Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, honorific: "Mahāprabhu", is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the chief proponent of the Achintya Bheda Abheda Vedanta school and the Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism. He expounded the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga, based on Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita. Of various forms and direct or indirect expansions of Krishna such as Lord Narasimha and Garbhodaksayi Vishnu he is believed to be Krishna in the mood of Radha, he popularised the chanting of the'Hare Krishna mantra' and composed the Siksastakam in Sanskrit. His followers, Gaudiya Vaishnavas, revere him as a Krishna with the mood and complexion of his source of inspiration Radha, his birthday is celebrated as Gaura-purnima. Chaitanya is sometimes referred to by the names Gauranga or Gaura due to his fair complexion, Nimai due to his being born underneath a Neem tree. Chaitanya means'"consciousness". Chaitanya was born as the second son of his wife Sachi Devi. Jagannath's family lived in the village of Dhakadakshin, Srihatta, Bengal.
According to Chaitanya Charitamruta, Chaitanya was born on the full moon night of 18 February 1486, at the time of a lunar eclipse. Alternatively, Chaitanya is believed to born in Mayapur, adjacent to Nabadwip, present-day Nadia, West Bengal, India. A number of stories exist telling of Chaitanya's apparent attraction to the chanting and singing of Krishna's names from a young age, but this was perceived as being secondary to his interest in acquiring knowledge and studying Sanskrit; when travelling to Gaya to perform the shraddha ceremony for his departed father, Chaitanya met his guru, the ascetic Ishvara Puri, from whom he received initiation with the Gopala Krishna mantra. This meeting was to mark a significant change in Chaitanya's outlook and upon his return to Bengal the local Vaishnavas, headed by Advaita Acharya, were stunned at his external sudden'change of heart' and soon Chaitanya became the eminent leader of their Vaishnava group within Nadia. After leaving Bengal and receiving entrance into the sannyasa order by Swami Kesava Bharati, Chaitanya journeyed throughout the length and breadth of India for several years, chanting the divine Names of Krishna constantly.
At that time He travelled on foot covering a lot of places like Baranagar, Atisara and, at last, Chhatrabhog. Chhatrabhog is the place where Goddess Ganga and Lord Shiva met one hundred mouths of Ganga were visible from here. From the source of Vrindavana Dasa's Chaitanya Bhagavata, he bathed at Ambulinga Ghat of Chhatrabhog with intimate companions with great chorus-chanting. After staying one night he set for Puri by boat with the help of Local Administrator Ram Chandra Khan, he spent the last 24 years of his life in Puri, the great temple city of Jagannath in the Radhakanta Math. The Gajapati king, Prataprudra Dev, regarded Chaitanya as Krishna's avatar and was an enthusiastic patron and devotee of Chaitanya's recitation gatherings, it was during these years that Chaitanya is believed by his followers to have sunk deep into various Divine-Love and performed pastimes of divine ecstasy. Vrindavan, the land of Radha Rani, the “City of Temples” has more than 5000 temples to showcase the pastimes of Radha and Krishna, including temples as old as 5500 years.
The essence of Vrindavan was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya. In the year 1515, Chaitanya visited Vrindavana, with the purpose of locating the lost holy places associated with Lord Sri Krishna's transcendent pastimes, he wandered through the different sacred forests of Vrindavana in a spiritual trance of divine love. It was believed that by His divine spiritual power, he was able to locate all the important places of Krishna's pastimes in and around Vrindavan including the seven main temples or sapta devalay, which are worshiped by Vaishnavas in the Chaitanya tradition to this day. In 1886 a leading Gaudiya Vaisnava, reformer Bhaktivinoda Thakur, attempted to retire from his government service and move to Vrindavan to pursue his devotional life there. However, he saw a dream. After some difficulty, in 1887 Bhaktivinoda was transferred to Krishnanagar, a district center twenty-five kilometres away from Nabadwip, famous as the birthplace of Chaitanya.
Despite poor health, Bhaktivinoda managed to start visiting Nabadwip to research places connected with Chaitanya. Soon he came to a conclusion that the site purported by the local Brahmanas to be Chaitanya's birthplace could not be genuine. Determined to find the actual place of Chaitanya's pastimes but frustrated by the lack of reliable evidence and clues, one night he saw a mystical vision: By 10 o'clock the night was dark and cloudy. Across the Ganges, in a northern direction, I saw a large building flooded with golden light. I asked Kamala if he could see the building and he said that he could, but my friend Kerani Babu could see nothing. I was amazed. What could it be? In the morning I went back to the roof and looked back across the Ganges. I saw. Inquiring about this area I was told. Taking this as a clue, Bhaktivinoda conducted a thorough, painstaking investigation of the site, by consulting ol
Phillip Louis Perew was a colorful and legendary character of Tonawanda, New York. He was born Philippe Louis Proulx at Trois-Rivières in Quebec, Canada in 1862 to father, Louis Proulx aka Perew and mother, Léocadie Gauthier. After his mother's death, he emigrated to the United States when he was about 17 years old in 1879 with his father and his many brothers and sisters, his father settled his family in the Goose Island section of Tonawanda. Phil followed his father onto the Great Lakes as a lake boat captain. A lake boat captain could only work his trade about six months of the year since foul weather and the freezing of the lakes prevented lake commerce during late fall and early spring. During the off season Phil busied himself inventing, running hotels, promoting sporting events, he became a major owner and landlord of much of the real estate in Goose Island section of Tonawanda. Phil had no children. Phil Perew inventions were quite eclectic including a Roundabout, a towing system for canal-boats, a cigar cuter and lighter, an advertising device,a butter blender, a dish-washing machine, a hydroaeroplane, a mechanical toy, a roller screen for windows.
