the Monte Rosa massif, Aosta Valley, Gressoney-La-Trinité, Gressoney-Saint-Jean, historically in upper Ayas Valley and this section will be about the Walser German dialect of Formazza, or Pomattertitsch. Pomattertitsch is part of the Highest Alemannic German dialect group, which is made up of dialects that share similar features. The Highest Alemannic German group contains German dialects of Valais, Walser German dialects in Italy and Ticino, and eastern Walser German dialects in Grisons, the first feature that is shared by this group is the palatalization of Middle High German -s- to -sch-.
This is actually typical of Walser German dialects in general. For Pomattertitsch, this doesnt apply to every word that contains -s-, su son, sunna sun, the second feature is a change from -nk- to -ch- or -h-, German denken to Pomattertitsch teche think, German trinken to Pomattertitsch triche drink. The final feature is the lack of diphthongs where they are present in German words, German bauen to Pomattertitsch büwe build, this section will be about the Walser German dialect Pomattertitsch. Pomattertitsch marks number and gender on nouns, like most dialects of German and it marks case on nouns, although it has been reduced over time. It distinguishes between strong and weak nouns, which is becoming blurred over time as well, for adjectives in the attributive position, there is agreement in strong versus weak nouns, and in case
Aosta is the principal city of Aosta Valley, a bilingual region in the Italian Alps,110 km north-northwest of Turin. It is situated near the Italian entrance of the Mont Blanc Tunnel, at the confluence of the Buthier and the Doire baltée, Aosta is not the capital of the province, because Aosta Valley is the only Italian region not divided into provinces. Provincial administrative functions are shared by the region and the communes. Aosta was settled in times and became a centre of the Salassi. The campaign was led by Terentius Varro, who founded the Roman colony of Augusta Praetoria Salassorum. After 11 BC Aosta became the capital of the Alpes Graies province of the Empire. Its position at the confluence of two rivers, at the end of the Great and the Little St Bernard Pass, gave it military importance. After the fall of the Western Empire, the city was conquered, in turn, by the Burgundians, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards, who had annexed it to their Italian kingdom, were expelled by the Frankish Empire under Pepin the Short.
Under his son, Aosta acquired importance as a post on the Via Francigena, after 888 AD it was part of the renewed Kingdom of Italy under Arduin of Ivrea and Berengar of Friuli. In the 10th century Aosta became part of the Kingdom of Burgundy, after the fall of the latter in 1032, it became part of the lands of Count Humbert I of Savoy. The ancient town walls of Augusta Prætoria Salassorum are still preserved almost in their entirety and they are 6.4 metres high, built of concrete faced with small blocks of stone. At the bottom, the walls are nearly 2.75 metres thick, towers stand at angles to the enceinte and others are positioned at intervals, with two at each of the four gates, making twenty towers in total. They are roughly 6.5 metres square, and project 4.3 metres from the wall. Of the 20 original towers, the following are well preserved, Le lépreux de la cité dAoste, a novel by Xavier de Maistre, is named after this leper. Tower of Bramafan, built in the 11th century over a Roman bastion and it was the residence of the Savoy viscounts.
The Franco-Provençal term Bramafan is translated as He who screams for hunger, the east and south gates exist intact. The latter, a gate with three arches flanked by two towers known as the Porta Praetoria was the eastern gate to the city, and has preserved its original forms apart from the marble covering. It is formed by two series of arches enclosing a small square, the rectangular arrangement of the streets is modeled on a Roman plan dividing the town into 64 blocks
Arvier is a town and comune in the Aosta Valley region of northwestern Italy. The local wine, Enfer dArvier, had its own DOC designation before being subsumed into the Valle dAosta DOC and it is a blend made primarily from the Petit Rouge grape with lesser amounts of Dolcetto, Neyret, Pinot noir, and/or Vien de Nus. Arvier was the birthplace of Maurice Garin, the winner of the original Tour de France in 1903 and his family migrated to Northern France in 1885
Bionaz is a comune sparso which extends over 143 square kilometres of the North-Eastern Valpelline area of the Aosta Valley region of northwest Italy. The commune lies on the side of the river Dora Baltea. The population of about 240 is dispersed among 20 or more small villages and hamlets including Plan-de-Veyne, which is the main centre. The commune belongs to the Unité des communes valdôtaines du Grand-Combin, thumb|left|200px|Road sign at Plan de Veyne. The commune’s statute designates the following localities, in addition to the capoluogo of Bionaz itself, Regione Autonoma Valle d’Aosta, Bollettino Ufficiale della Regione Autonoma Valle d’Aosta Bionaz at DMOZ
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria, San Marino, Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate. Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. The subsequent participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in defeat, economic destruction. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The assumptions on the etymology of the name Italia are very numerous, according to one of the more common explanations, the term Italia, from Latin, was borrowed through Greek from the Oscan Víteliú, meaning land of young cattle. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned by Aristotle and Thucydides.
The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy – according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 200,000 years ago, modern Humans arrived about 40,000 years ago. Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world