Phil's inventions involved mechanical mechanisms and in some cases the application of electrical motive force. "Mr. Perew headed the Holy Land Entertainment company and was the originator of a spectacle that pictured the life of Christ; the production was shown at many places in New York and other states, travelling up and down the land on a specially made boat. Mr. Perew is well remembered by yachtsmen in the Tonawandas and other parts of the Niagara Frontier, he was a racing enthusiast of sailing boats. The owner of the Faug-A-Balah, he raced the boat on the Niagara river in numerous matches with Buffalo and locally-owned yachts in the days when such sport was at its peak in this locality.""At one time in the early twenties Phil ran concert halls, where the customers sat around sipping drinks at tables, the artists performed on a raised stage. The concert halls roused much resentment among the church-minded folks of the Tonawandas. Moves were made to quash them but they came to nothing."
The Angle Alliance was a heel wrestling stable headed by Kurt Angle in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. For Lockdown 2008, in the absence of Kurt from the stable's activities, Tomko captained a subdivision under the name "Team Tomko"; the formation took place at Genesis when A. J. Styles and Tomko assisted Angle in helping him keep the TNA World Heavyweight Championship. Styles wanted to have Christian's Coalition join forces. After Angle offered membership to both Robert Roode and Christian, Roode accepted while Cage stalled with insults towards all the members, he followed suit under the condition that he became the leader, which the group agreed to before Angle and Roode turned on and attacked him the same night, with Styles trying to hold them back and Tomko walking out on the scene. The next week Angle and Roode attacked Cage after the match again with Styles this time not helping his former captain. Roode was simply phased out of the Alliance and concentrated on his own separate feud with Booker T.
In the weeks following, Styles had to decide to be in either the Angle Alliance or Christian's Coalition. Two weeks before Final Resolution on an episode of TNA impact!, Tomko left both groups stating that he wants to be his own man. At Final Resolution, A. J. Styles decided to join the Angle Alliance, when he helped Angle retain his TNA World Heavyweight Championship against Christian, turning on his former captain for good after being seduced by Karen's charms and Kurt's power. On the following Impact!, A. J. was rechristened as " Prince" A. J. Styles, with fellow Alliance members Kurt and Jeremy Borash. After Christian came out running down A. J. and Karen, both he and Samoa Joe, who came out next, claimed to deserve title shots. Before Joe and Christian could go down to the ring, Jim Cornette interrupted and announced a 3-way #1 contender's match between Christian, A. J.. Christian, however and earned the title match at February's Against All Odds. Angle went on to attempt to get Tomko back in the Alliance, insulting Tomko's wife in the process.
Tomko went on to brutally beat up Angle throughout the Impact Zone to defeat him in a one-on-one match with Styles as the referee and with assistance from Cage. At the pay per view, Tomko cemented his place in the Alliance by costing Christian his last title opportunity. On the following edition of Impact!, Tomko confirmed his membership in the stable, although he made it clear that he would do what he wanted and he was looking out for his own best interest not Angle's. Samoa Joe and Kevin Nash interrupted Kurt and Karen's renewal of the vows, resulting in Kurt being stripped and chased off and Styles being in the ring with Karen instead when the dazed and confused priest "pronounced" the couple, temporarily making Styles her second husband. After losing to Christian and Nash at Destination X, Tomko was told to captain a four-man team against a team headed by Cage for the Lethal Lockdown match at the upcoming Lockdown pay-per-view event. Tomko's team was established as A. J. and Team 3D. James Storm was added to Team Tomko by Team Cage's secret fifth member, Matt Morgan, who revealed his true stripes at the end of the same night.
During this time, Kurt Angle appeared to show support to Team Tomko, making Team 3D and Storm associates of the Angle Alliance. At Lockdown, Kurt Angle was met by his wife Karen, who he promptly proceeded to throw out of the building so as to avoid any distractions. In the double main events, Angle lost his TNA World Heavyweight Championship to Samoa Joe, Team Tomko was defeated by Team Cage with neither A. J. or Tomko involved in the decision. After Lockdown and Tomko lost the TNA World Tag Team Championship to Eric Young and Kaz in a controversy involving Young and his "Super Eric" alter-ego, under which he pinned Styles, not recognizing each other as one and the same; this resulted in the championships being vacated. Tomko was not seen having any communication with Kurt Angle, as he was away in Japan, Styles tried to bring Karen to the Impact Zone, but Kurt had them thrown out as soon as he caught wind of it. Meanwhile, the associates from the dissolved Team Tomko would expand, as Storm would align himself with former Alliance member Robert Roode, forming what became Beer Money, Inc. though when Styles needed a partner after Tomko was injured in a shoot fight in Japan, both Storm and Roode refused.
Styles would align with the fan favorite Super Eric instead. After Tomko returned from Japan and questioned Styles once again, A. J. quit the Angle Alliance. Accusing Styles of stealing Karen away whilst having no proof, Kurt Angle and Tomko aligned with Team 3D as part of a loose collective of "bad guys" which at times had included every single important heel on the TNA roster at the time, most Booker T, Johnny Devine, The Beautiful People and Kurt's mixed martial artist friend Frank Trigg. Tomko left TNA and came back for one last appear